Jiva, Jīva, Jīvā: 43 definitions
Jiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Jeev.
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Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha
In the texts of haṭhayoga, the Jīva (जीव) is the vital principle, entering the foetus at the moment of conception, and leaving with the body’s final exhalation. It moves about the body, propelled by the breath, unless restrained by means of prāṇāyāma. Ballāla glosses Jīva with prāṇa which seems to be an oversimplification: describes the ten vāyus as flowing through the nāḍīs while “having the form of the Jīva” (jīvarūpinaḥ).
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Jīva (जीव) refers to the “individual soul”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “certainly the birth is induced by the Māyā as an extraneous source. The word Jīva (the individual soul) means that which gets decayed even from the time of birth. Another meaning of the word Jīva is that which is born enmeshed and entwined. Hence the devotee shall worship the primordial phallic image for unravelling the knots and nooses of the birth”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Jīva (जीव).—Is Guru planet.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 93. 10 and 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 5.
1b) The vital prāṇa; Lord lives in every creature like the ākāśa, all-pervading in respective pots.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 101.
1c) Four classes born of sveda, aṇḍa, udbhija and jarāyu; and Jīvātma subject to Iśvara is one view.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 1. 31; 3. 28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy (vaishnavism)
Jīva (जीव, “individual”).—In the Paramātma-sandarbha the jīva or individual is described as an entity which in its own nature is pure and beyond māyā, but which perceives all the mental states produced by māyā and is affected by them. It is called kṣetrajña, because it perceives itself to be associated with its internal and external body (kṣetra). The jīvas are described as atomic in size; they are infinite in number and are but the parts of God.Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Jīva (जीव) refers to “living entity; soul”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition
Jīva (जीव) refers to:—The eternal individual living entity who, in the conditioned state of material existence, assumes a material body in any of the innumerable species of life. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Jīva (जीव) refers to the “living entity” according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Accordingly, while explaining the necessity of Arcana:—Constitutionally, the living entity (jīva) is an eternal servant of Śrī Bhagavān, but due to becoming adverse to Bhagavān, he identifies himself with the material body. Since time immemorial, he has been wandering throughout the universe, suffering the threefold miseries in higher and lower species of life. As long as the jīva remains opposed to Bhagavān, he will not attain Him and will remain imprisoned in the jailhouse of the illusory energy. When in his heart a fortunate jīva becomes inclined toward serving the Supreme Lord, only then is he able to attain Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s eternal association.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Jīva (जीव) refers to:—(or Jīvātmā) The living being, or spirit soul; the eternal, individual soul who, in the conditioned state of material existence, assumes a material body in any of innumerable species of life. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jīvā (जीवा).—1. Sine or Chord; (lit. bowstring.) 2. R sine. Note: Jīvā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Jīvā (जीवा) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jīvā and Jīvantī, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Jīva (जीव) is mentioned as a synonym for Kāmavṛddhi, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Blepharis edulis Linn. or “uttanjan” from the Acanthaceae or “acanthus” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.196-197. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Jīva and Kāmavṛddhi, there are a total of thirteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Jīva (जीव):—[jīvaḥ] The Soul; the spirit: Be or remain alive, To live, Restore for life.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Google Books: Aṣṭāvakragītā: The Classical Text of Ātmādvaita by Aṣṭāvakra
Jīva (जीव) refers to “empirical selves”, according to the Aṣṭāvakragītā chapter 2.—Man’s ignorance and attachment foster the sense of duality, the source of all misery and bondage (cf. II, 16, 8. 20). Its nature is pure, all-encompassing luminousness (cit or bodhamātra). The self is all that exists. When the universe manifests itself, verily it is the Self which shines (cf. II, 8), In the infinite ocean, the formless and tranquil Self, the wind of the finite mind generates the playful waves of manifold forms—the phenomena of the universe and empirical selves (jīvas). These all return to the ocean of the Self and vanish as illusion is overcome (cf. II, 4, 23-25). The Self is simply marvellous (cf. II, 11-14, 25).
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Jīva (जीव) or Jīvagranthi refers to the “Knot of the Living Being (jīva)” and represents one of the “sixteen knots” (granthi), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(1) The Knot called Ananta, which is HAṂSA, should be placed (on the body). It is at the middle toe of the sixteen parts (of the body).The Knot of Time is below the ankle. [...] (12) The Knot of the Living Being [i.e., jīva-granthi] is in the place of the heart, while (13) the one called Viṣṇu is in the throat. [...]”.
