Lava, Lāva: 21 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Lava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Lava (लव) refers to “wool of the sheep, hair of the Camarī and so forth” (the etymological meaning being ‘what is shorn’). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.151)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Lāva (लाव) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “common quail”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Lāva is part of the group of birds named Lāvādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the common quail (lāva) is astringent-sweet and light. It is a stimulant of agni and alleviates sannipāta. It is also kaṭuvipāka.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Lāva (लाव)—Sanskrit word for a bird, corresponding to “quail”, “patridge” or “Perdicula asiatica”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the Lava is light, has a sweet and astringent taste, is pungent of digestion, and possessed of astringent and appetising properties. It is highly efficacious in diseases due to the concerted humours of the body.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Lāva (लाव) refers to a type of Pakṣiṇa meat and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the māṃsa (meats) group Lāva is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita). [...] The meats of [viz., lāva] cooked in the fire of castor plant or in castor oil will instantaneously lead to death.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Lava (लव).—A son of Sītā. (See under Kuśa II for more details).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Lava (लव).—A son of Rāma, born and brought up in Vālmīki's āśrama;1 ruled over Uttara Kośala with Śrāvasti as capital.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 11. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 198.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 198; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 200.

1b) A measurement of five kṣaṇas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 214.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Lava (लव) refers to one of the two sons of Rāma: one of the four sons of Daśaratha, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] The son of Raghu was very famous from whom Daśaratha was born. Daśaratha had four sons who were religious and famous in the world. They were Rāma, Bharata, Lakṣmaṇa and Śatrughna. All of them were devoted to Lord Mahādeva. [...] Lava and Kuśa were two sons of Rāma. From Kuśa was born Atithi and from Atithi was born Niṣadha.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Lava (लव) is the son of king Rāma and Sītā, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... the hermits, pleased with that conduct of hers [Sītā], gave her a blessing which enabled her to give birth to a son, and she, while dwelling there, in good time did give birth to a son, and the hermit Vālmīki gave him the name of Lava”.

Also, “Sītā brought up those two sons, Kuśa and Lava, for whom Vālmīki performed the sacraments. And those two young princes of the Kṣatriya race, even when children, learned the use of all heavenly weapons and all sciences from the hermit Vālmīki”.

The story of Lava was narrated by the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva, in order to demonstrate that “people who possess firmness endure for a long time mutual separation to which no termination is assigned”, in other words, that “heroic souls endure separation for so long a time”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Lava, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Lava (लव): Kusa and Lava were sons of Rama and Sita.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Lava (लव) refers to a unit of time according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.40.—What is the duration of one stoka? Seven breathes constitute one stoka. What is the duration of lava? It is seven stokas. What is the duration of one nādi? It consists of 38.5 lava.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lava : (m.) a drop.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lava, (fr. lū) a small particle, a drop VvA. 253 (lavaṅka a small mark); Sdhp. 105 (°odaka). (Page 582)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lava (लव).—m The name of a tree and its fruit.

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lava (लव).—m S A particle. 2 In astrology &c. A portion or part. 3 The numerator of a fraction.

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lava (लव) [or लंव, laṃva].—f (lōma S) The hair of the body or limbs, down. 2 The hair of animals, wool. 3 The hair and sordes which the currycomb detaches from the coat of a horse. laṃvalaṃva bōlaṇēṃ g. of s. (To have all the hairs of one's body bristling and chattering). To talk much and rapidly.

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lavā (लवा).—m Commonly lavhā, both the grass and the bird.

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lāvā (लावा).—m (Poetry. lāvaṇēṃ) Matter added to dress up and trick out, or to enhance or to qualify the sense of (some simple fact &c.); embellishment, varnish, drapery, garniture.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lava (लव).—f The hair of the body, down. Wool.

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lāvā (लावा).—m Embellishment, varnish, dra- pery. A kind of quail.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lava (लव).—[l-ap]

1) Plucking, mowing.

2) Reaping, gathering (of corn).

3) A section, piece, fragment, bit; कुशमुष्टिमुपादाय लवं चैव तु स द्विजः (kuśamuṣṭimupādāya lavaṃ caiva tu sa dvijaḥ) Rām.7.66.6.

4) A particle, drop, small quantity; a little; oft. at the end of comp. in this sense; जललवमुचः (jalalavamucaḥ) Me.21,72; आचामति स्वेदलवान् मुखे ते (ācāmati svedalavān mukhe te) R.13.2;6.57;16.66; अश्रु° (aśru°) 15.97; अमृत° (amṛta°) Ki.5.44; भ्रूक्षेपलक्ष्मीलवक्रीते दास इव (bhrūkṣepalakṣmīlavakrīte dāsa iva) Gīt.11; so तृण°, अपराध°, ज्ञान°, सुख°, धन° (tṛṇa°, aparādha°, jñāna°, sukha°, dhana°) &c. &c.

5) Wool, hair; धान्ये सदे लवे वाह्ये नातिक्रामति पञ्चताम् (dhānye sade lave vāhye nātikrāmati pañcatām) Ms.8.151.

6) Sport.

7) A minute division of time (= the sixth part of a twinkling); त्वं मुहूर्तस्तिथिस्त्वं च त्वं लवस्त्वं पुनः क्षणः (tvaṃ muhūrtastithistvaṃ ca tvaṃ lavastvaṃ punaḥ kṣaṇaḥ) Mb.1.25.14.

