Urdhvaretas, Urdhvaretās, Ūrdhvaretas, Urdhva-retas: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Urdhvaretas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaretas in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Trisandhi, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Ūrdhvaretas) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्) refers to “celibacy”, according to Abhinava in his Tantrāloka verse 29.25-43.—Matsyendranātha and his consort had twelve disciples. Out of these twelve ‘princes’, six were ‘celibate’ (ūrdhvaretas), that is, they did not have spiritual offspring. The other six founded the six lineages (ovalli also called kulas) mentioned above. They are worshipped along with Matsyendranātha and his consort in the Wheel of the Siddhas at the beginning of the Kaula ritual described by Abhinava in his Tantrāloka. These six—Bhaṭṭa, Indra, Valkala, Ahīndra, Gajendra and Mahīdhara are celibate (ūrdhvaretas) and so do not possess authority, as authority is the expansion of vitality along the path of Kula.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaretas in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्) refers to “one who can make semen flow upwards (in the body)” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to the Gods: “[...] Make such arrangements as to ensure the discharge of semen into Pārvatī, the daughter of Menakā. Śiva is a great Yogin who can make semen flow upwards in the body [i.e., ūrdhvaretas]. Only Pārvatī can make him discharge the semen downwards, out of the body. There is no other woman capable of it. That daughter of the lord of the mountains is now in her prime of youth. She is serving Śiva in his penance on the Himalayas. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaretas in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्).—a. [ūrdhvamūrdhvagaṃ nādhaḥ patat reto yasya] one who lives in perpetual celibacy or abstains from sexual intercourse; यतीनामूर्ध्वरेतसाम् (yatīnāmūrdhvaretasām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.233.44. (-m.)

1) Name of Śiva.

2) Bhīṣma.

Ūrdhvaretas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ūrdhva and retas (रेतस्). See also (synonyms): ūrdhvareta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्).—I. adj. chaste, Mahābhārata 2, 470; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 949. Ii. m. a name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 13, 1160.

Ūrdhvaretas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ūrdhva and retas (रेतस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्).—[adjective] chaste (lit. having the semen above).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūrdhvaretas (ऊर्ध्वरेतस्):—[=ūrdhva-retas] [from ūrdhva] mfn. keeping the semen above, living in chastity, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii]

3) [v.s. ...] of Bhīṣma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Urdhvaretas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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