Mahabala, Mahābalā, Mahābala, Maha-bala: 25 definitions
Mahabala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Mahābalā (महाबला):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Mahābalā (महाबला):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. She is also known as Mahāmbikā according to the Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Mahābalā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Mahābala (महाबल) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Gokarṇa, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Mahābala) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)
1) Mahābala (महाबल) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kṛṣṇā they preside over Caritrā: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the śakti and their abode is the karañja-tree. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).
2) Mahābalā (महाबला) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Kuhudī: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Her weapon is the mudrā and lakuṭa. Furthermore, Mahābalā is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Ulkāmukha.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Mahābala (महाबल) is a Sanskrit word referring to a Nāga king. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.82-88, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).
As such, Brahmā assigned Mahābala and Nāgamukhya to the two blades of the door (door-shafts, dvārapatra). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Mahābala (महाबल).—Minister of Śrīdatta (See under the word Śrīdatta).
2) Mahābala (महाबल).—A follower of Lord Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 71).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Mahābala (महाबल) is mentioned twice as the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] thinking thus, Rudra, desirous of carrying out the wish of Śiva (the supreme Brahman) sounded his drum that gave out the divine Nāda. Its resonant, reverberating sound pervaded the three worlds (trailokya) heightening enthusiasm and called upon everyone in diverse ways. On hearing that, [...] the leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Another (leader of Gaṇas) Kākapāda with six crores and the lord Santānaka with six crores, Mahābala, Madhupiṅga and Piṅgala each with nine crores. [...] Lokāntaka, Dīptātmā and the lord Daityāntaka, lord Bhṛṅgīriṭi and the glorious Devadevapriya, Aśani Bhānuka and Sanātana each with sixty-four crores; Nandīśvara the supreme chief of Gaṇas, and Mahābala each with hundred crores. [...]”.
These [viz., Mahābala] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Mahābala (महाबल).—An attendant on Hari.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 27. 28.
1b) A son of Danu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 7.
1c) One of the ten sons of Hṛdīka.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 82.
1d) An Asura in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 161. 80.
1e) A Kinnara gaṇa, horse-faced.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 32.
Mahābala (महाबल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.40, IX.44.104) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahābala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Mahābalā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.9).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Mahābala (महाबल) is the name of a minister and friend of Śrīdatta, a Brāhman whose story is told in the “story of Śrīdatta and Mṛgāṅkavatī”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 10. Śrīdatta was the son of Kālanemi, who was the son of Yajñasoma, a Brāhman from the country of Mālava
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mahābala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Mahābalā (महाबला) or Mahābalatithi is the name of the eighth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Mahābalā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Vasavaḥ (the Vasus). A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.
Accordingly, “(25) The eighth tithi is called Mahābalā. One should make army armors, appoint officials, and [produce] military machines and bows. (26) He should make fortification, as well as underground passages and ditches in the city. He should employ elephants and horses. The Vasus are the gods on this tithi”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Mahābala (महाबल) is author of the Muktiphala and great-grandfather of Lakṣmaṇadeśika, according to his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.83-84.—“(83) I bow to that Mahābala, who is cooled by the embrace of the creeper of knowledge, by whom the ripe “fruit of liberation” (Muktiphala) has been offered from the branches of the Veda [tree] to those who approach [him]. (84) From that [Mahābala] was born the most excellent elephant among all teachers, who habitually sported playfully in the ocean of the six rites (of magic) (ṣaṭkarmasāgara), whose victorious title Ācārya-Paṇḍita, spread out over the triple world, good people proclaim”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Mahābalā (महाबला) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Sida rhombifolia Linn. (“arrowleaf sida” or “Indian hemp”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.98-100 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Mahābalā is known in the Hindi language as Sahdevī, Pītapuṣpī or Pītabariyār; in the Bengali language as Pītabedelā or Haldebedelā; and in the Gujurati language as Khetraubat-atibalā.
Mahābalā is mentioned as having seventeen synonyms: Jyeṣṭhabalā, Kaṭambharā, Keśāruhā, Kesarikā, Mṛgādanī, Varṣapuṣpā, Keśavardhinī, Purāsaṇī, Devasahā, Sāriṇī, Sahadevī, Pītapuṣpī, Devārhā, Gandhavallarī, Mṛgā and Mṛgarasā.
Properties and characteristics: “Mahābalā increases semen and also the general strength of the body. This is indicated in heart diseases, diseases due to vitiated vāta, piles, oedema and malarial fevers”.
2) Mahābalā (महाबला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Vatsādanī, a medicinal plant identified with Cocculus hirsutus (broom creeper or ink berry) from the Menispermaceae or “moonseed” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.102-104. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Mahābalā and Vatsādanī, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Mahābalā (महाबला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Nīlī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Indigofera tinctoria Linn. (“true indigo”), according to verse 4.80-83. Together with the names Mahābalā and Nīlī, there are a total of thirty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Mahābalā (महाबला) is the goddess presiding over one of the six petals of the southern lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra (largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra). These six petals are presided over by a kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Pāṇḍaravāsinī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.
