Gunakara, Guṇākara, Guṇakāra, Guṇakara, Guna-kara, Guna-akara: 20 definitions


Gunakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gunakara in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Guṇākara (गुणाकर) refers to the “receptacle of all attributes” and is used to describe Kumāra / Kārttikeya (i.e., Śiva’s son), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.6 (“The miraculous feat of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin named Nārada said to Kumāra (Kārttikeya): “[...] You love devotees as your own vital air. You are the receptacle of all attributes (guṇākara). You are beyond three attributes. You are the beloved of Śiva. You are Śiva Himself. You confer welfare. You are the bestower of happiness with delight. You are the great Existent and cosmic consciousness. You are the son of Śiva, the omniscient who destroyed the three cities of Asuras. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Guṇākara (गुणाकर).—A Vānara chief; son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 181 and 241.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Gunakara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Guṇākara (गुणाकर) is one of the ten ministers of Mṛgāṅkadatta: the son of king Amaradatta and Surataprabhā from Ayodhyā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 69. Accordingly: “... and that young prince had ten ministers of his own: [Guṇākara... and others]... They were all of good birth, young, brave and wise, and devoted to their master’s interests. And Mṛgāṅkadatta led a happy life with them in his father’s house, but he did not obtain a suitable wife”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Guṇākara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

1) Guṇakāra (गुणकार) or Guṇaka refers to the “multiplier” in Guṇana (“multiplication”) which represents one of the the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The multiplicator was termed guṇya and the multiplier guṇaka or guṇakāra. The product was called guṇanaphala (result of multiplication) or pratyutpanna (lit. “reproduced”, hence in arithmetic “reproduced by multiplication”). The above terms occur in all known Hindu works.

2) Guṇakāra (गुणकार) refers to the “coefficient”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’).—In Hindu algebra there is no systemmatic use of any special term for the coefficient. Ordinarily, the power of the unknown is mentioned when the reference is to the coefficient of that power. [...] However, occasional use of a technical term is also met with. Brahmagupta once calls the coefficient saṃkhyā (number) and on several other occasions guṇaka, or guṇakāra (multiplier).

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Guṇakara (गुणकर) refers to “one who generates (many kinds of) qualities” and is used to describe Piṅganātha, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Sādākhya is the Principle of Space. Anantadeva is all-pervasive, and is adorned with a pure mind. Well known as the Fire Principle, he is Piṅganātha by name who generates many kinds of qualities (vividha-guṇakara). Śrīkaṇṭha is the Water Principle. Śankara (also called) Balīśa is the lord whose body is nectar. I bow to (these) famous Siddhas who create many kinds of Kulas”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) refers to “sources of good qualities”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then on that occasion the Lord uttered these verses: [...] (103) Not accumulating the dharma, not moving or wavering in the dharma, just as the Nāgas bring down the incessant rain, so you should pour down the rain of the dharma. (104) Eloquence which is the sources of good qualities (guṇākara) is without hindrance or interruption and is explaining thousand koṭis of Sūtras without discrimination of living beings by their abilities [...]”.

2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) refers to a type of jewel or precious stone, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly: “[...] Then the Bodhisattva Ratnavyūha said to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, please pour down rain of all kinds of jewels from the sky’. Immediately after his words, the great rain of immeasurable, incalculable amount of jewels, equal to Mount Sumeru in size, with various kinds of names and colors, poured down from ten directions. To wit, [...] conch shell, crystal, red coral, sapphire, Guṇākara gem, calm light gem, [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) is the son of Dhana and friend of Jīvānanda (a previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“After he had enjoyed pleasures unceasingly, the soul of Vajrajaṅgha fell from the exhaustion of his life-span, just as a snow-ball melts in the sun. In Jambūdvīpa, in the Videhas, in the city Kṣitipratiṣṭhita, he was born as the son, named Jīvānanda, of the physician Suvidhi. [...] At the same time in this city four other boys were born, like pieces of dharma joined to bodies. [...] The fourth was borne by the wife, Śīlamatī, of the merchant Dhana; he was named Guṇākara and was like a heap of good conduct”.

2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) is son of king Pṛthvīpāla, according to the same chapter. Accordingly,

“One day when they were at the house of Jīvānanda, the son of the physician, a Sādhu came to beg for alms. He was the son of King Pṛthvīpāla, named Guṇākara, and had given up the kingdom like an impure thing, and had adopted the empire of tranquillity. Emaciated by penance like the water of a river by summer-heat, he was afflicted by worms and leprosy from eating food at the wrong time”.