The sixteen Knots [i.e., jīva-granthi] are parts of the goddess’s body. Accordingly, they are projected into the adept’s body to transform it into the Triple Fort, that is, the triangular body of the goddess replete with the energies of the sacred seats. She is both with form, consisting of the letters and mantras, and without form as the Transmental (manonmanī) energy of the god.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
In Hinduism and Jainism, a jiva is a living being, or more specifically, the immortal essence or soul of a living organism (human, animal, fish or plant etc.) which survives physical death. It has a very similar usage to atma, but whereas atma refers to "the cosmic self", jiva is used to denote an individual 'living entity' or 'living being' specifically. To avoid confusion, the terms Paramatma and jivatma (also commonly spelled jeevatma) are used.
The word itself originates from the Sanskrit Jivás, with the root jīv- 'to breathe'. It has the same Indo-European root as the Latin word Vivus: "alive".
In the Bhagavad Gita, the jiva is described as immutable, eternal, numberless and indestructible. It is said not to be a product of the material world (Prakrti), but of a higher 'spiritual' nature. At the point of physical death the jiva takes a new physical body depending on the karma and the individual desires and necessities of the particular jiva in question.
Aniruddha defines the Jiva, the empirical self, as the self determined by the body, the external sense-organs, mind, intellect, and egoism; the self which is devoid of empirical cognition, merit, demerit, and other mental modes is the transcendental Atman. When the Jiva breaks the shackles of Prakrti it becomes the transcendental self. Isvara and the jivas are both empirical realities; the former is the ruler and the impeller, and the latter are the ruled, the ones who are impelled.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Daughter of Ubbiri and the king of Kosala. When she died, it was her death which made Ubbiri attain to arahantship. v.l. Jivanti. Thig.vs.51; ThigA.53f.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
life, vital principle, individual soul. 'Soul (life) and body are identical' and 'Soul and body are different', these two frequently quoted wrong views fall under the 2 kinds of personality-belief (sakkāya-ditthi; s. ditthi), i.e. the first one under the annihilation-belief (uccheda-ditthi) and the second under the eternity-belief (sassata-ditthi).
"Verily, if one holds the view that the soul (life) is identical with the body, in that case a holy life is not possible; or if one holds the view that the soul (life) is something quite different, also in that case a holy life is impossible. Both these extremes the Perfect One has avoided and shown the Middle Doctrine, which says: 'On ignorance depend the karma-formations, on the karma-formations depends consciousness', etc." (S. XII. 35).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Jīva (जीव) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jīva).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Jīva (जीव) refers to a “life principle”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (10) The dharmas are devoid of a living being (satva), a life principle (jīva), and a person (pudgala). They are pure and beyond words (nāma) like the sameness of open space. Understanding the fact that there is no real self, he awakens living beings to the unconditioned (asaṃskṛta) ambrosia (amṛta). [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Jīva (जीव) refers to “living things”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] Jīvas are known to be of two kinds: immovable (sthāvara) and movable (trasa). In both of these there are two divisions, depending on whether they have faculties to develop (paryāpti) or not. There are six faculties to develop, which are the cause of development: eating food and digesting it, body, senses, breath, speech, and mind. Creatures that have one sense, two to four, or five senses, have respectively four, five, or six faculties”.
Jīva (“soul”) represents one of the seven tattvas (principles), accordingly to the sermon of Anantanātha:—“[...] Of these [i.e., the seven tattvas], Jīvas are known to be of two kinds by the division into those emancipated and those in wordly existence, all without beginning and end, characterized by knowledge and perception. The emancipated have one nature, free from the trouble of birth, et cetera; possessing infinite perception, knowledge, power, and bliss. The Jīvas in worldly existence are of two kinds by the division into immovable and movable. [...]”.Source: Atma Dharma: Principles of Jainism
Souls; Embodied Soul;
What is the size (extent) of each soul?
From the spatial units (pradeshas) covering point of view, each individual soul has innumerable units of space equal to universe, but by virtue of the quality of contraction and expansion it retains the shape and size of the body it occupies and the emancipated soul has its size equal to the last body it occupied.
Which soul becomes equal to the universe?
Just before attaining emancipation the soul which undergoes 'kevali samudghat' becomes equal to the universe.
