Power: 4 definitions


Power means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Power (of various kinds) refers to various signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) experienced by the Yoga practicioner, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise (presented in the form of a dialogue between Īśvara and Vāmadeva).—The last fifty-two verses of the Amanaska’s first chapter describe a temporal sequence of psychosomatic signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) brought about by absorption (laya). It begins with one moment, concludes with twenty-four years and consists of forty-seven intervals. [...] It informs practitioners of the initial experiences they may have while immersed in absorption [e.g., The verbal power to curse or favour; The 8 common yogic paranormal powers; The five elemental powers; Śiva's divine power (śaktitattva)], and thus provides them with some idea of their progress in the practice, [...].

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Power (as a quality) in Indian dramas, is associated with Sāttvatī-vṛtti: one of the denoted four kinds of Dramatic Styles (in Sanskrit: vṛtti), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—There are four kinds of vṛttis i.e., dramatic styles accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, sāttvatī-vṛtti mainly displays vīrarasa and ārabhaṭī-vṛtti exhibits raudrarasa. The Sāhityadarpaṇa agrees on it. Because, according to the Sāhityadarpaṇa, sāttvatī-vṛtti is associated with the qualities of power, heroism, leaving, forgiveness and straightness and the vīrarasa is seen to be delineated by these qualities.

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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

The pleasure of Power is easy to find (as opposed to Wisdom), as discussed in Bhūdhardās’s composition dealing with the twelve reflections (bhāvanā or anuprekṣā), also found in the Tattvārtha-sūtra.—Accordingly, “[...] [eliminating karma]—Follow the five great vows as well as the five mindfulnesses. Conquer the five powerful sense-organs and establish yourself firmly in elimination. (10) [the world]—The Cosmic Man stands fourteen rājus tall. Within him countless souls wander without knowledge. (11) [wisdom is difficult to obtain]—Wealth, prosperity, gold, the pleasures of power—all these are easy to find. What is difficult to get in saṃsāra is the single knowledge that is appropriate. (12) [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Power in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) power (as [harsapavara]); electric power (as ~[luma]); —[steshana] a power station; —[hausa] a power house..—power (पावर) is alternatively transliterated as Pāvara.

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