Samba, Śamba, Śāmba, Sāmba, Śambā, Shamba: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śamba and Śāmba and Śambā can be transliterated into English as Samba or Shamba, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sāmba (साम्ब).—The son born to Śrī Kṛṣṇa by his wife Jāṃbavatī. Birth. A story about the birth of Sāmba, occurs in Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 4, as follows: (See full article at Story of Sāmba from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sāmba (साम्ब).—A Brahmin scholar. When Dhṛtarāṣṭra started for the forest towards the close of his life, the people bade him farewell. This Brahmin stood among the people and spoke words of consolation. (Mahābhārata Āśramavāsika Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 13).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śamba (शम्ब).—A Dānava with manuṣya dharma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 15.

2a) Śāmba (शाम्ब).—A Saimhikeya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 18.

2b) A son of Āpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 22.

3a) Sāmba (साम्ब).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Jāmbavatī; reincarnation of Guha;1 attended Aniruddha's marriage at Bhojakaṭa, went with the Vṛṣṇi army to Bāṇa's city and fought with the son of Bāṇa;2 went out to play and saw a huge lizard in a well and reported it to Kṛṣṇa;3 took Lakṣmaṇā, daughter of Duryodhana in a svayamvara. The Kurus imprisoned him. Afraid of Balarāma's prowess, was released by Duryodhana and was given dowry. Went to Dvārakā after the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira and defended the city against Śālva.4 Went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse.5 Went with Kṛṣṇa's sacrificial horse. Fought with Pradyumna at Prabhāsa.6 Disguised as a pregnant lady by Yadu youths for fun, approached a sage and asked him whether she would deliver a male child. In anger the sage said that she would give birth to a musala (iron rod) which would be death to the Yadu kula. Divested of his attire, the musala was seen; causing distress to the Yadus. The king ordered that it must be powdered and thrown into the deep. A bit that was left unpowdered was swallowed by a fish which was caught by a fisherman. The latter fixed it at the tip of his arrow. The particles of the musala were thrown ashore and grew to be eraka grass.7 Adopted by Gaṇḍūṣa; had five sons, all warriors, through Kāśī; one of the five vaṃśavīras;8 married Kaśyā, daughter of Supārśva, and mother of Pañcavīras and a number of sons, all with divine sparks;9 was looked upon with love by the 16000 women of Kṛṣṇa and hence they were cursed by Kṛṣṇa to be robbed and dishonoured by robbers. They were rid of the curse by observing anaṅgadāna vrata as prescribed by Dālbhya, the sage.10 Got killed in the Yādava struggle at Prabhāsa.11

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 29; 11. 17; 14. 31; III. 1. 30; X. 61. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 27; 47. 18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 37; V. 32. 2;
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 26; 63. 3;
  • 3) 64. 1-4;
  • 4) Ib X 68. 1-12, 43-52; 75. 29; 76. 14; 77. 4. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 4-5.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 82. 6.
  • 6) Ib X. 89. 22 [2]: 90. 33; XI. 30. 16.
  • 7) Ib XI. 1. 13-23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 7-10.
  • 8) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 191 and 260; 72 1.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 24.
  • 10) Ib 70. 5-10, 17-19, 62.
  • 11) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 46.

3b) A son of Tarasvin.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 252.

3c) A vaṃśavīra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 1.

3d) The upapurāṇa containing legends connected with Sāmba.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 53. 62.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sāmba (साम्ब) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sāmba) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Samba (संब): A Yadava youngster dressed as a woman who gave birth to a mace, as foretold by rishis.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śambā (शम्बा) refers to the “second ploughing”, according to chapter 3.1 [sambhava-jina-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “At daybreak King Jitāri held a great birth-festival in honor of the Arhat deserving the world, who had become his son. In every house, on every road, in every market, in the whole city a festival took place just as in the palace. While he was in embryo, rice was grown (sambhūta); and at that time the second ploughing (śambā) took place; so his father gave the name ‘Sambhava’ and also ‘Śambhava’ to the Lord”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāmba (सांब).—m (S sa & ambā. That has ambā or Parvati.) A name of Mahadeva or Shiva. 2 fig. A term for a soft, simple, unsuspecting person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāmba (सांब).—m A name of śiva. Fig. A term for a simple person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śamba (शम्ब).—a. [śamb-ac]

1) Happy, fortunate.

2) Poor, unfortunate. -म्बः (mbaḥ), (-mbhaḥ) 1 The thunderbolt of Indra.

2) The iron head of a pestle.

3) An iron chain worn round the loins.

4) Ploughing 'with the grain' or in the regular direction.

5) The second ploughing of a field.

6) A particular measure of length. (śambākakṛ means 'to plough twice'; tvayā śambākṛtaṃ kṣatam N.2.83, doubly pierced).

See also (synonyms): śambha.

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Śāmba (शाम्ब).—Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa and Jāmbavatī.

Derivable forms: śāmbaḥ (शाम्बः).

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Saṃba (संब).—

1) The second ploughing of a field; (saṃvākṛ to plough twice); see शंब (śaṃba) also.

2) Water.

Derivable forms: saṃbam (संबम्).

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Sāmba (साम्ब).—Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: sāmbaḥ (साम्बः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śamba (शम्ब).—mfn.

(-mbaḥ-mbā-mbaṃ) 1. Happy, fortunate. 2. Poor, indigent. m.

(-mbaḥ) 1. Indra'S thunderbolt. 2. The iron head of a pestle. 3. An iron chain worn round the loins. 4. The second ploughing of a field. E. śam happiness, and ba possessive aff.; or śamb to accumulate, aff. ac; it is also read sava, śaṃva, and samba .