Jīva (living beings with consciousness):—There are infinite Jīvas in this cosmos. Each Jīva has the potential to attain Jina status through his strenuous spiritual purification efforts. However all living beings help (cooperate) with each other. Further Jīvas are broadly divided as pure soul (siddha) and empirical souls (defiled souls or saṃsārī-jīva). Empirical souls go through innumerable varieties of existences grouped in four categories namely hell, heaven, human and sub-human.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra
Jīva (जीव, “soul”).—What is meant by jīva (living being)? An entity which has consciousness (cetanā) is called jīva.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Jīva (जीव).—How many categories of sentients/ soul / jīva / ātma are there? There are two main categories of soul, namely: empirical (saṃsārī) and pure or liberated (mukta). (see Tattvārthasūtra 2.10)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Jīva (जीव) refers to a “living being” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 8.2.—Who is a living being (jīva)? An entity which has six to ten life forces /vitalities and has life is called a living being. Another definition of a living being is one who is endowed with knowledge and perception. How do we establish the existence of karmas with the empirical soul? There are infinite living beings (jīva) in this universe. Each has different level of the manifestation of consciousness as knowledge and intuition. Also the discrimination amongst them as rich or poor, happy and unhappy etc all prove the existence of karmas with the soul. Even though jīva is a being of independent nature, still it is transmigrating in this universe. Why? This transmigration is due to its bondage with karmas.Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Jīva (जीव) refers to the “sentient soul” and represents one of the seven reals (tattvas), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Consequently, the sages have said that the seven reals are sentient soul (jīva), non-sentient matter, the influx of karma, the binding of karma, stopping the influx of karma, wearing away karma and liberation”.
Synonyms: Bhavin, Ātman.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
Jiva (“life”) is one of the gotras (clans) among the Kurnis (a tribe of South India). Kurni is, according to the Census Report 1901, “a corruption of kuri (sheep) and vanni (wool), the caste having been originally weavers of wool”. The gotras (viz., Jiva) are described as being of the Brāhman, Kshatriya, and Vaisya sub-divisions of the caste, and of Shanmukha’s Sudra caste.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
jīva : (m.) the life.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Jīva, 2 (nt.) the note of the jīvaka bird Sum. V. on D. III, 201. (Page 285)
2) Jīva, 1 (adj. -n.) (Sk. jīva, Idg. *gǔīǔos=Gr. bi/oQ, Lat. vīvus, Goth. quius, Ohg. queck, E. quick, Lith. gyvas) 1. the soul. Sabbe jīvā all the souls, enumerated with sattā pāṇā bhūta in the dialect used by the followers of Gosāla D. I, 53 (=DA. I, 161 jīvasaññī). “taṃ jīvaṃ taṃ sarīraṃ udāhu aññaṃ j. aññaṃ s. ” (is the body the soul, or is the body one thing and the soul another?) see D. I, 157, 188; II, 333, 336, 339; S. IV, 392 sq.; M. I, 157, 426 sq.; A. II, 41.—Also in this sense at Miln. 30, 54, 86.—Vin. IV, 34; S. III, 215, 258 sq.; IV, 286; V, 418; A. V, 31, 186, 193.—2. life, in yāvajīvaṃ as long as life lasts, for life, during (his) lifetime D. III, 133; Vin. I, 201; Dh. 64; J. II, 155; PvA. 76.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jivā (जिवा).—a R From jīva but used throughout as jitā.
