Kara, Kārā, Kāra: 21 definitions



Kara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kaar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kara (कर).—(tax) not levied in Śākadvīpa;1 levied by Sagara over the conquered;2 to be levied and taken in instalments; fresh taxes lead to discontent among peoples.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 103; 59. 124; 108. 70; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 106.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 49. 7; 52. 41.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 217. 3; 226. 11; 238. 14.

1b) A measurement of length.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 274. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kara (कर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.8, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kāra (कार).—An affix, given in the Prātiśākhya works and,by Kātyāyana also in his Vārttika, which is added to a letter or a phonetic element for convenience of mention; e.g. इकारः, उकारः (ikāraḥ, ukāraḥ) ; cf. वर्णः कारोत्तरो वर्णाख्या (varṇaḥ kārottaro varṇākhyā); वर्णकारौ निर्देशकौ (varṇakārau nirdeśakau) Tai. Pra.I. 16: XXII.4.;cf. also V. Pr. 1.37. It is also applied to syllables or words in a similar way to indicate the phonetic element of the word as apart from the sense of the word: e. g.' यत एवकारस्तती-न्यत्रावधारणम् (yata evakārastatī-nyatrāvadhāraṇam) Vyak. Paribhāṣā , cf. also the words वकारः, हिंकारःः (vakāraḥ, hiṃkāraḥḥ) (2) additional purpose served by a word such as an adhikāra word; cf. अधिकः कारः, पूर्वविप्रतिषेघा न पठितव्या भवन्ति (adhikaḥ kāraḥ, pūrvavipratiṣeghā na paṭhitavyā bhavanti) M. Bh. on P.I.3.11.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Kāra (कार):—It’s a source of water which comes under Antariksha Jala (rain water). Water which is drawn after liquefication of hail stones. Qualities of this water are pure and soft.

2) Kara (कर):—[karaḥ] Hand or Manus. the part of the body attached to the forearm at wrist

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Kara (कर) refers to “running cubit (24 fingers) § 2.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ

Kara (कर) refers to a unity of measurement corresponding to a hasta, and represents a Jaina technical term mentioned in the mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kara.—(IE 8-5), explained by a commentator as ‘the dues (bhāga) to be realised by the king for the enjoyment of royal land by using it for cultivation and for grazing cattle’; tax in general. (IE 8-5) rent or tax to be paid in grains when mentioned side by side with hiraṇya. (HRS), tax in general, according to the lexicons; accord- ing to the Arthaśāstra, (1) periodical tax over and above the king's customary grain-share; (2) emergecy tax levied upon the villagers over and above the normal grain-share; (3) tax upon merchants' profits. (EI 29; Chamba; CITD), a tax or impost; royal revenue; rent, dues; toll, tribute. (IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: kara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kara : (m.) 1. the hand; 2. a ray; 3. a tax; 4. the trunk of an elephant. (adj.), (in cpds.), doing; performing. || kāra (m.), deed; service; act of homage. (adj.), in cpds. such as rathakāra: maker. kārā (f.), a prison; jail.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kārā, (f.) (cp. Sk. kārā) confinement, captivity, jail, in °bhedaka cora a thief who has broken out of jail Vin. I, 75. (Page 210)

— or —

Kāra, (fr. kār-, cp. Vedic kāra song of praise, which is, however, derived fr. kṛ=kir to praise; also Vedic °kāra in brāhma°, fr. kṛ) 1. abs. (a) deed, service, act of mercy or worship, homage: kāra-paṇṇaka J. VI, 24 (vegetable as oblation); appako pi kato kāro devûpapattiṃ āvahati “even a small gift of mercy brings about rebirth among the gods” PvA. 6. —kāraka one who performs a religious duty D. I, 61 (=DA. I, 170). (b) doing, manner, way: yena kārena akattha tena k° pavattamānaṃ phalaṃ “as you have done so will be the fruit” PvA. 45.—2. (-°) (a) the production or application of, i.e. the state or quality of ... : atta° one’s own state =ahaṃ kāra, individuality; para° the personality of others A. III, 337; citti° reflection, thought PvA. 26; see e.g. andha° darkness, sak° homage, etc.—balakkārena forcibly PvA. 68.—(b) as ttg. the item, i.e. particle, letter, sound or word, e.g. ma-kāra the letter m PvA. 52; ca-kāra the particle ca PvA. 15; sa-kāra the sound sa SnA 23.—(c) (adj. -n.) (cp. kara) one who does, handles or deals with: ayakāra iron-smith Miln. 331. (Page 209)

