Yogin: 14 definitions


Yogin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yogin (योगिन्) or Yogī represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] He rests and relaxes in His own soul. He is free from the pair of opposites, such as happiness and unhappiness. He is subservient to His devotees in a fine physical body. He is a Yogin devoted always to the practice of Yogas. He is guide to the path of Yoga”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Yogin (योगिन्) or Yogibheda refers to the “modality of Yogin” and represents one of the six modalities (ṣaṭprakāra) of Kula, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 1.30-35ab.—Accordingly, “[...] And that also, O fair lady, consisting of six authorities, is two-fold, divided into prior and subsequent. O most excellent daughter of the mountains, this Kula has six modalities, namely, Ānanda, Āvali, Prabhu and Yogin [e.g., yogin-bheda], in due order, (along with) Atīta, and the one called Pāda. Such is the Kula tradition characterized by supreme non-duality”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Yogin (योगिन्) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Yogin).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Yogin.—cf. yogīndra (SII 1) a [Jain] ascetic. Note: yogin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yogin, (adj. -n.) (fr. yoga, cp. Class. Sk. yogin) 1. (-°) applying oneself (to), working (by means of), using Vism. 70 (hattha° & patta° using the hand or the bowl; but translation p. 80: “hand-ascetic” & “bowl-ascetic”). ‹-› 2. one who devotes himself to spiritual things, an earnest student, one who shows effort (in contemplation), a philosopher, wise man. The word does not occur in the four Nikāyas. In the older verses it is nearly synonymous with muni. The oldest ref. is Th. 1, 947 (pubbake yogī “Saints of other days” Mrs. Rh. D.). frequent in Miln, e.g. pp. 2, 356 (yogi-jana); at pp. 366, 393, 404, 417, 418 in old verses. combined with yogâvacara Miln. 366, 404.—Further passages are Nett 3, 10, 61; Vism. 2, 14, 66, 71 (in verse), 150, 320, 373, 509, 620, 651, 696; DhsA. 195, 327. (Page 559)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yogin (योगिन्).—a. [yuj ghinuṇ, yoga-ini vā]

1) Connected or endowed with.

2) Possessed of magical powers.

3) Endowed or provided with, possessing.

4) Practising Yoga. -m.

1) A contemplative saint, a devotee, an ascetic; आत्मौपम्येन सर्वत्र समं पश्यति योऽर्जुन । सुखं वा यदि वा दुःखं स योगी परमो मतः (ātmaupamyena sarvatra samaṃ paśyati yo'rjuna | sukhaṃ vā yadi vā duḥkhaṃ sa yogī paramo mataḥ) || Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.32; see the sixth adhyāya inter alia; सेवाधर्मः परमगहनो योगिनामप्यगम्यः (sevādharmaḥ paramagahano yogināmapyagamyaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.285; बभूव योगी किल कार्तवीर्यः (babhūva yogī kila kārtavīryaḥ) R.6.38.

2) A magician, sorcerer.

3) A follower of the Yoga system of philosophy.

4) Name of Yājñavalkya.

5) Of Arjuna.

6) Of Viṣṇu.

7) Of Śiva.

8) Name of a mixed caste.

-nī 1 A female magician, witch, sorceress, fairy.

2) A female devotee.

3) Name of a class of female attendants on Śiva or Durgā; बलीनदात् योगिनीभ्यो दिक्पालेभ्योऽप्यनेकधा (balīnadāt yoginībhyo dikpālebhyo'pyanekadhā) Śiva B. 6.51; (they are usually said to be eight). -4 Name of Durgā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogin (योगिन्).—mfn. (-gī-ginī-gi) 1. Who or what joins, or effects junction or connection, &c. 2. Possessed of superhuman powers. m. (-gī) 1. A devotee, an ascetic in general. 2. The religious or devout man, who performs worldly actions and ceremonies without regard to their results, and keeps his mind fixed upon Brahma or God alone. 3. The performer of the particular act of meditation called Yoga. 4. A magician, a conjuror, one supposed to have obtained supernatural powers. f. (-nī) Name of the eight female fiend or spirit attendant on, and created by Durga; E. yoga as above, ini aff.; or yuj to join, aff. ghinuṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogin (योगिन्).—i. e. yoga + in, I. adj., f. . 1. Being united, or endowed with, Bhāṣāp. 27. 2. Who or what joins. 3. Possessed of superhuman power. Ii. m. 1. A performer of the religious meditation called Yoga, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 6, 10. 2. An ascetic, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 333. 3. One who has acquired supernatural power, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 26. 4. A magician, [Pañcatantra] 240, 12; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 4, 9. Iii. f. , A female fiend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogin (योगिन्).—[adjective] united or connected with, relating to (—°); [masculine] a Yogin, a follower of the Yoga system ([feminine] ), a devotee or ascetic i.[grammar]; [feminine] also a kind of witch or female demon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Yogin (योगिन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a title of Yājñavalkya. Oxf. 266^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yogin (योगिन्):—[from yoga] mfn. joined or connected with, relating to, accompanied by, possessed of ([compound]), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] being in conjunction with (e.g. candra-y), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] possessed of superhuman powers, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a follower of the Yoga system, a Yogin (usually called Yogī) or contemplative saint, devotee, ascetic, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Bhagavad-gītā] etc. (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 87])

5) [v.s. ...] a magician, conjurer, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mixed caste, [Catalogue(s)] ([varia lectio] yuṅgin)

7) [v.s. ...] an orange tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] natron, alkali, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Yājñavalkya, [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] of Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogin (योगिन्):—[(gī-ginī-gi)] 1. m. 3. f. Yogī, a devotee who attends to abstract meditation. f. A fairy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yogin (योगिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Joi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yogin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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