Pravara, Pravāra, Prāvara, Prāvāra: 13 definitions


Pravara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Pravara (प्रवर) refers to the “choosing of priests” used in the Yajurveda, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“with the Yajur-veda the performance takes place by murmuring (upāṃśu). With the exception of addresses, replies, choosing of priests (pravara), dialogues, and commands”.

As all these are meant to be understood by others, they have therefore to be pronounced in a loud voice. [...] The choosing of priests (pravara) is “agnir devo hotā”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pravara (प्रवर).—A Yādava. He was one of the ministers of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Chapter 71, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

2) Pravarā (प्रवरा).—A river of Purāṇic fame. (Śloka 23, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pravara in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pravara (प्रवर) refers to the name of a sage said to be a friend of Indra, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 14.62. In (“puraścakāra pravaraṃ varaṃ yamāyan sakhāyaṃ dadṛśe tayā saḥ”), where there is an indirect reference also to the usual meaning of the word “the founder or dean of a gotra”, “one of a group of sages associated with the sage who actually founds a gotra i.e. a family or a line”. Cf. Mādhavācārya on Parāśara (chapter 2).

With regard to the first meaning, see Harivaṃśa (Viṣṇuparva 96.54ff). Harivaṃśa represents Pravara as a fighting sage. In Pārijātaharaṇacampū 5.27ff, he is described as fighting on Indra’s side to save the Pārijāta tree.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Pravara (प्रवर) denotes properly the ‘summons’ addressed to Agni at the beginning of the sacrifice to perform his functions. But as Agni was then invoked by the names of the ancestors of the Purohita, the term Pravara denotes the series of ancestors invoked.

2) Pravara (प्रवर), or Pravāra, denotes a ‘covering’ or ‘woollen cloth’ in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pravara.—(IA 19), an invocation of ancestors at the perfor- mance of certain rites. (CII 4), a member of the executive committee of a corpo- ration. Note: pravara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pravara (प्रवर).—a S Chief, principal, supreme, very exalted or very excellent. 2 m The founder of a race.

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pravarā (प्रवरा).—f The name of a river celebrated for its sweet waters. At Toka (ṭōṅkēṃ) it forms confluence with the Godavarii. Pr. pravarāpāna gaṅgāsnāna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pravara (प्रवर).—a Chief. m The founder of a race.

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pravarā (प्रवरा).—f The name of a river celebrated for its sweet waters.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pravara (प्रवर).—a.

1) Chief, principal, most excellent or distinguished, best, exalted; भीष्मः कुरूणां प्रवरः (bhīṣmaḥ kurūṇāṃ pravaraḥ) Mb. 3.85.116; संकेतके चिरयति प्रवरो विनोदः (saṃketake cirayati pravaro vinodaḥ) MK.3.3; Ms. 1.27; Ghaṭ.16.

2) Eldest.

-raḥ A call, summons.

2) A particular invocation addressed to Agni by a Brāhmaṇa at the consecration of his fire.

3) A line of ancestors.

4) A race, family, lineage.

5) An ancestor.

6) A Muni or noble ancestor who contributes to the credit of a particular gotra or family; said to be the friend of Indra; पुरश्चकार प्रवरं वरं यमायन् सखायं ददर्श तया सः (puraścakāra pravaraṃ varaṃ yamāyan sakhāyaṃ dadarśa tayā saḥ) N.14.62; cf. पञ्च°, त्रि° (pañca°, tri°).

7) Offspring, descendants.

8) A cover, covering.

9) An upper garment.

1) One of the 42 Gotras.

-rā Name of a river falling into the Godāvarī.

-ram 1 Aloe-wood

2) A particular high number; Buddh.

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Pravāra (प्रवार).—A cover, covering.

Derivable forms: pravāraḥ (प्रवारः).

See also (synonyms): pravāraka.

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Prāvara (प्रावर).—

1) A fence, an enclosure.

2) An upper garment (according to Hemachandra).

3) Name of a country.

Derivable forms: prāvaraḥ (प्रावरः).

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Prāvāra (प्रावार).—

1) An upper garment, a cloak, mantle; ('dvau prāvārottarāsaṅgau samau bṛhatikā tathā'); ययुर्विन्ध्यं शरन्मेघैः प्रावारैः प्रवरैरिव (yayurvindhyaṃ śaranmeghaiḥ prāvāraiḥ pravarairiva) Bk.7.53; Mb.1.1.133; also प्रावारक (prāvāraka); Mk.8. 22.

2) Name of a district.

Derivable forms: prāvāraḥ (प्रावारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pravara (प्रवर).—m. Mvy 7706, or nt. id. 7832 (cited from Gv), a high number: Gv 105.20; 133.1 (nt.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravara (प्रवर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Best, most excellent. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A line of ancestors. 2. An ancestor. 3. Lineage. 4. An exalted ancestor who contributes to the credit of a particular Gotra. 5. A particular invocation addressed to Agni by a Brahmana at the consecration of his fire. 6. A call, a summons. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Offspring, descendants. 2. Family, race, kindred. 3. A black sort of kidney bean, known as Aloe-wood. 4. Covering, screening. 5. A Muni, who contributes to the continuation of and credit of a particular caste or tribe of Brahmans. E. pra before, vṛ to chuse, aff. ap .

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Pravāra (प्रवार).—m.

(-raḥ) Covering, clothing. E. pra before, vṛ to cover, aff. ghañ, also with ap aff., and in other senses, pravara .

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Prāvara (प्रावर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. An inclosure, a fence, a hedge. 2. An upper garment. E. pra and āṅ before, vṛ to surround, aff. ap .

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Prāvāra (प्रावार).—m.

(-raḥ) An upper or outer garment, a cloak, a mantle, E. pra before, vṛ with āṅ prefix, aff. ghañ .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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