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jīva (जीव).—m (S) Life. 2 A living being, an animate creature. Ex. sarva jivāṃsa īśvara pōsitō. S adage jīvō jīvasya jīvanaṃ Life is the support of life. 3 A small insect or creature, e. g. a mite, maggot, weevil, worm. 4 (Freely.) Fire, energy, vigor, mettle, pluck, heart, power, capability, bottom (of man, horse, bullock &c.): life, spirit, productiveness (in a work or business): strength, firmness, soundness, substantialness (of articles, cloth &c.): truth, reality, solidity, consistency (of tidings, of a report): animation, beauty, force (of a writing). Ex. hyā vyavahārāmadhyēṃ jīva nāhīṃ kēlā na kēlā sārakhā; chatrīcā jīva halakā mhaṇūna vāṛyānēṃ phāṭalī; tyā vastrālā agadī jīva nāhīṃ; hyā bātamīmadhyēṃ, tyā granthānta jīva disata nāhīṃ. 5 Mind, intention, inclination. Ex. ēka jīva mhaṇatō jāvēṃ ēka jīva mhaṇatō na jāvēṃ. 6 The sentient or personal soul. See jīvātmā. ardhā jīva karaṇēṃ g. of o. To half-kill a person (by teasing &c.) ardhā jīva hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be worked, worried, frightened &c. to death's door. āpa- lyā jivālā khāṇēṃ To pine or fret. ēka jīva yēṇēṃ ēka jīva jāṇēṃ To be quivering in the last agonies. ēka jīva hōūna jāṇēṃ To unite, join, coalesce; to become one. jīva aṭaṇēṃ g. of o. To work hard or to worry to death. jīva aṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To exhaust or waste one's self (through exertion, care &c.) jīva aḍakaṇēṃ or ṭāṅgaṇēṃ g. of s. or ṭāṅgalā asaṇēṃ To hang or rest upon (any loved object); to be set upon. jīva adhāntarīṃ uḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To be bewildered or perplexed; to lose one's self-possession. jīva ardhā karaṇēṃ To spend one's strength (in toil, vain instructing &c.); and jīva ardhā hōṇēṃ g. of s. (kāmākhālīṃ or cālūna-raḍūna-kaṣṭakarūna &c.) To be half-dead. jīva kālaviṇēṃ g. of s. To be in great trepidation or apprehensive commotion. jīva kōra- ḍā hōṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To dry, waste away, fall in--a person from sickness, fatigue, hunger &c. Also jīva sukaṇēṃ. jīva kharaḍūna With might and main-- bōlaṇēṃ-raḍaṇēṃ speaking, bellowing, bawling. jīva khā- ūna kāma karaṇēṃ To work with all one's soul and strength. jīva khāṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ g. of o. or jivāsa khāṇēṃ To tease one's life out; to prey upon. jīva khālīṃ paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's ardent desire gratified. jīva gōḷā hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be about to die. jīva ghēūna paḷaṇēṃ To flee for one's life. Ex. nagarīṃ kōṇācī kōṇa vārttā || paḷati jīva ghēuniyā ||. jīva jāḷaṇēṃ or māraṇēṃ To repress or mortify (the lusts and passions). jīva ṭākaṇēṃ To throw up one's life. 2 To despond; to refuse consolation. 3 To hanker after immoderately and passionately; to give one's soul to. 4 (Preceded by a participle of the ūna form, as raḍūna, hāsūna, khaṇūna &c.) To cry, laugh, dig &c. with exceeding vehemence and effort. jīva ṭākūna paḷaṇēṃ To flee for one's life. jīva ṭhikā- ṇīṃ nasaṇēṃ g. of s. To be disconcerted or discomposed; to be thrown off one's balance. jīva tuṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To be wearied out of one's life. jīva tōḍa- ṇēṃ To be painfully anxious or apprehensive. jīva tōḍūna karaṇēṃ To do very sedulously or strenuously. jīva thārīṃ basaṇēṃ To find rest to one's soul. jīva thōḍathōḍā hōṇēṃ g. of s. (To be languishing, failing, dying.) To be extremely solicitous about, or painfully affected by; to be sinking under; to misgive and lose heart. jīva dēṇēṃ To commit suicide. 2 To give the whole soul to; to strain every nerve. jīva dharaṇēṃ To brighten up; to acquire new vigor: also to begin to recover. jīva dharūna (Plucking up or gathering spirit.) Earnestly, engagedly, intently, with alacrity or animation--performing, acting. jīva pachāḍaṇēṃ To prostrate one's self in great earnestness of supplication. jīva paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To enter into heartily; to become interested in. jīva pākhaḍaṇēṃ To take great pains or make earnest and strenuous efforts. 