Vijaya, aka: Vijayā; 36 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vijaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Vijaya (विजय):—Sixth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Aṃśumadbhedāgama and the Śilparatna. The images of this aspects of Śiva should have three eyes, four arms, jaṭāmakuṭas and be of white colour. It should be draped also in white clothes and be standing erect (samabhaṅga) on a padmapīṭha. It should be adorned with all ornaments and with garlands composed of all flowers and it should keep their front right hand in the abhaya and the front left hand in the varada poses, while it should carry in the back right hand the paraśu and in the back left hand the mṛga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Vijaya (विजय) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Vijaya (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a peacock. His right hand is in Pravacana-Mudrā and a viṇā in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Vijaya) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

1) Vijayā (विजया):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

2) Vijayā (विजया):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

3) Vijaya (विजय) or Vijayarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, grahaṇī: chronic diarrhoea). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Meghanādā is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., vijaya-rasa-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Vijayā (विजया, “victorious”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ विजयायै नमः
oṃ vijayāyai namaḥ.

A similar mantra is mentioned by the same text, prefixed with ह्रीं (hrīṃ), to be worshipped at the goddess’s right.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

1) Vijaya (विजय) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The vijaya-maṇḍapa is to be built with 46 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., vijaya) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

2) Vijayā (विजया, “victorious”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vijayā (विजया):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Vijayā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Vijaya (विजय) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Kāśmira, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Vijaya) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vijaya (विजय) or Vijayāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (eg., vijaya).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

1) Vijaya (विजय):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

2) Vijayā (विजया, “victory, success”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Acyuta and together they form the twenty-third celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.

3) Vijaya (विजय) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Vijayanṛsiṃha or Vijayanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Vijayā (विजया):—One of the seven varieties of Harītakī (‘yellow myrobalan tree’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The herb is found throughout the Vindhya mountain range and can be used in the treatment of all diseases.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Vijaya (विजय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Vairāja, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Vairāja group contains twenty-four out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). The group represents temples (eg. Vijaya) that are to be square shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vijaya is also mentioned as a classification of ‘temple’ in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Vijaya is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Triviṣṭapa, featuring octagonal-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana

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Vijayā (विजया) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Vijayā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Vijayā (विजया) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vijayā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Vijaya (विजय, “victory”):—Son of Sudeva (son of Campa). He had a son named Bharuka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1-2)

1b) Son of Jaya (son of Śruta). He had a son named Ṛta. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.25)

1c) One of the six sons of Purūravā (son of Budha) by the womb of Urvaśī. He had a son named Bhīma. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.1-2)

2a) Vijayā (काली):—One of the wifes of Sahadeva (one of the sons of Pāṇḍu). She bore to him a son named Suhotra. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.30-31)

2b) One of the two consorts of Yama, the vedic God of death, who represents the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1a) Vijaya (विजय).—A name of Arjuna;1 put the Kālakeyas to the sword.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 33; III. 1. 36; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 25.
  • 2) Ib. 247. 7.

1b) An attendant on Hari in Vaikuṇṭha: cursed by Sanaka and others to be born an Asura: Viṣṇu confirmed the curse and consoled him and Jaya. His fall.1 Attacked the Asura followers of Bali.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 16. 2, 26, 29-37; X. 47. 14.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 21. 16.

1c) A son of Sudeva and father of Bharuka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8. 1-2.

1d) A son of Jaya and father of Ṛta (Kratu, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa.), (Jaya, Vāyu-purāṇa), (Kṛta, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 25; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 22; 68. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 21; 93. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31; 9. 26.

1e) A son of Purūravas and Ūrvaśī. Father of Bhīma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 1-3.

1f) A son of Jayadratha, and father of Dhṛti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 23-4.

1g) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Jāmbavatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 12; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 182.

1h) A son of Yajñaśrī and father of Candravijña: ruled for 6 years.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 168. Matsya-purāṇa 273. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 356.

1i) A Bhavya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 71.

1j) A Pṛthuka god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 73.

1k) A Yakṣa: a son of Devajanī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.

1l) A son of Kali and grandson of Varuṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 7.

1m) The birth-muhūrta of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 206; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 201.

1n) A Marīci god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 58.

1o) The name of Bhaṇḍa's bow.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 10.

1p) One of Bhaṇḍa's eight men.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 12.

1q) A son of Upadevī(vā) (vā. p.) and Vasudeva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 179.

1r) A maṇṭapa with 46 pillars.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 270. 4, 10.

1s) Manu from the sixth face of God; of Kapila colour.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 38.

1t) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.

1u) A son of Cañcu; a conqueror of all Kṣatriyas.1 Father of Ruruka.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 120.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 25.

1v) A son of Satyā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 116.

1w) Sons of Sampāti, having two faces.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 447.

1x) A tīrtha sacred to the pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 73.

2a) Vijayā (विजया).—The dvādaśi day when Hari was born.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 18. 6.

2b) A daughter of Parvata: wife of Sahadeva, and mother of Suhotra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 31; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 248; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 47.

2c) A name of Yogamāyā;1 a companion of Pārvatī;2 the waiting woman of Umā; she was sent to fetch Vīraka who became the adopted son of Umā;3 image of, as attending on Umāmaheśvara.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 11.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 33.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 549.
  • 4) Ib. 260. 19.

2d) Born of Kṣīroda; Bhairava embraced her.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 73.

2e) An attendant on Lalitā and an Akṣaradevī killed Jṛmbhaṇa, a commander of Bhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 18. 4; 19. 59; 25. 98; 37. 34.

2f) A queen of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 14.

2g) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vijayā (विजया) refers to “the triumphant one” and is the presiding deity of mṛdu (‘tender’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Mṛdu represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Vijayā is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Vijayā (विजया) is the name of a meter belonging to the Pratiṣṭhā or Supratiṣṭhā class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“when the third syllable is short in the above, it is vijayā”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Vijaya (विजय) refers to the twenty-seventh saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native whose birth occurs in the ‘samvatsara’ named ‘vijaya’ shows bravery and valour during war, is of good conduct, is honoured by the king, is an excellent speaker, bountiful, kind hearted and killer of his enemy.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year vijaya (2013-2014 AD) will be virtuous, and will abound in real excellences.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Vijayā (विजया) refers to the seventh of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (eg., Vijayā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vijayā (विजया).—Name of a commentary on the Laghusabdendusekhara by Sivanarayana.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Vijaya (विजय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.44) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vijaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Vijayā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.87).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Vijaya in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vijaya (विजय) is the name of a sacred mountain range in Kaśmīra, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly as the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā said to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva: “... after hearing this from the science [Prajñapti] she [Alaṅkāravatī] went with her mother [Kāñcanaprabhā] to Kaśmīra, and worshipped Śiva in all the holy places, in Nandikṣetra, and Mahādevagiri, in Amaraparvata, in the mountains of Sureśvarī, and in Vijaya, and Kapaṭeśvara. After worshipping the husband of Pārvatī in these and other holy places, that princess of the Vidyādharas and her mother returned home”.

2) Vijaya (विजय) is the name of a hare (śaśaka), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... when that monarch of the herd [Caturdanta] had departed, the hare-king Śilīmukha, being grieved, said to a hare named Vijaya in the presence of the others: ‘Now that that lord of elephants has tasted the water of this lake, he will come here again and again, and utterly destroy us all, so think of some expedient in this case’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vijaya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vijaya is one of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: “victorious warrior”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vijaya (विजय): Name of Karna's bow.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Vijaya. The first Ariyan king of Ceylon. He was the eldest of the thirty two sons of Sihabahu, king of Lala, and of Sihasivali. Because of his evil conduct he, with seven hundred others, was deported by the king, with their heads half shaved. Their wives and children were deported with them. The children landed at Naggadipa and the women at Mahiladipaka (MT. 264). Vijaya and the other men landed at Supparaka, but was obliged to leave owing to the violence of his supporters.

According to Dpv.ix.26, Vijaya went from Supparaka to Bharukaccha, where he stayed for three months. They reached Ceylon on the day of the Buddhas death, received the protection of the deva Uppalavanda, and thus escaped destruction by the Yakkhas. The Yakkhini, Kuveni, fell in love with Vijaya, and he, with her assistance, killed the Yakkhas of Lankapura and Sirisavatthu, and founded the city of Tambapanni. Vijayas chief ministers, Anuradha, Upatissa, Ujjena, Uruvela and Vijita, founded separate colonies, named after themselves.