Source: The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered

Guṇakāra (गुणकार) refers to the “multiplier [akṣaras in queries]”, as taught in the Paṇhavāgaraṇa (Sanskrit: Praśnavyākaraṇa): the tenth Anga of the Jain canon which deals with the prophetic explanation of queries regarding divination.—The Praśnavyākaraṇa deals with the praśnavidyā in a rather complex way. It is divided into at least 33 short chapters [e.g.,  guṇakāra-kāṇḍa], some of which are further divided into sub-chapters. Some contents of the text, mainly those related with articulation and pronunciation can have significance far beyond the scope of the praśnavidyā.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Guṇākara is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Guṇākara) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Guṇākara) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

guṇakara (गुणकर).—a (S) corruptly guṇa- kārīka a Efficacious, effective, effectual, potent. 2 guṇakara is further (in poetry) Endowed, gifted, having parts, graces, talents, good qualities;--used esp. of a child.

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guṇākāra (गुणाकार).—m (S) Multiplication. 2 The product of a multiplication. Some modes of multiplication are kōṣṭakī-dhāvarā-baiṭhā-vividha-gu0. Also kapaṭa sindhu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

guṇakara (गुणकर) [-kāraka-kārī, -कारक-कारी].—a Efficacious, effective, potent. Endowed, having graces, talents, good qualities-a child.

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guṇākāra (गुणाकार).—m Multiplication. The product of a multiplication.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guṇākara (गुणाकर).—

1) 'a mine of merits', one endowed with all virtues; सृजति तावदशेषगुणाकरं पुरुषरत्न- मलङ्करणं मुवः (sṛjati tāvadaśeṣaguṇākaraṃ puruṣaratna- malaṅkaraṇaṃ muvaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.92.

2) Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: guṇākaraḥ (गुणाकरः).

Guṇākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guṇa and ākara (आकर).

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Guṇakāra (गुणकार).—a. productive of good qualities, profitable, salutary. (-raḥ) 1 a cook who prepares sidedishes or any secondary articles of food.

2) an epithet of Bhīma.

3) (in math.) the multiplier.

Guṇakāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guṇa and kāra (कार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Guṇākara (गुणाकर).—was probably name of a former Buddha in orig. text of Lalitavistara 5.5, after Mahākara (lost by haplography), as indicated by Tibetan yon tan (= guṇa) ḥbyuṅ gnas (= ākara). Is the same personage referred to in Lalitavistara 73.22 (verse) udāgato Guṇākarasya padma ojavinduko ?

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Guṇākarā (गुणाकरा).—name of a lokadhātu in the southeast: Lalitavistara 292.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guṇakāra (गुणकार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who counts, &c. m.

(-raḥ) A name of Bhimasena E. guṇa and kāra who makes; Bhima performed the duties of a cook at the time when all the Pandava princes become servants to Virat.

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Guṇākara (गुणाकर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Possessing all excellences. m.

(-raḥ) A name of Budd'Ha the founder of the Baudd'ha sect. E. guṇa attribute, especially good, and ākara a mine; a mine of merit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Guṇākara (गुणाकर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 23. See Guṇākarabhadra and Rāmaguṇākara.

2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—Karicikitsāsāroddhāra. Kāśīn. 34.

3) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—Kāmapradīpa. B. 3, 46.

4) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—Gaṇapatipuraścaraṇavidhi. Bhk. 26.

5) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—wrote in 1240:
—[commentary] on the Yogaratnamālā of Nāgārjuna.

6) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—son of Śrīpati: Horāmakaranda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guṇakāra (गुणकार):—[=guṇa-kāra] [from guṇa] mfn. productive of good qualities, profitable, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (in [mathematics]) the multiplier, [Āryabhaṭa ii, 23; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka viii, 4 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘preparing side-dishes or any secondary article of food’, Bhīma-sena (who performed the duties of a cook while the Pāṇḍava princes were servants to Virāṭa, [Mahābhārata iv, 28 ff.; 231 ff.]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—[from guṇa] m. a mine or multitude of merits, one endowed with all virtues, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xx, 20]

5) [v.s. ...] (= ṇa-rāśi) Śiva

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Śākya-muni, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

8) [v.s. ...] of a minister, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxix]

9) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist

10) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. possessing all excellences, [Lalita-vistara xx, 43]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guṇakāra (गुणकार):—[guṇa-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Bhīma-sena.

2) Guṇākara (गुणाकर):—[guṇā-kara] (raḥ) 1. m. Buddha. a. Having a mine of excellencies.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gunakara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Guṇakara (ಗುಣಕರ):—[noun] = ಗುಣಕಾರ [gunakara].

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Guṇakāra (ಗುಣಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] that which causes or helps (one) to acquire good qualities.

2) [noun] (math.) the arithmetical process of obtaining from (a number) another that is a specified number of times its value; multiplication.

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Guṇākāra (ಗುಣಾಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of multiplying.

2) [noun] a mathematical operation that at its simplest is an abbreviated process of adding an integer to itself a specified number of times and that is extended to other numbers in accordance with laws that are valid for integers.

3) [noun] the extent or measure of the surface of a solid or bounded region on a plane; area.

4) [noun] the condition or fact of increasing considerably in number, amount, extent or degree5) [noun] ಗುಣಾಕಾರ ಹಾಕು [gunakara haku] guṇā kāra hāku a planning or forethought, esp. with selfish motives.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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