Khalu: 15 definitions


Khalu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Khalu (खलु).—A river of ancient India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 28).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Khalu (खलु) refers to “darkness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Certainly (khalu), O friend, these twelve reflections are the female friends of those whose good fortune is liberation [and] they are practised to procure their friendship by wise men who are absorbed in connection [with them]. When these [reflections] are correctly done constantly for the pleasure of the lords of Yogīs (i.e. the Jinas), a joyful woman in the form of liberation with a heart kindly disposed to love, is produced”.

Synonyms: Niścaya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khalu : (ind.) indeed; surely.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Khalu, (indecl. , usually contracted to kho, q. v. ) either positive: indeed, surely, truly D. I, 87; Sn. p. 103; J. IV, 391 (as khaḷu); Mhvs VII. 17; or negative: indeed not Vism. 60 (=paṭisedhan’atthe nipāto).—pacchābhattika (adj.)=na p°: a person who refuses food offered to him after the normal time Vin. V, 131=193; Pug. 69; Vism. 61. See Com. quot. by Childers, p. 310. (Page 235)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khalu (खलु).—ind. A particle implying :-(a)

1) Certainly, surely, verily, indeed; मार्गे पदानि खलु ते विषमीभवन्ति (mārge padāni khalu te viṣamībhavanti) Ś.4.15; अनुत्सेकः खलु विक्रमालङ्कारः (anutsekaḥ khalu vikramālaṅkāraḥ) V.1; न खल्वनिर्जित्य रघुं कृती भवान् (na khalvanirjitya raghuṃ kṛtī bhavān) R.3.51. (b) Now, now then, now further; Ṛgveda 1.34.14.

2) Entreaty, conciliation ('pray'); न खलु न खलु बाणः सन्निपात्योयमस्मिन् (na khalu na khalu bāṇaḥ sannipātyoyamasmin) Ś.1.1; न खलु न खलु मुग्धे साहसं कार्यमेतत् (na khalu na khalu mugdhe sāhasaṃ kāryametat) Nāg.3.

3) Inquiry; न खलु तामभिक्रुद्धो गुरुः (na khalu tāmabhikruddho guruḥ) V.3. (= kiṃ abhikruddho guruḥ); न खलु विदितास्ते तत्र निवसन्तश्चाणक्य- हतकेन (na khalu viditāste tatra nivasantaścāṇakya- hatakena) Mu.2; न खलूग्ररुषा पिनाकिना गमितः साऽपि सुहृद्गतां गतिम् (na khalūgraruṣā pinākinā gamitaḥ sā'pi suhṛdgatāṃ gatim) Kumārasambhava 4.24.

4) Prohibition (with gerunds); निर्धारितेऽथ लेखेन खलूक्त्वा खलु वाचिकम् (nirdhārite'tha lekhena khalūktvā khalu vācikam) Śiśupālavadha 2.7.

5) Reason (for); न विदीर्ये कठिनाः खलु स्त्रियः (na vidīrye kaṭhināḥ khalu striyaḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.5. (G. M. cites this as an illustration of viṣāda or dejection); विधिना जन एष वञ्चितस्त्वदधीनं खलु देहिनां सुखम् (vidhinā jana eṣa vañcitastvadadhīnaṃ khalu dehināṃ sukham) 4.1.

6) खलु (khalu) is sometimes used as an expletive.

7) Sometimes only to add grace to the sentence (vākyālaṅkāra); Bṛ. Up.1.3.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khalu (खलु).—ind. 1. A particle of prohibition. 2. An expletive. 3. An expression of endearment or conciliation. 4. An expression indicating inquiry. 5. An expression of asseveration or ascertainment, (certainly, indeed.) 6. Only. khal to gather, affix u.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khalu (खलु).—a particle. 1. Indeed, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 35, 32; [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 64. 2. Only, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 63, 37. 3. With preceding na, Not at all, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 74, 21. 4. It lays a stress on an interrogation, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 32, 11. 5. khalu kṛtvā, Enough of this, do it no more, [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 3, 4, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khalu (खलु).—[adverb] indeed, verily, truly (also khalu vai); now, now then (also atha khalu, u khalu, vai khalu), often only expl.

na khaluvai) indeed not; khalvapi further, moreover.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khalu (खलु):—ind. (as a particle of asseveration) indeed, verily, certainly, truly, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) (as a continuative particle) now, now then, now further, [Ṛg-veda x, 34, 14; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc.; (as a particle in syllogistic speech) but now, = [Latin] atqui [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) ([khalu is only exceptionally found at the beginning of a phrase; it is frequently combined with other particles, thus atha kh, u kh, vai kh, kh vai, = now then, now further, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; in later Sanskṛt khalu frequently does little more than lay stress on the word by which it is preceded, and is sometimes merely expletive; it is also a particle of prohibition (in which case it may be joined with the [indeclinable participle] [khalu kṛtvā, ‘desist from doing that’] [Nirukta, by Yāska i, 5][also tam] [Pāṇini 3-4, 18; Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 70]); or of endearment, conciliation, and inquiry, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; na khalu, by no means, not at all, indeed not, [Rāmāyaṇa etc.]])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khalu (खलु):—ind. A particle of prohibition, endearment, enquiry, and asseveration; an expletive, only, merely; certainly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Khalu (खलु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khala, Khalu, Khu, Hu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Khalu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Khalu (खलु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Khalu.

2) Khalu (खलु) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Khalu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Khalu (खलु):—adv. certainly; indeed; definitely;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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