Vijaya had two children by Kuveni, Jivahattha and Dipella; but when he wished to be consecrated king, he sent for and obtained, for his wife, a daughter of the Pandu king of Madhura. Kuveni, thereupon, left him and was killed by the Yakkhas. Vijaya reigned for thirty eight years and was succeeded by Panduvasudeva. For details of Vijayas life, see Mhv.vi.38ff.; vii.6ff.; viii.1 3; Dpv.ix.6ff.

Ajatasattu and Vijaya were contemporaries, Ajatasattus twenty fourth year of kingship corresponding to Vijayas sixteenth year. Dpv.iv.27; v.77.

2. Vijaya. See Vijayakumara.

3. Vijaya. Minister of Angati, king of Videha. For details see the Mahanaradakassapa Jataka. He is identified with Sariputta. J.vi.255.

4. Vijaya. A king of Benares, descended from Mahasammata. His son was Vijitasena. Dpv.iii.39.

5. Vijaya. A householder, mentioned as an exemplary layman. A.iii.451.

6. Vijaya Thera. He was born in Savatthi and was versed in brahmin lore. Then he became an ascetic and lived in the forest. Having heard of the Buddha, Vijaya visited him and joined the Order, becoming an arahant in due course. In the time of Piyadassi Buddha he was a rich householder and built a jewelled cornice (vedika) round the Buddhas thupa. Sixteen kappas ago he became king thirty six times, under the name of Manippabhasa (Thag. vs. 92; ThagA.i.191f). He is probably identical with Vedikaraka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.i.171.

7. Vijaya. Mentioned with Jatimitta, as a patron of Meteyya Buddha. Anagat. vs. 59.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1a) Vijayā  (विजया) is the mother of Ajita, the second of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara. The husband of this Vijayā is is Jitaśatru.

1b) Vijayā is also mentioned as the mother of Vāsupūjya according to Digambara (but she is named Jayā according to Śvetāmbara), according to the Ācāradinakara. Vāsupūjya is the twelfth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. The husband of this Vijayā is Vasupūjya.

1c) Vijaya (विजया) is mentioned as the father of Naminātha, the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara. The wife of Vijaya is Vaprā according to Śvetāmbara or Viprītā according to Digambara.

A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow. The Ācāradinakara is a 14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

2) Vijaya (विजया).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

3) Vijaya (विजया) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Anuttarasuras (eg., the Vijayas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.

4) Vijaya (विजया) is the name of the second Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara, while the Digambara tradition mentions him as the first Baladeva. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The mother of Vijaya is known by the name Subhadrā according to the Samavāyāṅga-sūtra, and their stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Vijayā (विजया) is mentioned as the mother of Sudarśana: the fifth Baladeva according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources.

The nine Baladevas (such as Vijaya) are also known as Balabhadra and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vijaya (विजय).—Jaya and Vijaya:—Both of them were residents of Śrāvastī and were brothers. Both loved each other. Once they dreamt that they have a very short life. Feeling disenchanted with life, they came to the Lord to accept mendicancy and taking initiation, became Gaṇadharas.

Source: HereNow4U: Lord Śrī Pārśvanātha

Vijaya (विजय) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the minimum and maximum life span in Vijaya (and Vaijayanta, Jayanta, Aparājita) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Vijaya and Sumitta were the sons of Simhabahu. Vijaya and his 700 followers were of evil conduct. King Simhabahu ordered to put them on ship and sent them forth upon the sea. Vijaya first landed at Surpāraka (Modern city of Sopara in northern Maharashtra) but being in danger, he embarked again. He and his 700 followers finally landed in Sri Lanka in the region called Tamraparni.

Seemingly, Vijaya landed on the banks of Tamraparni River in Sri Lanka. He successfully encountered Yakshas and married Kuvanna, a Yakshini. Thus, King Vijaya defeated the Yakshas of Sirishavatthu city and founded his Tamraparni kingdom. He also married the daughter of a Pandyan King of Madura to proclaim himself to be a legitimate Kshatriya ruler. Kuvanna had one son and one daughter from Vijaya. The Yakshas of the city of Lankapura killed Kuvanna and her children. King Vijaya had no successors.

