Brahmavidya, Brahmavidyā, Brahman-vidya: 13 definitions


Brahmavidya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Brahmavidya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Brahmavidyā (ब्रह्मविद्या) refers to the “lore of Supreme Brahman”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.44 (“Menā regains consciousness”).—Accordingly, as Menā said to her daughter (Pārvatī): “[...] Throwing away cooked rice you have eaten the husk. Spilling away the clarified butter you have eagerly swallowed castor oil. Setting the lion aside a jackal has been served by you. Without listening to the lore of Supreme Brahman (brahmavidyā) you have heard base ballads. O daughter, casting off the holy sacrificial ashes at home you have taken the inauspicious ashes from the funeral pyre. [...]”.

Source: WikiPedia: Puranas

In the Puranas, Brahmavidya is divided into two branches, the first one dealing with the vedic mantras and is called para vidya or former knowledge, and the latter dealing with the study of the upanishads and is called the apara vidya or latter knowledge. Both para and apara vidya constitute brahma vidya.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of brahmavidya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Brahmavidya in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Brahmavidya is considered to be the highest ideal of classical Hinduism. It is that branch of scriptural knowledge derived primarily through a study of the veda mantras & upanishads. Put together, it means knowledge of the mantra/absolute. Brahmavidya is (derived from the Sanskrit words brahma and vidya:

In modern Hinduism, Brahmavidya is used to mean a spiritual study of Hindu scriptures with the aim of realizing the ultimate reality. Different modern Hindu leaders have defined it in the context of their own systems of philosophy.

Source: Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha: Hinduism

Brahmand represents the Ultimate Truth. Vidyā means knowledge. Brahmavidyā means “Knowledge of the Ultimate Truth”. Brahmavidya, as exposed in the Vedantic Scriptures (Upanishads), guides a seeker to discover this Truth first hand, within himself. The goal is to realize that the Self (the real “I”) is the same as the Brahman (the Source or Substratum of the Universe).

Source: Brahma Vidya: Hinduism

Brahma Vidya is the knowledge that awakens us to the realization of Self. It is the cornerstone of the Indian spiritual science as revealed by the Guru and is manifested as his Grace.

Source: Brahma Vidya Gurukulam: Hinduism

Both Brahma and Vidya are Sanskrit words. Brahman, is the neuter gender of the word-form Brih that means big. As the word big has not been further qualified to reveal its dimension, we have to understand that Brahman the word means that which is free from all forms of limitation. Vidya is derived from the root vid, which means to know. Hence the word Vidya means knowledge. Brahma Vidya therefore means knowledge of that which is free from all forms of limitation.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brahmavidya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brahmavidyā (ब्रह्मविद्या).—knowledge of the Supreme Spirit. ब्रह्मविद्यापरिज्ञानं ब्रह्मप्राप्तिकरं स्थितम् (brahmavidyāparijñānaṃ brahmaprāptikaraṃ sthitam) Śuka. Up.3.1.

Brahmavidyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and vidyā (विद्या). See also (synonyms): brahmavittva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmavidyā (ब्रह्मविद्या).—f.

(-dyā) Knowledge of spirit. E. brahma, and vidyā science.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmavidyā (ब्रह्मविद्या).—[feminine] [abstract] to [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Brahmavidyā (ब्रह्मविद्या):—[=brahma-vidyā] [from brahma > brahman] f. knowledge of ‘the one self-existent Being’, kn° of Brahmă, sacred knowledge, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 219])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an Upaniṣad (cf. below)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmavidyā (ब्रह्मविद्या):—[brahma-vidyā] (dyā) 1. f. Knowledge of God.

[Sanskrit to German]

Brahmavidya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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