Kashtha, Kāṣṭha, Kāṣṭhā: 17 definitions



Kashtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kāṣṭha and Kāṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Kastha or Kashtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kashth.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ) refers to “wood”, representing a material for the seat (āsana), which one should make after taking a bath (snāna), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] in a clean place washed and smeared with cow-dung (gomaya), the devotee shall take his seat (āsana), O Brahmins. The seat shall be made of wood (kāṣṭha) or a cloth-cover. A seat of diverse colours (citrāsana) is conducive to the achievement of all desires. Or he can have the hide of a deer (mṛgacarma) for a seat. He shall sit on it and apply Tripuṇḍra with the ashes”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—A measurement of length and capacity; Yayāti versed in;1 the intervening distance between two kāṣṭhas and the distance between kāṣṭha and lekha, north to south; both the outer and inner circumference in dakṣiṇāyana and uttarāyaṇa2 thirty form a kala.3 Time equal to 15 nimeṣas.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 34. 9; 142. 4.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 93; 50. 127, 132 and 133.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 13; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 8; II. 8. 59; VI. 3. 6.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 19; 13. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 169; 57. 6; 70. 15; 93. 72; 100. 214; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 8.

2) Kāṣṭhā (काष्ठा).—One of the Kaśyapa's wives, and mother of quadrupeds with cloven hoofs; a mother goddess.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25 and 29; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; IV. 32. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Studies on the Moksopaya

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ) refers to “wood”, according to the 10th century Mokṣopāya or Mokṣopāyaśāstra 6.182.13-17.—Accordingly, “With regard to each of [the three:] perceiver (draṣṭṛ), perception (darśana) and perceived objects (dṛśya), the state of mere knowledge is the essence; therefore there is not in the least a difference from it (i.e. knowledge), like a flower in space (is not different from space). (13) What is of the same kind becomes one. Therefore mutual perception [of things] determines their unity. (14) If wood [i.e., kāṣṭha], stones and other [material objects] did not have knowledge as their nature, then there would be a permanent nonperception of these, which would even be nonexistent. (15) When the whole beauty of perceptible objects has but one form of mere knowledge, then, whether it is different or identical, it becomes known through knowledge. (16) This whole [group of] perceptible objects in the world has expanded [as] mere knowledge, just as wind is mere movement and the ocean mere water. (17)”.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kāṣṭha.—cf. a-tṛṇa-kāṣṭha-grahaṇa (IE 8-5), fuel or wood which the villagers were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officers. See also devakuṭī-kāṣṭha. Note: kāṣṭha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—n (S) Wood. 2 fig. A lean or lank person, a mere stick. kāṣṭha vaḷaṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ g. of s. To pine away; to become lank and meagre.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—n Wood. Fig. A lean person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—[kāś-kthan Uṇ2.2]

1) A piece of wood, especially one used as fuel; Ms.4.49,241;5.69.

2) Wood or timber, a piece or log of wood in general; यथा काष्ठं च काष्ठं च समेयातां महोदधौ (yathā kāṣṭhaṃ ca kāṣṭhaṃ ca sameyātāṃ mahodadhau) H.4.69; Ms.4.4.

3) A stick; शोणितेन विना दुःखं कुर्वन् काष्ठादिभिर्नरः (śoṇitena vinā duḥkhaṃ kurvan kāṣṭhādibhirnaraḥ) Y.2.218.

4) An instrument for measuring length.

Derivable forms: kāṣṭham (काष्ठम्).

--- OR ---

Kāṣṭhā (काष्ठा).—1 A quarter or region of the world, direction, region; काष्ठा (kāṣṭhā) (diśa) मुदीचीमिव तिग्मरश्मिः (mudīcīmiva tigmaraśmiḥ) (didīpe) Ki.3.55; cf. also पर्वा तु काष्ठा तिमिरानुलिप्ता (parvā tu kāṣṭhā timirānuliptā) Avimārkam 2.12.

2) A limit, boundary; स्वां काष्ठामधुनोपेते (svāṃ kāṣṭhāmadhunopete) Bhāg.1.1.23; स्वयं विशीर्णद्रुमपर्णवृत्तिता परा हि काष्ठा तपसः (svayaṃ viśīrṇadrumaparṇavṛttitā parā hi kāṣṭhā tapasaḥ) Ku.5.28.

