Gunakara, Guṇākara, Guṇakāra, Guṇakara, Guna-kara, Guna-akara: 18 definitions
Gunakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Guṇākara (गुणाकर).—A Vānara chief; son of Śveta.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 181 and 241.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Guṇākara (गुणाकर) is one of the ten ministers of Mṛgāṅkadatta: the son of king Amaradatta and Surataprabhā from Ayodhyā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 69. Accordingly: “... and that young prince had ten ministers of his own: [Guṇākara... and others]... They were all of good birth, young, brave and wise, and devoted to their master’s interests. And Mṛgāṅkadatta led a happy life with them in his father’s house, but he did not obtain a suitable wife”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Guṇākara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics
1) Guṇakāra (गुणकार) or Guṇaka refers to the “multiplier” in Guṇana (“multiplication”) which represents one of the the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The multiplicator was termed guṇya and the multiplier guṇaka or guṇakāra. The product was called guṇanaphala (result of multiplication) or pratyutpanna (lit. “reproduced”, hence in arithmetic “reproduced by multiplication”). The above terms occur in all known Hindu works.
2) Guṇakāra (गुणकार) refers to the “coefficient”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’).—In Hindu algebra there is no systemmatic use of any special term for the coefficient. Ordinarily, the power of the unknown is mentioned when the reference is to the coefficient of that power. [...] However, occasional use of a technical term is also met with. Brahmagupta once calls the coefficient saṃkhyā (number) and on several other occasions guṇaka, or guṇakāra (multiplier).
Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Guṇakara (गुणकर) refers to “one who generates (many kinds of) qualities” and is used to describe Piṅganātha, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Sādākhya is the Principle of Space. Anantadeva is all-pervasive, and is adorned with a pure mind. Well known as the Fire Principle, he is Piṅganātha by name who generates many kinds of qualities (vividha-guṇakara). Śrīkaṇṭha is the Water Principle. Śankara (also called) Balīśa is the lord whose body is nectar. I bow to (these) famous Siddhas who create many kinds of Kulas”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
1) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) refers to “sources of good qualities”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then on that occasion the Lord uttered these verses: [...] (103) Not accumulating the dharma, not moving or wavering in the dharma, just as the Nāgas bring down the incessant rain, so you should pour down the rain of the dharma. (104) Eloquence which is the sources of good qualities (guṇākara) is without hindrance or interruption and is explaining thousand koṭis of Sūtras without discrimination of living beings by their abilities [...]”.
2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) refers to a type of jewel or precious stone, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly: “[...] Then the Bodhisattva Ratnavyūha said to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, please pour down rain of all kinds of jewels from the sky’. Immediately after his words, the great rain of immeasurable, incalculable amount of jewels, equal to Mount Sumeru in size, with various kinds of names and colors, poured down from ten directions. To wit, [...] conch shell, crystal, red coral, sapphire, Guṇākara gem, calm light gem, [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) is the son of Dhana and friend of Jīvānanda (a previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“After he had enjoyed pleasures unceasingly, the soul of Vajrajaṅgha fell from the exhaustion of his life-span, just as a snow-ball melts in the sun. In Jambūdvīpa, in the Videhas, in the city Kṣitipratiṣṭhita, he was born as the son, named Jīvānanda, of the physician Suvidhi. [...] At the same time in this city four other boys were born, like pieces of dharma joined to bodies. [...] The fourth was borne by the wife, Śīlamatī, of the merchant Dhana; he was named Guṇākara and was like a heap of good conduct”.
2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) is son of king Pṛthvīpāla, according to the same chapter. Accordingly,
“One day when they were at the house of Jīvānanda, the son of the physician, a Sādhu came to beg for alms. He was the son of King Pṛthvīpāla, named Guṇākara, and had given up the kingdom like an impure thing, and had adopted the empire of tranquillity. Emaciated by penance like the water of a river by summer-heat, he was afflicted by worms and leprosy from eating food at the wrong time”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
Guṇākara is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Guṇākara) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.
These copper plates (mentioning Guṇākara) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
guṇakara (गुणकर).—a (S) corruptly guṇa- kārīka a Efficacious, effective, effectual, potent. 2 guṇakara is further (in poetry) Endowed, gifted, having parts, graces, talents, good qualities;--used esp. of a child.
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guṇākāra (गुणाकार).—m (S) Multiplication. 2 The product of a multiplication. Some modes of multiplication are kōṣṭakī-dhāvarā-baiṭhā-vividha-gu0. Also kapaṭa sindhu.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
guṇakara (गुणकर) [-kāraka-kārī, -कारक-कारी].—a Efficacious, effective, potent. Endowed, having graces, talents, good qualities-a child.
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guṇākāra (गुणाकार).—m Multiplication. The product of a multiplication.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) 'a mine of merits', one endowed with all virtues; सृजति तावदशेषगुणाकरं पुरुषरत्न- मलङ्करणं मुवः (sṛjati tāvadaśeṣaguṇākaraṃ puruṣaratna- malaṅkaraṇaṃ muvaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.92.
2) Name of Śiva.
Derivable forms: guṇākaraḥ (गुणाकरः).
Guṇākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guṇa and ākara (आकर).
