Pavitra, aka: Pavitrā; 8 Definition(s)
Pavitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Pavitrā (पवित्रा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.
2) Pavitra (पवित्र) is another name (synonym) for Tila, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Sesamum indicum (sesame). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 16.111-116), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Tila are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
1a) Pavitra (पवित्र).—Gods of the epoch of 14th Manu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 43.
1b) (paritras)—one of the five devagaṇas of the 14th Bhauta Manu: are the seven worlds.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 106, 198. Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 111-2.
2a) Pavitrā (पवित्रा).—A river in Kuśadvīpa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 62. Matsya-purāṇa 122. 72.
2b) A main stream of Kuśadvīpa.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 43.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Pavitrā (पवित्रा) refers to the eighteenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (eg., Pavitrā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Itihasa (narrative history)
Pavitrā (पवित्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.20). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pavitrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Jainism)
Pavitra (पवित्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pavitra] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
pavitra (पवित्र).—a (S) Pure, clean, free from ceremonial defilement. 2 Sinless or holy, clean morally. 3 Hallowed or holy--a thing, place, act.
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pavitra (पवित्र).—n (S) The Brahmanical string. 2 also pavitraka n S A ring of darbha (Poa cynosuroides) or of gold, worn on the forefinger at worship and certain rites.
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pavitrā (पवित्रा).—m In wrestling. The attitude of readiness, with the right leg advanced. v kara.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pavitra (पवित्र).—a Pure, clean. Sinless, holy- Hallowed.
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pavitrā (पवित्रा).—m In wrestling. The attitude of readiness, with the right leg advanced. v kara.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Pavitra (पवित्र).—a. [pū-karaṇe itra]
1) Sacred, holy, sinless, sanctified (persons or things); त्रीणि श्राद्धे पवित्राणि दौहित्रः कुतपस्तिलाः (trīṇi śrāddhe pavitrāṇi dauhitraḥ kutapastilāḥ) Ms.3.235; पवित्रो नरः, पवित्रं स्थानम् (pavitro naraḥ, pavitraṃ sthānam) &c.
2) Purified by the performance of ceremonial acts (such as sacrifices &c.).
4) Purifying, removing sin.
-tram 1 An instrument for cleansing or purifying, such as a sieve or strainer &c.
2) Two blades of Kuśa grass used at sacrifices in purifying and sprinkling ghee; N.17.188.
3) A ring of Kuśa grass worn on the fourth finger on certain religious occasions; धौताङ्घ्रिपाणिराचम्य सपवित्र उदङ्मुखः (dhautāṅghripāṇirācamya sapavitra udaṅmukhaḥ) Bhāg.6.8.4.
4) The sacred thread worn by members of the first three castes of the Hindus.
8) Rubbing, cleansing.
9) A vessel in which the arghya is presented.
1) Clarified butter.
12) A purifying prayer.
13) A means of purifying the mind.
14) A cloth for straining Soma juice; वायुः पूतः पवित्रेण प्रत्यङ् सोमोऽतिद्रुतः (vāyuḥ pūtaḥ pavitreṇa pratyaṅ somo'tidrutaḥ) Ts.1. 8.21.
-trā 1 The holy basil.
2) Turmeric (pavitrīkṛ 'to purify, sanctify'; pavitrībhū 'to become pure or holy').Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Pavitrāropaṇa (पवित्रारोपण).—A Pūjāvidhi (a mode of worship). If you perform a Pavitrāropaṇa wo...
Pavitradhānya (पवित्रधान्य).—barley. Derivable forms: pavitradhānyam (पवित्रधान्यम्).Pavitradhā...
Brahmapavitra (ब्रह्मपवित्र).—the Kuśa grass. Derivable forms: brahmapavitraḥ (ब्रह्मपवित्रः).B...
Pavitrārohaṇa (पवित्रारोहण).—investiture with the sacred thread. Derivable forms: pavitrārohaṇa...
Ārdrapavitra (आर्द्रपवित्र).—a. Ved. having a wet strainer, epithet of the soma; सर्वदा वा एप य...
Pavitrapāṇi (पवित्रपाणि).—a. holding Darbha grass in the hand.Pavitrapāṇi is a Sanskrit compoun...
Antaḥpavitra (अन्तःपवित्र).—the Soma when in the straining vessel. Derivable forms: antaḥpavitr...
Mahāpavitra (महापवित्र).—an epithet of Viṣṇu. Derivable forms: mahāpavitraḥ (महापवित्रः).Mahāpa...
1) Nanda (नन्द).—(nandaka) See under Nandagopa.2) Nanda (नन्द).—(See under Vararuci). 3) Nanda...
Daśa (दश, “ten”) is the second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system...
Tila (तिल) refers to “seasamum” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for ...
Padāra (पदार).—1) The dust of the feet.2) A boat.Derivable forms: padāraḥ (पदारः).
Virodha (विरोध) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva ...
Tulasi or Tulashishta is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading ca...
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Pavitra or Pavitrā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.85 < [Section VII - Special Expiation for Special Offences: (a) For Killing a Brāhmaṇa]
Verse 3.279 < [Section XXII - Time for Śrāddha]
Verse 3.219 < [Section XIV - Method of Feeding]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa I, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 3 < [First Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa III, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Third Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)