Pavitra, Pavitrā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Pavitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Pavitrā (पवित्रा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

2) Pavitra (पवित्र) is another name (synonym) for Tila, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Sesamum indicum (sesame). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 16.111-116), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Tila are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Pavitra (पवित्र) refers to “pure” and represents a particular dietetic effect according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect pavitra is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of Crystal (sphaṭika-pātra) and Vaiḍūrya.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pavitra (पवित्र) refers to one who is “holy”, and is used by Satī to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.29. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Then inciting the fury of Dakṣa further, she said to Viṣṇu and all other devas and sages unhesitatingly.. Satī said:—‘[...] It is surprising that you are so wicked as to harbour ill feelings against Śiva who is the lord of all, whose dictum is untransgressable and who is the holiest of the holy (pavitra). You are certainly enemy of Śiva’”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pavitra (पवित्र).—Gods of the epoch of 14th Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 43.

1b) (paritras)—one of the five devagaṇas of the 14th Bhauta Manu: are the seven worlds.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 106, 198. Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 111-2.

2a) Pavitrā (पवित्रा).—A river in Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 62. Matsya-purāṇa 122. 72.

2b) A main stream of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 43.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pavitrā (पवित्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.20). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pavitrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Pavitrā (पवित्रा) refers to the eighteenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (eg., Pavitrā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Pavitra (पवित्र) refers to a certain ceremony to be performed during pūjā (ritualistic worship), according to the Arcanāvidhipaṭala of Kāmikāgama.—[After Ṣoḍaṣa-Upacāra], the Ācārya then meditates on the Lord and places the holy pavitra on the crown of the liṅga in order to complete the pūjā. The Āgama declares that pavitra is that which protects the worshipper from falling (into hell) due to daily errors of thought, word and deed.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pavitra in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pavitra (पवित्र) refers to 1) a “pair of Kuśa blades used at sarifices for purifying and sprinkling clarified butter”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 17.188.—Nārāyaṇa quotes Kātyāyana. 2) The word may here mean also “a cloth for straining Soma juice”. It is used in this sense in Vedic texts, e.g. Taittirīya-saṃhitā 1.8.21. Sāyaṇa quotes Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa 1.8.5.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Pavitra (पवित्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pavitra] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pavitra.—(EI 9), the argha vessel. (Ind. Ant., Vol. IX, p. 187), thread, 360 of which are tied round the neck of the image of Kṛṣṇa on Śrāvaṇa su-di 12. Cf. Caitra-pavitra. Note: pavitra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pavitra (पवित्र).—a (S) Pure, clean, free from ceremonial defilement. 2 Sinless or holy, clean morally. 3 Hallowed or holy--a thing, place, act.

--- OR ---

pavitra (पवित्र).—n (S) The Brahmanical string. 2 also pavitraka n S A ring of darbha (Poa cynosuroides) or of gold, worn on the forefinger at worship and certain rites.

--- OR ---

pavitrā (पवित्रा).—m In wrestling. The attitude of readiness, with the right leg advanced. v kara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pavitra (पवित्र).—a Pure, clean. Sinless, holy- Hallowed.

--- OR ---

pavitrā (पवित्रा).—m In wrestling. The attitude of readiness, with the right leg advanced. v kara.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pavitra (पवित्र).—a. [pū-karaṇe itra]

1) Sacred, holy, sinless, sanctified (persons or things); त्रीणि श्राद्धे पवित्राणि दौहित्रः कुतपस्तिलाः (trīṇi śrāddhe pavitrāṇi dauhitraḥ kutapastilāḥ) Ms.3.235; पवित्रो नरः, पवित्रं स्थानम् (pavitro naraḥ, pavitraṃ sthānam) &c.

2) Purified by the performance of ceremonial acts (such as sacrifices &c.).

4) Purifying, removing sin.

-tram 1 An instrument for cleansing or purifying, such as a sieve or strainer &c.

2) Two blades of Kuśa grass used at sacrifices in purifying and sprinkling ghee; N.17.188.

3) A ring of Kuśa grass worn on the fourth finger on certain religious occasions; धौताङ्घ्रिपाणिराचम्य सपवित्र उदङ्मुखः (dhautāṅghripāṇirācamya sapavitra udaṅmukhaḥ) Bhāg.6.8.4.

