Mridu, aka: Mṛdu; 9 Definition(s)


Mridu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛdu can be transliterated into English as Mrdu or Mridu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Mṛdu (मृदु, “soft”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Mṛdu is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘softness’, while its opposing quality, Kaṭhina, refers to its ‘hardness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Mṛdu, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Ether (ākāśa).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mṛdu (मृदु, “soft”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Mṛdu], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Mṛdu (मृदु).—A Ṛtvik at Brahmā's yajña.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mṛdu (मृदु, “tender”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Mṛdu is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named vijayā (the triumphant one) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Mṛdu (मृदु).—Soft in utterance ; the term is used in the Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya for the क्षैप्र, प्रश्लिष्ट, तैरोव्यञ्जन (kṣaipra, praśliṣṭa, tairovyañjana), and पादवृत्त (pādavṛtta) varieties of the circumflex accent (स्वरित (svarita)) out of which the पादवृत्त (pādavṛtta) is the softest (मृदुतम (mṛdutama)) and consequently always called मृदु (mṛdu), while the others are called मृदु (mṛdu) only with respect to the preceding one in the order given above; viz.अभिनिहत, क्षैप्र (abhinihata, kṣaipra)सर्वतीक्ष्णोभिनिहतःप्राश्लिष्टस्तदनन्तरम् । ततो मृदुतरौ स्वारौ जात्यक्षेप्रावुभौ स्मृतौ ॥ ततो मृदुततः स्वारस्तैरोव्यञ्जन उच्यते । पादवृत्तो मृदुतमस्त्वेतत्स्वारबलाबलम् (sarvatīkṣṇobhinihataḥprāśliṣṭastadanantaram | tato mṛdutarau svārau jātyakṣeprāvubhau smṛtau || tato mṛdutataḥ svārastairovyañjana ucyate | pādavṛtto mṛdutamastvetatsvārabalābalam) Uvvata on V.Pr. I. !25;

2) Mṛdu.—Soft, as opposed to hard; the term is used in connection with the first,third and fifth consonants of the five classes.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Mṛdu (मृदु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.23, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mṛdu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mṛdu (मृदु).—a (S) mṛdula a S Soft. 2 Tender, pliant, flexile. 3 fig. Mild, bland, gentle, easy.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛdu (मृदु) [-mṛdula, -मृदुल].—a Soft; tender. Fig. Mild.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 81 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mṛdutvaca (मृदुत्वच).—m. (-caḥ) The Bhurjapatra or brich tree, the bark of which peels off, and...
Mṛdugātra (मृदुगात्र) refers to “tender body” and represents the twenty-second of the eighty mi...
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Mṛdujivhatā (मृदुजिव्हता) or Mṛdujivha refers to “a soft tongue” and represents the fiftieth of...
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