— or —

Kara, (fr. kṛ) 1. (adj.) (-°) producing, causing, forming, making, doing, e.g. anta° putting an end to; pabhaṃ causing splendour; pāpa° doing evil; divā° & divasa the day-maker, i.e. the sun; kaṇhabhāva° causing a “black” existence (of pāpakamma) J. IV, 9; padasandhi° forming a hiatus PvA. 52; vacana°, etc. ‹-› 2. (m) “the maker, ” i.e. the hand Mhvs 5, 255—256; 30, 67. —atikaraṃ (adv.) doing too much, going too far J. I, 431; —dukkara (a) difficult to do, not easy, hard, arduous S. I, 7; IV, 260; A. I, 286; IV, 31, 135; V, 202; +durabhisambhavo Sn. 429 701; Ud. 61; (n. nt.) something difficult, a difficult task A. I, 286 (cp. IV. 31); J. I, 395; Miln. 121, dukkara-kārikā “doing of a hard task, ” exertion, austerity M. I, 93; Nd2 262b. —sukara easy to do S. I, 9; II, 181; Dh. 163; Ud. 61; na sukaraṃ w. inf. it is not easy to ... D. I, 250; A. III, 52, 184; IV, 334.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kara (कर).—m (S) Royal revenue, toll, tax, assessment, impost. 2 A settled allowance to certain orders in a village,--to the pāṭīla, kuḷakaraṇī, jōśī &c.; a sum or quantity in general fixed to be given. 3 A hand. 4 Attached to the names of towns, it implies Inhabitant. Ex. kāśīkara, puṇēkara. 5 As the last member of a compound in comp. with Sanskrit words, it implies Agent. Ex. prakāśakara, sukhakara, ānandakara. 6 ind It follows imitative particles. Ex. jhaṭakara, paṭakara, caṭakara, dhaḍakara. 7 f An unlucky day, viz. the day following an eclipse, that of either of the solstices, that of the death of a person in the village, the day of the burning of the hōḷī &c.

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kara (कर).—m unc (karaṇēṃ To do.) A doing; a hand or concern in. Pr. jyālā kara nāhīṃ tyālā ḍara nāhīṃ. 2 Used for karī as in majūrakara, kāṭhakara, pōyakara.

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karā (करा).—See under kanhā.

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karā (करा).—f R Scum or film on the surface of water. 2 m The shooting of corn in the ear (after being stacked or cut).

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kāra (कार).—m A variety of the corn jōndhaḷā q. v. for all the varieties or species.

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kāra (कार).—f m The Trap rock or stone. 2 m (For karāra) Engagement, agreement, settlement. v kara, ṭharava. 3 m R Manure, compost. 4 A particle affixed to a letter in naming it. Ex. a, ka, ga, become akāra, kakāra, gakāra. 5 An affix to Sanskrit words, signifying Maker or doer. Ex. vastrakāra, śastrakāra. 6 (For kahāra) A palanquin-bearer.

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kārā (कारा).—f S A prison. In common use it requires an affix such as āgāra, gṛha &c. 2 Applied fig. to an irksome and confining business or occupation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kara (कर).—m Tax. A hand. Concern in. f An unlucky day.

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karā (करा).—f Scum or film on the surface of water.

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kārā (कारा).—f kārāgṛha n A prison.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kara (कर).—a. (- or -) [करोति, कीर्यते अनेन इति, कृ-कॄ-अप् (karoti, kīryate anena iti, kṛ-kṝ-ap)] (Mostly at the end of comp.) Who or what does, makes or causes &c.; दुःख°, सुख°, भय° (duḥkha°, sukha°, bhaya°) &c.

-raḥ 1 A hand; करं व्याधुन्वत्याः पिबसि रतिसर्वस्वमधरम् (karaṃ vyādhunvatyāḥ pibasi ratisarvasvamadharam) Ś.1.24.

2) A ray of light, beam; यमुद्धर्तुं पूषा व्यवसित इवालम्बितकरः (yamuddhartuṃ pūṣā vyavasita ivālambitakaraḥ) V.4.34; also प्रतिकूलतामुपगते हि विधौ विफलत्वमेति बहुसाधनता । अवलम्ब- नाय दिनभर्तुरभून्न पतिष्यतः करसहस्रमपि (pratikūlatāmupagate hi vidhau viphalatvameti bahusādhanatā | avalamba- nāya dinabharturabhūnna patiṣyataḥ karasahasramapi) Śi.9.6 (where the word is used in sense 1 also).

3) The trunk of an elephant; सेकः सीकरिणा करेण विहितः (sekaḥ sīkariṇā kareṇa vihitaḥ) U.3.16; Bh.3.2.

4) A tax, toll, tribute; युवा कराक्रान्तमहीमृदुच्चकैरसंशयं संप्रति तेजसा रविः (yuvā karākrāntamahīmṛduccakairasaṃśayaṃ saṃprati tejasā raviḥ) Śi.1.7; (where kara means 'ray' also) (dadau) perhaps in this sense the word is used in neuter gender also. निर्ल्लज्जो मम च करः कराणि भुङ्क्ते (nirllajjo mama ca karaḥ karāṇi bhuṅkte) Pañch.2.3. अपरान्तमहीपालव्याजेन रघवे करम् (aparāntamahīpālavyājena raghave karam) R.4.58; Ms.7.128.

5) Hail.

6) A particular measure of length equal to 24 thumbs.

7) The asterism called हस्त (hasta).

8) A means or expedient.

9) A doer.

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Kāra (कार).—a. (- f.) [कृ-घञ् (kṛ-ghañ)] (At the end of comp.) Making, doing, performing, working, maker, doer, author; ग्रन्थकारः (granthakāraḥ) author; कुम्भकारः, सुवर्णकारः (kumbhakāraḥ, suvarṇakāraḥ) &c. &c.

-raḥ 1 Act, action; as in पुरुषकार (puruṣakāra).

2) A term denoting a sound or a word which is not inflected; as अकार (akāra) Ms.2.76,125; ककार, फूत्कार (kakāra, phūtkāra) &c.

3) Effort, exertion; 'कारौ वधे निश्चये च बले यत्ने रतावपि (kārau vadhe niścaye ca bale yatne ratāvapi)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ). Śi.19.27.

4) Religious austerity.

5) A husband, lord; master.

6) Determination.

7) Power, strength.

8) A tax or toll.

9) A heap of snow.

1) The Himālaya mountain.

11) Water produced by hail.

12) Killing, slaughter.

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Kārā (कारा).—

1) Imprisonment, confinement.

2) A prisonhouse, a jail; Mv.6.25.

3) Part of a lute below the neck.

4) Pain, affliction.

5) A female messenger.

6) A female worker in gold.

7) A sound.

8) An instrument for drawing the sound of the lute.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kara (कर).—(-kara) (m. or nt.; apparently related to Sanskrit and Pali kaṭaka; also karaka; see next), ring on which the alms- bowl is fastened; only in pātra-kara-vyagra-hasta: Divyāvadāna 48.21; 159.9; 281.24; Avadāna-śataka i.347.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kara (कर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) Who or what does, makes or causes, as kiṅkaraḥ a servant, who does anything; bhayaṅkaraḥ frightful, what causes fear; upakaraḥ who gives aid: apakaraḥ who does ill, &c. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A ray of light, a sun or moonbeams. 2. Royal revenue toll, tax, impost, &c. 3. The hand. 4. Hail. 5. An elephant’s trunk. E. kṛñ to do, &c. ṭa or ap aff.

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Kāra (कार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who or what does any act, (but used chiefly in composition with other words:) the agent, a maker or doer; as kumbhakāra a potter, a maker of earthen vessels. svarṇakāra a goldsmith, &c. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Act, action. 2. Killing, slaughter. 3. Certainty. 4. Effort, exertion. 5. Religious austerity. 6. A heap of snow, or a mountain covered with it. 7. Tax, toll, royal revenue. 8. A master, a lord. f.

(-rā) 1. A prison. 2. Binding, confinement. 3. A female messenger. 4. The part of a lute below the neck. 5. A female worker in gold, (hemakārikā.) 6. Pain, affliction. E. kṛñ to make, to do, with ghañ or aṇ affix, in the latter case the fem. affix is ṅīṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kara (कर).—i. e. A kṛ + a, I. latter part of comp. adj. and subst., f. , Making, causing, producing; e. g. vaira-, Causing enmity, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 227. a-yaśas-, Causing disgrace, [Hiḍimbavadha] 3, 18. deha-, m. A father, Mahābhārata 5, 3657. Ii. m. 1. The hand, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 136. 2. An elephant’s trunk, [Nala] 13, 12. B. kṛ10 + a, m. 1. A ray of light, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 44. 2. Hail. 3. Royal revenue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 128; toll, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 127.