4) The sacred thread worn by members of the first three castes of the Hindus.

5) Copper.

6) Rain.

7) Water.

8) Rubbing, cleansing.

9) A vessel in which the arghya is presented.

1) Clarified butter.

11) Honey.

12) A purifying prayer.

13) A means of purifying the mind.

14) A cloth for straining Soma juice; वायुः पूतः पवित्रेण प्रत्यङ् सोमोऽतिद्रुतः (vāyuḥ pūtaḥ pavitreṇa pratyaṅ somo'tidrutaḥ) Ts.1. 8.21.

-trā 1 The holy basil.

2) Turmeric (pavitrīkṛ 'to purify, sanctify'; pavitrībhū 'to become pure or holy').

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pavitra (पवित्र).—mfn.

(-traḥ-trā-traṃ) 1. Pure, clean, purified physically or morally. 2. Who or what cleans, or purifies, &c. n.

(-traṃ) 1. Sacrifical grass, (Poa cynosuroides.) 2. Copper. 3. Water. 4. Rain. 5. Rubbing, cleansing. 6. The vessel in which an Argha or libation or oblation is presented. 7. The Brahminical cord. 8. Ghee. 9. Honey. 10. A couple of Kusa leaves a span long, used at sacrifices to present offerings upon, or to sprinkle Ghee, &c. 11. Kusa grass used to clean or purify Ghee used in a sacrifice. 12. A ring of Kusa grass worn on the fourth finger on some occasions. 13. A text or Mantra of the Vedas. 14. Any divinity, as Agni, &c. f.

(-trā) 1. Holy basil, (Ocymum sanctum.) 2. The name of a river, a little to the north-west of Haridwar; the Pabar. 3. The twelfth of the light fortnight of Sravana, a festival in honour of Vishnu. E. to purify, aff. karaṇe itra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pavitra (पवित्र).—i. e. pū + tra, I. n. 1. A means of purifying, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 85. 2. Sacrificial grass, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 75. 3. Prayer, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 225. Ii. m. pl. The name of a class of deities. Iii. f. trā, The name of a river. Iv. adj., f. trā. 1. Purifying, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 94. 2. Pure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 235.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pavitra (पवित्र):—[from pava] n. a means of purification, filter, strainer, straining-cloth etc. (made of thread or hair or straw, for clarifying fruits, [especially] the Soma), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Kuśa grass ([especially] two K° leaves for holding offerings or for sprinkling and purifying ghee etc.), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc. (ifc. also ko See sa-pavitraka), a ring of K° grass worn on the fourth finger on [particular] occasions, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] a purifying prayer or Mantra, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] a means of purifying or clearing the mind, [Ṛg-veda iii, 26, 8; 31, 6 etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] melted butter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] honey, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] rain or rubbing (varṣaṇa or gharṣaṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] copper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] the vessel in which the Argha is presented, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (ifc. -ka, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa])

11) [v.s. ...] the Brāhmanical cord (cf. trāropaṇs)

12) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu (also p° pavintrāṇām), [Mahābhārata] (cf, [Religious Thought and Life in India 106])

13) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] (with ādityānām and devānām) Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

16) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a [particular] Soma-sacrifice belonging to the Rājasūya, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]; ???]

17) [v.s. ...] Sesamum Indicum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] Nageia Putranjiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] aśvādi

20) [v.s. ...] of an Āṅgirasa (the supposed author of [Ṛg-veda ix, 67; 73; 83; 107]), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

21) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a class of deities in the 14th Manv-antara, Pur

22) Pavitrā (पवित्रा):—[from pavitra > pava] f. Name of sub voce plants (basil, saffron, the small Pippala tree etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] of sub voce rivers, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

24) [v.s. ...] the 12th day of the light half of Śravaṇa (a festival in honour of Viṣṇu), [Horace H. Wilson]

25) Pavitra (पवित्र):—[from pava] mf(ā)n. purifying, averting evil, pure, holy, sacred, sinless, beneficent, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

26) Pāvitra (पावित्र):—[from pāva] n. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke] ([wrong reading] for pav?).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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