Kriti, Kṛti, Kṛtī: 20 definitions



Kriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛti and Kṛtī can be transliterated into English as Krti or Kriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Kṛti (कृति):—Son of Bahulāśva (son of Dhṛti, who was a son of Vītahavya, who was a son of Śunaka). He had a son named Mahāvaśī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.26)

2) Kṛti (कृति):—One of the six sons of Nahuṣa (son of Āyu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.18.1)

3) Kṛtī (कृती):—Son of Sannatimān (son of Sumatī, who was a son of Supārśva). He had a son called Nīpa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.28-29)

4) Kṛtī (कृती):—Son of Cyavana (son of Suhotra, who was the son of Sudhanu). He had a son named Uparicara Vasu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-6)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kṛti (कृति).—A Sage who belonged to the order of the disciple of Vedavyāsa. Jaimini was the disciple of Vyāsa, and Sumantu the son of Jaimini. Sumantu had a son called Sutvā, and Sukarmā was the son of the latter. He had two disciples called Hiraṇyanābha alias Kausalya and Pauṣpiñji. Kṛti was a disciple of Hiraṇyanābha, and he composed twentyfour Saṃhitās for the Sāmaveda and taught them to his disciples. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 3, Chapter 6).

2) Kṛti (कृति).—A saintly King who flourished in the court of Yamarāja. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 9).

3) Kṛti (कृति).—A Viśvadeva (universal deva). (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 35).

4) Kṛti (कृति).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Verse 22).

5) Kṛti (कृति).—A King of Sūkaradeśa. He presented hundred elephants to Yudhiṣṭhira. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 25).

6) Kṛti (कृति).—A son of Nahuṣa. Nahuṣa had five other sons called Yati, Yayāti, Saṃyāti, Āyati and Viyati. Kṛti was the sixth son and the youngest of the lot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṛti (कृति).—A son of Bahulāśva, and father of the great Vaśin—the last of the Maithilas (of the Janaka line).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31-2.

1b) A son of Nahuṣa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 18. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 10. 1.

1c) A son of Babhru and father of Uśika.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 2.

1d) A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79 and 106.

1e) A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 241.

1f) A Sutapa god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14.

1g) A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.

1h) One of the two best Sāmagas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 48; 62. 67.

1i) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.

1j) A son of Vasiṣṭha, one of the seven sages of ṛtu sāvarṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 96.

1k) A son of Śatadhvaja and father of Añjana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.

2a) Kṛtī (कृती).—(Ākūti, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) the wife of Viśvakarman.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 15.

2b) The queen of Samhrāda and mother of Pañcajana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Kṛti (कृति) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing twenty syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

2) Kṛti (कृति, “achievement”) refers to ‘confirmation’ of the outcome of the plot. Dhṛti represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. This element is also known as Dhṛti. Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Natya Shastra

Kṛti (कृति).—One of the fourteen elements of the ‘concluding segment’ (nirvahaṇasandhi);—(Description:) Turning to use (lit. going) the object gained is called Achievement (kṛti).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Kṛti (कृति).—Effort. It is denoted by the post-verbal affixes according to the Naiyāyikas. The Grammarians view it as action in general.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kṛti (कृति) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Kṛti (कृति).—Square. Note: Kṛti is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kṛti.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twenty’; cf. kṛtin, ‘twentytwo’. (Ep. Ind., Vol. XIV, p. 98), a composition or performance. Note: kṛti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛti (कृति).—f (S) Act, action, doing. 2 The way, mode, art, process (of any business, work, prepa- ration, manufacture). 3 The square of a number. 4 A thing done; a work accomplished. Ex. raghu- vaṃśa hī kālidāsācī kṛti.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛti (कृति).—f Action. A thing done, a work accomplished. The mode of any work.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛti (कृति).—f. [kṛ-ktin]

1) Doing, manufacturing, making, performing.

2) Action, deed.

3) Creation, literary work, composition; (tau) स्वकृतिं गापयामास कविप्रथमपद्धतिम् (svakṛtiṃ gāpayāmāsa kaviprathamapaddhatim) R.15.33,64,69; N.22.155.

4) Magic, enchantment.

5) Injuring, killing; स कृत्या चकितो गत्वा मुनिं वव्रे पुरोहितम् (sa kṛtyā cakito gatvā muniṃ vavre purohitam) Bm.1.27.

