Mata, Mātā, Matā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Mata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Lalita Sahasranama

Mātā means mother. The prefix Śrī is important here. Śrī (श्री) represents the highest form of motherhood. The human mothers can take care of their children with love and affection. But they cannot remove the miseries and sufferings of their loved ones, which they are destined to undergo.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Matā (मता).—A goddess enshrined at Pārāvārataṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 44.

2a) Mātā (माता).—Is Lalitā; the goddess enshrined at Siddhapura, and at Kāyārohaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 44, 142; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 46, 48.

2b) The daughter of Ṛṣā; gave birth to Grahas, Anujyeṣṭakas, Niṣkas, and Śiśumāras;1 different fishes; (the word reads mīnā by mistake.)2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 291.
  • 2) Ib. 69. 293.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Mātā (माता) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Mātā and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Mātā (माता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Indravāruṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus colocynthis (colocynth, bitter apple or desert gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.70-72.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Mātā (माता) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Māta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Mātā] and Vīras are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mata.—cf. guru-mata (CII 1), ‘a matter considered to be serious’. (LP), a signature; cf. the use of the word with the signature as in mataṃ mama amukasya found copied in many copper-plate grants. Note: mata is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mata : (pp. of maññati) know; understand. (pp. of marati), died. (nt.) a view. (pp. of marati) dead.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Mata, 2 (pp. of marati, mṛ) dead M. I, 88 (ekāha° dead one day); III, 159 (matam eyya would go to die); Sn. 200, 440; J. V, 480. Neg. amata see separate article.—Note. mata at PvA. 110 is to be corrected into cuta.

2) Mata, 1 (pp. of maññati) thought, understood, considered (as=—°), only late in use Vbh. 2 (hīna° paṇīta°, doubtful reading); Sdhp. 55; Mhvs 25, 55 (tassā matena according to her opinion); 25, 110 (pasu-samā matā, pl. considered like beasts). Cp. sam°.—Note. Does mata-sāyika at Th. 1, 501 (=Miln. 367) belong under this mata? Then mata would have to be taken as nt. meaning “thought, thinking, ” but the phrase is not without objection both semantically & syntactically. Mrs. Rh. D. (Brethren, p. 240) translates “nesting-place of thought. ” (Page 517)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mata (मत).—n (S) Opinion, sentiments, judgment, mind. 2 Particular tenets or dogmata: also a sect, persuasion, party (in religion or in philosophy): also, specifically, a heresy or a heretical body. Ex. jēṇēṃ matēṃ ucchēduni samasta || śuddha mārga vāḍhavilā ||. āpalyā matānēṃ or matēṃ Of one's own accord or mind.

--- OR ---

māta (मात).—f ( P) A term at chess. Checkmate. 2 (Poetry.) An exploit, achievement, feat; a prodigy of valor; a deed of wonder. Ex. aika bāī sāṅgatē māta tyācī ||. 3 (Poetry.) An affair; a business or matter; an event or occurrence. Ex. kaṭakīcī māta sāṅga jāsudā gharānta ||; also nagarīṃ phuṭalī māta || vanāsiṃ jātā raghuvīra || varṣalā yēkaci ākānta ||. v uṭha, uḍa, & uṭhava, uḍava. 4 In lax and familiar phraseology. Eclat, splendor, gloriousness, glare and glitter; a brilliant and dazzling display or execution. Ex. gāṇyācī māta, jēvaṇyācī māta, pra- yōjanācī māta, lagnācī māta. 5 Exuberance, copiousness, cheapness; astonishing facility of obtaining. Ex. ghānyācī māta, sākharīcī māta, jinasācī māta

--- OR ---

mātā (माता).—f (S) A mother. 2 The personified energy of a deity, his wife. In comp mātṛ is the form, as mātṛkula, mātṛgōtra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mata (मत).—n Opinion. A sect.

--- OR ---

māta (मात).—f An exploit. An affair; êclat. Exu- berance.

--- OR ---

mātā (माता).—f A mother. mātāpitara n Parents.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mata (मत).—p. p. [man-kta]

1) Thought, believed, supposed; स मे युक्ततमो मतः (sa me yuktatamo mataḥ) Bg.6.47.

2) Considered, regarded, deemed, looked upon.

3) Esteemed, honoured, respected; बभौ च सा तेन सतां मतेन श्रद्धेव साक्षाद्विधिनोपपन्ना (babhau ca sā tena satāṃ matena śraddheva sākṣādvidhinopapannā) R.2.16;8.8.

4) Commended, valued.

5) Conjectured, guessed.

6) Meditated upon, thought of, perceived, recognised.

7) Thought out.

8) Intended, aimed at.

9) Approved, sanctioned.

1) Wished or hoped for.

11) Perceived, observed, known, understood. (See man).

-tam 1 A thought, idea, opinion, belief, view; निश्चितं मतमुत्तमम् (niścitaṃ matamuttamam) Bg.18.6; केषांचिन्मतेन (keṣāṃcinmatena) &c.

2) Doctrine, tenet, creed, religious belief; ये मे मतमिदं नित्यमनुतिष्ठन्ति मानवाः (ye me matamidaṃ nityamanutiṣṭhanti mānavāḥ) Bg.3.31.

3) Advice, instruction, counsel.

4) Aim, design, intention, purpose; आत्मप्रभावेण मुने ज्ञातुमर्हसि मे मतम् (ātmaprabhāveṇa mune jñātumarhasi me matam) Rām.7. 9.19.

5) Approbation, sanction, commendation.

6) Knowledge.

--- OR ---

Mātā (माता).—A mother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mata (मत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Known, understood. 2. Admitted, believed, held or entertained, (as opinion, &c.) 3. Respected, reverenced, minded, regarded. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Purpose, intention, wish, mind, (as to have a mind to any thing.) 2. Knowledge. 3. Doctrine, tenet, belief, opinion. 4. Counsel, advice. 5. Design, aim. 6. Approbation. E. man to mind, aff. kta .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mata in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: