Niyata: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Niyata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Niyata (नियत).—Regulated in size or number; definitely fixed; the word नियत (niyata) is used in grammar in connection with the nimitta or nimittin in a grammatical operation prescribed by a rule, which, or a part of which, is shown to be superfluous unless there is laid down a regulation; cf. शेषग्रहणं कर्तव्यम् । शेषनियमार्थम् (śeṣagrahaṇaṃ kartavyam | śeṣaniyamārtham) | प्रकृत्यर्थौ नियतौ प्रत्यया अनियतास्ते शेषेपि प्राप्नुवन्ति (prakṛtyarthau niyatau pratyayā aniyatāste śeṣepi prāpnuvanti) M.Bh. on I.3.12 Vart. 6;

2) Niyata.—The grave accent; cf उदात्तपूर्वं नियतं (udāttapūrvaṃ niyataṃ)... स्वर्यते (svaryate) RPr.III.9.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Niyata (नियत) or Niyatacāra refers to “one with a regular motion” (in the ecliptic), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Now, if [Rāhu] has a body or be simply a head with a regular motion [i.e., niyata-cāra] in the ecliptic, how comes it that he eclipses the sun and moon when they are 180° from him? If his motion be not subject to fixed laws, how comes it that his exact place is ascertained; how comes it that he never eclipses by the part of his body between his head and tail? If being of the shape of a serpent he eclipses with his head or with his tail, how comes it that he does not hide one half of the heavens lying between his head and tail?”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Niyata (नियत) or Niyatātman refers to “self-control” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Kāma: “[...] Śiva is at present engaged in a great penance. [...] For the sake of gods, at the bidding of her father, Pārvatī is attending on Him, I hear. O Kāma, you shall certainly do everything necessary to bring about an interest in her in the mind of Śiva who has self-control [i.e., niyata-ātman]. You will become contented after this. Your miseries will be destroyed. Your exploit will be permanently established in the world. Not otherwise”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Niyata (नियत) refers to “fixed (condition)” (i.e., ‘one who exists in a fixed condition’), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.11]—“[Śiva is] he who exists in a fixed condition (niyataniyataṃ bhavaḥ), who brings about all conditions [in all] time[s] and direction[s] but is not touched by [those conditions]. He controls them. He is their leader, [he leads] quickly, he wishes it, and he quickly brings [that which is wished for into being. He] projects [all conditions] outward and he also causes them to be made one with himself [internally, inside his consciousness]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Niyata (नियत) refers to “determination” (of the mind at death), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 39).—Accordingly, “[The knowledge of the retribution of actions (karmavipāka-jñānabala)].—[...] [Question].—This way of seeing in regard to action already ripened and action not yet ripened is acceptable. But how can the mind at death, which lasts only a short time, prevail over the power of actions (saṃskārabala) that extend over an entire lifetime? [Answer].—Although this mind may be very short, its power (bala) is intense (paṭu). It is like fire (agni) or poison (viṣa) that, although small, can accomplish great things. The mind at death is so determinate (niyata) and so strong (dhṛta) that it prevails over the power of action (saṃskārabala) extending over a century. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Niyata (नियत) refers to “restraint” (i.e., ‘abstaining from anything perceptible by the senses’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The one who is doing good actions, whose conduct is pure, is engaged in external asceticism to such an extent and then there is the highest meditation which is abstaining from anything perceptible by the senses (niyata-viṣaya) [and] resting in the self. He destroys the mass of karmas accumulated for a very long time which is sticking within then he is immersed in the ocean of knowledge which is the abode of the highest bliss. [Thus ends the reflection on] wearing away karma”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

niyata : (adj.) sure; certain; constant.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Niyata, (adj.) (pp. of ni+yam) restrained, bound to, constrained to, sure (as to the future), fixed (in its consequences), certain, assured, necessary D. II, 92 (sambodhiparāyanā), 155; III, 107; Sn. 70 (=ariyamaggena niyāmappatta SnA 124, cp. Nd2 357); Dh. 142 (=catumagga‹-› niyamena n. DhA. III, 83); J. I, 44 (bodhiyā); Pug. 13, 16, 63; Kvu 609 sq.; Dhs. 1028 sq. (micchatta° etc.; cp. Dhs. trsl. 266, 267), 1414, 1595; Vbh. 17, 24, 63, 319, 324; Miln. 193; Tikp 168 (°micchādiṭṭhi); DhA. III, 170; PvA. 211. Discussed in Pts. of Contr. (see Index). ‹-› aniyata see separately. (Page 368)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niyata (नियत).—a (S) Fixed, determined, settled, established. 2 Positive, definite. 3 Self-governed, well-restrained.

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niyata (नियत).—The adjective niyata used as ad--Certainly, positively, fixedly.

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niyata (नियत).—f ( A) Commonly spelled nēta.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niyata (नियत).—a Fixed, determined. Positive. Well-restrained.

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niyata (नियत).—ad Certainly, positively.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niyata (नियत).—p. p.

1) Curbed, restrained; तं तं नियममास्थाय प्रकृत्या नियताः स्वया (taṃ taṃ niyamamāsthāya prakṛtyā niyatāḥ svayā) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 7.2.

