Khecara: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Khecara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Khecara.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Khecara (खेचर):—Another name for Kāsīsa (‘green vitriol’), which is one of the eight uparasa group of minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Khecara (खेचर) refers to the “celestial” classification of meat (māṃsa) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as celestial (khecara)...]. The celestial animals are āraṇyakukkuṭa (wild cock), kapota (pigeon), āraṇyacaṭaka (wild sparrow), tittira (partridge), caṭaka (a sparrow) and cakora (greek partridge).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Khecara (खेचर):—Literal meaning is hovering in sky , the other meaning is making the materials microfine so as to pass through any minute channels / pores which produces lightness in the body.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Khecara in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Khecara is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Khecara) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha

Khecara (खेचर):—In the Khecaratva, “being a Khecara”, is often said to be a reward of the practice but it is never specifically said to entail the ability to fly. In his translation of Vātulanāthasūtra I, Śāstrī adds “Khecara denotes the man who has made a remarkable progress in the spiritual realm and has, as a result thereof, occupied that state in which one always lives and moves in the ether of consciousness”

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Khecarā (खेचरा) refers to “those who move in the sky” (i.e., the Siddhas and Cāraṇas), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, as Śiva with the Gods attacked Tripura: “[...] The leading gods as huge as mountains went ahead delighted and well-armed with all sorts of missiles, plough-shares, mortars, iron clubs and uprooted trees as huge as mountains. Then Indra, Brahmā, Viṣṇu and others went ahead of lord Śiva jubilantly shouting cries of victory to Śiva, well-armed with various weapons and shining brilliantly. Sages with matted hair and staffs in the hands rejoiced. Siddhas and Cāraṇas moving about in the sky (khecarā) showered flowers. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Khecara (खेचर).—Presented dance, song and music to Pṛthu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 19.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Khecara (खेचर) (“birds”) refers to the offspring of Surasā: one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters [viz., Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Surasā]. Surasā gave birth to the birds (khecara).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Khecara (खेचर) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Asitāṅga, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (e.g., Asitāṅga) has a further eight sub-manifestations (e.g., Khecara), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Khecara according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Asitāṅga) with golden complexion and having good looking limbs; he should carry the triśūla, the ḍamaru, the pāśa and the khaḍga. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Khecara (खेचर) refers to one of the eight Bhairavas  (bhairavāṣṭaka) associated with Oṃkārapīṭha (also called Oḍḍiyāna, Ādipīṭha or Uḍapīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Bhairavas (bhairavāṣṭaka): Niṣkala, Asitāṅga, Saṃvarta, Ānandabhairava, Niṣtaraṅga, Karāla, Amogha, Khecara.

2) Khecara (खेचर) [=Khecarānanda] is the “worship name” of Stambhadeva—one of the Sixteen Siddhas according to the Kubjikānityāhnikatilaka: a derative text drawing from Tantras and other sources such as the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.—These sixteen spiritual teachers represent the disciples of the Nine Nāthas who propagated the Western Transmission noted in the Kubjikā Tantras.—Stambhadeva is the Caryā name of this Nātha (i.e., the public name the Siddha uses when living as a wandering renouncer). His Prapūjya or “worship name” is Khecara-Ānanda (or Kṣeparānanda according to the Kulakaulinīmata). This Pūjā name is the one by which the Siddhas are worshipped.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Khecara (खेचर, “moving in the ether”) is the free-floating state of the meditative mind, intellect, or consciousness in the ether.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Khecara (खेचर) refers to a group of deities, as mentioned in chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] they entered the altar-house by the east door with the brides and groom who were the head-jewels of the three worlds. There a Trāyastriṃśa-god quickly made appear a fire in the altar-fire-hole, as if it had sprung up from the middle of the earth. From the lighting of the fuel, lines of smoke disappeared in the sky, after a long time forming ear-rings for the Khecara-women. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Khecara (खेचर) or Khecaranātha refers to one of the eighty-four Siddhas (Siddhācāryas) mentioned in various sources as being representative teachers of Sahajiya Tantrism, Alchemy, Nath Sampradaya and other traditions having influence in the Indian subcontinent and the Himalayas.—Many of these Mahāsiddhas [e.g., Khecara-nātha] were historical figures whose lives and mystical powers were the subject of legends. They are often associated with teachings belonging to Hinduism, Buddhism, Ajivikism and Jainism and are evident of a caste-less interreligious spiritual society.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khēcara (खेचर).—n S (Moving in the heavens.) A bird. 2 One of the nine graha or classes of imps.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khecara (खेचर).—See खचर (khacara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khecara (खेचर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Aerial, moving in the air. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. A Vidyad'hara or kind of demigod. 3. Quicksilver. E. khe in heaven, and cara who goes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khecara (खेचर).—i. e. kha + i-cara, I. adj., f. , Moving in the sky, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 107, 25. Ii. m. 1. A bird, [Nala] 20, 1. 2. A Gandharva, Mahābhārata 3, 14887. Iii. f. A name of Durgā, Mahābhārata 4, 186.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khecara (खेचर).—[feminine] ī = khacara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khecara (खेचर):—[=khe-cara] [from khe > kha] mf(ī)n. moving in the air, flying, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a bird, [Mahābhārata; Nalopākhyāna]

3) [v.s. ...] any aerial being (as a messenger of the gods), [Mahābhārata i]

4) [v.s. ...] a Gandharva, [iii]

5) [v.s. ...] a Vidyā-dhara, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 82, 8; Kathāsaritsāgara lii, lxv]

6) [v.s. ...] a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 30, 37]

7) [v.s. ...] a planet

8) [v.s. ...] (hence) the number, ‘nine’

9) [v.s. ...] quicksilver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Khecarā (खेचरा):—[=khe-carā] [from khe-cara > khe > kha] f. (in music) a particular Mūrchanā

12) Khecara (खेचर):—[=khe-cara] [from khe > kha] n. green vitriol

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khecara (खेचर):—[khe-cara] (raḥ) 1. m. Shiva; a demigod; quicksilver. a. Moving in air.

[Sanskrit to German]

Khecara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khēcara (ಖೇಚರ):—

1) [noun] that which moves, seem to move or believed to move in the sky as a bird, an arrow, a deity, the sun; etc.

2) [noun] a particular clas of deities.

3) [noun] one of the yogic postures.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Khecara (खेचर):—adj. moving in the air; flying;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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