Pravesha, Praveśa: 29 definitions


Pravesha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Praveśa can be transliterated into English as Pravesa or Pravesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pravesh.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to one of the two ways of working the tāna in the string (tantrī):—The entrance (praveśa) is made by sharpening (lit. emphasizing) the preceding (adhara) note and by sortening (mārdava) the succeeding (uttara) note.

2) Praveśa (प्रवेश, “entrance”) refers to one of the five occasions in connexion with songs (dhrūva) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“themes of various Sentiment sung at the entrance of persons into the stage are called the prāveśīkī-dhruvā”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pravesha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Praveśā (प्रवेशा) is another name for Pratoyā, one of the seven major rivers in Kuśadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. Kuśadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to “entering into” (the fire), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.26 (“Pārvatī-Jaṭila dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Pārvatī said to Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin): “After saying so, Pārvatī jumped into the fire in the presence of the Brahmin although she was forbidden by Him again and again. Even as she jumped into the fire [i.e., vahni-praveśa], it became as cool as sandal paste due to her ascetic power. The brahmin stopped her standing on her way as she was trying to go away and asked her laughingly”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to “access § 4.9.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to “entering in” (i.e., before coming out), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Having touched, that is, blocked the mouth, which is śakti by the mouth which is the Liṅga, one should think there of the Self in the middle of the Liṅga. In what manner? Whilst engaged in 'the swing of wanton sport (helādola)' that is, whilst churning (mathamāna) (engaged in sexual intercourse) that consists of entering in and (then) coming out (praveśa-nirgamana). [...]”.

2) Praveśa (प्रवेश) or Praveśaka refers to “entry (of the breath)” [as opposed to niṣkāsa—exit], according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] The (lunar) energies within the first lunar day in the beginning (and those energies of the subsequent days), the waxing and waning (of the moon) and are (all) here. And (here) the lunar days and the rest reach the (supreme) plane (pada). It is said that the entry (of the breath) [i.e., praveśa] is the left and the exit is the right, (corresponding) to the division of the Moon and Sun. One should know that death resides in the exit (of the breath) and that life is in the entry [i.e., praveśa]. Exit and entry are (brought about) by these sixteen parts. He who knows this with effort is a yogi who (truly) knows Yoga”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to the “ingress” (of the end of shadow of a perpendicular rod), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Either from observing some distant point in the horizon where the sun rises or sets or from observing the ingress [i.e., praveśa] or the egress of the end of shadow of a perpendicular rod placed at the centre of a big horizontal circle (the change in the sun’s course can be detected). If the Sun should change his course before reaching Makara (Capricornus) he will bring evil on the west and south; and if he should do so before reaching Karka (Cancer), he will bring evil on the north and east”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to a “perfect entry (into one’s true nature)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 327–331).—Accordingly, “[Utpala teaches that] the ‘distinguishing mark of samāveśa’ is ‘insight,’ since it is opposed to the Impurity that is ignorance, being characterized by a perfect, that is to say complete (‘ā samantāt’), entry [i.e., praveśa-lakṣaṇa] into one’s true nature, obtaining which one becomes a gnostic, and practicing which, on the levels of body, prāṇa, etc., one becomes a Yogī, due to attaining the glory that is an intrinsic quality of infinite Consciousness.”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to “entering into (one’s own heart)”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.5cd-6, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[...] [After that,] the place (sthāna) is established. [The Mantrin] fuses the consciousness of his disciple with the mantra. Then, together with the disciple’s consciousness, [the Mantrin] causes [that consciousness] to enter into his own heart (svahṛd-praveśa), raises it to dvādaśānta, then projects it [back] into the heart of the Śiṣya. Tatsthitam is to be analyzed as that standing (sthāna) [i.e., the Śiṣya’s consciousness brought to rest in the Śiṣya’s heart]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pravesha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to “entering” (the bodies of other beings), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] In the fifth year, he has clairaudience, the Siddhi of speech and [the power to] enter (praveśa) the bodies of other [beings]. Within six [years,] he cannot be pierced by even a thunderbolt, he can move extremely quickly and has clairvoyance. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to the “entry (into non-duality)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]—[...] (10) He has no loss of wisdom.—As the Buddha has obtained all these wisdoms (prajñā), he has no loss of wisdom; as his wisdom of the three times is unobstructed, he has no loss of wisdom. [...] Disregarding all duality, he acquires the [true] nature of the Dharma, i.e., entry into non-duality (advaya-praveśa). This entry into non-duality, characteristic of the Dharma, is immense and infinite. This is why he has no loss of wisdom. For various reasons of this kind, the Buddha has no loss of wisdom”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Praveśa (प्रवेश) (Cf. Praveśana) refers to “approaching” (i.e., “dharmas can be approached with one principle”), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, seating in the lion’s throne thus, explained the dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to these Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. What is this Dharma-seal (dharmamudrā) called Gaganapariśuddhi which has thirty-two aspects of entrance? [...] 7) all dharmas are without duality because of their homogeneity (asaṃbheda); 8) all dharmas are without difference as they can be approached with one principle (ekanaya-praveśa); 9) all dharmas can be approached with one principle since they have no essential character of proper being (svabhāva-lakṣaṇa); [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to the “entry into (the residence of Vaiśramaṇa)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rainmaking, weather control and prescriptions for the use of specially empowered pesticides to eliminate crop damage.—The Vajratuṇḍa-samayakalparāja consists of six chapters, e.g., (2) vaiśramaṇabhavanapraveśanāgasamaya nāma varṣaṇa-m-utsarga—The Sending forth of Rain, called Entry into the Residence of Vaiśramaṇa Nāga Vow.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to “bringing into” (e.g., ‘bringing building materials into the city’), according to Kuladatta’s Kriyāsaṃgrahapañjikā, a text within Tantric Buddhism representing a construction manual for monasteries.—Accordingly, [vanayātrā in chapter 5]—“When the wood [to be used for the construction of a monastery] or the stones [to be used for the construction of a caitya] are brought into the city (nagara-praveśa), [the Ācārya] should send a message [that these materials are being brought into the city] to the king or the citizens. He should make people with joyful minds whose bodies quiver with excitement carry [these materials]”.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Praveśa (प्रवेश) refers to the “entering (of immortality)” [i.e., oṃ amṛte amṛte amṛtaṃ praveśaya hūṃ], according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Praveśa or Prāveśa.—(EI 17), explained as ‘a small territorial unit’; but probably refers to the assessment of the rent of a loca- lity along with another; cf. Siviḍi-praveśa-Kandalivāḍa-grāma inter- preted as ‘Kandalivāḍa-grāma having its rent assessed along with Siviḍi’ (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 59, note 1). See prāveśya, prāpīya. Note: praveśa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pravēśa (प्रवेश).—m (S) Entrance. Pr. sūcīpravēśē musalapravēśaḥ 2 fig. Entering upon, intellectual ingress, insight. 3 A scene (of a play).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pravēśa (प्रवेश).—m Entrance. Ex. sūcīpravēśē musalapravēśa Intellectual ingress, insight. A scene (of a play).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश).—1 Entrance, penetration; पुरप्रवेशाभिमुखो बभूव (purapraveśābhimukho babhūva) R.7.1; Kumārasambhava 3.6.