2) Subdued, controlled, self-possessed, self-governed.

3) Abstemious, temperate.

4) Attentive, intent.

5) Fixed, permanent, constant, steady; अन्यथासिद्धिशून्यस्य नियता पूर्ववर्तिता (anyathāsiddhiśūnyasya niyatā pūrvavartitā) Bhāṣā. P.

6) (a) Certain, settled, sure; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.284. (b) Fixed; प्रकृतिनियतत्वादकृतकः (prakṛtiniyatatvādakṛtakaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 6.14; fixed in number, limited; बाणाः पञ्च मनोभवस्य नियतास्तेषामसंख्यो जनः (bāṇāḥ pañca manobhavasya niyatāsteṣāmasaṃkhyo janaḥ) (lakṣyaḥ) Ratnāvalī 3.3.

7) Inevitable.

8) Positive, definite.

9) Forming the subject of consideration, relevant or irrelevant; see तुल्ययोगिता (tulyayogitā).

1) Maintained, observed (as a vow &c.); नियतैकपतिव्रतानि पश्चात्तरुमूलानि गृहीभवन्ति तेषाम् (niyataikapativratāni paścāttarumūlāni gṛhībhavanti teṣām) Ś.7.2.

11) Held back, fastened, tied; पशूनां त्रिशतं तत्र यूपेषु नियतं तदा (paśūnāṃ triśataṃ tatra yūpeṣu niyataṃ tadā) Rām.1.14.32.

12) Connected with, dependent on; वाच्यर्था नियताः सर्वे (vācyarthā niyatāḥ sarve) Manusmṛti 4.256.

13) (in gram.) Pronounced with अनुदात्त (anudātta).

-tam (pl.) (in Sāṅkhya) the organs of sense.

-tam ind.

1) Always, constantly.

2) Positively, certainly, invariably, inevitably, surely.

3) Forcibly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyata (नियत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Self-governed, subdued, restrained. 2. Attentive, fixed or intent upon. 3. Constant, permanent. 4. Ascertained, certain, fixed. 5. Inevitable. 6. Positive, definite. 7. Permeable, what may be spread through or over. n. adv.

(-taṃ) Always, constantly. subst. Elementary or crude matter, the recipient of attributes or properties. E. ni before, yam to restrain affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyata (नियत).—[adjective] tied or fastened to ([locative]); kept back, checked, restrained, suppressed, settled, fixed; regular, exact, constant; confined or reduced to (—°); limited, concentrated or quite intent upon ([locative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niyata (नियत):—[=ni-yata] a ti, etc. See under ni-yam.

2) [=ni-yata] [from ni-yam] b mfn. (ni-) held back or in, fastened, tied to ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] put together (hands), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] restrained, checked, curbed, suppressed, restricted, controlled, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] limited in number, [Ratnāvalī iii, 3]

6) [v.s. ...] connected with, dependent on ([locative case]), [Manu-smṛti iv, 256]

7) [v.s. ...] contained or joined in ([locative case]), [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 70, 5]

8) [v.s. ...] disciplined, self-governed, abstemious, temperate

9) [v.s. ...] constant, steady, quite concentrated upon or devoted to ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] fixed, established, settled, sure, regular, invariable, positive, definite, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] customary, usual (cf. a-n, [Mahābhārata iii, 15416])

12) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) pronounced with the Anudātta, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

13) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the Saṃdhi of ās before sonants, [ib.]

14) [=ni-yata] [from ni-yam] n. [plural] (in Sāṃkhya) the organs of sense

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyata (नियत):—[ni-yata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Checked, restrained; fixed. n. Crude matter. adv. Constantly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Niyata (नियत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiaṃta, Ṇiaya, Ṇiayā, Ṇiea.

[Sanskrit to German]

Niyata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Niyata (नियत) [Also spelled niyat]:—(a) fixed; given, prescribed; decided; allotted; constant, invariable, unchanging; ~[tvavāda] determinism.

2) Nīyata (नीयत) [Also spelled niyat]:—(nf) motive; intention; —[ḍāṃvāḍola honā/ḍiganā/badalanā/bada honā/bigaḍanā/burī honā/meṃ pharka ānā] toundergo a change of intention, to be lured into ill intention, the motive to turn malafide, to be swept off the ground of honesty; —[bāṃdhanā] to make a firm resolve; —[lagī rahanā] to keep concentrating upon.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niyata (ನಿಯತ):—

1) [adjective] being under control, check; regulated.

2) [adjective] subject to (someone’s) rule, administration.

3) [adjective] fixed; certain.

4) [adjective] settled; firm; not moving.

5) [adjective] that cannot be avoided or escaped from; inevitable; unavoidable.

6) [adjective] restrained; imprisoned; arrested.

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Niyata (ನಿಯತ):—

1) [noun] that which is determined.

2) [noun] that which does not move, shake or is not fickle.

3) [noun] that which is bound by, associated, assimilated with (another).

4) [noun] that which is certain or fixed.

5) [noun] an order observed invariablly.

6) [noun] a man who is deeply interested or absorbed in and loyally abiding by something.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Niyata (नियत):—n. aim; internal motive; target; adj. 1. restrained; subdued; 2. established; fixed; appointed; 3. prescribed;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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