3) The last limit, extremity, pitch, climax, excess; काष्ठा- गतस्नेहरसानुविद्धम् (kāṣṭhā- gatasneharasānuviddham) Ku.3.35.

4) Race ground, course.

5) A mark, goal.

6) The path of the wind and clouds in the atmosphere.

7) A measure of time = A Kalā; शुक्लस्त्वं बहुलस्त्वं च कला काष्ठा त्रुटिस्तथा (śuklastvaṃ bahulastvaṃ ca kalā kāṣṭhā truṭistathā) Mb.1.25.14.

8) Water.

9) The sun.

1) A fixed place of a lunar mansion.

11) Name of a wife of Kaśyapa and daughter of Dakṣa.

12) The yellow colour or the कदम्ब (kadamba) tree; cf. काष्ठा दिक्कालहारिद्रस्थित्युत्कर्षेषु तु स्त्रियाम् (kāṣṭhā dikkālahāridrasthityutkarṣeṣu tu striyām) Nm.

13) A form, form of appearance; काष्ठां भगवतो ध्यायेत्स्वनासाग्रावलोकनः (kāṣṭhāṃ bhagavato dhyāyetsvanāsāgrāvalokanaḥ) Bhāg.3.28.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—n.

(-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) Wood f. 1. A quarter or region of the world space. tract. 2. Place, site. 3. Limit, boundary. 4. A measure of, time the thirteenth part of a Kala, or eighteen twinkling. of the eye. 5. Excellence, superiority. 6. A plant, (Curcum zanthorhiza, Rox.) E. kāś to shine, Unadi affix kthan changed to ṣa, and tha after ṣa becomes ṭha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—I. n. A piece of wood, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 372. Ii. m. A proper name, Mahābhārata 2, 415. kāṣṭhā, q. v.

--- OR ---

Kāṣṭhā (काष्ठा).—f. 1. Aim, Mahābhārata 3, 10424; limit, boundary, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 28. 2. Place, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 18, 12. 3. A quarter or point of the compass, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 24, 1. 4. A lunar station, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 12, 31. 5. A measure of time, Mahābhārata 1, 1292. 6. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 6, 25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).—[neuter] stick of wood, log; a kind of measure.

--- OR ---

Kāṣṭhā (काष्ठा).—[feminine] race-course, course ([especially] of the winds and clouds); mark, goal, limit; summit, top, height ([figuratively]); cardinal point or quarter of the heaven; a cert. measure of time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ):—m. Name of one of Kubera’s attendants, [Mahābhārata ii, 415]

2) n. a piece of wood or timber, stick, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) wood or timber in general

4) an instrument for measuring lengths

5) a kind of measure, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

6) Kāṣṭhā (काष्ठा):—f. a place for running, race-ground, course (also the course, path or track of the wind and clouds in the atmosphere), [Ṛg-veda]

7) the mark, goal, limit, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

8) the highest limit, top, summit, pitch, [Kumāra-sambhava; Daśakumāra-carita] etc.

9) a quarter or region of the world, cardinal point, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska; Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) the sixteenth part of the disk of the moon, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 12, 31]

11) a measure of time (= 1/30 Kalā, [Manu-smṛti i, 64; Suśruta]; = 1/12 Kalā, [Jyotiṣa]; = 1/15 Laghu, = 1/225 Nāḍikā, = 1/450 Muhūrta, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 11, 7]), [Mahābhārata i, 1292 etc.]

12) form, form of appearance, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 28, 12; vii, 4, 22]

13) the sun, [Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 15]

14) water, [ib.]

15) the plant Curcuma xanthorrhiza, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Kaśyapa (mother of the solidungulous quadrupeds), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 6, 25 ff.]

17) Name of a town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ):—[(ṣṭhaṃ-ṣṭhā)] 1. n. Wood. f. Space or quarter; limit; space of time.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṭṭha, Kaṭṭha, Kaṭṭhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kashtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kashtha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ) [Also spelled kashth]:—(nm) wood; —[kalā] woodcraft; ~[vat] as dead as wood, motionless.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāṣṭha (ಕಾಷ್ಠ):—[noun] = ಕಾಷ್ಠೆ [kashthe].

--- OR ---

Kāṣṭha (ಕಾಷ್ಠ):—

1) [noun] a dry piece of wood or a stick.

2) [noun] a peg of wood, metal, etc., used esp. for fastening or holding things together; a bolt; a pin.

3) [noun] a stupid man.

4) [noun] (fig.) the state of being very lean.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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