2) Ingress, access, approach.

3) Entrance on the stage; तेन पात्रप्रवेशश्चेत् (tena pātrapraveśaścet) S. D.6.

4) The entrance or door (of a house &c.).

5) Income, revenue.

6) Close application (to a pursuit), intentness of purpose.

7) The entrance of the sun into a sign of the zodiac.

8) Coming on, setting in (of night).

9) The syringe of a clyster-pipe.

1) Employment, use. (Proverb-cañcupraveśo musalapraveśaḥ; cf. 'the thin end of the wedge').

11) Manner, method.

Derivable forms: praveśaḥ (प्रवेशः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश).—(m.), in Lalitavistara 149.18, 21 (prose) anena prave-śena, according to [Boehtlingk] Art und Weise, Methode; Foucaux, entrée (dans la numération des atomes subtils, mentioned in the preceding part of 18 and supplied with praveśena both times by F.); Tibetan renders literally, ḥjug pa, entrance; the [Boehtlingk] rendering is probably close to the intended meaning; perhaps procedure, process; 21 reads: an° pra° imaṃ cāturdvīpakaṃ lokadhātuṃ pramukhaṃ kṛtvā pari- pūrṇakoṭīśataṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Intentness on an object, engaging closely in a pursuit or purpose. 2. Entrance, penetration. 3. A door. 4. Entrance on the stage. 5. Income, revenue. E. pra before, viś to enter, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश).—i. e. pra-viś + a, m. 1. Entering, [Pañcatantra] 33, 6. 2. Entrance, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 20, 8. 3. Intentness on an object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश).—[masculine] entering, ingress, penetration; entrance ([drama]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praveśa (प्रवेश):—[=pra-veśa] [from pra-viś] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) entering, entrance, penetration or intrusion into ([locative case] [genitive case] with or without antar, or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. ([accusative]with √kṛ, to make one’s entrance, enter)

2) [v.s. ...] entrance on the stage, [Harivaṃśa; Mālavikāgnimitra]

3) [v.s. ...] the entrance of the sun into a sign of the zodiac, [Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] coming or setting in (of night), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the placing (e. [gana] of any deposit) in a person’s house or hand, [Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] interfering with another’s business, obtrusiveness, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] the entering into id est. being contained in ([locative case]), [Pāṇini 2-1, 72 [Scholiast or Commentator]; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] employment, use, utilisation of ([compound]), [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti; Inscriptions]

9) [v.s. ...] income, revenue, tax, toll (cf. -bhāgika)

10) [v.s. ...] intentness on an object, engaging closely in a pursuit or purpose, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] manner, method, [Lalita-vistara]

12) [v.s. ...] a place of entrance, door, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] the syringe of an injection pipe, [Suśruta]

14) [=pra-veśa] b etc. See pra- √viś.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश):—[pra-veśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Intentness on an object, pursuit; entrance.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Praveśa (प्रवेश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paisarā, Pavesa, Pāvesa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pravesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravesha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Praveśa (प्रवेश) [Also spelled pravesh]:—(nm) entry, admission, access, inlet; gate, entrance; —[dvāra] entrance, inlet; gate; threshold; -[patra] a ticket, an admission ticket; visa; -[śulka] admission fee; hence ~[ka] (nm); ~[na] (nm).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pravēśa (ಪ್ರವೇಶ):—

1) [noun] an entering; entrance; penetration or intrusion.

2) [noun] the act or instance of beginning; a beginning; commencement.

3) [noun] an introductory writing to a subject dealt in a treatise.

4) [noun] a place for entering; a door; a gate; entrance.

5) [noun] (dance.) a closing of the eye-lids.

6) [noun] an entering or coming on to the stage (in a drama).

7) [noun] the act, fact or an instance of joining, becoming a member of (a school organisation, political party, etc.).

8) [noun] ಪ್ರವೇಶ ಮಾಡು [pravesha madu] pravēśa māḍu to come or go into; to enter into; 2. to force one’s way into; to penetrate; to intrude; 3. to enter into, take part in, an organisation, political party, etc.; 4. to come on the stage (in a drama).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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