2 To chafe and fume and storm at. jīva pāpī (Ah! sinful soul, ah! corrupt spirit.) An ejaculation on detecting in one's self (or in another) an evil thought. jīva pōḷaṇēṃ To burn one's fingers; to learn a lesson. jīva pyārā as Pr. jyācā tyālā jīva pyārā No man ever hated his own flesh. jīva basaṇēṃ with vara of o. g. of s. To have great delight in or fondness for. jīva bhāṇḍyānta paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To get into peace or at ease; to find a settlement and rest. jīva muṭhīnta dharaṇēṃ (To take or hold one's life in one's fist.) To go, do, behave, or be, holding one's life closely and carefully (because of danger). 2 To hold one's self in restraint or under government. jīva mōṭhā or mōṭhā jīva karaṇēṃ To make a vigorous effort, or to summon up boldness or fortitude. 2 To arouse one's self into great liberality (of giving or of expending). jīva rākhaṇēṃ To spare one's self; to work lazily. jīva vara dharaṇēṃ or vara (or varatā) jīva dharaṇēṃ To be eager after or impatiently desirous of. jīva vārā piṇēṃ To feel desolate, melancholy, dreary, heavy. jīva sōḍaṇēṃ To give up the ghost; or to sacrifice one's life. To crave or desire intensely. To wave (a living fowl &c.) around (a sick person) that it may receive his malady. The fowl &c. is then cast away, and is supposed to die. jivā agōcara Beyond one's power; exceeding one's ability. (i. e. The soul is not able to contemplate such a matter.) jivā āgaḷā Exceeding one's power of performance or endurance. jivācā ghāta karaṇēṃ To strain every nerve; to exhaust one's self in effort. 2 g. ofo. To harass sorely; to worry to death. jivācā ghōṭa ghēṇēṃ To take one's life-blood; i. e. to plague to death. jivācā lōḷa karaṇēṃ To harass or weary out of one's life. jivācī kōyakōya karaṇēṃ (To make one disposed to bark like a cur.) To worry exceedingly. jivācī gvāhī or pākhī dēṇēṃ To attest upon one's soul or life; to give one's most solemn assurance. jivācī rāḷavaṇa karaṇēṃ (To make one's soul like the straw of rāḷā) To work, weary, or vex exceedingly. jivācī hulaḍa karaṇēṃ To make a strong and determined effort. jivācē cāra karaṇēṃ To be dainty, delicate, nice, fanciful, whimsical, humorsome. jivānta jīva āhē tōmparyanta As long as there is life (in me, you &c.) jivānta jīva ghālaṇēṃ To restore or revive one's life, courage, fainting spirit &c. 2 To cast one's soul into the soul of another; i. e. to convey one's own mind or thoughts unto. jivānta jīva yēṇēṃ To revive--lost strength or courage. jivāniśīṃ With one's own soul, life, strength, power &c. (i. e. not through another). jivāniśīṃ jāṇēṃ To lose life (through some violence, or with prematureness). jivāparatā That is beyond one's strength to bear--toil, sickness &c. 2 Dearer than life; beyond one's own soul--loved &c. jivāpalīkaḍē Beyond life (i. e. dearer than &c.) jivālā khāṇēṃ To undergo remorse or bitter compunction. jivāvara Upon one's own life or strength or exertions--living, working, performing. jivāvara uṭhaṇēṃ To rise up against the life of. jivāvara āpalēṃ pōṭa bharaṇēṃ g. of o. To board at the cost of; to live upon. jivāvara uḍyā māraṇēṃ To indulge or enjoy one's self in dependence upon the life or well-being of. jivāvara udāra Reckless of life. Pr. ji0 tō lākhāśīṃ jhuñjāra. jivāvaracā That falls upon or endangers life. Hence jivāvaracā-lāga m -pāḷī f -gōṣṭa f -prasaṅga m -khēḷa m -kāma n Terms for an imminent peril or hazard; jeopardy of life. Also jivāvaracā tāpa-jvara-rōga-dukhaṇēṃ A dangerous fever or sickness. jivāvaracēṃ adhaṇa utaraṇēṃ g. of s. To obtain relief from some afflictive or oppressive circumstances. jivāvara yēṇēṃ. or bitaṇēṃ or jivāsīṃ- gāṇṭha paḍaṇēṃ To affect or concern vitally, dangerously, deeply, closely; to fall or bear hard upon. jivāsa karavata lāgaṇēṃ To be keenly pressing upon. jivāsa jahānagirī (karaṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ) Danger to life; jeopardy: also the matter or occasion of jeopardy. jivāsa jīva dēṇēṃ To give life for life, heart for heart &c.; to love (a friend &c.) as one's own soul. jivāsa mukaṇēṃ To lose life, to perish. jivāsīṃ or jivīṃ dharaṇēṃ or bāndhaṇēṃ To love or prize dearly. jivīṃ lāgaṇēṃ To be greatly interesting or dear unto. 2 To enter into the quick; to affect vitally or powerfully. jivēṃ vāñcaṇēṃ To be saved or preserved; to be delivered from a jeopardy or impending death; to escape with life. Ex. ājī āmhā yēthēṃ rākhiyēlēṃ dēvēṃ || nāhīṃ tarīṃ jivēṃ na vāñcatōṃ ||.
