Shambhavi, Śāmbhavī, Sambhavi, Sāmbhavī: 12 definitions


Shambhavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāmbhavī can be transliterated into English as Sambhavi or Shambhavi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Śāmbhavī (शाम्भवी) and Śambhu refers to the pair of Goddess and God appearing in the third Kalpa (aeon), according to the Kularatnoddyota.—Chapter nine of the Kularatnoddyota opens with the goddess asking how the Kula tradition (kulāmnāya) will be worshipped along with its mantras and Vidyās and who will bring it down (avatāraka) into the world in the various cosmic aeons (kalpa). After explaining that it is brought down into the world by incarnations or aspects of both the god and the goddess (aṃśamātra), the god goes on to list the names of these aspects—a goddess and her consort [i.e., Śāmbhavī—Śambhu]—in nineteen aeons (kalpa), many of which we recognize from the earlier version in the Tantrasadbhāva.—(cf. Jayadrathayāmala-tantra of the Kāpālikas).

According to the Tantrasadbhāva chapter 10: “She is called Umā and is endowed with every (form of) worldly benefit. (All) worship that goddess. She is like a mother who is always giving birth. O fair-faced one, having brought her down along with me into the midst of fettered souls (aṇu), O eternal one, she appeared in order to grace the worlds. In the third aeon (kalpa) (she was) Śāmbhavī, [...]”.

2) Śāmbhavī (शाम्भवी) is the deity representing the Prasādājñā or “command of grace”, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The Command of Authority (adhikārājñā) is the first one. The Command of Grace (prasādājñā) is the second. If it is attained in due order along with the transmission duly transmitted from that time on one becomes a teacher. [...] These two kinds or aspects of the Command are two energies. The Command of Authority [i.e., adhikārājñā] is Rudraśakti and the Command of Grace [i.e., prasādājñā] is Śāmbhavī. Rudraśakti, the Command of Authority, is the form the Command assumes initially in order to remove impurity. The teacher, or sometimes the deity directly, transmits this to the aspirant by looking at him with the ‘Gaze of the Lion’ (siṃhāvalokana). A hallmark of the transmission, it is accordingly called the ‘Teaching of the Lion’ (siṃhaśāsana).

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Śāmbhavī (शाम्भवी) refers to one of the nine Goddess to be worshiped as part of the Navarātra Tantric ritual (an autumnal festival of the warrior goddess Caṇḍikā).—From Pratipat to Navamī: daily worship by the king of nine maidens (kumārīpūjā) as nine goddesses, Kumārī, Trimūrti/Trimurtinī, Kalyāṇī, Rohiṇī, Kālikā, Caṇḍikā, Śāmbhavī, Durgā, Bhadrā.—Various 14th century sources refer to rituals involving the worship of Śāmbhavī, for example: Caturvargacintāmaṇi, Sāmrājyalakṣmīpīṭhikā, Puruṣārthacintāmaṇi, accounts of ceremonies in Śivagaṅgai and Ramnad, Tamil Nadu (Price 1996), Portuguese traveler accounts from the Vijayanagara Empire (Stein 1983).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Hinduism glossary
Source: The Amanaska Yoga

Śāmbhavī (शाम्भवी):—The Haṭhapradīpikā points out that the word ‘śāmbhavī’ is a synonym for suṣumnā, which is the central nāḍi that runs through the cakras and through which kuṇḍalinī travels when awakened. The word ‘Śāmbhavī’ means ‘that which leads to Śambhū’ and this confirms that the technique is practised so that Kuṇḍalinī may be directed up suṣumnā nāḍi to be united with Śambhū (that is, Śiva).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sambhavi : (aor. of sambhavati) arose.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāmbhavī (शांभवी).—f (S A name of Parvati.) A covert term for Bhang, Shiva being fond of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāmbhavī (शाम्भवी).—

1) Name of Pārvatī.

2) Name of a plant (nīladūrvā).

3) The opening in the crown of the head through which the soul is said to escape.

4) Name of a kind of Mudrā; अन्तर्लक्ष्यं बहिर्दृष्टिर्निमेषोन्मेषवर्जिता । सा एषा शाम्भवी मुद्रा सर्वतन्त्रेषु गोपिता (antarlakṣyaṃ bahirdṛṣṭirnimeṣonmeṣavarjitā | sā eṣā śāmbhavī mudrā sarvatantreṣu gopitā) ||

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Sāmbhavī (साम्भवी).—

1) The red Lodhra tree.

2) Possibility.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmbhavī (साम्भवी).—f. (-vī) Red Lod'h.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāmbhavī (शाम्भवी):—[from śāmbhava] a f. See below

2) [from śāmbhava] b f. Name of Durgā, [Tantrasāra]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of blue-flowering Dūrvā grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Sāmbhavī (साम्भवी):—f. ([from] sam-bhava) possibility, probability, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the red Lodhra tree, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmbhavī (साम्भवी):—(vī) 3. f. Red Lodh.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shambhavi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃbhavi (संभवि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃbhavin.

2) Saṃbhāvi (संभावि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃbhāvin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shambhavi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śāṃbhavi (ಶಾಂಭವಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಶಾಂಭವೀಮುದ್ರೆ [shambhavimudre].

2) [noun] Pārvati, the consortof Śiva.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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