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Samba (सम्ब).—n.

(-mbaṃ) 1. Water. 2. The second ploughing of a field. E. samb to go, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śamba (शम्ब).—[masculine] a cert. weapon of Indra.

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Sāmba (साम्ब).—[masculine] [Name] of a son of Kṛṣṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śāmba (शाम्ब) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Sāmba.

2) Sāmba (साम्ब):—Sāmbapañcāśikā. Sūryadvadaśāryā. Sūryasaptāryā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamba (शम्ब):—m. (derivation doubtful) a weapon used by Indra ([according to] to some ‘Indra’s thunderbolt’, but cf. śambin), [Ṛg-veda x, 42, 7] (= vajra, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iv, 2])

2) the iron head of a pestle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) an iron chain worn round the loins, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) a [particular] measure of length, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) ploughing in the regular direction (= anuloma-karṣaṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) the second ploughing of a field, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) Name of an Asura (cf. śambara), [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) mfn. happy, fortunate, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. śaṃ-vat, p. 1054, col. 2)

9) poor (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Śāmba (शाम्ब):—m. Name of a king, [Daśakumāra-carita] (also [wrong reading] for sāmba, q.v.)

11) Sāmba (साम्ब):—1. sāmba m. (also written śāmba) Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa and Jāmbavatī (in consequence of the curse of some holy sages who had been deceived by a female disguise which he had assumed, he was condemned to produce offspring in the shape of a terrific iron club for the destruction of the race of Vṛṣṇi and Andhaka; he is said to have been instructed by Nārada in the worship of the sun, and by Vyāsa in the ritual of the Magi), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

12) (also with śāstrin) Name of various authors and teachers, [Catalogue(s)]

13) n. = -purāṇa, [ib.]

14) 2. sāmba mfn. attended by Ambā (q.v.), [Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamba (शम्ब):—śambati 1. a. To go. (ka) śambayati 10. a. To accumulate.

2) (mbaḥ) 1. m. Indra's thunderbolt; iron head of a pestle; chain round the loins; second ploughing. a. Happy.

3) Ṣamba (षम्ब):—sambati 1. a. To go. sambhayati 10. a. To assemble, unite.

4) Samba (सम्ब):—sambati 1. a. To go. (kaḥ) sambayati 10. a. To unite, join.

5) (mbaṃ) 1. n. Water; twice ploughing.

6) Sāmba (साम्ब):—(ka) sāmbayati 10. a. To join, assemble.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śamba (शम्ब):—[Uṇādisūtra 4, 94] (śamva). [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 138] (oxyt.).

1) adj. = śaṃyu, śubhaṃyu [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 1, 24.] = śubhānvita [Medinīkoṣa b. 8.] = bhāgyavant [RĀMĀŚRAYA], = daridra [UṆĀDIVṚ. im SAṂKṢIPTAS.] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) m. a) etwa Stange, Stock, Keule als Waffe Indra's: ā.ācchatru.apa bādhasva dū.amu.ro yaḥ śambaḥ puruhūta.tena [Ṛgveda 10, 42, 7.] = vajra der Donnerkeil [das.4,2.] [Yāska’s Nirukta.5,24.] [Amarakoṣa.1,1,1,43.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 180.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha.2,306.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha.1,56.] [JATĀDH.] in [Oxforder Handschriften 191,b,1.] metallener Knopf an der Mörserkeule, = musalāgrasthalohamaṇḍalaka (so [Śabdakalpadruma]) [Medinīkoṣa] = musalalohamukha [UJJVAL.] = lohakāñcī [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — b) ein best. Längenmaass: śambagādhamudakam [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 4, Scholiast] — c) = anulomakarṣaṇa (vgl. śambākṛta) [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] — d) Nomen proprium eines Asura (vgl. śambara) [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa] Comm. — Vgl. śambin und śāmba .

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Samba (सम्ब):—m. = muṣalānala [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 282.] — Vgl. śamba .

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Sāmba (साम्ब):—gaṇa uñchādi (bhāvagarhāyām) zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 160.]

1) m. Nomen proprium gaṇa bāhvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 96.] a) eines Lehrers [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 372] (mit śa) bahvṛca [Mahābhārata 15, 312.] — b) eines Sohnes des Kṛṣṇa von der Jāmbavatī, der in den [PURĀṆA] zum Sonnencult und den Maga in Beziehung gesetzt wird. [Mahābhārata 1, 6997. 7914. 2, 129. 3, 644. 1994. 7, 4194. 13, 615. 1028. 16, 19. 25.] [Harivaṃśa 6773. fgg. 7665. 7667. 8057. 8096. 8144. 8401. 8664. 8772. 8777. 8861. 9185. 9592. fgg. 11008.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 40.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 5, 32, 2. 35, 4. fgg. 37, 7. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 10, 29. 11, 18. 14, 31. 3, 1, 30. 10, 61, 11. 90, 33.] [Oxforder Handschriften 31], b, [10. 21. 24. 33], a, [26. fgg. 60], b, [11. 61], b, [3 v. u. 62], a, [5. 6. 11. fgg. 16. 67], a, [5. 70], b, [19. 77], b, 18. 134, a, [No. 248.] mūrti (viśveśvara) 243, b, [No. 605.] purāṇa 84, b, [10. 183], a, [1.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 18. 469.] —

2) n. so v. a. sāmbapurāṇa [Oxforder Handschriften 8], a, 9. 40, b, [33. 65], b, [13. 80], a, 5. — Häufig (aber nicht in den Bomb. Ausgg.) śāmba geschrieben. Vgl. traiśāmba (so auch ed. Bomb.).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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