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jīvā (जीवा).—f S The chord of an arc: also the sine of an arc.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jīva (जीव).—m Life. A living being. A small in- sect or creature, e.g., a mite, maggot, worm. Vigour, energy, mettle, pluck, capability:life, spirit, productiveness (in a work or business): strength, firmness; truth reality, consistency (of tidings, of a report): animation, beauty, force (of a writing). Mind, intention, inclination. Ex. ēka jīva mhaṇatō jāvēṃ āṇi ēka jīva mhaṇatō na jāvēṃ. ardhā jīva karaṇēṃ. Half-kill a person. ardhā jīva hōṇēṃ Be worked, worried, frightened, &c., to death's door. ēka jīva yēṇēṃ ēka jīva jāṇēṃ Be quivering in the last agonies. ēka jīva hōūna jāṇēṃ To unite, join, coa- lesce, to become one. jīva aṭaṇēṃ Work hard or worry to death; exhaust one's self. jīva aḍakaṇēṃ or ṭāṅgaṇēṃ or ṭāṅgalā asaṇēṃ To hang or rest upon (any loved object), to be set upon. jīva ardhā hōṇēṃ Be half dead. jīva khālīṃ paḍaṇēṃ To have one's ardent desire gratified. jīva gōḷā hōṇēṃ To be about to die. jīva ghēūna paḷaṇēṃ Flee for one's life. jīva ṭākaṇēṃ Throw up one's life; give one's soul to. jīva ṭhikāṇīṃ nasaṇēṃ Be disconcerted. jīva tōḍaṇēṃ Be painfully anxious or apprehensive. jīva tōḍūna karaṇēṃ Do very sedulously or strenuously. jīva thārīṃ basaṇēṃ Find rest to one's soul. jīva thōḍathōḍā hōṇēṃ To be extremely solicitous about or painfully affected by. Be sinking under. jīva dēṇēṃ Commit suicide. Strain every nerve, give the whole soul to. jīva dharaṇēṃ Acquire new vigour; also being to recover. jīva bhāṇḍyānta paḍaṇēṃ To get into peace or at ease; to find a settlement and rest. jīva muṭhīnta dharaṇēṃ (To take or hold life in one's fist.) To go, do, behave, hold- ing one's life closely and carefully (because of danger). To hold one's self in restraint or under government. jīva rākhaṇēṃ Spare one's self, work lazily. jivā āgaḷā Exceeding one's power of performance or endur- ance. jivācā ghōṭa ghēṇēṃ Plague to death.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jīva (जीव).—a. [jīv-kartari ka] Living, existing; जीवपुत्रे निवर्तस्व (jīvaputre nivartasva) Rām.4.19.11; असच्च सज्जीवमजीवमन्यत् (asacca sajjīvamajīvamanyat) Bhāgavata 5.1.12.
-vaḥ 1 The principle of life, the vital breath, life, soul; गतजीव, जीवत्याग, जीवाशा (gatajīva, jīvatyāga, jīvāśā) &c.
2) The individual or personal soul enshrined in the human body and imparting to it life, motion and sensation (called jīvātman as opposed to paramātman the Supreme Soul); Y.3.131; Manusmṛti 12.22-23; सम्पद्यते गुणैर्मुक्तो जीवो जीवं विहाय माम् । जीवो जीवविनिर्मुक्तो गुणैश्चाशयसंभवैः (sampadyate guṇairmukto jīvo jīvaṃ vihāya mām | jīvo jīvavinirmukto guṇaiścāśayasaṃbhavaiḥ) || Bhāgavata 11.25.36. (here jīva = liṅgaśarīra).
3) Life, existence.
4) A creature, living being.
5) Livelihood, profession.
6) Name of Karṇa.
7) Name of one of the Maruts.
8) The constellation पुष्य (puṣya).
9) Name of Bṛhaspati.
1) The third lustrum in the cycle of Jupiter.
11) Association of cause and effect.
12) Name of Viṣṇu.
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Jīvā (जीवा).—a. [jīv-ac]
2) The earth.
3) A bow-string; मुहुर्जीवाघोषैर्बधिरयति (muhurjīvāghoṣairbadhirayati) Mv.6.3.
4) The chord of an arc.
5) Means of living.
6) The tinkling of metallic ornaments.
7) Name of a plant (vacā).
8) Life, existence.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Life, the vital breath, existence. mf.
(-vaḥ-vā) 1. Livelihood, profession, specific occupation. 2. A tree: see jīvantī. m.
