Upahara, Upahāra: 10 definitions

Introduction

Upahara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upahara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upahāra : (m.) a gift; bringing forward.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upahāra, (fr. upa + hṛ) bringing forward, present, offering, gift Vin. III, 136 (āhār°) A. II, 87; III, 33; V, 66 (mett°); J. I, 47; IV, 455; VI, 117; DA. I, 97. (Page 148)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of upahara in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upahāra (उपहार).—m S A complimentary present. 2 (Corr. from upāhāra) A slight refreshment.

--- OR ---

upāhāra (उपाहार).—m (S) A slight refreshment (of fruits, sweetmeats &c.) service.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upahāra (उपहार).—m A slight refreshment.

--- OR ---

upāhāra (उपाहार).—m A slight refreshment of fruits, &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of upahara in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upahāra (उपहार).—

1) An oblation.

2) A gift, present (In general); रत्नपुष्पोपहारेण छायामानर्च पादयोः (ratnapuṣpopahāreṇa chāyāmānarca pādayoḥ) R.4.84; नृत्योपहारः (nṛtyopahāraḥ) Me.34; K.17,41,13,183.

3) A victim, sacrifice, an offering to a deity; सपर्यां सपशूपहाराम् (saparyāṃ sapaśūpahārām) R.16.39; Māl. 1; उपहारीकृतास्मि (upahārīkṛtāsmi) Māl.2; Ve.4.7.

4) A complimentary gift, present to a superior &c.

5) (a) Offering of flowers &c.; flowery gifts; collection of flowers; म्लानपुष्पो- पहारः (mlānapuṣpo- pahāraḥ) R.5.74; Ku.6.42. (b) Presents (to gods) of flowers &c.; materials of worship; गन्धैर्माल्यैः सुरभिभिर्बलि- भिर्धूपदीपकैः । उच्चावचैश्चोपहारैः प्रवालफलतण्डुलैः (gandhairmālyaiḥ surabhibhirbali- bhirdhūpadīpakaiḥ | uccāvacaiścopahāraiḥ pravālaphalataṇḍulaiḥ) || Bhāg.1.22.3. V.3; Śi.11.36.

6) Honour.

7) Indemnity, presents given as the price of peace; कपालसन्धिर्विज्ञेयः केवलं सम- सन्धितः । संप्रदानाद्भवति य उपहारः स उच्यते (kapālasandhirvijñeyaḥ kevalaṃ sama- sandhitaḥ | saṃpradānādbhavati ya upahāraḥ sa ucyate) || H.4.11.

8) Food distributed to guests.

9) Exultation, mirth (consisting of laughter, dance, singing &c.); कृतपुष्पोपहारा भूरधिकां पुष्यति श्रियम् (kṛtapuṣpopahārā bhūradhikāṃ puṣyati śriyam) Rām.5.11.2.

Derivable forms: upahāraḥ (उपहारः).

--- OR ---

Upāhāra (उपाहार).—Slight refreshment (fruits, sweetmeats &c.).

Derivable forms: upāhāraḥ (उपाहारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upahāra (उपहार).—m. (nt. once; = Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit id.), fun-damentally gift, (loving) present, in BHS as elsewhere; e.g. (with change of gender) Av i.378.2 (prose) sarvopa- hārāṇi copaḍhaukitāni.In a Mv passage beginning i.177.13 used repeatedly in a somewhat peculiar way which misled Senart, who in two notes (i.518 f., 523 f.) offers three different interpretations, all wrong (the passage cited 519 from SP contains a false reading; the SP ed. 476.5—6 does not contain the word cited by Senart, not even as a v.l.). In this Mv passage, the word applies to various acts by which the Buddha miraculously intervenes to save some- one from an intended grievous sin or to convert him from a dangerously false heresy. It should be rendered by some- thing like (kindly or compassionate) favor, gift, beneficial service: Mv i.177.13—15 introduces the detailed stories of specific acts called upahāra thus: paropahārāṃś ca… upaharanti (they present beneficial favors to others) samyak- saṃbuddhāḥ sattvānām anugrahārthaṃ. tad yathā, kaliṅgarājñaḥ kusumāye devyā paropahāraṃ bhagavāṃ vṛttavāṃ, dhruvasya śreṣṭhino vacanopahāraṃ (a benefit by spoken words) bhagavāṃ vṛttavāṃ; the cpd. paropa° also 178.5; 180.12; vacanopa° also 178.2. Other occur- rences: 178.7—8 (verse) etāṃ sarvāṃ pravakṣyāmi upahārāṃ manoramāṃ, tasya sattvapradhānasya śṛṇu vikrīḍitaṃ śubhaṃ; 184.(17—)18 (verse) (koṭīyo dvādaśa muniḥ) mānu- ṣāṇāṃ vinayati, upahāro ayaṃ iti; 185.3 upahāro vidhā- tavyo (to prevent Dhruva from burning his parents); 188.(10—)11 (verse) (yat tasya parikarma tat…) tam āhur upahāro ti; 192.(10—)11 (verse) (ye tatra nirmitā bhiksūḥ na caite bhikṣuṇo matā,) upahāraṃ vadanty etaṃ jinā śāstraviśāradāḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upahāra (उपहार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A complimentary gift, a present to a superior, &c. 2. A victim, an offering to a deity. 3. Tribute, indemnification, presents as the price of peace. 4. Food distributed to guests, &c. E. upa before hṛ to convey, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upahāra (उपहार).—i. e. upa-hṛ + a, m. 1. A complimentary present to a superior, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 6. 2. Exultation (which comprehends laughter, dance, song, bowing, recital of prayer, etc.), [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 20 (?).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upahāra (उपहार):—[=upa-hāra] [from upa-hṛ] m. offering, oblation (to a deity)

2) [v.s. ...] complimentary gift, present (to a king or superior), [Mahābhārata; Meghadūta; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (upahāraṃ vi-√dhā, to offer an oblation to a god [acc.], sacrifice to any one, [Kathāsaritsāgara])

4) [v.s. ...] a particular kind of alliance (purchased through a gift), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Hitopadeśa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] food (distributed to guests etc.)

6) [v.s. ...] (with the Pāśupatas) a kind of religious service (consisting of laughter, song, dance, muttering huḍuk, adoration and pious ejaculation), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha 77, 22.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of upahara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: