Devadeva, Deva-deva: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Devadeva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Devadeva (देवदेव):—Eighth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Aṃśumadbhedāgama and the Śilparatna. The images of this aspects of Śiva should have three eyes, four arms, jaṭāmakuṭas and be of white colour. It should be draped also in white clothes and be standing erect (samabhaṅga) on a padmapīṭha. It should be adorned with all ornaments and with garlands composed of all flowers and it should keep their front right hand in the abhaya and the front left hand in the varada poses, while it should carry in the back right hand the paraśu and in the back left hand the mṛga.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Devadeva in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Devadeva (देवदेव) refers to the “lord of Devas”, and is used as an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] then Viṣṇu stood up. Approaching Śiva with palms joined in reverence [viz., kṛtāñjali] and accompanied by Lakṣmī, the Garuḍa-vehicled God Viṣṇu spoke thus: ‘O great lord, O ocean of mercy, lord of Devas [viz., Devadeva], O dear one, you are the father and Satī is the mother of the world’”.

2) Devadeva is also used as an epithet for Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as the Sages prayed to Viṣṇu:—“[...] O lord of Lakṣmī, lord of Devas (devadeva), O great lord, lord of everyone, save the sacrifice of Dakṣa. Undoubtedly you are the sacrifice, the performer of sacrifice, the sacrifice embodied, ancillary to sacrifice and the protector of sacrifice. Please save, save the sacrifice. There is none else than you to protect it”.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Vishnu Purana

Devadeva:—Mentioned as one of the sons of Visvāmitra in the Legend of Paraśurāma (book IV of the Viṣṇu-purāṇa)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Devadeva (देवदेव).—See Maheśvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 257.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Devadeva (देवदेव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.15, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Devadeva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Devadeva (देवदेव) refers to “god of gods”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Devadeva:—Mentioned as one of the forty-nine Maruts (see Nīlamata-purāṇa 640-645).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Devadeva in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

devadeva : (m.) the god of gods.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Devadeva refers to: “the god of gods, ” Ep. of the Buddha (cp. devâtideva) Th.1, 533, 1278 (of Kappāyana); DhsA.1; PvA.140;

Note: devadeva is a Pali compound consisting of the words deva and deva.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvadēva (देवदेव).—m (dēva by redup.) Religious offices or exercises; a course of devotion and piety. Ex. ātāṃ mī saṃsāra sōḍatōṃ va dē0 ārambhitōṃ or karatōṃ. 2 God of gods. A title of viṣṇu. Ex. nē gōkuḷāsī maja yē ritī dē0. dē0 karaṇēṃ To pray earnestly for: also to toil and strive hard after.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dēvadēva (देवदेव).—m Religious offices or exercises; a course of devotion and piety. ?B karaṇēṃ. To pray earnestly for; also to toil and strive hard after. To take to pietism, to turn to religion, to be punctilious in performing all religi- ous rites.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devadeva (देवदेव).—

1) an epithet of Brahman; Rām.1.43.1.

2) of Śiva; अयाचितारं न हि देवदेवमद्रिः सुतां ग्राहयितुं शशाक (ayācitāraṃ na hi devadevamadriḥ sutāṃ grāhayituṃ śaśāka) Ku.1.52.

3) of Viṣṇu; Bg.1.15.

4) of Gaṇeśa; दृष्टप्रभावो वरदो देवदेवो विनायकः (dṛṣṭaprabhāvo varado devadevo vināyakaḥ) Ks.2.55.

Derivable forms: devadevaḥ (देवदेवः).

Devadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devadeva (देवदेव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A name of Bramha. 2. A name of Siva. E. deva god, repeated; god of gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devadeva (देवदेव).—m. the god of the gods, Mahābhārata 1, 1628; = Śiva, Chr. 50, 5.

Devadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devadeva (देवदेव).—[masculine] the god of the gods, the highest god (Brahman, Śiva-Rudra, Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, or Gaṇeśa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devadeva (देवदेव):—[=deva-deva] [from deva] m. ‘the god of gods’, Name of Brahmā, [Mahābhārata i, 1628]

2) [v.s. ...] of Rudra-Śiva, 7324

3) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, [Bhagavad-gītā x, 15]

4) [v.s. ...] of Gaṇeśa, [Kathāsaritsāgara xx, 55]

5) [v.s. ...] [dual number] Brahmā and Śiva, [Mahābhārata viii, 4456]

6) [v.s. ...] [plural] the Brāhmans, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 16, 17]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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