Parvata, aka: Pārvata; 12 Definition(s)


Parvata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

1) Parvata (पर्वत):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Suprabhedāgama, which describes a list of 13 types. This list represents the earliest form of the classification of temples in the South Indian Vāstuśāstra literature.

2) Parvata (पर्वत) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Dvitala (two-storey) group of prāsādas.

The Parvata variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:

Number of talas (levels): 2;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Circular;
Number of śālas: 4;
Number of kūṭas: 8;
Number of alpanāsis: 56;

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Parvata in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Parvata (पर्वत).—A sage who was the nephew of Nārada. Genealogy. Descending in order from Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Marīci—Paurṇamāsa—Parvata. (See full article at Story of Parvata from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Parvata (पर्वत).—It is believed that in Kṛtayuga all mountains had wings. They flew all over the world with the swiftness of Garuḍa or Vāyu. All beings including ṛṣis and devas lived in a state of suspense since at any moment any mountain might fly and land down on their heads. They complained to Indra and Indra asked the mountains to remain at one place which they flatly refused. Indra got angry and started cutting down the wings of the mountains with his Vajrāyudha. No mountain was able to escape from this punishment; but Vāyubhagavān carried away his bosom friend, the mountain Maināka, and put it in the ocean without anybody noticing it. So Maināka alone did not lose its wings. It was this Maināka which rose from the ocean and gave a resting point to Hanūmān, son of Vāyu, when he took a leap from the shores of Bhārata to Laṅkā. This was but an expression of gratitude to Vāyu whose son Hanūmān was, for the help he had given when Indra was cutting off the wings of all mountains. (Sarga 1, Sundara Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Parvata (पर्वत).—Called on Bhīṣma lying on his death-bed.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 6.

1b) A son of Kaśyapa; brother of Nārada and a devaṛṣi;1 a sage born in Nārada hill in Plakṣa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 85; 70. 79.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 95; III. 7. 27; 8. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 86; 49. 8.

1c) A god of the Haritā gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 84.

1d) A son of Prajāpati.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 64.

1e) The son of Paurṇamāsa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 6.

1f) Hills sprang out of the scatterings of the Pralayāgni after the earth was rescued by the Varāha; for having sat firm (acalās); Parvatas with slopes (Parvas) swallowed in and hence giri; stony and hence śila.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 6. 30-32.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Parvata (पर्वत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.48.8, I.53) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Parvata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Parvata (पर्वत) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Parvata (पर्वत) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Parvata], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Parvata (पर्वत) refers to the “eight mountains” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 125):

  1. Yugaṃdhara (the Yoke-bearer mountain),
  2. Īśādhara (the Bearing of the Supreme mountain),
  3. Khadiraka (the Acacia mountain),
  4. Sudarśana (the Beautiful mountain),
  5. Vinataka (the Bending mountain),
  6. Aśvakarṇa (the Horse’s Ear mountain),
  7. Nemiṃdhara (the Wheel-Bearing mountain),
  8. Sumeru (the Excellent mountain).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., parvata). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

Parvata.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: parvata is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Parvata in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

parvata (पर्वत).—m (S) A mountain or hill. 2 Applied figuratively; as kāmācā parvata A load of business; duḥkhācā parvata A peck of troubles; karjācā parvata A load of debt. 3 (Better paravata q. v.) Dealings with or dealing.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parvata (पर्वत).—m A mountain or hill. Applied figu- ratively; as kāmācā parvata A load of busi- ness; duḥkhācā parvata A peck of troubles; karjācā parvata A load of debt. (Better paravata q. v.) Dealings with or dealing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parvata (पर्वत).—[parv-atac; parvāṇi bhāgāḥ santyasya vā; cf. P.V.2.122 Vārt.]

1) A mountain, hill; परगुणपरमाणून् पर्वतीकृत्य नित्यम् (paraguṇaparamāṇūn parvatīkṛtya nityam) Bh.2.78; न पर्वताग्रे नलिनी प्ररोहति (na parvatāgre nalinī prarohati) Mk.4.17.

2) A rock.

3) An artificial mountain or heap.

4) The number 'seven'.

5) A tree.

6) A kind of vegetable.

7) A cloud (mountain-like)

8) Name of a Ṛiṣi (associated with Nārada).

Derivable forms: parvataḥ (पर्वतः).

--- OR ---

Pārvata (पार्वत).—a. (- f.) [पर्वते भवः अण् (parvate bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Being or living on a mountain.

2) Growing on or coming from a mountain.

3) Mountainous; प्रतिश्रयार्थं सेवेत पार्वती वा पुनर्गुहाम् (pratiśrayārthaṃ seveta pārvatī vā punarguhām) Mb.14.46.26.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 174 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śrīparvata (श्रीपर्वत).—A sacred mountain. Those who go to this mountain and offer worship to Ś...
Kulaparvata (कुलपर्वत).—a principal mountain, one of a class of seven mountains which are suppo...
Hemaparvata (हेमपर्वत).—the mountain Meru. Derivable forms: hemaparvataḥ (हेमपर्वतः).Hemaparvat...
Ṛṣabhaparvata (ऋषभपर्वत).—There are twenty mountains on the four sides of Mahāmeru. Ṛṣabha is o...
Kanakaparvata (कनकपर्वत).—n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.114.6.
Parvatakāka (पर्वतकाक) or Parvvatakāka.—m. (-kaḥ) A raven. E. parvata a mountain, and kāka a cr...
Parvatāsana (पर्वतासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 43 of the Śrītattvanidh...
Indraparvata (इन्द्रपर्वत).—A mountain in Videha. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 30, Verse 1...
Parvatarāja (पर्वतराज).—1) a large mountain. 2) 'the lord of mountains', the Himālaya mountain....
Malayaparvata (मलयपर्वत).—&c. the Malaya mountain. Derivable forms: malayaparvataḥ (मलयपर्वतः)....
Varṣaparvata (वर्षपर्वत).—'a Varṣa mountain', i. e. one of the mountain-ranges supposed to sepa...
Maṇiparvata (मणिपर्वत).—A mountain of Purāṇic fame. Narakāsura kept the sixteen thousand and on...
Amaraparvata (अमरपर्वत) is the name of a sacred place in Kaśmīra, according to in the Kathāsari...
Parvatāstra (पर्वतास्त्र).—Used by the Matsya King against Paraśurāma.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa...
Parvatātmaja (पर्वतात्मज).—an epithet of the mountain Maināka. Derivable forms: parvatātmajaḥ (...

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