6) The number '2'.

7) An enchantress, a witch.

8) A knife.

9) Way-laying; hurting, injuring (Ved.).

1) A square number.

11) (in drama) Confirmation of any obtainment.

Derivable forms: kṛtiḥ (कृतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛti (कृति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Act, action, acting, doing, &c. 2. Injuring, hurt, hurting. 3. A sort of metre, a stanza of four lines, with twenty syllables in each. E. kṛ to do, to injure, ktin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛti (कृति).—[kṛ + ti], I. f. 1. Making, [Pañcatantra] 91, 3. 2. Action, Bhāṣāp. 145. 3. A literary work, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 3, 13. 4. Hurt, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 5, 11 (?). Ii. m. and f. Proper names, Mahābhārata 2, 320; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 18, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛti (कृति).—1. [feminine] doing, action, production, work.

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Kṛti (कृति).—2. [masculine] or [feminine] a cert. weapon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛti (कृति):—[from kṛ] 1. kṛti f. the act of doing, making, performing, manufacturing, composing, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa x; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Pañcatantra; Kāśikā-vṛtti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] action, activity, [Mahābhārata iii, 12480; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Tarkasaṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] creation, work, [Vopadeva]

4) [v.s. ...] literary work, [Mālavikāgnimitra; Raghuvaṃśa; Pāṇini 6-2, 151; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

5) [v.s. ...] a house of relics, [Divyāvadāna]

6) [v.s. ...] ‘magic’ See -kara

7) [v.s. ...] a witch (cf. kṛtyā), [Devī-māhātmya]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of Anuṣṭubh metre (consisting of two Pādas of twelve syllables each and a third Pāda of eight syllables), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

9) [v.s. ...] another metre (a stanza of four lines with twenty syllables in each), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

10) [v.s. ...] (hence) the number twenty, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

11) [v.s. ...] a collective Name of the metres kṛti, prak, āk, vik, saṃk, abhik, and utkṛti

12) [v.s. ...] a square number, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

13) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) confirmation of any obtainment, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Daśarūpa; Pratāparudrīya]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Saṃhrāda and mother of Pañca-jana, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 18, 13]

15) [v.s. ...] m. Name of several persons, [Mahābhārata ii, 320 and 1882; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of a pupil of Hiraṇya-nābha, [Vāyu-purāṇa]

17) Kṛtī (कृती):—[from kṛ] in [compound] for ti.

18) Kṛti (कृति):—[from kṛ] 2. kṛti f. hurt, hurting, injuring, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] mf. a kind of weapon, sort of knife or dagger, [Ṛg-veda i, 168, 3.]

20) [from kṛtānta] a etc. See, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛti (कृति):—(tiḥ) 3. f. Act; hurt.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kṛti (कृति):—1. m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer [Mahābhārata 2, 320.] kṛtī (von kṛtin?) rājā [1882.] [Harivaṃśa 1206. 1515.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 282. 391. 413.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 13, 26. 18, 1. 24, 2.] saptāśvamedhānāhṛtya rājasūyaṃ ca pārthivaḥ . kṛtirnāma cyutaḥ svargādasatyavacanātsakṛt .. [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 8, 21.] [Colebrooke I, 17.]

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Kṛti (कृति):—2. (von 1. kar) f. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 94,] [Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 188.]

1) das Thun, Ausführung, Hervorbringung, Verfertigung, Abfassung; Handlung, Thätigkeit [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 1.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 12.] vicitrā jagataḥ kṛtirharerhariṇā vā [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,3,66.] vicitrā hi sūtrasya kṛtiḥ pāṇineḥ [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 35.] yasya sṛṣṭeḥ kṛtiḥ [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 5, 28.] śabdasya [21, 10.] praṇāmakṛtiṃ vinā [Pañcatantra 91, 3.] vihārakṛti [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 146.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 10, 5, 3, 3 - 11.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 7, 21.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 6, 30, Nalopākhyāna 3.] vṛthā jātistadāyuṣmaṃkṛtiryāvanna vidyate [Mahābhārata 3, 12480.] [Bhāṣāpariccheda 145.] —

