Ravi; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ravi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Ravi (रवि).—A prince of Sauvīra. It was this prince who stood with the flag behind the chariot of Jayadratha, who had come to carry away Draupadī. He was killed by Arjuna. (Vana Parva, Chapter 221, Verse 27).

2) Ravi (रवि).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed by Bhīma in the great war. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 26, Verse 14).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ravi (रवि).—From av to protect—see Sūrya;1 got a place among śrāddhadevas;2 the śrāddhadeva;3 an Āditya;4 in three forms, Gayāditya, Uttarārka, and Dakṣiṇārka;5 movements of the sun, detailed; maṇḍala measurement of; rise at Samyamana, mid-day at Amarāvatī, mid-night at Suṣā, setting at Vibhāvarī; other similar calculations; the movement in a muhūrta; movement for a day and a night; movement in Dakṣiṇāyanam; chariot of, limbs of the year; the seven horses are cchandas, gāyatrī, triṣṭub, jagatī, anuṣṭub, paṅktī, bṛhatī and uṣṇik; gives a list of sages, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Nāgas, Grāmaṇi and Rākṣasas with the sun in the six seasons; these go with the sun in his own wheel;6 a marutgaṇa;7 standard of Nāga in the Tārakāmaya.8

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 4; 23. 26; 24. 35; III. 59. 37; IV. 1. 138; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 60; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 11-12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 1.
  • 3) Ib. 15. 43.
  • 4) Ib. 171. 56.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 57.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa chh. 124-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 222.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 52.
  • 8) Ib. 173. 9.

1b) Son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Ravi (रवि).—The Sun. Note: Ravi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ravi (रवि) is the name of a deity who received the Aṃśumadāgama from Ugra who in turn, received it from Ambu (Aṃśu) through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The aṃśumat-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Ravi obtained the Aṃśumadāgama  from Ugra who in turn obtained it from Ambu (Aṃśu) who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Ravi then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Aṃśumadāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ravi (रवि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Ravi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Ravī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Ravī) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Ravī) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Ravi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve’. Note: ravi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

ravi : (aor. of ravati) made a noise; cried. || ravi (m.) the sun.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ravi, (cp. Sk. ravi) the sun J. II, 375 (taruṇa°-vaṇṇaratha).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ravi (रवि).—m (S) The sun. 2 A tree (commonly ruī), Gigantic swallowwort. 3 The right canal for the vital air. See under iḍā.

--- OR ---

ravī (रवी).—f A churning staff. 2 In architecture. An arrangement with beams and stanchions upon the walls of a house; in order to enlarge the space originally intended between their summits and the roof, and thus to afford room for a sort of loft, v . 3 pl (ravyā) The sticks which are inserted into the muṇḍhā or mouth of a pakhāla to keep it expanded during the filling.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ravi (रवि).—m The sun. ravivāra-vāsara m Sunday.

--- OR ---

ravī (रवी).—f A churning-staff. ravīdōra m The churn-rope.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ravi (रवि).—[cf. Uṇ.4.15]

1) The sun; सहस्रगुणमुत्स्रष्टुमादत्ते हि रसं रविः (sahasraguṇamutsraṣṭumādatte hi rasaṃ raviḥ) R.1.18.

2) A mountain.

3) The Arka plant.

4) The number 'twelve'.

Derivable forms: raviḥ (रविः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ravi (रवि).—m.

(-viḥ) 1. The sun. 2. The right canal for the passage of the vital air. E. ru to sound, passive form, to be praised or glorified, Unadi aff. in .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 83 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ravivara
Ravivāra (रविवार).—m. (-raḥ) Sunday. E. ravi, and vāra a time.
Raviloha
Raviloha (रविलोह).—n. (-haṃ) Copper. E. ravi the sun, and loha iron.
Ravipriya
Ravipriya (रविप्रिय).—n. (-yaṃ) 1. Copper. 2. The red-lotus. m. (-yaḥ) A plant, (Artocarpus lac...
Ravisamkranti
Ravisaṃkrānti (रविसंक्रान्ति).—f. (-ntiḥ) The sun’s entrance into a sign of the zodiac.
Ravikanta
Ravikānta (रविकान्त).—the sun-stone (sūryakānta). Derivable forms: ravikāntaḥ (रविकान्तः).Ravik...
Raviratna
Raviratna (रविरत्न).—n. (-tnaṃ) The ruby. “māṇikye .”
Ravi-bana
Ravi-bāṇa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one thousand’. Note: ravi-bāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical g...
Ravi-candra
Ravi-candra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: ravi-candra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossa...
Ravidina
Ravidina (रविदिन).—Sunday. Derivable forms: ravidinam (रविदिनम्).Ravidina is a Sanskrit compoun...
Ravija
Ravija (रविज).—1) the planet Saturn. 2) epithets of Karṇa; रवितनयोऽभ्यहनच्छिनिप्रवीरम् (ravitan...
Ravisarathi
Ravisārathi (रविसारथि).—1) Name of Aruṇa. 2) the dawn.Derivable forms: ravisārathiḥ (रविसारथिः)...
Ravivarsha
Ravivarṣa (रविवर्ष).—Solar Year. Note: Ravi-varṣa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient ...
Ravidhvaja
Ravidhvaja (रविध्वज).—day. Derivable forms: ravidhvajaḥ (रविध्वजः).Ravidhvaja is a Sanskrit com...
Ravivasara
Ravivāsara (रविवासर).—Sunday. Derivable forms: ravivāsaraḥ (रविवासरः), ravivāsaram (रविवासरम्)....
Ravidipta
Ravidīpta (रविदीप्त).—a. lighted by the sun. Ravidīpta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the...

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