Sushumna, Suṣumnā, Suṣumṇa, Suṣumna: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sushumna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Suṣumnā and Suṣumṇa and Suṣumna can be transliterated into English as Susumna or Sushumna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: archive.org: The Taittiriya-upanishad

Suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना):—There is a nāḍī (tube) called suṣumnā, passing upward from the heart, and often referred to in the yoga-śāstras. It passes through the mid-region of the throat’s two pillars, as also of that bit of flesh which hangs down like a nipple between the throat’s two pillars, and through the region of the skull where the roots of hair lie apart. When it reaches this last place, the nāḍī passes up breaking open the two regions of the head. That is the birth-place of Indra, that the path by which to attain to one’s own true nature. (See Taittirīya-Upaniṣad 1.6 with Śaṅkarāchārya’s commentary)

To this end the Kṣurikā-Upaniṣad reads as follows:

“There are one-hundred and one nāḍīs. Of them Suṣumnā is regarded the best, which rests in the Supreme, untainted, of the same form as Brahman. Iḍā lies to the left and Piṅgalā to the right. Between them is the Supreme Abode, and he that knows It knows the Veda.”

Source: archive.org: Mandala-brahmana Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda

Suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना) (according to the Maṇḍalabrāhmaṇa-upaniṣad) which is from the mūlādhāra to brahmarandhra has the radiance of the sun. In the centre of it, is kundalinī shining like crores of lightning and subtle as the thread in the lotus-stalk. Tamas is destroyed there. Through seeing it, all sins are destroyed.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sushumna in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना).—One of the seven important rays of the sun by which the waning moon is fed.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 38, 61, 74; 24. 66; 28. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 37 and 57; 53. 46; 56. 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 11. 22.

1b) A sacred pool in the Himālayas, fit for śrāddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 123-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 115.

1c) A Śakti of Māruta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 70.

1d) In the navel of Gayā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 66.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Suṣumṇā (सुषुम्णा) refers to the “centre principle channel” and is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinīyoga by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—The body is described, starting from the “bulb” (kanda), the place in which the subtle channels (nāḍī) originate, located between anus and penis (28–9). The three principal channels are iḍā (left), piṅgalā (right) and suṣumṇā (in the centre of the spine and the head). Inside the suṣumṇā is citrā, a channel connecting to the place on the top of the skull called the brahmarandhra (30–4).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: Advayataraka Upaniṣad

The Suṣumnā-nāḍī (a tube-like structure meant for the passage of the kuṇḍalini) is situated in the middle of the body, stretching from the mulādhāra plexus at the root of the spinal column, up to the brahmarandhra or the aperture in the crown of the head. It shines like the sun or the moon.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना).—f S The name of a nāḍī or tubular vessel of the body. Ex. ēkanāḍī brahmāṇḍīṃ gēlī tilā su0 mhaṇatāta. See iḍā, piṅgaḷā, & su0 under iḍā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suṣumṇa (सुषुम्ण) or Suṣumna (सुषुम्न).—Name of one of the principal rays of the sun; Hch.1.

-mṇā, -mnā A particular artery of the human body, said to lie between इडा (iḍā) and पिङ्गला (piṅgalā), two of the vessels of the body; वैश्वानरं याति विहायसा गतः सुषुम्नया ब्रह्मपथेन शोचिषा (vaiśvānaraṃ yāti vihāyasā gataḥ suṣumnayā brahmapathena śociṣā) Bhāg.2.2.24.

Derivable forms: suṣumṇaḥ (सुषुम्णः), suṣumnaḥ (सुषुम्नः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suṣumṇā (सुषुम्णा).—f.

(-mṇā) A particular artery of the body lying between the vessels called Ida and Pingala.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suṣumṇā (सुषुम्णा).—f. An artery, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 2, 24 (Sch).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suṣumṇa (सुषुम्ण).—(mna) [adjective] very gracious or favourable; [feminine] ā a cert. artery on the neck.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suṣumṇa (सुषुम्ण):—[=su-ṣumṇa] [from su > su-ṣaṃsad] mf(ā)n. very gracious or kind, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of the 7 principal rays of the sun (supposed to supply heat to the moon), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Suṣumṇā (सुषुम्णा):—[=su-ṣumṇā] [from su-ṣumṇa > su > su-ṣaṃsad] f. a [particular] artery ([probably] ‘the carotid’) or vein of the body (lying between those called iḍā and piṅgalā, and supposed to be one of the passages for the breath or spirit; cf. brahma-randhra), [Upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) Suṣumna (सुषुम्न):—[=su-ṣumna] [from su > su-ṣaṃsad] mf(ā)n. very gracious or kind, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of the 7 principal rays of the sun (supposed to supply heat to the moon), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) Suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना):—[=su-ṣumnā] [from su-ṣumna > su > su-ṣaṃsad] f. a [particular] artery ([probably] ‘the carotid’) or vein of the body (lying between those called iḍā and piṅgalā, and supposed to be one of the passages for the breath or spirit; cf. brahma-randhra), [Upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना):—[su-ṣumnā] (mnā) 1. f. Part of the body supposed to remain as a seed from which another springs.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Suṣumṇa (सुषुम्ण):—und mna (so stets [Ṛgveda])

1) adj. sehr gnädig, huldvoll [Ṛgveda 5, 75, 2. 6, 49, 10. 50, 3. 10, 104, 5. 132, 2.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 18, 40. 38, 28.] —

2) m. ein best. Sonnenstrahl (vgl. [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 18, 40]) [Colebrooke 1, 154.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 236, Nalopākhyāna 3.] —

3) f. ā a) die Kopfader, Carotis [MAITRYUP. 6, 21.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 448. 450. 2, 48. 58. 171. fgg. 9, 34. 36.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 336] (susumnā). [Oxforder Handschriften 104,b,33. 41. 107,b, No. 167. 235,a,6. 18. 236,a,2 v. u. b,4. 6.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.2,2,24.] [PAÑCAR.2,8,9. 14.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī.8,2334.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 83.] — In der späteren Sprache ist suṣumṇa, suṣumṇā die einzig richtige Schreibart. Vgl. sauṣumṇa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sushumna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Suṣumnā (सुषुम्ना):—(nf) one of the three principal or major nerves, according to the hathyogis, that plays an important role in the achievement of Supreme Bliss.

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