Ahirbudhnya; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ahirbudhnya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Ahirbudhnya in Shilpashastra glossaries]

1) Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य):—Third of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the gadā, chakra, khaḍga, ḍamaru, mudhara, śūla, aṅkuśa and akṣamālā; and in the left hands the tomara (an iron club), paṭṭiśa, kavacha (shield), kapāla, tarjanī, ghaṭa, śakti and paraśu; or, there may be in one of the left hands a sword as in the right hand.

2) Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य):—Ninth of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana

[Ahirbudhnya in Purana glossaries]

Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य).—One of the sons of Viśvakarmā. Five sons and one daughter were born to Viśvakarmā of his wife Surabhī. They were Ajaikapāt, Ahirbudhnya, Tvaṣṭā, Rudra, Barhiṣmatī and Saṃjñā. (See under genealogy of Viśvakarmā).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य).—A Rudra, and son of Bhūta and Sarūpā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 71; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 29, 32; 171. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Ahirbudhnya in Itihasa glossaries]

Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ahirbudhnya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Ahirbudhnya in Pancaratra glossaries]

Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य) or Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (eg., Ahirbudhnya-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Ahirbudhnya in Hinduism glossaries]

1) ‘Ahirbudhnya’ is one who, in the form of an ‘ahi’ or serpent, is the ‘budhna’ or foundation of the world. So, literally it refers to Śeśa or Ananta, the thousand-hooded Serpent, on whose head the whole world is said to be supported, according to some of the purāṇas.

2) Ahirbudhnya is also mentioned as one of the names of Śiva who, according to the Vaiṣṇava scriptures, is a great devotee of Viṣṇu. In the Ahirbudhnya Saṃhitā work he is identified with Śiva. ‘Saṃhitā’ is a general name given to any systematically arranged text.

(Source): Hindupedia: Ahirbudhnya Saṃhita

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