Varuni, Vāruṇī, Vāruṇi, Vārunī, Varuṇī, Vārūṇī: 26 definitions
Varuni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vāruṇī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—(Vāruṇibhṛgu). The hermit Bhṛgu having died in the sacrifice of Dakṣa, took birth again from the sacrifice of Varuṇa. At this stage the name of Bhṛgu was Vāruṇibhṛgu. (For further details see under Bhṛgu I).
2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—The daughter of Varuṇa. When the Devas and the Asuras churned the sea of Milk, four damsels were caused to arise by Varuṇa and holy pot of Ambrosia, by Soma. The four damsels were Sulakṣmī, Vāruṇī, Kāmodā and Śreṣṭhā, of whom Vāruṇī was married by Devas. (Padma Purāṇa, Bhūmi Khaṇḍa, Chapter 119).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—A siddha.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. .
1b) A Vānara chief.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 234.
2a) Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—The region sacred to Varuṇa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 89. 44.
2b) (also known as Puṣkariṇī) a daughter of Araṇya Prajāpati; a wife of Cakṣuṣa, and mother of Cākṣuṣa Manu; sister of Udaka who attained Varuṇahood.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 102-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 89.
2c) A Varṇa Śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.
2d) A mind-born mother; on the fish with the serpent with pāśa or noose.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 10; 286. 9.
Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—According to the Bhāgavata-purāṇa “When the charming Goddess Lakṣmī disregarded the demons they became dispirited, voluptuous, indolent and devoid of shame. There upon arose the presiding deity of wine, Vāruṇī by name, in the form of a girl with lotus eyes. The demons took hold of her, by the consent of Lord Hari”. (verses 29-30). But in the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Vāruṇī, is mentioned as the daughter of Varuṇa and emerged from the sea, and the gods took possession of her. (Bālakāṃḍa, 45, verses 36-38.) The crescent moon also has emerged from the ocean.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Vāruṇi (वारुणि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.39, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāruṇi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
1) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Diṅmaheśvara (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.
2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—Fifth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Khecarī, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Vāruṇī, represent the eight directions of the compass (from east to north-east) and are presided over by the Bhairava Saṃvarta and his consort Rudrāṇī. Khecarī is the first of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the element ether or space.
3) Vāruṇī (वारुणी, “Aquatic”):—Second of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Sukṛtālayā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) water. They (including Vāruṇī) are presided over by the Bhairava Kapālīśa and his consort named Cāmuṇḍā. Sukṛtālayā is the Last of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents water.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is another name for Indravāruṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus colocynthis (colocynth, bitter apple or desert gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.70-72 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Vāruṇī and Indravāruṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Vāruṇi (वारुणि) refers to a strong type of spirituous liquor, according to the Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa Ayodhyākāṇḍa 114.20 , and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Vāruṇi, the strongest spiritous liquor was also described in Vālmīki-Rrāmāyaṇa. The highways of the Kiṣkindha were described as always redolent with the smell of liqour. Sīta herself enjoyed maireyaka variety of wine and promised to worship the river goddess with a thousand pitchers of wine.
Different types of wines are described in the works of Kālidāsa. Madya and madira are described in Ṛtusamhāra, āsava, madhu and śīdhu in Raghuvaṃśa IV.42, vāruṇī in Kumārasaṃbhava and kādambarī in Abhijñānaśākuntala.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha
Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Vāruṇī] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala
Vāruṇī (वारुणी) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Vāruṇī]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
1) Vāruṇī: A type of wine.