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Kāra (कार).—i. e. kṛ + a, I. adj., f. . Latter part of a comp. adj. Making, a maker of, e. g. andha-kāra, māla -kāra, ratha-kāra. danta-, m. An artist in ivory, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 83, 14. dyūta- (vb. div. ) m. A gamester, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 431. parva(n)-, adj. Working at festivals. bhasma(n)-, m. A washerman. su-varṇa-, svarṇa-, and hema-, m. A goldsmith. Ii. m. Latter part of comp. substantives, Making. action. Cf. e. g. kāma-kāra, puruṣa-kāra; especially used after letters to form their name, e. g. a-kāra, the letter a; u-kāra, the letter u; ma-kāra, the letter ma(m), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 76.

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Kāra (कार).—i. e. kara + a, adj. Produced by hail, [Suśruta] 1, 170, 1.

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Kārā (कारा).—f. A gaol, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr, 198, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kara (कर).—1. [feminine] ī (ā) making, doing, causing, producing (mostly —°); [masculine] the hand (lit. maker); an elephant’s trunk.

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Kara (कर).—2. [masculine] ray of light, sun-beam; revenue, tax, tribute.

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Kāra (कार).—1. [feminine] ī (—°) making, doing, performing, causing; [masculine] maker, author; sound, word.

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Kāra (कार).—2. [masculine] hymn, battle-song.

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Kārā (कारा).—[feminine] prison.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kara (कर):—1. kara mf(ī, rarely ā)n. (for 2. See p. 254, col. 3) (√1. kṛ), a doer, maker, causer, doing, making, causing, producing ([especially] ifc.; cf. duḥkhakara, bhayaṃ-k, sampat-k, etc.; cf. [Latin] cerus, ‘creator’), [Atharva-veda xii, 2, 2; Manu-smṛti; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) helping, promoting, [Ṛg-veda i, 116, 13]

3) m. the act of doing, making etc. (ifc.; cf. īṣatkara, su-k, duṣ-k, etc.)

4) ‘the doer’, the hand, [Ṛg-veda x, 67, 6; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti] etc.

5) a measure (the breadth of twenty-four thumbs)

6) an elephant’s trunk, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra] etc.

7) the claws of a crab, [Hitopadeśa]

8) symbolical expression for the number two

9) the lunar mansion Hasta, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) 2. kara m. (for 1. See p. 253, col. 1) (√kṝ), a ray of light, sunbeam, moonbeam, [Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta; Pañcatantra] etc.

11) hail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) royal revenue, toll, tax, tribute, duty, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata etc.]

13) Kāra (कार):—1. kāra mf(ī)n. (√1. kṛ, [Pāṇini 3-2, 23]), making, doing, working, a maker, doer (ifc. See kumbha-k, yajña k, suvarṇa-k)

14) an author (e.g. vārttika-k)

15) [according to] to some in [Ṛg-veda] also, ‘gain, prize, booty’; ‘contest, war’

16) m. (ifc.) an act, action (See kāma-k, puruṣa-k)

17) the term used in designating a letter or sound or indeclinable word (e.g. a-k, ka-k, qq.vv.; eva-k, the word eva; phūt-k q.v.), [Prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti] etc.

18) effort, exertion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) determination, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) religious austerity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) a husband, master, lord, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) (as or ā) m. or f. act of worship, song of praise, [Divyāvadāna]

23) 2. kāra m. (= 2. kara) tax, toll, royal revenue, [Pāṇini 6-3, 10]

24) a heap of snow or a mountain covered with it, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) mfn. produced by hail, [Suśruta]

26) 3. kāra m. (√2. kṛ), a song or hymn of praise, [Ṛg-veda]

27) a battle song, [Ṛg-veda]

28) 4. kāra m. (√2. kṝ), killing, slaughter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) Kārā (कारा):—f. (√1. kṛ?), a prison, [Vikramorvaśī; Daśakumāra-carita]

30) binding, confinement [gana] bhidādi

31) the part of a lute below the neck (for deadening the sound), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

32) pain, affliction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

33) a female messenger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) a female worker in gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

35) a kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kara (कर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A ray of light; tax; the hand. a. Doing.

