Harina, Hāriṇa, Hariṇa: 22 definitions



Harina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hariṇa (हरिण) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “red deer”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Hariṇa is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Hariṇa (हरिण)—Sanskrit word for “red deer”. This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The venison of the Harina (red) species is sweet in taste and digestion, appetising, aromatic, cool, light, and suppresses the discharge of stool and urine and pacifies the deranged humours.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hariṇa (हरिण) refers to a type of Jāṅghala meat and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the māṃsa (meats) group Hariṇa is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hariṇa (हरिण).—A nāga which belonged to the Airāvata family. It was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejava. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 11).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Hariṇa (हरिण).—See Haraya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 179; 22. 45.

2) Hāriṇa (हारिण).—The flesh of the deer used for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 31.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Hariṇa (हरिण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hariṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Hariṇa (हरिण, “deer-head”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The representations of certain animals and birds are generally found in the hands of images. They are, for example, Hariṇa.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Hariṇa (हरिण) refers to 1) “white” or 2) a “deer”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 22.134.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Hariṇa (हरिण) refers to the animal “Chinkara” (Gazelle bennettii).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Hariṇa] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Hariṇa (हरिण) in the Rigveda and later denotes a ‘gazelle’. It is at once a type of speed and terror. Its horns are used as amulets. It is fond of eating barley (yava). In the Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā it is said to kill vipers (svaja). Cf. Kuluṅga, Nyaṅku. The feminine is Hariṇī.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hariṇa : (m.) a deer.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hariṇa, (fr. hari) a deer J.II, 26. (Page 730)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hariṇa (हरिण).—m (S) An antelope, a deer, a buck. 2 A minor division of the earth identified, by Wilford, with Raneh or Madagascar.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hariṇa (हरिण).—m An antelope, a deer.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hariṇa (हरिण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [हृ-इनन् (hṛ-inan)]

1) Pale, whitish; न चाश्वेन विनिर्यासि विवर्णो हरिणः कृशः (na cāśvena viniryāsi vivarṇo hariṇaḥ kṛśaḥ) Mb.1.1.61; रूपेण पश्ये हरिणेन पश्य (rūpeṇa paśye hariṇena paśya) N.22.134.

2) Reddish or yellowish white.

3) Having rays; विश्वरूपं हरिणं जातवेदसम् (viśvarūpaṃ hariṇaṃ jātavedasam) Praśna U.1. 8.

-ṇaḥ 1 A deer, an antelope; (said to be of five kinds:-hariṇaścāpi vijñeyaḥ pañcabhedo'tra bhairava | ṛṣyaḥ khaḍgo ruruścaiva pṛṣataśca mṛgastathā Kālikā P.); अपि प्रसन्नं हरिणेषु ते मनः (api prasannaṃ hariṇeṣu te manaḥ) Ku. 5.35.

2) The white colour.

3) A goose.

4) The sun.

5) Viṣṇu.

6) Śiva.

--- OR ---

Hāriṇa (हारिण).—a. (-ṇī f.) Belonging to a deer.

-ṇam Venison, flesh of deer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hariṇa (हरिण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) Yellowish white. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A deer. 2. Pale, yellowish white, (the colour.) 3. White. 4. Vishnu. 5. Siva. 6. The sun. 7. A goose. 8. A minor division of the world. f. (-ṇī) 1. A doe. 2. A golden image. 3. A woman, one of the four kinds, the same as the Chitrini, or female of the man termed Mriga. 4. A form of metre, a variety of the class termed Atyashti or verse of four lines of 17 syllables each. 5. Green: see harita. 6. Yellow jasmine. 7. A female deer. E. hṛ to take, Unadi aff. inan .

--- OR ---

Hāriṇa (हारिण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Relating to deer, (flesh, skin, &c.) E. hariṇa, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hariṇa (हरिण).— (akin to harit, cf. hari), I. adj., f. ṇī, Yellowish-white, Mahābhārata 13, 5893; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 482. Ii. m. 1. Yellowish-white (the colour). 2. White. 3. A deer, an antelope, [Pañcatantra] 140, 23. 4. A goose. 5. Viṣṇu, Śiva. 6. A minor division of the world. Iii. f. ṇī. 1. A doe, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 80; 102. 2. Yellow jasmine. 3. A beautiful woman. 4. A golden image, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 15.

--- OR ---

Hāriṇa (हारिण).—i. e. hariṇa + a, adj. Relating to deer. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 268 (venison).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hariṇa (हरिण).—[adjective] fallow, pale, yellowish, green; [masculine] a kind of antelope ([feminine] ṇī), ichneumon, [Name] of a serpent-demon etc.

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Hāriṇa (हारिण).—[adjective] belonging or relating to deer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hariṇa (हरिण):—[from hari] mf(ī)n. (the fem. hariṇī belongs to harita) fawn-coloured, yellowish, tawny (also said of unhealthy complexion), greenish, green, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. yellowish (etc.) the colour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a deer, antelope, fawn, stag (one of 5 kinds, others being called ṛṣya, ruru, pṛṣata, mṛga), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] an ichneumon, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a goose, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a minor division of the world, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu or Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a Gaṇa of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] of a serpent. demon, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] of an ichneumon ([varia lectio] harita), [ib.]

12) Hāriṇa (हारिण):—[from hari] mfn. belonging or relating to or derived from deer, [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] n. venison, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Hariṇa (हरिण):—

--- OR ---

Hāriṇa (हारिण):—adj. von der hariṇa genannten Gazelle kommend: Fell [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 57.] māṃsa [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 268] [?(Hemacandra Yogaśāstra 2, 43] darnach zu verbessern). [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 257.] [Mahābhārata 2, 97.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 32, 3.] basti [CARAKA 10, 3. -] [Hemacandra’s Yogaśāstra 4, 32] fehlerhaft für hariṇa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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