8) The numerator of a fraction.

9) A degree (in astr.).

10) Loss, destruction.

11) Name of a son of Rāma, one of the twins, the other being Kuśa q. v. He with his brother was brought up by the sage Vālmīki, and they were taught by the poet to repeat his Rāmāyaṇa at assemblies &c.; (the derivation of his name, is given as-sa tau kuśalavonmṛṣṭagarbhakledau tadākhyayā | kaviḥ kuśalavāveva cakāra kila nāmataḥ || R.15.32).

12) A kind of quail.

-vam 1 Cloves.

2) Nutmeg.

-vam ind. [see under lavam].

Derivable forms: lavaḥ (लवः).

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Lāva (लाव).—a. (- f.) [लू कर्तरि घञ् (lū kartari ghañ) Uṇ.1.141]

1) Cutting, lopping, cutting off; कुशसूचिलावम् (kuśasūcilāvam) R.13.43.

2) Plucking, gathering.

3) Cutting down, killing, destroying; स शत्रुलावौ मन्वानः (sa śatrulāvau manvānaḥ) Bk.6.87.

-vaḥ 1 Cutting.

2) A quail.

3) A bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lava (लव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Cutting. 2. Loss, destruction. 3. Reaping. 4. Small, little; (according to some authorities, this when used attributively changes its gender, making lavaḥ-lavā-lavaṃ; according to others it is invariably masc.) 5. Smallness, littleness. 6. A minute division of time, the sixtieth part of the twinkling of an eye. 7. A larger division of time, two Kashthas or 36 twinkling of the eye, or about (1/2) a second. 8. One of the twin sons of Ramachandra, by Sita, born after she had been abandoned by her husband and brought up at the hermitage of Valmiki 9. A kind of quail. 10. Hair, wool, &c.; that which is cut or shorn from domestic animals. 11. (In arithmetic,) The numerator of a fraction. 12. A degree, (in astronomy.) 13. Sport. 14. Plucking. mowing. 15. A section, a fragment. n.

(-vaṃ) 1. The nutmeg. 2. Cloves. E. to cut, aff. ap .

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Lāva (लाव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) 1. Cutting down. 2. Killing. 3. Plucking, gathering. mf.

(-vaḥ-vā) A sort of quail, (Perdix chinensis.) E. to cut, to eat, (corn), causal form, aff. ghañ; also with kan added, lāvaka m. (-kaḥ) .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lava (लव).—i. e. lū + a, I. m. 1. Cutting, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 198, 17. 2. Plucking, [Nala] 2, 30. 3. Reaping. 4. Smallness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3. 100; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 118 (aparādha-, A very small fault); a little, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 76 (but cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 3265); a piece, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 125; a drop, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 44. 5. Hair, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 15, 32; wool, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 151. 6. A minute, and also a larger division of time. 7. A kind of quail. 8. One of Rāma’s sons, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 85, 8. Ii. n. 1. The nutmeg. 2. Cloves.

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Lāva (लाव).—i. e. lū + a, I. adj. 1. Cutting. 2. Plucking, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 43. Ii. m., and f. , A sort of quail, Perdix chinensis, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lava (लव).—[masculine] cutting, plucking, gathering etc.; what is cut, as wool, hair, etc.; fragment, piece, particle, bit, drop.

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Lāva (लाव).—[feminine] ī cutting, severing, killing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lava (लव):—a m. (√1. ) the act of cutting, reaping (of corn), mowing, plucking or gathering (of flowers etc.), Das, [Nalôd.]

2) that which is cut or shorn off, a shorn fleece, wool, hair, [Manu-smṛti; Raghuvaṃśa]

3) anything cut off, a section, fragment, piece, particle, bit, little piece (am ind. a little; lavam api, even a little), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (cf. padāti-l)

4) a minute division of time, the 60th of a twinkling, half a second, a moment ([according to] to others 1/4000 or 1/5400 or 1/20250 of a Muhūrta), [ib.]

5) (in [astronomy]) a degree, [Golādhyāya]

6) (in [algebra]) the numerator of a fraction, [Colebrooke]

7) the space of 2 Kāṣṭhās, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) loss, destruction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) sport, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. lala)

10) Perdix Chinensis, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) Name of a son of Rāmacandra and Sītā (he and his twin-brother Kuśa were brought up by the sage Vālmīki and taught by him to repeat his Rāmāyaṇa at assemblies; cf. kuśī-lava), [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Uttararāma-carita; Purāṇa]

12) of a king of Kaśmīra (father of Kuśa), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

13) n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) nutmeg

14) cloves

15) the root of Andropogon Muricatus

16) a little (cf. m.).

17) Lāva (लाव):—1. lāva lāva, lāvaka etc. See p.905, [column] 2.

18) 2. lāva lāva, lāvaka [wrong reading] for lāba, lābaka.

19) Lava (लव):—[from ] b etc. See p.898, [columns] 2, 3.

20) Lāva (लाव):—[from ] a mf(ī)n. (ifc.) cutting, cutting off, plucking, reaping, gathering, [Raghuvaṃśa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] cutting to pieces, destroying, killing, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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