Siddhartha, aka: Siddhārtha, Siddhārthā, Siddha-artha; 13 Definition(s)
Siddhartha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “white mustard”, a species of plant from the Brassicaceae (cabbage) family. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Brassica campestris.
This plant (Siddhārtha ) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the six temples being a favorite of Śiva. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
1a) Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ).—A son of Maṇibhadra and Puṇyajanī: an Yakṣa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 122; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 154.
1b) A son of Suddhodana.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 12.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Siddhārthā (सिद्धार्था).—Accordingly to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā , “(39) The New Moon is Siddhārthā. The worship of ancestors is praised on this tithi. One should enter sanctuaries (gokulāni) where there are holy rites and fire rites. (40) One should appoint a Purohita and perform sacrificial rites, make offerings and occasional oblations. The ancestors are the deity on this tithi”.(Source): academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Siddhārtha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ) is the son of one of the ministers of king Candraprabha, appointed to his son, Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and then, when he [Sūryaprabha] was sixteen years old, and captivated the subjects by his virtues, his father, Candraprabha, appointed him Crown Prince, and he gave him the sons of his own ministers, many in number, Bhāsa, Prabhāsa, Siddhārtha, Prahasta and others”.
In chapter 47, Siddhārtha is considered a chief of a host of great warriors (mahāratha) in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... Viśvaruci, and Bhāsa and Siddhārtha, these three ministers of Sūryaprabha, are chiefs of hosts of great warriors”.
The story of Siddhārtha was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Siddhārtha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Siddhartha (सिद्धर्थ) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). His parents named him Si ta t’o (Siddhartha) which, in the language of the Ts’in, means “profit-realized one”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Siddhartha (meaning he who has attained his goal) was the founder of Buddhism. His family name was Gauthama. He was a prince, son of King Suddhodhana and Queen Maya of the Kingdom of the 'Sakyas' whose capital was Kapilavastu. He was born about 567 B.C. He became "Buddha" or the enlightened one, later in his life and formed the religion Buddhism.(Source): Wisdom Library: BuddhismSiddhartha in Sanskrit, Siddhattha in Pali. The given name of Shakyamuni when he was born to the Prince Suddhodana. The name means "wish fulfilled".(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary
Siddhārtha Gautama Skt. (Pali, Siddhatta Gotama); founder of Buddhism, the historical Buddha. Siddhārtha was born in 566 or 563 BCE into a noble family of the Shākya clan in Kapilavastu, a city in present-day Nepal. His father, Suddhodana, was the head of the Shākyas; his mother, Māyādevī, who brought Siddhārtha into the world in the Lumbinī Grove, died seven days after his birth. Siddhārtha was brought up by his aunt on his mother’s side, Mahāprajāpatī. Carefully raised in wealthy circumstances, Siddhārtha married Yashodharā at the age of sixteen. At twenty-nine, after the birth of his son, Rāhula, he entered homelessness and attended on various ascetic teachers, without, however, reaching his goal, spiritual liberation. Thus he gave up the ascetic way of life and turned to meditation. At thirty-five he realized complete enlightenment, awakening (bodhi). After remaining silent at the beginning—because he was aware of the impossibility of communicating directly what he had experienced in enlightenment—he began at the request of others to expound insights drawn from his experience of enlightenment. He spent the rest of his life moving from place to place teaching, and a great number of disciples gathered around him. Siddhārtha Gautama, who came to be known by the name Shākyamuni (Sage of the Shākya Clan), died at the age of eighty after eating some spoiled food.(Source): Shambala Publications: General
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Siddhartha (सिद्धर्थ) is the mother of Abhinandana, the fourth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara. The husband of Siddhartha is is Saṃvara.
2) Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ) is the father of Mahāvīra, the twenty-fourth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara. The wife of Siddhārtha is Triśalā according to Śvetāmbara or Priyakāriṇī according to Digambara.
The Ācāradinakara is a 14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Siddhārtha (सिद्धार्थ).—a. one who has accomplished his desired object, successful. (-rthaḥ) 1 white mustard; यन्त्रस्थसिद्धार्थपदाभिषेकं लब्ध्वाप्यसिद्धार्थममन्यत स्वम् (yantrasthasiddhārthapadābhiṣekaṃ labdhvāpyasiddhārthamamanyata svam) N.1.6; अविरललग्नगौरसिद्धार्थकप्रकारतया काञ्चनरसखचितामिव मालाम् (aviralalagnagaurasiddhārthakaprakāratayā kāñcanarasakhacitāmiva mālām) K. (Pūrvabhāga); Bhāg.4.9.59.
2) Name of Śiva.
3) of the great Buddha.
Siddhārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms siddha and artha (अर्थ).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 32 books and stories containing Siddhartha, Siddhārtha, Siddhārthā or Siddha-artha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 20: Bharata’s pūjā and stutis to the Arhats < [Chapter VI]
Part 4: Description of queen Siddhārthā (Abhinandana’s mother) < [Chapter II - Abhinandanacaritra]
Part 7: Future Tīrthaṅkaras < [Chapter VI]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)
The Buddha (by Piyadassi Thera)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 13 - Other epithets of the Buddha < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
Part 8 - Origin of the name Ānanda < [Chapter VI - The Great Bhikṣu Saṃgha]
The prediction of Asita (horoscope of the Bodhisattva) < [Part 3 - Possessing a body endowed with the marks]