According to all ancient sources of Sri Lanka, King Vijaya was the progenitor of Simhalas of Sri Lanka. King Vijaya inherited the royal symbol of Simha and introduced it in his Tamraparni kingdom of Sri Lanka. Thus, the descendants of King Vijaya came to be known as Simhalas.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Ancient Sri Lanka

Vijaya (r. 201-207 CE) or Vijaya Śātakarṇi is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (eg., Śri Vijaya Śātakarṇi) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Vijaya Śātakarṇi was preceded by Śri Yajña Śātakarṇi and succeeded by Chandra Śri Śātakarṇi.

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vijaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vijaya : (m.) victory; triumph.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vijaya, (fr. vi+ji) victory; conquering, mastering; triumph over (—°) D. I, 46; A. IV, 272 (idha-loka°); SnA 241 sq. (°sutta, another name for the Kāya-vicchandanika-sutta). Vijayati (& vijinati) (vi+jayati) to conquer, master, triumph over DA. I, 250 (vijeti); fut. vijessati J. IV, 102. ‹-› ger. vijeyya Sn. 524, 1002; and vijetvā J. III, 523.—pp. vijita. Cp. abhi°. (Page 616)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vijaya (विजय).—m (S) Victory, triumph, conquest. 2 The name of one of the door-keepers of viṣṇu. His image is usually set up at the door of the temple or near the image of the god.

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vijayā (विजया).—f (S Victorious plant.) A significant name for Hemp. 2 A common term for certain lunar days; viz. the third, eighth, and thirteenth. It is applied also to the tenth of the light half of Ashwin, on which day the image of Durga is cast into the water, the Dasra is held, and certain other rites and observances are celebrated.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vijaya (विजय).—m Victory. vijayī a Victorious.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vijaya (विजय).—1 Overcoming, vanquishing, defeating.

2) Conquest, victory, triumph; दिग्विजयादारभ्य (digvijayādārabhya) 'conquest of the world'; प्रभवति न तदा परो विजेतुं भवति जितेन्द्रियता यदात्मरक्षा (prabhavati na tadā paro vijetuṃ bhavati jitendriyatā yadātmarakṣā) Ki.1.35; R.12.44; Ku.3.19; अस्याधिज्ये धनुषि विजयम् (asyādhijye dhanuṣi vijayam) Ś.2.16.

3) A chariot of the gods, celestial chariot.

4) Name of Arjuna; Mb. (4.44.14) thus explains the name:-अभिप्रयामि संग्रामे यदहं युद्धदुर्मदान् । नाजित्वा विनिवर्तामि तेन मां विजयं विदुः (abhiprayāmi saṃgrāme yadahaṃ yuddhadurmadān | nājitvā vinivartāmi tena māṃ vijayaṃ viduḥ) ||.

4) An epithet of Yama.

5) Name of the first year of Jupiter's cycle.

6) Name of an attendant of Viṣṇu.

7) Motion, march; L. D. B.

8) Name of a particular मुहूर्त (muhūrta); युक्ते मुहूर्ते विजये (yukte muhūrte vijaye) Rām.1.73.9.

9) The third month.

1) A kind of military array.

11) A kind of measure.

-yam A royal tent.

Derivable forms: vijayaḥ (विजयः).

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Vijayā (विजया).—

1) Name of Durgā; विजित्य पद्मनामानं दैत्यराजं महाबलम् । विजया तेन सा देवी लोके चैवापराजिता (vijitya padmanāmānaṃ daityarājaṃ mahābalam | vijayā tena sā devī loke caivāparājitā) || Devīpurāṇa.

2) Name of one of her female attendants; Mu.1.1.

3) Name of a lore taught by Viśvāmitra to Rāma; विद्या- मथैनं विजयां जयां च (vidyā- mathainaṃ vijayāṃ jayāṃ ca) (adhyāpipat) Bk.2.21.

4) Hemp.

5) Name of a festival = विजयोत्सवा (vijayotsavā), see below.

6) Yellow myrobalan.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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