2) Kāra (कार):—[(raḥ-rī-raṃ) a.] Doing; maker. m. Act; killing; effort; certainty; heap; tax. f. () A prison.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kara (कर):—1. (von 1. kar)

1) adj. thuend, ausführend, bereitend [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 12, 2, 2.] Am Ende eines comp. machend, bewirkend; f. ī [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 20. fgg.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 47.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 5.] anudvegakara [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 47.] buddhivṛddhi [4, 19.] atuṣṭi [217.] sattvavṛddhi [259.] śreyaskara [5, 136.] vaira [9, 227.] pitta [Suśruta 1, 219, 14.] balavarṇa [246, 18.] mārdava [156, 2.] nidrā, śīta [176, 3.] ayaśaskarī [Hiḍimbavadha 3, 18.] paśuvṛddhikarī [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 212.] [Pañcatantra III, 82.] saṃpatkarī [IV, 36.] setubhedakarī [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 278.] vibhramakarī [Sāhityadarpana 41, 13.] antakarā (!) [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 43, 28.] śaṃkarā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 14, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] Häufig in comp. mit einem acc. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 43. fg.]; vgl. abhayaṃkara, ubhayaṃkara, ṛtiṃkara, kiṃkara, kṣemaṃkara, khajaṃkara, priyaṃkara, bhayaṃkara, madraṃkara, meghaṃkara, vaśaṃkara . Alle diese compp. sind oxytona, desgleichen die mit advv. zusammengesetzten satrākara und divākara; dagegen sutekara beim Opfer thätig.

2) m. a) Hand (die vor Allem thätige) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 25, 166.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 591.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 399.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 12.] (valam) ka.eṇeva.vi cakartā.raveṇa [Ṛgveda 10, 67, 6.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 136.] [Indralokāgamana 2, 25.] [Mahābhārata 3, 374.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 32.] [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 6, 19.] [Suśruta 1, 109, 10. 115, 17.] [Hitopadeśa I, 168.] [Śākuntala 22. 140.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 31.] dakṣiṇe tāṃ kare subhruṃ sundo jagrāha pāṇinā [Sundopasundopākhyāna 4, 12.] tasyā jagrāha karam (bei der Hochzeit) [Kathāsaritsāgara 16, 79.] mumoca ca katodvāhaḥ karādvatseśvaro vadhūm [82.] karasaṃpīḍanaṃ kṛtvā [Mahābhārata 2, 904.] prasāritakara [Hitopadeśa I, 46.] proddhṛte dakṣiṇe kare [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 49.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 845.] karadhṛta [Meghadūta 12.] karagrāhaṃ (absol.) gṛhṇāti, karavartaṃ vartayati [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 4, 39,] [Scholiast] karakamala [Ṛtusaṃhāra 3, 23.] karakaṃjasaṃpuṭa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 11, 2.] karasāda das Erschlaffen der Hände (zugleich auch das Mattwerden der Strahlen) [Pañcatantra I, 194.] karapādadataḥ (gen. sg.) der Hände, Füsse und Zähne [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 219.] Als Längenmaass ist die Hand = 24 Daumenbreiten [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 887. 134.] [Algebra 2.] — b) die Hand des Elephanten ist sein Rüssel [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1224.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Nalopākhyāna] [?(BOPP) 13, 12. Mahābhārata 1, 8153. Hitopadeśa 41, 16.] gajakara [Mahābhārata 3, 374.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 52, 32.] karikara [Pañcatantra III, 235.]

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Kara (कर):—2. (wie eben) m. das Machen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 57,] [Scholiast] Am Ende einiger adj. compp.: īṣatkara und sukara leicht zu vollbringen, duṣkara schwer zu vollbringen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 126. 2, 3, 69. 6, 2, 139.] īṣadāḍhyaṃkara leicht reich zu machen [3, 3, 127, Scholiast]

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Kara (कर):—3. (von 2. kar) adj. andächtig: ajohavīnnāsatyā ka.ā vāṃ ma.e yāmanpurubhujā.puraṃdhiḥ [Ṛgveda 1, 116, 13.] [Sāyaṇa] identif. das Wort mit 1. kara 1. und hält die Form für einen du.

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Kara (कर):—4. (von 3. kar) m.

