Harina, aka: Hāriṇa, Hariṇa; 12 Definition(s)


Harina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Hariṇa (हरिण) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “red deer”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Hariṇa is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hariṇa (हरिण)—Sanskrit word for “red deer”. This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The venison of the Harina (red) species is sweet in taste and digestion, appetising, aromatic, cool, light, and suppresses the discharge of stool and urine and pacifies the deranged humours.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Harina in Purana glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

Hariṇa (हरिण).—A nāga which belonged to the Airāvata family. It was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejava. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 11).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Hariṇa (हरिण).—See Haraya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 179; 22. 45.

2) Hāriṇa (हारिण).—The flesh of the deer used for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 31.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Hariṇa (हरिण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hariṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Hariṇa (हरिण, “deer-head”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The representations of certain animals and birds are generally found in the hands of images. They are, for example, Hariṇa.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Hariṇa (हरिण) in the Rigveda and later denotes a ‘gazelle’. It is at once a type of speed and terror. Its horns are used as amulets. It is fond of eating barley (yava). In the Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā it is said to kill vipers (svaja). Cf. Kuluṅga, Nyaṅku. The feminine is Hariṇī.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Harina in Pali glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

hariṇa : (m.) a deer.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Hariṇa, (fr. hari) a deer J.II, 26. (Page 730)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

hariṇa (हरिण).—m (S) An antelope, a deer, a buck. 2 A minor division of the earth identified, by Wilford, with Raneh or Madagascar.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hariṇa (हरिण).—m An antelope, a deer.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hariṇa (हरिण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [हृ-इनन् (hṛ-inan)]

1) Pale, whitish; न चाश्वेन विनिर्यासि विवर्णो हरिणः कृशः (na cāśvena viniryāsi vivarṇo hariṇaḥ kṛśaḥ) Mb.1.1.61; रूपेण पश्ये हरिणेन पश्य (rūpeṇa paśye hariṇena paśya) N.22.134.

2) Reddish or yellowish white.

3) Having rays; विश्वरूपं हरिणं जातवेदसम् (viśvarūpaṃ hariṇaṃ jātavedasam) Praśna U.1. 8.

-ṇaḥ 1 A deer, an antelope; (said to be of five kinds:-hariṇaścāpi vijñeyaḥ pañcabhedo'tra bhairava | ṛṣyaḥ khaḍgo ruruścaiva pṛṣataśca mṛgastathā Kālikā P.); अपि प्रसन्नं हरिणेषु ते मनः (api prasannaṃ hariṇeṣu te manaḥ) Ku. 5.35.

2) The white colour.

3) A goose.

4) The sun.

5) Viṣṇu.

6) Śiva.

--- OR ---

Hāriṇa (हारिण).—a. (-ṇī f.) Belonging to a deer.

-ṇam Venison, flesh of deer.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

1) Hariṇapluta (हरिणप्लुत) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to whi...
Hariṇāsana (हरिणासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati (87...
Hariṇanayana (हरिणनयन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Deer-eyed. E. hariṇa, nayana the eye; also hariṇaloc...
Hariṇanartaka (हरिणनर्तक).—a Kinnara. Derivable forms: hariṇanartakaḥ (हरिणनर्तकः).Hariṇanartak...
Hariṇakalaṅka (हरिणकलङ्क).—m. the moon. Derivable forms: hariṇakalaṅkaḥ (हरिणकलङ्कः).Hariṇakala...
Hariṇavallabhā (हरिणवल्लभा) refers to one of the twelve ardhasama-varṇavṛtta (semi-regular syll...
Hariṇadhāman (हरिणधामन्).—m. the moon. Hariṇadhāman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Hariṇalāñchana (हरिणलाञ्छन).—the moon. Derivable forms: hariṇalāñchanaḥ (हरिणलाञ्छनः).Hariṇalāñ...
Hariṇalocana (हरिणलोचन).—a. deer-eyed, fawn-eyed. Hariṇalocana is a Sanskrit compound consistin...
Hariṇāṅka (हरिणाङ्क).—1) the moon. 2) camphor. Derivable forms: hariṇāṅkaḥ (हरिणाङ्कः).Hariṇāṅk...
Vegahariṇa (वेगहरिण).—a kind of antelope; L. D. B.Derivable forms: vegahariṇaḥ (वेगहरिणः).Vegah...
Hariṇākṣa (हरिणाक्ष).—a. deer-eyed, fawneyed. -kṣaḥ Name of Śiva. -kṣī f.) 'deer-eyed', a woman...
Hariṇanetra (हरिणनेत्र).—a. deer-eyed, fawn-eyed. Hariṇanetra is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Hariṇahṛdaya (हरिणहृदय).—a. deer-hearted, timid.Hariṇahṛdaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting ...
Harī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A....

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