Babhru: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Babhru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Babhru (बभ्रु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “large brown mongoose”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Babhru is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

2) Babhru (बभ्रु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Bengal-tree pie”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Babhru is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Babhru (बभ्रु).—A maharṣi of the line of preceptors from Vyāsa. (See Guruparamparā).

2) Babhru (बभ्रु).—A Yādava of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. He was one of the ablest of Yādava warriors. (Chapter 14, Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭham, Mahābhārata). Even in his old age he used to do penance. Śiśupāla carried away his wife when once he was away in Dvārakā. He was a friend of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. He died when hit by an arrow from Vyāsa. (Chapter 4, Mausala Parva, Mahābhārata).

3) Babhru (बभ्रु).—A king of Kāśī. By the help of Śrī Kṛṣṇa he attained Rājyalakṣmī. (Chapter 28, Udyoga Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Babhru (बभ्रु).—A son of King Virāṭa. (Śloka 33, Chapter 57, Udyoga Parva, Mahābhārata).

5) Babhru (बभ्रु).—One of the sons of Viśvāmitra who were Brahmavādīs. (Śloka 50, Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Babhru (बभ्रु).—One of the two sons of Druhyu and father of Setu (Ripu, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa)*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 17. 1-2.

1b) A son of Romapāda; (Lomapāda, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Kṛti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 39.

1c) A disciple of Śunaka (Śaunaka-br. p., vi. p.) who taught him a Samhitā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 60; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III, 6. 12.

1d) A son of Devavṛdha and Gāndhinī; the best among men; righteous and truthful; a Mahāratha of the Sātvatas; through his precept and that of his father, several thousands attained immortality;1 performed sacrifices and lavished gifts; got the jewel Syamantaka and gave it to Kṛṣṇa, to be returned by the latter.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 9-11; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 3-6, 107; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 56-60.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 13, 81-2, 96 and 98.

1e) A son of Sampāti.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 35.

1f) Is Akrūra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 56.

1g) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Babhru (बभ्रु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.31.15 ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Babhru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Babhru (बभ्रु) is a Sanskrit word translating to the color ‘brown’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Babhru (बभ्रु) is the name, in the Rigveda, of a Ṛṣi who received gifts from King Ṛṇaṃcaya [Ṛṇañcaya]. The same Babhru may be meant in another passage, where he is mentioned as a protégé of the Aśvins; but it is doubtful whether the word is a proper name at all in the Atharvaveda.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Babhru in India is the name of a plant defined with Blepharis ciliaris in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acanthodium spicatum Delile (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Synopseos Plantarum (Persoon) (1806)
· Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (1956)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Systema Naturae ed. 12 (1767)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Babhru, for example chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Babhru (बभ्रु).—a. [bhṛ-ku dvitvam; babhr-u vā Uṇādi-sūtra 1.21]

1) Deepbrown, tawny, reddish-brown; ज्वालाबभ्रुशिरोरुहः (jvālābabhruśiroruhaḥ) R.15. 16;19.25; बबन्ध बालारुणबभ्रु वल्कलम् (babandha bālāruṇababhru valkalam) Kumārasambhava 5.8.

2) Baldheaded through disease.

-bhruḥ 1 Fire.

2) An ichneumon; सखिभिर्न्यवसत् सार्धं व्याघ्राखुवृकबभ्रुभिः (sakhibhirnyavasat sārdhaṃ vyāghrākhuvṛkababhrubhiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.14.27.

3) The tawny colour.

4) A man with tawny hair.

5) Name of a Yādava; आलप्यालमिदं बभ्रोर्यत् स दारानपाहरत् (ālapyālamidaṃ babhroryat sa dārānapāharat) Śiśupālavadha 2.1.

6) An epithet of Śiva.

7) Of Viṣṇu.

8) The Chātaka bird.

9) A sweeper, cleaner.

1) Name of a country. -n.

1) A tawny or brown colour.

2) Any object of a brown colour.

-bhrūḥ f. A reddish-brown cow (kapilā); अजानन्नहनद्बभ्रोः शिरः शार्दूलशङ्कया (ajānannahanadbabhroḥ śiraḥ śārdūlaśaṅkayā) Bhāgavata 9.2.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Babhru (बभ्रु).—mfn. (-bhruḥ-bhruḥ or -bhrūḥ-bhru) 1. Large, great. 2. Tawny, &c. 3. Baldheaded through disease. m.

(-bhruḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. Siva. 3. Agni or fire. 4. A large ichneumon. 5. The name of a Muni or holy sage. 6. A rat. n. (-bhru) 1. A tawny or brown colour. 2. Any object of that colour. E. bhṛ to fill, aff. ku, and the initial repeated; or babhra, u aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Babhru (बभ्रु).—I. adj. 1. Large. 2. Tawny. 3. Bald-headed through disease. Ii. m. 1. Viṣṇu, Śiva, fire. 2. A large ichneumon. Iii. n. 1. A tawny or brown colour. 2. Any object of that colour; e. g. a tawny (red-) haired man, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 130.

— Cf. [Old High German.] brūn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Babhru (बभ्रु).—([feminine] babhru or babhrū) reddish brown, tawny; [masculine] a large kind of ichneumon, [Epithet] of [several] gods & men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Babhru (बभ्रु):—mf(u, or ū)n. (according to, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 23 fr.] √bhṛ) deep-brown, reddish-brown, tawny, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) bald-headed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) m. a kind of large ichneumon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) any ichneumon, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

5) a man with deep-brown hair, [Manu-smṛti iv, 30] (others ‘a reddish-brown animal’ or ‘the Soma creeper’)

6) Cuculus Melanoleucus (= cātaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) a species of vegetable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of Kṛṣṇa-Viṣṇu or of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

9) a king, prince, [ib.]

10) a [particular] constellation (= babhruka), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

11) Name of sub voce men (cf. [gana] gargādi)

12) of a descendant of Atri (author of [Ṛg-veda v, 30]), [Anukramaṇikā] (also with the [patronymic] Daivāvṛdha and Kaumbhya, [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Purāṇa])

13) of a disciple of Śaunaka, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

14) of a son of Viśvā-mitra, [Mahābhārata] (also [plural] [Harivaṃśa])

15) of a son of Viśva-garbha, [Harivaṃśa]

16) of a Vṛṣṇi, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

17) of a son of Druhyu, [Harivaṃśa]

18) of a son of Roma-pāda or Loma-pāda, [ib.]

19) of a Gandharva, [Rāmāyaṇa]

20) of a country (= -deśa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) (u) f. a reddish-brown cow, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

22) n. a dark-brown colour or any object of that c°, [Horace H. Wilson]

23) cf. [Greek] φρύνη, φρῦνος; [Lithuanian] béras, brúnas; [German] brūn, braun; [English] brown.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Babhru (बभ्रु):—[(bhruḥ-bhruḥ-bhru) a.] Large; tawny; baldheaded. m. A name of Vishnu, of Shiva, of Agni, of a sage; an ichneumon, a rat. n. Brown colour.

[Sanskrit to German]

Babhru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Babhru (ಬಭ್ರು):—[adjective] of the colour brown.

--- OR ---

Babhru (ಬಭ್ರು):—

1) [noun] the brown colour.

2) [noun] a slender, ferret-like carnivore, Herpestes edwardsi, of India, that feeds on rodents, birds and eggs, noted esp. for its ability to kill cobras and other venomous snakes; a mongoose.

3) [noun] fire.

4) [noun] Viṣṇu.

5) [noun] Śiva.

6) [noun] the brow of a horse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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