Hita: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Hita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Hita (हित):—Food which normalizes the vitiated Dosa’s / beneficial. Contrast to Ahita.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hita (हित) refers to “that which is beneficial”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] I will now expound the sixfold introduction to the differentiated (sakala aspect). The Śāmbhava (state), supreme and tranquil, is above the six (Wheels). It is liberation (kaivalya), unique (kevala), tranquil, devoid of the Five Voids and beneficial [i.e., hita]. It is consciousness, supreme and pure. It is the inexplicable (kiñcit) Śāmbhava (state) that is pure consciousness (cinmātra). It is supreme. It is the supreme Nirvāṇa, the body made of consciousness along with Śiva. The subtle, pure consciousness of the Person is said to be subtle and omnipresent. (Thus) consciousness is said to be of three kinds, Individual (āṇava), Empowered (śākta), and Śāmbhava.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Hita (हित) refers to “happiness”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “When Jupiter (bṛhaspati) reappears at the beginning of the constellation of Dhaniṣṭhā in the month of Māgha, the first year of the cycle of 60 years of Jupiter known as Prabhava commences. In it all creatures will be happy [i.e., bhūta-hita]. In the same year there will be drought in certain places and suffering from storm and fire; the crops will be injured; phlegmatic maladies will afflict mankind; nevertheless mankind will be happy. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Hita (हित) refers to “welfare”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 21.9cd-14]—“[But if mantras were aṇu [they] would be embodied forms of separation. The essential selves are known as impure [and are] by no means powerful. Whose impurity does the impure remove? Aṇu mantras [and] devalas are not perfected, O Parameśvara. Without existence, the three kinds of tattvas are kept from a multitude of objects. There, union is declared to be the desire for another living being’s welfare. (hita-kāmyāyuktir evātra vaktavyā prāṇināṃ hitakāmyayā) [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Hita (हित) refers to “(that which causes) benefit”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘(39) Their thoughts are satisfied with giving (dāna) and discipline (vinaya), and their vices (kleśa), having been burned (dagdha), do not arise [again]. Giving is taught for the benefit of oneself and others (svapara), and they are happy because the giving causes benefit and comport (hita-sukha). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Hita (हित) or Hitatva refers to “friendliness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the contrariety (viparītatvam) in the friendliness (hitatve) of friends (bāndhavānāṃ)]—Those who throw you into the whirlpool of life are certainly not [your] friends. Having shown [you] what is beneficial, yogis will form a kinship with you”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hita : (nt.) benefit; blessing; good; welfare. (adj.), useful; beneficial. (m.), a friend.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hita, (adj.) (pp. of dahati1) useful, suitable, beneficial, friendly A.I, 58, 155 sq.; II, 191; D.III, 211 sq.; Dh.163.—(m.) a friend, benefactor Mhvs 3, 37.—(nt.) benefit, blessing, good Vin.I, 4; Sn.233; A.II, 96 sq., 176; It.78; SnA 500.—Opp. ahita A.I, 194; M.I, 332.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hita (हित).—n (S) Advantage, benefit, profit, good. hita śōdhaṇēṃ g. of o. To seek the welfare or good of.

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hita (हित).—a (S) Advantageous, beneficial, profitable, good. 2 S Proper, fit, right.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hita (हित).—n Advantage, profit. a Profitable. Proper. hita śōdhaṇēṃ Seek the welfare of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hita (हित).—a. [dhā-kta, hi-kta vā]

1) Put, laid, placed.

2) Held, taken.

3) Suitable, fit, proper, good (with dat.); गोभ्यो हितं गोहितम् (gobhyo hitaṃ gohitam).

4) Useful, advantageous.

5) Beneficial, advantageous, wholesome, salutary (said of words, diet &c.); हितं मनोहारि च दुर्लभं वचः (hitaṃ manohāri ca durlabhaṃ vacaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.4;14.63.

6) Friendly, kind, affectionate, well-disposed (generally with loc.); माता मित्रं पिता चेति स्वभावात् त्रितयं हितम् (mātā mitraṃ pitā ceti svabhāvāt tritayaṃ hitam) H.1.35.

7) Sent, impelled.

8) Gone, proceeded.

9) Auspicious.

-taḥ A friend, benefactor, friendly adviser; हितान्न यः संशृणुते स किंप्रभुः (hitānna yaḥ saṃśṛṇute sa kiṃprabhuḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.5; आपदामापतन्तीनां हितोऽप्यायाति हेतु- ताम् (āpadāmāpatantīnāṃ hito'pyāyāti hetu- tām) H.1.28.

-tā A causeway, dike; Manusmṛti 9.274.

2) Name of particular veins; हिता नाम नाड्यो द्वासप्ततिसहस्राणि हृदयात् पुरीततमभिप्रतिष्ठन्ते (hitā nāma nāḍyo dvāsaptatisahasrāṇi hṛdayāt purītatamabhipratiṣṭhante) Bṛ. Up.2.1.19.

-tam 1 Benefit, profit or advantage.

2) Anything proper or suitable.

3) Well-being, welfare, good.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hita (हित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Suitable, proper, fit, worthy, right, (generally with a dative.) 2. Gone, proceeded. 3. Held, taken, seized. 4. Put, placed. 5. Advantageous, profitable, salutary, wholesome. 6. (In medicine,) Proper, as diet or menstrua, suitable to the case or the medicines taken. 7. Friendly, affectionate, kind to, (often with a locative.) 8. Useful. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A good, a benefit. 2. A benefactor, an adviser. n.

(-taṃ) 1. An advantage. 2. Anything proper or suitable. f.

(-tā) A causeway, a dike. E. dhā to have or hold, kta aff; or hi to go, &c., kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hita (हित).—I. Ptcple. pf. pass. of dhā and hi (q. cf.). Ii. f. , A causeway, a dike, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 274.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hita (हित).—[adjective] put, placed, laid; being in ([locative]); arranged, constituted, regulated; fit, suitable, advantageous, salutary; useful, conducive to, good for ([dative], [genetive], [locative], or —°); kind, gracious, favourable. [masculine] a good friend. [feminine] ā v. sub voce. [neuter] welfare, advantage, prize, good advice.

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Hitā (हिता).—[feminine] [Epithet] of cert. veins or arteries; weir, dyke.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hita (हित):—[from hi] 1. hita mfn. (for 2. See p. 1298, col. 2) sent, impelled, urged on, set in motion etc.

2) [v.s. ...] going, running, speeding, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

3) 2. hita mf(ā)n. ([past participle] of √1. dhā cf. dhita; for 1. hita See p. 1297, col. 2) put, placed, set, laid, laid upon, imposed, lying or situated or contained in ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Upaniṣad]

4) set up, established, fixed (as a prize), [Ṛg-veda]

5) planned, arranged (as a race or contest), [ib.]

6) prepared, made ready, [ib.]

7) held, taken, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) assigned to, destined for ([dative case] or [genitive case]), [ib.]

9) reckoned among ([locative case]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

10) constituted or appointed as ([nominative case]), [Ṛg-veda]

11) given (as a name), [Atharva-veda]

12) beneficial, advantageous, salutary, wholesome, suitable, agreeing with (often said of diet, regimen, medicines etc.), convenient, suitable, fit, agreeable to or for ([dative case] [genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

13) well-disposed, favourable, friendly, affectionate, kind, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) m. a friend, benefactor, [ib.]

15) Hitā (हिता):—[from hita] f. a causeway, dike (See hitā-bhaṅga)

16) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of [particular] veins or arteries, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad; Yājñavalkya]

17) Hita (हित):—n. (sg. or [plural]) anything useful or salutary or suitable or proper, benefit, advantage, profit, service, good, welfare, good advice etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hita (हित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Suitable, proper; gone; held; placed; friendly, kind. m. Benefit. f. A dike.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hita (हित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hita (हित) [Also spelled hit]:—(nm) welfare, well-being; interest; gain, benefit; ~[kara] beneficial, useful, advantageous; ~[kāraka] see ~[kara; ~kārī] see ~[kara]; a benefactor; ~[ciṃtaka] a well-wisher, benefactor; ~[ciṃtana] well wishing, being concerned about somebody’s welfare.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hita (ಹಿತ):—

1) [adjective] kept, placed (on, in, at, etc.).

2) [adjective] received; accepted.

3) [adjective] fit; proper; appropriate.

4) [adjective] serving some purpose; advantageous; helpful; useful.

5) [adjective] favorable to or promoting health; healthful; salubrious.

6) [adjective] cordial; friendly; amiable; genial.

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Hita (ಹಿತ):—

1) [noun] welfare; well-being.

2) [noun] what is required for being well.

3) [noun] a man who causes welfare.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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