Vyavasaya, Vyavasāya: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vyavasaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyavasaya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय) refers to “endeavour” and is used to describe Goddess Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] you are the essential feature of five elements. You are Justice in those who uphold justice. You are endeavour personified (i.e., vyavasāyavyavasāyasvarūpiṇī). Of the Ṛgveda you are the invocation; of the Yajurveda you are the blending knot of the mantras; of Sāmaveda you are the song and of the Atharvaṇa Veda you are the measure of time, you are the final goal”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—A son of Vapu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 61.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय, “assertion”) refers to ‘resolute pledge’ or assertion with regard to the original objective of the plot. Vyavasāya represents one of the thirteen vimarśasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Vimarśasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the pause part (vimarśa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) A promise made on account of some reason is called Assertion (vyavasāya).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyavasaya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—m (S) Trade, traffic, business, dealing. 2 S Conviction; apprehension of as determined or certain. 3 Strenuous or persevering labor or exertion, diligence, assiduity, sedulity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—m Trade, business. Conviction. Diligence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyavasaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—1 Effort, exertion, energy, industry, perseverance; करोतु नाम नीतिज्ञो व्यवसायमितस्ततः (karotu nāma nītijño vyavasāyamitastataḥ) H.2.14.

2) Resolve, resolution, determination; मन्दीचकार मरण- व्यवसायबुद्धिम् (mandīcakāra maraṇa- vyavasāyabuddhim) Ku.4.45 'the thought of resolving to die'; व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिः (vyavasāyātmikā buddhiḥ) Bg.2.41; व्यवसायोऽस्मि (vyavasāyo'smi) 1.36.

3) An act, action, performance; व्यवसायः प्रतिपत्तिनिष्ठुरः (vyavasāyaḥ pratipattiniṣṭhuraḥ) R.8.65.

4) (a) Business, employment, trade. (b) Following a particular profession or trade.

5) Conduct, behaviour.

6) Device, stratagem, artifice.

7) Boasting.

8) Name of Viṣṇu.

9) Of Śiva.

1) State, condition.

Derivable forms: vyavasāyaḥ (व्यवसायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Effort, exertion, persevering or industrious effort, perseverance, industry. 2. Following any business or profession. 3. Plan, device, trick. 4. Resolve, determination. 5. Boasting. 6. Action. 7. Conduct. E. vi and ava before ṣo to destroy, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—i. e. vi-ava-so + a, m. 1. Perseverance, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 264; eagerness. 2. Exertion, effort, [Pañcatantra] 215, 22; energy, [Pañcatantra] 134, 10; cf. 138, 7; i. [distich] 195 (yeṣāṃ vyavasāyaniścayaḥ, Who are resolved to endeavour). 3. Following any business or profession. 4. Resolve, determination, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 2, 32. 5. Obstinacy, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 412. 6. Plan, device, trick, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 113 (or, perseverance). 7. Boasting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय).—[masculine] exertion, resolution, purpose, intention to ([locative], prati, or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyavasāya (व्यवसाय):—[=vy-avasāya] a See [column]3.

2) [=vy-avasāya] [from vyava-so] b m. strenuous effort or exertion, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] settled determination, resolve, purpose, intention to ([locative case], [accusative] with prati, or [compound]; yam√kṛ to make up one’s mind, resolve, determine), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Resolution (personified), [Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] trade, business, [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka]

6) [v.s. ...] an act, action, performance, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] first impression or perception, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

8) [v.s. ...] state, condition, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] artifice, stratagem, trick, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] boasting, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

12) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dharma by Vapus (daughter of Dakṣa), [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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