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Guṇakāra (गुणकार).—a. productive of good qualities, profitable, salutary. (-raḥ) 1 a cook who prepares sidedishes or any secondary articles of food.
2) an epithet of Bhīma.
3) (in math.) the multiplier.
Guṇakāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guṇa and kāra (कार).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Guṇākara (गुणाकर).—was probably name of a former Buddha in orig. text of Lalitavistara 5.5, after Mahākara (lost by haplography), as indicated by Tibetan yon tan (= guṇa) ḥbyuṅ gnas (= ākara). Is the same personage referred to in Lalitavistara 73.22 (verse) udāgato Guṇākarasya padma ojavinduko ?
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Guṇākarā (गुणाकरा).—name of a lokadhātu in the southeast: Lalitavistara 292.19.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who counts, &c. m.
(-raḥ) A name of Bhimasena E. guṇa and kāra who makes; Bhima performed the duties of a cook at the time when all the Pandava princes become servants to Virat.
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(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Possessing all excellences. m.
(-raḥ) A name of Budd'Ha the founder of the Baudd'ha sect. E. guṇa attribute, especially good, and ākara a mine; a mine of merit.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 23. See Guṇākarabhadra and Rāmaguṇākara.
2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—Karicikitsāsāroddhāra. Kāśīn. 34.
3) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—Kāmapradīpa. B. 3, 46.
4) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—Gaṇapatipuraścaraṇavidhi. Bhk. 26.
5) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—wrote in 1240:
—[commentary] on the Yogaratnamālā of Nāgārjuna.
6) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—son of Śrīpati: Horāmakaranda.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Guṇakāra (गुणकार):—[=guṇa-kāra] [from guṇa] mfn. productive of good qualities, profitable, [Horace H. Wilson]
2) [v.s. ...] m. (in [mathematics]) the multiplier, [Āryabhaṭa ii, 23; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka viii, 4 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
3) [v.s. ...] ‘preparing side-dishes or any secondary article of food’, Bhīma-sena (who performed the duties of a cook while the Pāṇḍava princes were servants to Virāṭa, [Mahābhārata iv, 28 ff.; 231 ff.]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—[from guṇa] m. a mine or multitude of merits, one endowed with all virtues, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xx, 20]
5) [v.s. ...] (= ṇa-rāśi) Śiva
6) [v.s. ...] Name of Śākya-muni, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]
8) [v.s. ...] of a minister, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxix]
9) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist
10) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. possessing all excellences, [Lalita-vistara xx, 43]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Guṇakāra (गुणकार):—[guṇa-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Bhīma-sena.
2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—[guṇā-kara] (raḥ) 1. m. Buddha. a. Having a mine of excellencies.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Guṇakara (ಗುಣಕರ):—[noun] = ಗುಣಕಾರ [gunakara].
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1) [noun] that which causes or helps (one) to acquire good qualities.
2) [noun] (math.) the arithmetical process of obtaining from (a number) another that is a specified number of times its value; multiplication.
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1) [noun] the act or process of multiplying.
2) [noun] a mathematical operation that at its simplest is an abbreviated process of adding an integer to itself a specified number of times and that is extended to other numbers in accordance with laws that are valid for integers.
3) [noun] the extent or measure of the surface of a solid or bounded region on a plane; area.
4) [noun] the condition or fact of increasing considerably in number, amount, extent or degree5) [noun] ಗುಣಾಕಾರ ಹಾಕು [gunakara haku] guṇā kāra hāku a planning or forethought, esp. with selfish motives.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+26): Gunanidhana, Baitha Gunakara, Horamakaranda, Dhavara Gunakara, Vankada Gunakara, Gunakarasuri, Kamapradipa, Gunakara suri, Ramagunakara, Ganapatipurashcaranavidhi, Dravyagunakara, Karicikitsasaroddhara, Dravyaguna, Dashamshaapurnanka, Gunakari, Tarkarahasyadipika, Vyavahari Apurnanka, Gunakaraka, Gunita, Gunaka.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Gunakara, Guṇākara, Guṇa-kāra, Guṇa-ākara, Guṇākāra, Guṇakāra, Guṇakara, Guna-kara, Guṇākarā, Guna-akara, Guṇā-kara, Guṇa-kara; (plurals include: Gunakaras, Guṇākaras, kāras, ākaras, Guṇākāras, Guṇakāras, Guṇakaras, karas, Guṇākarās, akaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.3.4 < [Chapter 3 - Lord Balarāma’s Wedding]
Verse 1.1.27 < [Chapter 1 - Description of Śrī-Kṛṣṇa’s Glories]
Verse 8.13.65 < [Chapter 13 - A Thousand Names of Lord Balarāma]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Note on the effect of the moonlight < [Notes]
Chapter CII < [Book XII - Śaśāṅkavatī]
Chapter C < [Book XII - Śaśāṅkavatī]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Impact of Vedic Culture on Society (by Kaushik Acharya)
Haribhakti-sudhodaya (by Tridandi Sri Bhakti Prajnan Yati Maharaj)
Rudra-Shiva concept (Study) (by Maumita Bhattacharjee)
5. Epithets of Rudra-Śiva tracked in the Upaniṣadic literature < [Chapter 6b - Epithets (References)]