Tarana, aka: Tāraṇa, Taraṇa; 8 Definition(s)


Tarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Tāraṇa (तारण) refers to the eighteenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘tarana’, the native is deceitful or cunning but is valiant (warrior or champion) or heroic, restless, well versed (skilled) in arts and crafts, extremely harsh and cruel, doer of those things which are the object of hatred, consumer of those things which are obtained by him and is endowed with wealth.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year tarana (2004-2005 AD) will possess exceeding wealth and strength and will be a philosopher.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Tarana in Pali glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

taraṇa : (nt.) going across; passing over.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Taraṇa, (nt.) (see tarati) going across, passing over, traversing Vin. IV, 65 (tiriyaṃ°); Ps. I, 15; II, 99, 119. (Page 298)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

taraṇa (तरण).—n Water in which split pulse, rice-bits &c. have been boiled. Ex. karūniyā pātaḷa taraṇa || kuṭumba- rakṣaṇa karītasē ||. Pr. navarā raḍatō taraṇāsa vaṛhāḍī raḍatāta varaṇāsa. 2 S Floating. 3 S A float, a raft, a boat, anything that floats.

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taraṇā (तरणा).—a (tarūṇa S) Young, adult, arrived at puberty. 2 Adolescent. 3 or taraṇā pāūsa m (The lad, or youngster-rain.) A name amongst agriculturists for puṣya or the eighth nakṣatra; as mhātārā (The old fellow) is for punarvasu the seventh nakṣatra. Pr. mhātā- ṛyānēṃ kēlēṃ nāva taraṇyānēṃ vāhavilēṃ gāṃva.

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tarāṇā (तराणा).—m ( P) A kind of song.

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tāraṇa (तारण).—n (S) Preserving or protecting; preservation, protection, salvation, deliverance. 2 Money or something valuable placed in deposit with one from whom money &c. is borrowed, or with whom some engagement is contracted (to secure that person from eventual loss). This differs from a pawn. 3 The excess of value of the thing deposited over that of the money borrowed upon it. Viewed as the Safe-guard of the money.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taraṇa (तरण).—n Water in which split pulse, &c. have been boiled. Floating.

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taraṇā (तरणा).—a Young; adolescent.

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tāraṇa (तारण).—n Preserving; salvation. A pledge deposited with the creditor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taraṇa (तरण).—&c. See under तॄ (tṝ).

See also (synonyms): tara, taraṇi, taraṇḍa, tari, tarīṣa.

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Tāraṇa (तारण).—&c. See under तॄ (tṝ).

See also (synonyms): tārita, tārika.

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Taraṇa (तरण).—[tṝ-lyuṭ]

1) A boat, raft.

2) Svarga or heaven.

-ṇam 1 Crossing over.

2) Conquering, overcoming.

3) An oar.

Derivable forms: taraṇaḥ (तरणः).

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Tāraṇa (तारण).—a. [tārayatyanena tṝ-lyuṭ]

1) Enabling to cross.

2) Saving, delivering, liberating.

3) Helping one through a difficulty &c.

-ṇaḥ 1 Name of Śiva; also of Viṣṇu.

2) A boat, raft.

-ṇam 1 Crossing.

2) Conquering.

3) Carrying or conveying across; यो द्विजः शब्दरहितं सं क्षमस्तारणाय वै (yo dvijaḥ śabdarahitaṃ saṃ kṣamastāraṇāya vai) Mb.3.2.75.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taraṇa (तरण).—nṭ. (Sanskrit id., fording (a river), so also Tibetan rgal ba, below; AMg. id., defined Ratnach. swimming, crossing), perhaps boating, rowing, or swimming, in lists of arts and sports: javite plavite taraṇe LV 156.10; °ṇam, after javitam, plavitaṃ, Mvy 5001 = Tibetan rgal ba. Foucaux's Tibetan rgyal in LV, probably error for rgal; he renders la natation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Taraṇa (तरण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A raft, a float. 2. Swarga or paradise. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Crossing over, passing, going across. 2. Removing from an inundation. E. tṝ to cross, affix lyuṭ.

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Tāraṇa (तारण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) Who or what causes or enables to cross. m.

(-ṇaḥ) A raft, a float. n.

(-ṇaṃ) Carrying or conveying across. E. tṝ to cross, affix lyuṭ tārayati anena .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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