1) Lichtstrahl [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 35. 3, 4, 2, 19. 25, 166.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 100.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 399.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 12.] dinakaraḥ karaistāpayate jagat [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 11, 44.] [Meghadūta 40.] sūryakara [Pañcatantra 37, 20.] pūṣakara [Gedicht vom Vogel Cātaka 7.] arkakara [Devīmāhātmya 10, 13.] himakarakara [Dhūrtasamāgama 92, 7.] daśaśatakaradhārī (vidhuḥ) ad [Hitopadeśa I, 17.] karasāda das Mattwerden der Strahlen (und auch der Hände) [Pañcatantra I, 194.] karasahasra (Strahl und Hand) [Śiśupālavadha 9, 6.] Vgl. uṣṇakara und kiraṇa . —

2) Hagel [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Vgl. karaka [2.] —

3) Abgabe, Tribut [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 27. 3, 4, 25, 166. 26, 197.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 745.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] rāṣṭre kalpayetsatataṃ karān [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 128.] tathālpālpo grahītavyo rāṣṭrādrājñābdikaḥ karaḥ [129.] yasmādgṛhṇātyasau karān [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 336.] haretkaraṃ rāṣṭrāt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 305.] ya uddharetkaraṃ rājā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 21, 23.] karahāra adj. [20, 14.] mriyamāṇo pyādadīta na rājā śrotriyātkaram [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 133. 8, 307.] karaṃ tebhya upādāya [Mahābhārata 2, 1113.] karastasmai pradīyatām [1007.] kṣaumājināni divyāni tasya te pradaduḥ karam [1053.] [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 58.] baṇijo dāpayetkarān [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 127. 137. 8, 394.] [Mahābhārata 3, 15239. fg.] karamāhārayiṣyāmi rājñā sarvān [2, 985. 1101.] jārāsaṃdhiṃ sāntvayitvā kare ca viniveśya [1092.] gṛhapatisakara wovon der Hausherr Abgabe erhebt [Saddharmapuṇḍarīka, 19],a.

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Kāra (कार):—1. (von 1. kar)

1) adj. f. ī am Ende eines comp. machend, verfertigend, arbeitend; subst. Verfertiger, Verfasser [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 23.] Vgl. ausser den daselbst aufgezählten compp. agadaṃkāra, andhakāra, ayaskāra, kaṇṭakīkārī, karmakāra, kumbhakāra, granthakāra, carmakāra, jyākāra, brahmakāra, rathakāra, suvarṇakāra, sūpakāra, hemakāra u. s. w. anyonyasya priyakārau [Sundopasundopākhyāna 1, 5.] yajñakāro (in der Absicht ein Opfer zu vollführen) gamiṣyāmi [Mahābhārata 13, 2269.] vārttikakāra der Verfasser der Vārttika [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 5,] [Scholiast] dhvanikāra [Sāhityadarpana 5, 8.] —

2) m. a) That, Handlung; s. kāmakāra, puruṣakāra, balātkāra . — b) Laut, flexionsloses Wort, insbes. eine Interjection: akāra der Laut a, kakāra u.s.w. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 108, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 3.] [Prātiśākhya] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 76. 125.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 43, 35.] naḥkāra [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 8, 21.] evakāra [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 58,] [Scholiast 6, 1, 80,] [Scholiast] tukāra [Durgadāsa] zu [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 2, 45.] Vgl. oṃkāra, phūtkāra, vaṣaṭkāra, svadhākāra, svāhākāra, hantakāra, hāhākāra, hiṃkāra, hūṃkāra u. s. w. — Hierher gehören noch folg. Bedd. der Lexicogrr.: c) Anstrengung (yatna) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] Wohl aus puruṣakāra geschlossen. — d) Entscheidung, Beschluss (niścaya). — e) = yati diess. religious austerity [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] — f) Gemahl [Śabdaratnāvalī] Beruht vielleicht nur auf einer Verwechselung von pati mit yati . —

3) f. kārī Name einer Pflanze, = kārikā, kāryā, kaṭupatrikā, girijā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — kārā s. besonders.

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Kāra (कार):—

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Kāra (कार):—3. (von 3. kar) m. Abgabe, Tribut (vgl. 4. kara [3.]) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 400.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 13.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 10.]

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Kāra (कार):—4. (von 4. kar) m. Mord, Todtschlag [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 400.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 13.]

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Kāra (कार):—5. (von 4. kara 2.)

1) adj. aus Hagel entstanden: tatrāntarīkṣaṃ (salilaṃ) caturvidham tadyathā . dhāraṃ kāraṃ tauṣāraṃ haimamiti [Suśruta 1, 170, 1.] —

2) m. ein in Schnee gehüllter Berg [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 400.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 13.] — Vgl. [2.] kāraka .