Mahābalā is associated with the sacred site (pīṭha) named Sindhu. All the goddess of the southern lotus petals are to be visualised as dancing naked and being half-male / half-female (ardhanarīśvarī) with their two sides being yellow and red. In their four arms they brandish a bowl and staff, with a ḍamaru and their familial attribute.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
1) Mahābalā (महाबला) is the name of a Ḍākinī (‘sacred girl’) presiding over Sindhu: one of the four Śmaśāna (‘sacred spot’) present within the Kāyacakra (‘circle of body’) , according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. The Kāyacakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts resided over by twenty-four Ḍākinīs (viz., Mahābalā) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.
Mahābalā has for her husband the hero (vīra) named Padmanarteśvara. She is the presiding deity of Sindhu and the associated internal location are the ‘insteps’ and the bodily ingredients (dhātu) are the ‘tears’.
2) Mahābala (महाबल) is the husband of Cakravegā: the name of a Ḍākinī (‘sacred girl’) presiding over Pretādhivāsinī: one of the four Melāpaka (‘sacred spot’) also present within the Kāyacakra (‘circle of body’) , according to the same work.
Cakravegā has for her husband the hero (vīra) named Mahābala. She is the presiding deity of Pretādhivāsinī and the associated internal location are the ‘genitals’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is the ‘mucus’.
Note: In the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), the Kṣetrapāla Mahābala is associated with the Devī named Kṛṣṇā, presiding over Caritrā. Their weapon is the śakti and their abode is the karañja-tree.Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
1) Mahābalā (महाबला) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Padmanarteśvara forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Mahābalā] and Vīras each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.
2) Mahābala (महाबल) is the name of two Vīras (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinīs named Cakravegā [and Yāminī] forms two of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the same work. These 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Mahābala] each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.
3) Mahābalā (महाबला) and Mahābala (महाबल) also form one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the same work. These 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Mahābalā] and Vīras [viz., Mahābala] are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife. Mahābalā is also known as Mahābalī.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Mahābala (महाबल) refers to the seventh of the “ten wrathful ones” (daśakrodha) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 11). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., daśa-krodha and Mahābala). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Mahābala (महाबल) is the forty-fifth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.
Among these decimal positions (eg., mahābala), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mahābala (महाबल).—a. very strong; नियुज्यमानो राज्याय नैच्छद्राज्यं महाबलः (niyujyamāno rājyāya naicchadrājyaṃ mahābalaḥ) Rām (-laḥ) 1 wind, storm.
2) a Buddha.
3) a solid bamboo.
4) a palm.
5) a crocodile.
Mahābala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and bala (बल).
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Mahābalā (महाबला).—Name of a plant; महाबला च पीतपुष्पा सहदेवी च सा स्मृता (mahābalā ca pītapuṣpā sahadevī ca sā smṛtā) Bhāva. P.
-lam lead. °ईश्वरः (īśvaraḥ) Name of a Liṅga of Śiva near the modern Mahābaleśwara.
Mahābalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and balā (बला).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Mahābala (महाबल).—(1) nt., a high number: Mvy 8033; compare bala 4; (2) m., n. of two former Buddhas, in the same list: Mv iii.231.5; 237.3; (3) perh. n. of a disciple of Śākyamuni (or merely adj.?): Mv i.182.18; (4) n. of a nāga: Mvy 3343; (5) n. of a king: Samādh p. 16 line 15 ff.; (6) n. of one of the krodha, q.v.: Dharmas 11; Sādh 137.12 etc.
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Mahābalā (महाबला).—n. of a yoginī: Sādh 427.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Strong, robust, powerful. m.
(-laḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. A Budd'ha or Baudd'ha deified saint. n.
(-laṃ) Lead. f.
(-lā) A sort of Sida with yellow flowers, (S. rhombifolia.) E. mahā great or much, and bala strong, &c.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+111): Mudrabala, Kuhudi, Caritra, Dashakrodha, Sindhu, Dashabala-mahabala, Mahakeshi, Mahabali, Sahadevi, Cakravega, Agnivadana, Agnijvala, Vahnyanana, Vyaghrabhata, Agnijihva, Mahambika, Devasaha, Gandhavallari, Mriga, Katambhara.
Search found 18 books and stories containing Mahabala, Mahābalā, Mahābala, Maha-bala, Mahā-bala, Mahā-balā; (plurals include: Mahabalas, Mahābalās, Mahābalas, balas, balās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Incarnation as Mahābala < [Chapter VI - Śrī Mallināthacaritra]
Part 1: Incarnation as Mahābala < [Chapter II - Abhinandanacaritra]
Part 7: Previous birth of Suprabha as Mahābala < [Chapter IV - Anantanāthacaritra]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 8 - The greatness of Mahābala < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 10 - The greatness and glory of Mahābala < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 9 - The attainment of good goal by the outcaste woman < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 4 - Mercurial operations (2): Boiling of Mercury (svedana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Bodhisattva quality 4: the dhāraṇī without obstacles < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
Act 9.7: Samantaraśmi starts his journey to the Sahā universe < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
I. Mastering the earth element (pṛthivī) < [Part 3 - Mastering the four great elements]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)