Shambhu, aka: Śambhu, Saṃbhu, Sambhu, Śaṃbhu, Saṃbhū, Sham-bhu; 13 Definition(s)


Shambhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śambhu and Śaṃbhu can be transliterated into English as Sambhu or Shambhu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shambhu in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śambhu (शम्भु):—One of the three sons of Ambarīṣa (son of Nābhāga). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Śambhu (शम्भु):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.

Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa

1) Śambhu (शम्भु).—Dhruva’s wife. The couple had two sons called Śiṣṭi and Bhavya. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 13).

2) Śambhu (शम्भु).—Grandson of Tvaṣṭā, son of Kaśyapa by Surabhi. Tvaṣṭā had a son called Viśvarūpa who begot fourteen sons of whom Hara, Bahurūpa, Tryambaka, Aparājita, Vṛṣākapi, Śambhu, Kapardī, Raivata, Mṛgavyādha, Sarpa and Kapālī these eleven sons of Viśvarūpa form the Ekādaśarudras. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

3) Śambhu (शम्भु).—One of the three sons of Ambarīṣa, the other two being Virūpa and Ketumān. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha). Śambhu never tasted meat in his life. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 66).

4) Śambhu (शम्भु).—A Rākṣasa, the son of Vidyujjihva by Śūrpaṇakhā. Śambhu, who was engaged in tapas in Daṇḍaka forest when Śrī Rāma visited the forest was attracted by the beauty of Sītā and transformed himself into a tree to enjoy her beauty with his eyes. Lakṣmaṇa, who was felling down trees to build an āśrama felled this tree also, which disappeared immediately leaving behind the dead body of a Rākṣasa. It was the corpse of the Rākṣasa and Rāma comforted Sītā and Lakṣmaṇa by revealing the fact to them. (Kamba Rāmāyaṇa. Araṇyakāṇḍa).

Uttara Rāmāyaṇa contains a story of how Devavatī (or Vedavatī) daughter of Kuśadhvaja once cursed Śambhu. Devavatī was born from the mouth of Kuśadhvaja (son of Bṛhaspati) while he was learning the Vedas. Śambhu wanted to marry the child when she was grown up, but Kuśadhvaja did not consent to it, and Śambhu, in retaliation, killed Kuśadhvaja in his sleep. Next morning Devavatī awoke from sleep to see the dead body of her father. She cursed Śambhu. Her curse was a contributory cause for the death of Śambhu by Lakṣmaṇa.

5) Śambhu (शम्भु).—An agni, which occupies a status equal to that of a brahmin well-versed in the Vedas. (Vana Parva, Chapter 221, Verse 5).

6) Śambhu (शम्भु).—A son born to Śrī Kṛṣṇa by Rukmiṇīdevī. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 33).

7) Śambhu (शम्भु).—A King of the Bharata dynasty. He was one of the eighty sons of Ugrasena. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śambhu (शम्भु).—The Indra of the epoch of the Tenth Manu, and a friend of Viṣvaksena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 22-23.

1b) A son of Ambarīṣa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 1.

1c) A name of Śiva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 4. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 48; Matsya-purāṇa 154. 438; 171. 38.

1d) Father of Rājāja and Goma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 40.

1e) A son of Pīvarī and Śuka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 93; 10. 81; Matsya-purāṇa 15. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 30.

1f) One of the eleven Rudras;1 had the Ganga in his plaited hair for more than 100 years.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 153. 19; 171. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 122.
  • 2) Ib. II. 8. 115; V. 32. 11; 33. 4.

1g) A son of Virocana; had six sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 76, 81.

1h) A son of Bhavya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 1.

2) Saṃbhu (संभु).—A son of Śuka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 85.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śambhu (शम्भु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.69, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śambhu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Deva-vibhāvana (hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas).—Śambhu: left hand–Mṛga-śīrṣa, right hand–Tripatāka.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Śambhu (शम्भु).—God Siva who is supposed to have composed, or to have inspired Panini to compose, the fourteen Sutras अइउण्, ऋलृक् (aiuṇ, ṛlṛk) etc. giving the alphabet of the Panini system ; cf. त्रिषष्टिः चतुःषष्टिर्वा वर्णाः शम्भुमते मताः (triṣaṣṭiḥ catuḥṣaṣṭirvā varṇāḥ śambhumate matāḥ) Pan. Siksa, St. 3.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Shambhu in Chandas glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śambhu (शम्भु) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., śambhu) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Śambhu, another common name or epithet of Śiva, has been compared with the Tamil chempu or Śembu meaning "copper," i.e. "the red metal."