(-vaḥ) 1. The sentient soul, the emanation of the deity, which is incorporated with the animal body, and gives it life, motion and sensation; hence also called jīvātman; it is opposed to that abstract state of the soul paramātman in which, by meditating upon its own divine nature and origin, the spirit is set at liberty from human feelings and passions. 2. A name of Vrihaspati. 3. A name of the prince Karna. 4. The constellation called Pushya. f.
(-vā) 1. A bow string. 2. The earth. 3. The tinkling of metallic ornaments. 4. Orris root. 5. (In Geometry.) The chord of an arc. E. jīv to live, affix ghañ or ka and fem. affix ṭāp.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jīva (जीव).—[jīv + a], I. adj. 1. Living, Mahābhārata 13, 31. 2. Causing life, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 21, 13. Ii. m. and n. 1. Creature, Mahābhārata 13, 13828. 2. Life, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 3, 74. Iii. m. The individual soul, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Jīva (जीव).—[adjective] living, alive; living on or causing to live, vivifying (—°). [masculine] the principle of life, the living or personal soul; [Epithet] of the planet Jupiter; [neuter] life; [masculine] [neuter] living being, creature; [feminine] jīvā [plural] water as the living or vivifying element.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Jīva (जीव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Gopālatāpanīyopaniṣadbhāṣya Subodhinī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jīva (जीव):—[from jīv] mf(ā)n. living, existing, alive, [Ṛg-veda] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] healthy (blood), [Caraka viii, 6, 74]
3) [v.s. ...] ifc. living by (See jala-cara-, rūpa-)
4) [v.s. ...] causing to live, vivifying (See putra-, -jala)
5) [v.s. ...] m. n. any living being, anything living, [Ṛg-veda] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] m. life, existence, [Mahābhārata iv, vi; Harivaṃśa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara])
7) [v.s. ...] m. the principle of life, vital breath, the living or personal soul (as distinguished from the universal soul See jīvātman), [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 30; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Praśna-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Bṛhaspati (regent of Jupiter), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Laghujātaka, by Varāha-mihira; Sūryasiddhānta; Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa]
10) [v.s. ...] the 3rd lustrum in the 60 years' Bṛhaspati cycle, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā viii, 26]
11) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 8 Maruts, [Yājñavalkya ii, 102/103 39]
12) [v.s. ...] Karṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a metre, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya xvii, 4]
14) Jīvā (जीवा):—[from jīva > jīv] f. life, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] a bow-string, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) [v.s. ...] (in [geometry] = jyā) the chord of an arc
18) [v.s. ...] the sine of an arc, [Sūryasiddhānta ii, 57] (cf. tri-, tri-bha, dṛg-gati-, lambaand śaṅku-jīvā)
19) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant (jīvantī or vacā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā iii, 39]
20) [v.s. ...] the tinkling of ornaments, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
21) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a particular formula, [Kauśika-sūtra; Vaitāna-sūtra]
22) Jīva (जीव):—[from jīv] cf. ati-, upaand saṃ-jīva
23) [v.s. ...] a-,kumāra-,ciraṃ-,jagaj-,dur-,nir-,pāpa-,bandhu-,sa-,su-
24) [v.s. ...] khṣudra-jivā, yāvaj-jīvam
25) [v.s. ...] cf. b/ios; [Latin] vivus; [Lithuanian] gIvas; [Gothic] qvius; [English] quick; [Hibernian or Irish] beo.
26) [v.s. ...] m. (also) Name of a famous physician, [Buddhist literature]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jīva (जीव):—jīvati 1. a. To live. With ā to enjoy, get a living; with upa to depend on for a living; with pra or saṃ to live well.
2) [(vaḥ-vā-vaṃ)] 1. m. f. n. Life. m. f. Livelihood; a tree. m. The sentient soul. f. A bowstring; earth; tinkling ornament; orris root.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Jīva (जीव) [Also spelled jeev]:—(nm) a creature, living being; life; soul; ~[ghātī] destroyer of life, killer; murderous; -[jaṃtu] creatures; tiny creatures; -[jagata] the animate world; ~[dāna] sacrifice of life; ~[dhārī] living being, organism; ~[bhautikī] biophysics; ~[rasāyana] biochemistry; ~[loka] mortal world; ~[vāda] vitalism, animism; ~[vāsikī] bionomics, bionomy; ~[vijñāna] biology; ~[viṣa] toxin; ~[vaijñānika] a biologist; biological; -[hatyā/hiṃsā] destruction of life; ~[hīna] lifeless.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Jīva (जीव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jīv.