2) Schöpfung, Werk: kṛtirmurariporiyam [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 5, 26.] Werk, literarisches Product: kālidāsasya kṛtau kiṃ kṛto bahumānaḥ [Mālavikāgnimitra 3, 13.] [Raghuvaṃśa 15, 33. 64. 69.] gadyapadye kṛtau kaveḥ [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 3, 31.] pāṇinikṛtiḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 151,] [Scholiast] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 176.] Vgl. die Unterschrr. bei den Sarga im [Raghuvaṃśa] und am Ende des [Amarakoṣa] —

3) viell. Zauber (vgl. kṛtyā): mānavānāṃ pramohārthaṃ kṛtyā nāryo sṛjatprabhuḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 2254. fg.] personif. Zauberin, Fee: devyai kṛtyai namo namaḥ [Devīmāhātmya 5, 11.] —

4) ein best. Metrum (eine Unterart der Anuṣṭubh) mit zwei Pāda von je zwölf und einem dritten von acht Silben: kṛtirdvau dvādaśākṣarāvekaścāṣṭākṣaraḥ pādaḥ [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 16, 27.] —

5) ein aus 4 X 20 Silben bestehendes Metrum [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 16, 56. 59.] [CHANDAS 7. 8.] [Colebrooke II, 163.] —

6) Quadratzahl [Algebra 8.] kṛtiprakṛti [170.] —

7) Nomen proprium der Gemahlin Saṃhrāda’s und Mutter Pañkajana’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 18, 13.] — Vgl. ayaskṛti, kuhayākṛti, phūṭkṛti, vaṣaṭkṛti, svāhākṛti, haviṣkṛti .

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Kṛti (कृति):—3. eine best. Waffe, etwa Messer oder Dolch: aiṣā.aṃseṣu ra.bhiṇīva rārabhe.hasteṣu khā.iśca kṛ.iśca.saṃ dadhe [Ṛgveda 1, 168, 3.] — Wohl von 1. kart .

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Kṛti (कृति):—4. (von 4. kar) f. Verletzung [Medinīkoṣa t. 12.] Viell. Nachstellung; vgl. kṛtya .

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Kṛti (कृति):—1. ein Schüler Hiraṇyanābha’s [Oxforder Handschriften 55,b,19. 27.]

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Kṛti (कृति):—2.

1) kṛtiḥ prayatnaḥ [TARKAS. 53.] —

3) [Mahābhārata 13, 2254. fg.] ist kṛtyā [(2255] liest die ed. Bomb. kṛtyāḥ) in der Bed. eine böse Fee anzunehmen. —

5) Bez. der Zahl zwanzig [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 8, 9.] —

6) Quadrat [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 7, 5.] —

8) ein viersilbiges Metrum [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 107. 110.] —

9) Gesammtname für die Metra kṛti, pra, ā, vi, saṃ, abhi und utkṛti [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 71. fg. 151. 277. 279. fg.] —

10) in der Dramatik Bestätigung —, Bewahrheitung einer Errungenschaft, = labdhārthaśamaṇa [DAŚAR. 1, 48.] = labdhārthāgamana [Sāhityadarpana 397.] = labdhasthirīkaraṇa [PRATĀPAR. 22,b,2. 45,a,6.]

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Kṛti (कृति):—2.

5) Bez. der Zahl zwanzig (vgl. Nachträge) [Sūryasiddhānta 3, 9.] —

6) Quadrat (vgl. Nachträge) ebend. [3, 8. 16. 4, 22. 8, 5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kṛti (कृति):—1. f.

1) das Thun , Ausführung , Hervorbringung , Verfertigung [Agnipurāṇa 38,1.] Handlung , Thätigkeit.

2) Schöpfung , Werk , literarisches Product.

3) Zauberin , Fee.

4) Bez. verschiedener Metra , insbes. eines von 4x20 Silben. Auch Gesammtname für alle auf kṛti ausgehenden Metra.

5) Bez. der Zahl zwanzig.

6) Quadrat , -zahl.

7) in der Dramatik Bestätigung — , Bewahrheitung einer Errungenschaft.

8) Nomen proprium der Gattin Saṃhrāda's.

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Kṛti (कृति):—2. n. oder f. eine best. Waffe , Messer oder Dolch.

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Kṛti (कृति):—3. m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer.

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Kṛti (कृति):—4. f. Verletzung.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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