Source: Tamil Virtual Academy: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Shambhu in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śambhu (शम्भु) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Śambhu] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Shambhu in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śambhu (शंभु).—m (S) A common name of Shiva. 2 A term for a simpleton, or a person guileless and unsuspecting.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṃbhu (शंभु).—a. [śaṃ-bhū-ḍu] Causing happiness, granting prosperity.

-bhuḥ 1 Name of Śiva.

2) Brahmaṇ.

3) A sage, venerable man.

4) A kind of Siddha.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

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Saṃbhū (संभू).—1 P.

1) To arise, to be born or produced, spring up; कथमपि भुवनेऽस्मिस्तादृशाः संभवन्ति (kathamapi bhuvane'smistādṛśāḥ saṃbhavanti) Māl.2.9; धर्मसंस्थाप- नार्थाय संभवामि युगे युगे (dharmasaṃsthāpa- nārthāya saṃbhavāmi yuge yuge) Bg.4.8; Ki.5.22; Bk.6.138; Ms. 8.155.

2) To be, become, exist.

3) To happen, occur, take place.

4) To be possible.

5) To be adequate for, be competent for (with inf.); न यन्नियन्तुं समभावि भानुना (na yanniyantuṃ samabhāvi bhānunā) Śi.1.27.

6) To meet, be united or joined with; संभूया- म्भोधिमभ्येति महानद्या नगापगा (saṃbhūyā- mbhodhimabhyeti mahānadyā nagāpagā) Śi.2.1; संभूयेव सुखानि चेतसि (saṃbhūyeva sukhāni cetasi) Mā l.5.9.18.

7) To be consistent.

8) To have sexual intercourse with; तां समभवत्ततो मनुष्या अजायन्त (tāṃ samabhavattato manuṣyā ajāyanta) Bri. Up.1.4.3; महर्षिः संविदं कृत्वा संबभूव तया सह (maharṣiḥ saṃvidaṃ kṛtvā saṃbabhūva tayā saha) Mb.1.178.44.

9) To be capable of existing in, be contained in.

1) To attain to.

11) To partake of. -Caus.

1) To produce, effect, make.

2) To imagine, conceive, fancy, think.

3) To guess or conjecture; Ś.2.

4) To consider, regard.

5) To honour, respect, esteem, show respect to; प्राप्तोऽसि संभावयितुं वनान्माम् (prāpto'si saṃbhāvayituṃ vanānmām) R.5.11;7.8.

6) To honour or present with, treat with; अर्धोपभुक्तेन बिसेन जायां संभावया- मास रथाङ्गनामा (ardhopabhuktena bisena jāyāṃ saṃbhāvayā- māsa rathāṅganāmā) Ku.3.37.

7) To ascribe or impute to; पापं कर्म च यत् परैरपि कृतं तत्तस्य संभाव्यते (pāpaṃ karma ca yat parairapi kṛtaṃ tattasya saṃbhāvyate) Mk.1.36.

8) To come or go to, approach.

9) To take part in, enjoy; U.4.

1) To greet, salute.

11) To manifest, exhibit.

12) To expect. -Pass. of Caus. To be possible; कथ- मेतद्भवति संभाव्यते (katha- metadbhavati saṃbhāvyate) Ś.2.

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Śambhu (शम्भु).—see s. v.

Śambhu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śam and bhu (भु).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śambhu (शम्भु).—m.

(-mbhuḥ) 1. Siva. 2. Brahma. 3. A Jaina sanctified teacher. 4. A Sid'dha, a demi-divine being. 5. A sage, a venerable man. 6. A kind of Asclepias. E. śam auspicious particle, bhū to be, ḍu aff.

--- OR ---

Sambhu (सम्भु).—m.

(-mbhuḥ) A parent, a progenitor. E. sam with, bhū to be, ḍu aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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