2) Jīva (जीव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jīva.
3) Jīva (जीव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jīva.
4) Jīvā (जीवा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jīvā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Jīva (ಜೀವ):—[adjective] having life; not dead; live.
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1) [noun] a living being.
2) [noun] an entity which is regarded as a) being the principle of life; b) the immortal or spiritual part of the person; and c) a distinct entity separate from the body, and is credited with the functions of thinking and willing, and hence determining all behaviour; the soul.
3) [noun] the duration of life or the state of possessing life.
4) [noun] Břhaspati, the preceptor of gods.
5) [noun] the sound uttered by human beings; speech.
6) [noun] water.
7) [noun] a horse.
8) [noun] the string of a bow.
9) [noun] the means of sustaining life; livelihood; a living.
10) [noun] (astrol.) the Planet Jupiter.
11) [noun] (fig.) that which is much loved by a person; the dearest person or thing.
12) [noun] ಜೀವಕ್ಕೆ ಜೀರಿಗೆಯೆರೆ [jivakke jirigeyere] jīvakke jīrigeyere to trouble, torment (a person); ಜೀವದೊರಿಸೆ [jivadorise] jīvadorise being alive; ಜೀವಭಯ [jivabhaya] jīva bhaya the fear of being killed; ಜೀವ ಹಿಡಿ [jiva hidi] jīva hiḍi to be alive; 2. to wait or tolerate patiently; ಜೀವ ಇಟ್ಟುಕೊಂಡಿರು [jiva ittukomdiru] jīva iṭṭukoṇḍiru to be alive; 2. to have excessive love, affection on; ಜೀವ ಎಳೆ [jiva ele] jīva eḷe (one’s disposition) to be strongly in favour of; ಜೀವ ಜಾಲಾಡು [jiva jaladu] jīva jālāḍu to rebuke strongly and severely; ಜೀವಕ್ಕೆ ಬರು [jivakke baru] jīvakke baru (fig.) (a very difficult situation) to arise; ಜೀವ ಬರು [jiva baru] jīva baru (fig.) (anxiety, fright) to be removed, cleared; ಜೀವ ಬಿಡು [jiva bidu] jīva biḍu (fig.) to show or have excessive love or affection; ಜೀವ ಭೂಮಿಗೆ ಇಳಿದು ಹೋಗು [jiva bhumige ilidu hogu] jīva bhūmige iḷidu hōgu (fig.) to lose heart; to lose courage.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+456): Jiva Dravya, Jiva gosvamin, Jiva-muhurta, Jivabadha, Jivabarhis, Jivabhadra, Jivabhava, Jivabhavi, Jivabhaya, Jivabhedasamgrahadipika, Jivabhigamasutra, Jivabhilasha, Jivabhojana, Jivabhrame, Jivabhramti, Jivabhukti, Jivabhuta, Jivabhyasa, Jivabrahmaikya, Jivaca.
Ends with (+136): Ajajiva, Ajiva, Ajjhajiva, Akshajiva, Alamsajiva, Amani-putrajiva, Anajiva, Anjiva, Antyadyujiva, Anujiva, Apajiva, Apatyajiva, Aranyajiva, Astrajiva, Atijiva, Avajiva, Bandhujiva, Bhinnajiva, Brihajjiva, Carajiva.
Full-text (+729): Jivajiva, Jivaloka, Jivada, Jivatman, Ajiva, Jivasadhana, Jivamandira, Jivadhana, Upajiva, Nirjiva, Jivashonita, Jivadhara, Yavajjivam, Jivantaka, Tribhajiva, Jivashesha, Ajajiva, Jivagraham, Jaivi, Mahijiva.
Search found 166 books and stories containing Jiva, Jīva, Jīvā, Jivā; (plurals include: Jivas, Jīvas, Jīvās, Jivās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 63 [Eight-fold path] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 65 [Jīva is Rājā] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 66 [Mūrti, Prakāśa and Ānanda Cakras] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.184 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.2.183 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.2.186 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Shri Gaudiya Kanthahara (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)
Mandukya Upanishad (Gaudapa Karika and Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Nikhilananda)
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.68-70 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.71 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.92 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 10.36.9 < [Sukta 36]
Rig Veda 1.31.15 < [Sukta 31]
Rig Veda 10.40.10 < [Sukta 40]
Kathopanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)