Pavitra, aka: Pavitrā; 11 Definition(s)


Pavitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Pavitrā (पवित्रा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

2) Pavitra (पवित्र) is another name (synonym) for Tila, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Sesamum indicum (sesame). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 16.111-116), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Tila are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pavitra in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1a) Pavitra (पवित्र).—Gods of the epoch of 14th Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 43.

1b) (paritras)—one of the five devagaṇas of the 14th Bhauta Manu: are the seven worlds.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 106, 198. Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 111-2.

2a) Pavitrā (पवित्रा).—A river in Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 62. Matsya-purāṇa 122. 72.

2b) A main stream of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 43.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pavitrā (पवित्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.20). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pavitrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Pavitrā (पवित्रा) refers to the eighteenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (eg., Pavitrā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Pavitra (पवित्र) refers to a certain ceremony to be performed during pūjā (ritualistic worship), according to the Arcanāvidhipaṭala of Kāmikāgama.—[After Ṣoḍaṣa-Upacāra], the Ācārya then meditates on the Lord and places the holy pavitra on the crown of the liṅga in order to complete the pūjā. The Āgama declares that pavitra is that which protects the worshipper from falling (into hell) due to daily errors of thought, word and deed.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Pavitra (पवित्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pavitra] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Pavitra.—(EI 9), the argha vessel. (Ind. Ant., Vol. IX, p. 187), thread, 360 of which are tied round the neck of the image of Kṛṣṇa on Śrāvaṇa su-di 12. Cf. Caitra-pavitra. Note: pavitra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Pavitra in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pavitra (पवित्र).—a (S) Pure, clean, free from ceremonial defilement. 2 Sinless or holy, clean morally. 3 Hallowed or holy--a thing, place, act.

--- OR ---

pavitra (पवित्र).—n (S) The Brahmanical string. 2 also pavitraka n S A ring of darbha (Poa cynosuroides) or of gold, worn on the forefinger at worship and certain rites.

--- OR ---

pavitrā (पवित्रा).—m In wrestling. The attitude of readiness, with the right leg advanced. v kara.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pavitra (पवित्र).—a Pure, clean. Sinless, holy- Hallowed.

--- OR ---

pavitrā (पवित्रा).—m In wrestling. The attitude of readiness, with the right leg advanced. v kara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pavitra (पवित्र).—a. [pū-karaṇe itra]

1) Sacred, holy, sinless, sanctified (persons or things); त्रीणि श्राद्धे पवित्राणि दौहित्रः कुतपस्तिलाः (trīṇi śrāddhe pavitrāṇi dauhitraḥ kutapastilāḥ) Ms.3.235; पवित्रो नरः, पवित्रं स्थानम् (pavitro naraḥ, pavitraṃ sthānam) &c.

2) Purified by the performance of ceremonial acts (such as sacrifices &c.).

4) Purifying, removing sin.

-tram 1 An instrument for cleansing or purifying, such as a sieve or strainer &c.

2) Two blades of Kuśa grass used at sacrifices in purifying and sprinkling ghee; N.17.188.

3) A ring of Kuśa grass worn on the fourth finger on certain religious occasions; धौताङ्घ्रिपाणिराचम्य सपवित्र उदङ्मुखः (dhautāṅghripāṇirācamya sapavitra udaṅmukhaḥ) Bhāg.6.8.4.

4) The sacred thread worn by members of the first three castes of the Hindus.

5) Copper.

6) Rain.

7) Water.

8) Rubbing, cleansing.

9) A vessel in which the arghya is presented.

1) Clarified butter.

11) Honey.

12) A purifying prayer.

13) A means of purifying the mind.

14) A cloth for straining Soma juice; वायुः पूतः पवित्रेण प्रत्यङ् सोमोऽतिद्रुतः (vāyuḥ pūtaḥ pavitreṇa pratyaṅ somo'tidrutaḥ) Ts.1. 8.21.

-trā 1 The holy basil.

2) Turmeric (pavitrīkṛ 'to purify, sanctify'; pavitrībhū 'to become pure or holy').

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 29 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pavitrāropaṇa (पवित्रारोपण).—A Pūjāvidhi (a mode of worship). If you perform a Pavitrāropaṇa wo...
Pavitrārohaṇa (पवित्रारोहण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) The putting of the Brahminical cord on images of Durga o...
Pavitrapāṇi (पवित्रपाणि).—a. holding Darbha grass in the hand.Pavitrapāṇi is a Sanskrit compoun...
Antaḥpavitra (अन्तःपवित्र).—the Soma when in the straining vessel. Derivable forms: antaḥpavitr...
Mahāpavitra (महापवित्र).—an epithet of Viṣṇu. Derivable forms: mahāpavitraḥ (महापवित्रः).Mahāpa...
Pavitradhānya (पवित्रधान्य).—barley. Derivable forms: pavitradhānyam (पवित्रधान्यम्).Pavitradhā...
Brahmapavitra (ब्रह्मपवित्र).—the Kuśa grass. Derivable forms: brahmapavitraḥ (ब्रह्मपवित्रः).B...
Ārdrapavitra (आर्द्रपवित्र).—a. Ved. having a wet strainer, epithet of the soma; सर्वदा वा एप य...
Nanda (नन्द).—(1) (= Pali id., DPPN Nanda Thera 1; also called Sundarananda, q.v.) n. of a mon...
Daśa (दश, “ten”) is the second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system...
Padāra (पदार).—m. (-raḥ) 1. The dust of the feet. 2. A boat. E. pada a foot, ṛ to go, ghañ aff.
Tila (तिल) refers to “seasamum” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for ...
Tulasī (तुलसी).—f. (-sī) A small shrub held in veneration by the Hindus, Tulasi or holy basil, ...
Virodha (विरोध) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva ...
Parikara (परिकर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who or what helps or assists. m. (-raḥ) 1. A sofa, a bed. ...

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