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Kārā (कारा):—f. gaṇa vṛṣādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 203.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 191.]

1) Gefängniss [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 87.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 335.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 806.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 400.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 14.] [Hārāvalī 199.] [Vikramorvaśī 42, v. l.] Vgl. kārāgāra, kārāgṛha, kārāpāla, kārāveśman. kārā = bandhana das Binden, Fesseln oder Fessel gaṇa bhidādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 104.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = pīḍā Qual [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] —

2) Dämpfer an der Vīṇā. —

3) Botin.

4) Goldarbeiterin [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

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Kara (कर):—1.

2) c) Scheere eines Krebses [Hitopadeśa 114, 14.] — d) das Nakṣatra Hasta [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 71, 9.]

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Kāra (कार):—1.

1) vgl. noch bidalakārī . —

2) b) ṅa, ka, ṭa u.s.w. [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 4, 6.] [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 37. 4, 57. fg.] iti [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 11, 13. 15.] ayāṭkāra [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 7, 3, 12.] kurvanniḍividākāram [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 19, 9.] — g) Nomen proprium einer Oertlichkeit [Oxforder Handschriften 338,b,31.]

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Kārā (कारा):—

1) [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 198, 9.] stha [Kathāsaritsāgara 118, 186.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kara (कर):—1. —

1) Adj. (f. ī , ausnahmsweise ā) — a) thuend , ausführend , bereitend , machend , bewirkend. Meist in Comp. mit seinem Object. — b) helfend [Ṛgveda (roth). 1,116,13.] —

2) m. — a) das Thun , Machen , Vollbringen in duṣkara , sukara u.s.w. — b) Hand. — c) als Längenmaass = 24 Daumenbreiten. — d) Rüssel. — e) Scheere eines Krebses. — f) Bez. der Zahl zwei [Indische studien von Weber 15,2.] — g) das Mondhaus Hasta.

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Kara (कर):—2. m.

1) Lichtstrahl.

2) Abgabe , Tribut.

3) *Hagel.

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Kāra (कार):—1. —

1) Adj. (f. ī) am Ende eines Comp. machend , vollbringend , ausführend , verursachend , anfertigend , bereitend , veranstaltend , vollführend , begehend ; Subst. Verfertiger , Bewirker , Bildner , Verfasser u.s.w. yajñakāro gamiṣyāmi so v.a. ein Opfer zu vollführen beabsichtigend.

2) m. — a) am Ende eines Comp. That , Handlung. — b) am Ende eines Comp. Laut , flexionsloses Wort , insbes. eine Interjection [Prātiśākhya 22,4.] — c) *Anstrengung. — d) *Entscheidung , Beschluss. — e) * = yati — f) *Gemahl ( pati). —

3) *f. ī eine best. Pflanze [Rājan 8,65.] — kārā s. bes.

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Kāra (कार):—2. m. Lobgesang , Preislied ; Schlachtgesang.

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Kāra (कार):—3. m. = ^2. kara Abgabe , Tribut.

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Kāra (कार):—4. m. Mord , Todtschlag.

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Kāra (कार):—5. —

1) Adj. aus Hagel entstanden.

2) *m. ein in Schnee gehüllter Berg.

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Kārā (कारा):—f.

1) Gefängniss.

2) *Qual , Marter.

3) *Dämpfer an der Vīṇā. —

4) *Botin.

5) *Goldarbeiterin.

6) *ein best. Vogel. [Galano's Wörterbuch]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kara (कर) [Also spelled kar]:—(nm) a hand; ray; the trunk of an elephant; tax, duty, custom; tribute; as a suffix it imparts the sense of an agency (e.g. [sukhakara]—that which gives pleasure); ~[tala] palm (of a hand); •[dhvani] clapping, also [karatāla; ~da, ~dātā] tributory; tax-paying or tax-payer; ~[deya] taxable; —[nirdhāraṇa] tax-assessment; ~[mukta] tax-free; —[saṃpuṭa] open palms placed side by side in a hollowed position.

2) Kāra (कार) [Also spelled kaar]:——a suffix denoting a doer, performer, e.g. [grathaṃkāra, citrakāra]; or a particular sound as [bhakāra, makāra]; (nf) a motor car.

3) Kārā (कारा):—(nf) a prison.

context information


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