Muktakesha, Muktakeśa, Mukta-kesha, Muktakeśā: 8 definitions


Muktakesha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Muktakeśa and Muktakeśā can be transliterated into English as Muktakesa or Muktakesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Muktakesha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Muktakeśa (मुक्तकेश) refers to “[beautiful] dishevelled hair” and is used to describe the Goddess (Devī), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.12. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on seeing the mother of the universe cosmic in form, Dakṣa the lord of the subjects considered himself well rewarded. With various sorts of prayer he eulogised and bowed to the Goddess (Devī) mother of the universe, Kālikā seated on a lion, dark-complexioned, with four arms and beautiful face, the bestower of the boon, the abode of safety, holding a blue lotus and the sword in her hands, comely with reddish eyes (āraktanayana) and with beautiful dishevelled hair (cāru-muktakeśa)”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of muktakesha or muktakesa in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Muktakesha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Muktakeśā (मुक्तकेशा) refers to “one having dishevelled hair”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “In the meantime, once the goddess had crossed over the most excellent Yoga and once the fifth night had passed, she emerged from the middle of the Liṅga. [...] The mass of radiance from (her) garland is associated with the letters (of the Mālinī alphabet) beginning with Na and ending with Pha and, endowed with the fifty rays (of the energies of the letters), she is marked with a garland of flames, has light brown, dishevelled hair [i.e., muktakeśā], and loves snakes. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of muktakesha or muktakesa in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Muktakeśā (मुक्तकेशा) refers to “(having) loosened hair” and is used to describe Vajravārāhī and Vajrayoginī, according to the Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—Vajravārāhī appears both with Cakrasaṃvara, and on her own, both as Vajravārāhī and Vajrayoginī. [...] Vajravārāhī and Vajrayoginī are both red, nagnā, "naked", have muktakeśā, "loosened hair", one face and two arms, three eyes, holding a kartika in the right hand, and kapāla in the left, a garland of fifty dried human skulls, five bone ornaments, a crown of five skulls, and hold a khaṭvāṅga. With Cakrasaṃvara, Vajravārāhī has either one or both legs wrapped around her hero, copulating while menstruating. Both Vajravārāhī and Vajrayoginī have their own iconographic meanings with and without Cakrasaṃvara.

Note: Having muktakeśā, "loosened hair", symbolizes having untied the knot that binds things to their form (rūpa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of muktakesha or muktakesa in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Muktakesha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muktakeśa (मुक्तकेश).—a. letting the hair hang down, having the hair dishevelled.

Muktakeśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mukta and keśa (केश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muktakeśa (मुक्तकेश).—[feminine] ā & ī having flowing or dishevelled hair.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muktakeśa (मुक्तकेश):—[=mukta-keśa] [from mukta > muc] mf(ā or ī)n. ‘loose-haired’, having the hair dishevelled or hanging down, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Muktakesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of muktakesha or muktakesa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: