Utkala, Utkalā: 18 definitions
Utkala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Utkala (उत्कल):—One of the sons of Sudyumna (son of Vaivasvata Manu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa )Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Utkala (उत्कल).—A place in India where people lived in safety. Karṇa conquered this place. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 8). Utkala is believed to be modern Orissa.
2) Utkala (उत्कल).—Son of Vaivasvata Manu. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 31).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Utkala (उत्कल).—A son of Dhruva by Ilā; a jīvanmukta; did not like the throne or the kingdom but gave himself up entirely to penance.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 10. 2; 13. 6-10.
1b) An asura, and a follower of Vṛtra in his battle with Indra. Took part in the Devāsura war between Bali and Indra, and fought with Māṭṛs or mother goddesses.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 10. 20; VIII. 10. 21 & 33.
1c) A son of Sudyumna—Ilā: A Lord of Dakṣiṣiṇāpatha (Utkala kingdom);1 a mantrakṛt.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 41; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 240; 85. 19.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 103.
1d) A kingdom of Madhyadeśa, noted for Vāmana elephants.1 The people were Utkalas.2
1e) The Vindhya tribes.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 132; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 54; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 63.
1f) The state over which Utkala ruled.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 19; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 18.
2) Utkalā (उत्कला).—The queen of Samrāṭ, and mother of Marīci.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.
Utkala (उत्कल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.39, VIII.17.20) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Utkala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Utkala (उत्कल) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Modern Orissa, which is the northern part of the Kaliṅga country. The river Vaitaranī forms its northern boundary.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Utkala (उत्कल) refers to:—Orissa. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Utkala (उत्कल) refers to a country belonging to “Pūrvā or Pūrvadeśa (eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Utkala] [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)
Utkala (उत्कल) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya:—“All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [... the Utkalas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
utkaḷa (उत्कळ).—f (utkalikā S) Eagerness: also impatience. v yē.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Utkala (उत्कल).—a. Excessive, piteous; K.36.
-laḥ 1 Name of a country, the modern Orissa, or the inhabitants of that country (pl.); जगन्नाथप्रान्तदेश उत्कलः परिकीर्तितः (jagannāthaprāntadeśa utkalaḥ parikīrtitaḥ); see ओड्र (oḍra); उत्कलादर्शितपथः (utkalādarśitapathaḥ) R.4.38.
2) A fowler, bird-catcher.
3) A porter (carrying a load with him).
4) A subdivision of Brāhmaṇas.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) A porter, one who travels with a burden or load. m.
(-laḥ) 1. A country in the south of India, part of Orissa. 2. A fowler, a bird-catcher. E. ut before and kal to go, ac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Utkala (उत्कल):—[=ut-kala] [from ut-kal] m. (perhaps [from] ud-√kal?) Name of the country Orissa (See Oḍra; the word is interpreted to mean ‘the glorious country’ [Hunter]; or ‘lying beyond, the outlying strip of land’ [Beames]; according to others it merely means ‘the country of bird-catchers’)
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhruva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] of Su-dyumna, [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] a porter, one who carries a burden or load, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a fowler, bird-catcher, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] the inhabitants of the above country.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Utkala (उत्कल):—[utka-la] (laḥ) 1. m. A country in the south of India, Orissa; a porter.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Utkala (उत्कल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ukkala.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Utkala (उत्कल) [Also spelled utkal]:—(nm) ancient name of [uḍīsā] (see).
1) [noun] a state in Eastern India, on the bay of Bengal; Orissa.
2) [noun] an inhabitant of this state.
3) [noun] a bird-catcher; a fowler.
4) [noun] one who caries load on his head or back, for others; an unskilled labourer; a porter; a coolie.
5) [noun] a door-keeper; a watchman.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Ut, Utka, La, Kala.
Starts with: Utkaladesha, Utkalakhanda, Utkalapa, Utkalapana, Utkalapay, Utkalapaya, Utkalapayati.
Ends with: Autkala, Catutkala, Dushkala, Mutkala, Phutkala.
Full-text (+11): Ukkala, Sudyumna, Viramukundadeva, Utkaladesha, Utkalakhanda, Utkalika, Pancagauda, Katakavaranasi, Vasudeva ratha, Samraj, Ila, Utkal, Vatsara, Pacangauda, Vamanavana, Ramapala, Nishitha, Matri, Suyajna, Kapilasamhita.
Search found 40 books and stories containing Utkala, Utkalā, Utkaḷa, Ut-kala, Utka-la; (plurals include: Utkalas, Utkalās, Utkaḷas, kalas, las). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 2.5.36 < [Chapter 5 - The Liberation of Bakāsura]
Verse 2.5.30 < [Chapter 5 - The Liberation of Bakāsura]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 6 - Description of the Land of Utkala < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 11 - Dialogue Between Nārada and Indradyumna (Continued) < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 14 - The Greatness of Svāmipuṣkariṇī: Sumati < [Section 1 - Veṅkaṭācala-māhātmya]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.1.205 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 2.1.160 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 2.1.165 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Stupas in Orissa (Study) (by Meenakshi Chauley)
History of Buddhism from Buddha’s times to the third Century BCE < [Chapter 2]
Buddhism under the Ganga’s reign < [Chapter 2]
History of Buddhism from sixth Century CE to the tenth Century CE < [Chapter 2]