Ravi: 20 definitions

Introduction

Ravi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ravi (रवि).—A prince of Sauvīra. It was this prince who stood with the flag behind the chariot of Jayadratha, who had come to carry away Draupadī. He was killed by Arjuna. (Vana Parva, Chapter 221, Verse 27).

2) Ravi (रवि).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed by Bhīma in the great war. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 26, Verse 14).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ravi (रवि).—From av to protect—see Sūrya;1 got a place among śrāddhadevas;2 the śrāddhadeva;3 an Āditya;4 in three forms, Gayāditya, Uttarārka, and Dakṣiṇārka;5 movements of the sun, detailed; maṇḍala measurement of; rise at Samyamana, mid-day at Amarāvatī, mid-night at Suṣā, setting at Vibhāvarī; other similar calculations; the movement in a muhūrta; movement for a day and a night; movement in Dakṣiṇāyanam; chariot of, limbs of the year; the seven horses are cchandas, gāyatrī, triṣṭub, jagatī, anuṣṭub, paṅktī, bṛhatī and uṣṇik; gives a list of sages, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Nāgas, Grāmaṇi and Rākṣasas with the sun in the six seasons; these go with the sun in his own wheel;6 a marutgaṇa;7 standard of Nāga in the Tārakāmaya.8

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 4; 23. 26; 24. 35; III. 59. 37; IV. 1. 138; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 60; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 11-12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 1.
  • 3) Ib. 15. 43.
  • 4) Ib. 171. 56.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 57.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa chh. 124-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 222.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 52.
  • 8) Ib. 173. 9.

1b) Son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ravi (रवि).—The Sun. Note: Ravi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Ravi (रवि) is the name of a deity who received the Aṃśumadāgama from Ugra who in turn, received it from Ambu (Aṃśu) through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The aṃśumat-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Ravi obtained the Aṃśumadāgama  from Ugra who in turn obtained it from Ambu (Aṃśu) who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Ravi then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Aṃśumadāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ravi (रवि) or is the author of the Vyākhyāsāra: a commentary on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā: one of the three great works of Vāgbhaṭa.—The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā consists only of verses. The eight-fold division is observed in the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā too, though not as strictly as in the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha. Numerous commentaries on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā [viz., Ravi’s Vyākhyāsāra], many of them unedited so far, can be traced in manuscripts, catalogues, publishers’ lists, etc.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ravi (रवि) is another name for “Arka” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ravi] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Ravi (रवि) refers to one of the eight direction-guardians (dikpāla) of the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Ravi is associated with the charnel ground (śmaśāna) named Bālamṛtyu and with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Candana.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Ravi (रवि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Ravi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Ravī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Ravī) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Ravī) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ravi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve’. Note: ravi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ravi : (aor. of ravati) made a noise; cried. || ravi (m.) the sun.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ravi, (cp. Sk. ravi) the sun J. II, 375 (taruṇa°-vaṇṇaratha).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ravi (रवि).—m (S) The sun. 2 A tree (commonly ruī), Gigantic swallowwort. 3 The right canal for the vital air. See under iḍā.

--- OR ---

ravī (रवी).—f A churning staff. 2 In architecture. An arrangement with beams and stanchions upon the walls of a house; in order to enlarge the space originally intended between their summits and the roof, and thus to afford room for a sort of loft, v . 3 pl (ravyā) The sticks which are inserted into the muṇḍhā or mouth of a pakhāla to keep it expanded during the filling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ravi (रवि).—m The sun. ravivāra-vāsara m Sunday.

--- OR ---

ravī (रवी).—f A churning-staff. ravīdōra m The churn-rope.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ravi (रवि).—[cf. Uṇ.4.15]

1) The sun; सहस्रगुणमुत्स्रष्टुमादत्ते हि रसं रविः (sahasraguṇamutsraṣṭumādatte hi rasaṃ raviḥ) R.1.18.

2) A mountain.

3) The Arka plant.

4) The number 'twelve'.

Derivable forms: raviḥ (रविः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ravi (रवि).—m.

(-viḥ) 1. The sun. 2. The right canal for the passage of the vital air. E. ru to sound, passive form, to be praised or glorified, Unadi aff. in .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ravi (रवि).—m. 1. The sun, [Pañcatantra] 189, 23; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 23. 2. A proper name, [Draupadīpramātha] 2, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ravi (रवि).—[masculine] the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Ravi (रवि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Horāprakāśa.

2) Ravi (रवि):—son of Ratnapāṇi, grandson of Acyuta, who was minister of Śivasiṃha, king of Mithilā: Kāvyaprakāśaṭīkā Madhumatī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ravi (रवि):—m. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 138 [Scholiast or Commentator]] [from] √1. ru) a [particular] form of the sun (sometimes regarded as one of the 12 Ādityas; hence ravi is also a Name of the number ‘twelve’), [Varāha-mihira; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) the sun (in general) or the sun-god, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) = ravidina, Sunday, [Inscriptions]

4) Calotropis Gigantea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a Sauvīraka, [Mahābhārata]

7) of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [ib.]

8) of the author of a [commentator or commentary] on the Kāvya-prakāśa, [Catalogue(s)]

9) of the author of the Horāprakāśa, [ib.]

10) the right canal for the passage of the vital air (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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