Mahasena, aka: Mahāsena, Mahāsenā, Maha-sena; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahasena means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Mahasena in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāsena (महासेन), one of the fifty Rudras according to the Caryāpāda section of the Makuṭāgama (one of the 28 Saiva Siddhanta Agamas).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mahasena in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Mahāsena (महासेन).—Another name for Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 225, Verse 27).

2) Mahāsena (महासेन).—A prince of Ujjayinī. (See under Aṅgāraka I).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Mahāsena (महासेन).—Mt. a hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 80.

2) Mahāsenā (महासेना).—A name of Lalitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 17. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mahāsena (महासेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.42.41) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahāsena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Katha (narrative stories)

Mahasena in Katha glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Mahāsena (महासेन) is the name of a King from Ujjayinī, who later became known as Caṇḍamahāsena, after he made an oferring with pieces of his own flesh to the goddess Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 11. His father was named Jayasena, who was the son of Mahendravarman. Caṇḍamahāsena had two sons named Gopālaka and Pālaka and a daughter named Vāsavadattā.

2) Mahāsena (महासेन) is the name of an ancient king from Ujjayinī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 49. Accordingly, as Vītabhīti narrated to Sūryaprabha “... there is a city Ujjayinī, the ornament of this earth, full of numberless jewels of pellucid water. In that city there lived a king named Mahāsena, beloved by the virtuous, an unequalled treasury of accomplishments, having the beauty both of the sun and moon”.

3) Mahāsena (महासेन) is the name of an ancient king from Alakā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 101. Accordingly, as Muni Kaṇva said to Mṛgāṅkadatta in his hermitage: “... in it [Alakā] there lived a king of the name of Mahāsena, and not without reason was he so named, for his enemies were all consumed by the wonderful and terrible fire of his valour, which resembled that of the God of War”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mahāsena, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of Katha from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Mahāsena (महासेन) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..

The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (eg., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).

Source: archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Mahasena in Theravada glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1. Mahasena. A deva living in Ketumati Palace to the east of Vejayanta. At the request of Sakka and of members of the Order, led by Assagutta, he was born in the world of men as Nagasena. Mil. 6f.

2. Mahasena. A brahmin, friend of Vanganta, father of Sariputta. He was poor, and, out of compassion for him, Sariputta came to his house for alms. Twice Mahasena hid himself, having nothing to give, but, one day, receiving a bowl of rice porridge and a small piece of cloth, he thought of Sariputta. The Elder had just risen from a trance, and, becoming aware of Mahasenas desire, he visited him, and was given the porridge and the piece of cloth with a prayer from Mahasena, May I realize the Truth you have seen. After death, Mahasena was born as the novice and was called Vanavasi Tissa. DhA.ii.84.

3. Mahasena. Younger son of King Gothabhaya. He became king of Ceylon (334-361 A.C.), and under the advice of his teacher Sanghamitta and his minister Sona, he despoiled Mahavihara and enriched Abhayagiri. He issued a decree that no one should give alms to the monks of Mahavihara. But, later, his friend and minister, Meghavannabhaya, convinced him of his error, and he became a supporter of Mahavihara. Soon after, however, he fell under the influence of a monk, named Tissa, and built Jetavanavihara in the precincts of Mahavihara, despite the protests of the monks. Tissa was later expelled from the Order. The king built the Manihira, Gokanna, Erakavilla, Kalandagama, Migagama, Gangasenakapabbata, Dhatusenapabbata, Kokavata, Ruparama, and Hulapitthi viharas and two nunneries Uttara and Abhaya. He also built sixteen tanks and a great canal called Pabbatanta. (Dpv.xxii.66 76; Mhv.xxxvii.1ff).

Sirimeghavanna was the son of Mahasena. Cv.xxxvii.53.

4. Mahasena. A king of India who ruled in Pataliputta. He fed one thousand monks daily; but, not satisfied with that, he went to Uttaramadhura, where he labored in disguise, giving alms with the wages so earned. Cv.xcii.23ff.

5. Mahasena.A king of Pataliputta. He and his sister worked with their own hands and gave alms to 500 monks from Piyangudipa, among whom was Mahasiva (8). The monk wished that they should see their alms being eaten by the monks in Piyangudipa. Ras.i.72f.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mahasena in Jainism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāsena (महासेन) is the father of Candraprabha, the eighth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Mahāsena is Lakṣmaṇā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Mahāsena (महासेन) is an example of a Śaivite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Śaivism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Mahāsena) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Mahasena (fl. 948-921 BCE).—Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa give the chronology of Sri Lanka from King Devanampiya Tissa to King Mahasena. After Mahasena, his son Siri Meghavanna became the king. Jettha Tissa, Buddhadasa and Upatissa succeded Siri Meghavanna. According to Mahavamsa, these four kings after Mahasena reigned for 108 years and Mahanama became the king of Sri Lanka in the 942nd year of Theravada Buddhism (1765 BCE).

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Ancient Sri Lanka
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahasena in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāsena (महासेन).—

1) an epithet of Kārtikeya; महासेन- प्रसूतिं तद्ययौ शरवणं महत् (mahāsena- prasūtiṃ tadyayau śaravaṇaṃ mahat) Rām.7.16.1.

2) the commander of a large army.

- a great army.

Derivable forms: mahāsenaḥ (महासेनः).

Mahāsena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and sena (सेन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahāsena (महासेन).—(1) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 62; (2) n. of a rich man of Benares: MSV i.xiv.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahāsena (महासेन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Kartikeya. 2. A general, the commander of a large force. 3. The father of eighth Jina or Jaina saint of the present era. E. mahā great, senā an army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mahasena in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 1991 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mahendra
Mahendra (महेन्द्र).—m. (-ndraḥ) Indra, the ruler of Swarga. 2. A range of mountains, one of th...
Mahadeva
Mahādeva (महादेव) is a name of Śiva, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya chapter 4.—Accordi...
Mahabala
Mahābala (महाबल).—(1) nt., a high number: Mvy 8033; compare bala 4; (2) m., n. of two former B...
Mahapadma
1) Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Mahāpadma ...
Mahakala
Mahākāla (महाकाल) is the name of a mountain situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancien...
Sena
Sena is the name of an ancient dynasty from Bengal where Shaivism thrived between the 10th and ...
Mahamaya
Mahāmāyā (महामाया) is the mother of the Buddha and the sister of Mahāprajāpatī Gautamī, who was...
Maheshvara
Maheśvara (महेश्वर) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the...
Mahabhuta
Mahābhūta (महाभूत) refers to “four great elements”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāra...
Mahalakshmi
Mahālakṣmī (महालक्ष्मी) is the name of a deity depicted in various temples: The Jambukeswara...
Shurasena
Śūrasena (शूरसेन).—m. (-naḥ) 1. The country about Mathura. 2. The name of a prince. E. śūra a h...
Senani
Senānī (सेनानी).—m. (-nī) 1. A general, the commander of an army. 2. Kartikeya, the military de...
Mahavidya
Mahāvidyā (महाविद्या).—f. (-dyā) The name of the following ten goddess:— “kālī tārā mahāv...
Mahakaya
Mahākāya (महाकाय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Large, bulky, stout. m. (-yaḥ) 1. A name of Nandi, the do...
Senapati
Senāpati (सेनापति).—1) a general. 2) Name of Śiva. 3) Name of Kārtikeya. 4) A leader of ten पत्...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: