Vyavasaya, Vyavasāya: 18 definitions


Vyavasaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyavsay.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय) refers to “endeavour” and is used to describe Goddess Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] you are the essential feature of five elements. You are Justice in those who uphold justice. You are endeavour personified (i.e., vyavasāyavyavasāyasvarūpiṇī). Of the Ṛgveda you are the invocation; of the Yajurveda you are the blending knot of the mantras; of Sāmaveda you are the song and of the Atharvaṇa Veda you are the measure of time, you are the final goal”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—A son of Vapu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 61.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय, “assertion”) refers to ‘resolute pledge’ or assertion with regard to the original objective of the plot. Vyavasāya represents one of the thirteen vimarśasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Vimarśasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the pause part (vimarśa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) A promise made on account of some reason is called Assertion (vyavasāya).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय):—[vyavasāyaḥ] The process by which ascertainment is made

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय) refers to “men of industry”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Ketu presides over mountains, fortified cities, the countries of Pahlava, Śveta, Hūṇa; Colā, Avagāṇa, Maru, Cīna (China) and the land of the Mlecchas; over rich men, men of note, men of industry (vyavasāya) and valour; over men coveting the wives of others, men prying into the secrets of other men, haughty men, ignorant men, sinners and persons fond of victory. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—m (S) Trade, traffic, business, dealing. 2 S Conviction; apprehension of as determined or certain. 3 Strenuous or persevering labor or exertion, diligence, assiduity, sedulity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—m Trade, business. Conviction. Diligence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—1 Effort, exertion, energy, industry, perseverance; करोतु नाम नीतिज्ञो व्यवसायमितस्ततः (karotu nāma nītijño vyavasāyamitastataḥ) H.2.14.

2) Resolve, resolution, determination; मन्दीचकार मरण- व्यवसायबुद्धिम् (mandīcakāra maraṇa- vyavasāyabuddhim) Kumārasambhava 4.45 'the thought of resolving to die'; व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिः (vyavasāyātmikā buddhiḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.41; व्यवसायोऽस्मि (vyavasāyo'smi) 1.36.

3) An act, action, performance; व्यवसायः प्रतिपत्तिनिष्ठुरः (vyavasāyaḥ pratipattiniṣṭhuraḥ) R.8.65.

4) (a) Business, employment, trade. (b) Following a particular profession or trade.

5) Conduct, behaviour.

6) Device, stratagem, artifice.

7) Boasting.

8) Name of Viṣṇu.

9) Of Śiva.

1) State, condition.

Derivable forms: vyavasāyaḥ (व्यवसायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Effort, exertion, persevering or industrious effort, perseverance, industry. 2. Following any business or profession. 3. Plan, device, trick. 4. Resolve, determination. 5. Boasting. 6. Action. 7. Conduct. E. vi and ava before ṣo to destroy, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—i. e. vi-ava-so + a, m. 1. Perseverance, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 264; eagerness. 2. Exertion, effort, [Pañcatantra] 215, 22; energy, [Pañcatantra] 134, 10; cf. 138, 7; i. [distich] 195 (yeṣāṃ vyavasāyaniścayaḥ, Who are resolved to endeavour). 3. Following any business or profession. 4. Resolve, determination, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 2, 32. 5. Obstinacy, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 412. 6. Plan, device, trick, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 113 (or, perseverance). 7. Boasting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—[masculine] exertion, resolution, purpose, intention to ([locative], prati, or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय):—[=vy-avasāya] a See [column]3.

2) [=vy-avasāya] [from vyava-so] b m. strenuous effort or exertion, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] settled determination, resolve, purpose, intention to ([locative case], [accusative] with prati, or [compound]; yam√kṛ to make up one’s mind, resolve, determine), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Resolution (personified), [Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] trade, business, [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka]

6) [v.s. ...] an act, action, performance, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] first impression or perception, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

8) [v.s. ...] state, condition, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] artifice, stratagem, trick, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] boasting, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

12) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dharma by Vapus (daughter of Dakṣa), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय):—[vyava-sāya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Effort, industry; device; practice, business.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vavasāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyavasaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय) [Also spelled vyavsay]:—(nm) profession, vocation, calling, occupation; practice; ~[ya-saṃbaṃdhī] professional; vocational, occupational; ~[yika] see [vyāvasāyika; ~yikī] occupationology; ~[] professional; a practitioner.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyavasaya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyavasāya (ವ್ಯವಸಾಯ):—

1) [noun] earnest, steady effort; constant diligence in or application to work; industry.

2) [noun] the act or process of executing; a carrying out, doing, producing, etc.; execution.

3) [noun] one’s trade, profession or business; occupation.

4) [noun] the work of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; agriculture; farming.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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