Mahaushadha, Mahauṣadha, Maha-aushadha: 14 definitions



Mahaushadha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mahauṣadha can be transliterated into English as Mahausadha or Mahaushadha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Mahaushadha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mahauṣadha (महौषध):—Another name for Śuṇṭhī (Zingiber officinale), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), Mahauṣadha is not only a synonym for Śuṇṭhī, but also for Śṛṅgavera, which is the Sanskrit word referring to fresh ginger (the same Zingiber officinale). The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mahauṣadha (महौषध) is another name for “Nāgara” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mahauṣadha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mahauṣadha (महौषध) is another name for Bhūmyāhulya, an unidentified medicinal plant possibly identified with Cassia auriculata Linn., according to verse 4.70 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Mahauṣadha and Bhūmyāhulya, there are a total of four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Notes: Also see Āhulya.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Mahauṣadha (महौषध) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Mahauṣadha).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahaushadha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध).—

1) a sovereign remedy, panacea.

2) ginger.

3) garlic.

4) a kind of poison (vatsanābha).

Derivable forms: mahauṣadham (महौषधम्).

Mahauṣadha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and auṣadha (औषध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध).—name of a youth (the Bodhisattva), hero of a jātaka = Pali Sūci-j., No. 387 (unnamed there): Mahāvastu ii.83.20 ff. He marries Amarā; both names are used in Pali in the different Mahāummagga-j., No. 546; see s.v. Amarā (1) for discussion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध).—n.

(-dhaṃ) 1. Garlic. 2. A plant commonly Ataich, (Betula.) 3. Long pepper. 4. A panecea. nf. (-dhaṃ-dhī) Dry ginger. f. (-dhī) A potherb, (Hingtsha repens.) E. mahā great and auṣadha a drug; this word is of course applicable to a great number of plants and substances.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध).—I. n. 1. garlic. 2. long pepper. Ii. n. and f. dhī, dry ginger.

Mahauṣadha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and auṣadha (औषध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध).—[neuter] a very efficacious remedy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahauṣadha (महौषध):—[from mahā > mah] n. a very efficacious drug, a sovereign remedy, panacea, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of certain very strong or pungent plants (such as dried ginger, garlic, long pepper etc.), [Suśruta; Pañcarātra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध):—[mahau+ṣadha] (dhaṃ) 1. m. Garlic; Atis; longpepper. f. (dhī) A potherb (Hingtsha repens). f. n. Dry ginger.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mahauṣadha (महौषध):—[(mahā + au)] n.

1) ein überaus wirksames Heilmittel [Spr. 5. 1111] (su) . [Kathāsaritsāgara 66, 39.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 9, 15.] —

2) Bez. bestimmter wirksamer Heilmittel: getrockneter Ingwer [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 38.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 221.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 420.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 152.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 47.] [Halāyudha 2, 460.] Hierher vielleicht [Suśruta 1, 131, 13. 161, 8. 2, 77, 12. 135, 1. 191, 17. 251, 2. 3. 323, 7. 326, 2. 431, 7. 20.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 9, 15.] Allium ascalonicum [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 13.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1186.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Birke [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 18.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] langer Pfeffer [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] = bhūmyāhulya, vārāhīkanda und vatsanābha [Rājanirghaṇṭa] ebend.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahaushadha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mahauṣadha (महौषध):—(nf) a panacea.

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