2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—Name of the elder of two wifes of Varuṇa, who is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things. Vāruṇī is known as the Goddess of liquor. She is also known as Gauri.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Varuṇī (वरुणी): The goddess of wine.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The name given to slave women, attendants of Varuna. They live in dread of him. J.vi.500, 501. At J.vi.586 Varuni is explained as yakkhavittha ikkhhanika (fortune tellers possessed by a Yakkha, the Yakkha being perhaps Varuna).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Vāruṇī (वारुणी) refers to one of the various Mātṛs and Mahāmātṛs mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vāruṇī).Source: academia.edu: Holy Sites in Buddhist Saṃvara Cycle
Varuṇī (वरुणी) refers to one of the sixty-four inner channels running through the nirmāṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Nirmāṇacakra is an inner circle of the shape of a lotus with sixty-four petals. This inner circle is visualized in one’s abdomen. The inner channels [viz., Varuṇī] run through the petals of these inner circles.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Vāruṇī (वारुणी) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the northern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Vāruṇī] from the northern Rucaka Mountains came quickly by means of the Ābhiyogika-gods who had become chariots like the wind (in speed). After bowing to the Jina and to his mother and announcing their purpose as before, they stood on the left holding chauris, singing.[...].”.
Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Vāruṇī].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).
2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the northern row), according to chapter 1.3.—Accordingly,
Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
“[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Vinami made at once sixty cities in a northern row at the command of the Nāga-king. [viz., Vāruṇī]. Vinami himself, who had resorted to Dharaṇendra, inhabited the city Gaganavallabha, the capital of these. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Vāruṇī] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.
Vārūṇī (वारूणी) is the mother of Ārya Vyakta: the fourth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Ārya Vyakta) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Vāruṇī.—cf. mahāmahāvāruṇī, mahāvāruṇī (EI 25); name of a tithi. Note: vāruṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vāruṇī : (f.) spirituous liquor.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vāruṇī, (f.) (cp. Sk. vāruṇī, with only ref. in BR. : Harivaṃśa 8432) 1. spirituous liquor A. III, 213; J. I, 251 (°vāṇija spirit merchant), 268; VI, 502.—2. an intoxicated woman; term for a female fortune-teller J. VI, 500 (Vāruṇī ‘va pavedhati; C. devatā-bhūta-paviṭṭhā yakkha-dāsī viya gahitā, i.e. possessed), 587 (vāruṇī ‘va pavedhentī; C. yakkh’āviṭṭhā ikkhaṇikā viya). (Page 609)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f S The quarter of which the god varuṇa is regent, the west. 2 Spirituous liquor; esp. a liquor distilled from hogweed ground with the exudation from the Date or Palm.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f The west. Spirituous liquor.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of Agastya; अद्यापि दक्षिणोद्देशाद्वारुणिर्न निवर्तते (adyāpi dakṣiṇoddeśādvāruṇirna nivartate) Mb.3.14.14.
2) Of Bhṛgu.
Derivable forms: vāruṇiḥ (वारुणिः).
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1) The west (the quarter presided over by Varuṇa).
2) Any spirituous liquor; पयोऽपि शौण्डिकीहस्ते वारुणीत्यभिधीयते (payo'pi śauṇḍikīhaste vāruṇītyabhidhīyate) H.3.11; करस्पन्दोऽम्बरत्यागस्तेजोहानिः सरागता । वारुणीसंगजावस्था भानुनाप्यनुभूयते (karaspando'mbaratyāgastejohāniḥ sarāgatā | vāruṇīsaṃgajāvasthā bhānunāpyanubhūyate) || Pt.1.178 (where both senses are intended); Ku.4.12; Bhāg.1.65.19.
3) The asterism शतभिषज् (śatabhiṣaj).
4) Dūrvā grass.
5) Name of the wife of Varuṇa.
6) A kind of Dūrvā.
7) A kind of liquor; वारुणीं मदिरां पीत्वा मदोन्मथितचेतसाम् (vāruṇīṃ madirāṃ pītvā madonmathitacetasām) Bhāg.1.15.23.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 243.13.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇiḥ) The saint Agastya. E. varuṇa Varuna, iñ aff. of descent.
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Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. Any spirituous liquor, or more properly, a particular kind prepared from hogweed, ground with the juice of the date or palm, and then distilled. 2. The west, the region of Varuna. 3. The 25th lunar asterism, of which Varuna is the ruling deity. 4. A species of Durba-grass. E. varuṇa the deity, aṇ and ṅīṣ affs.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—[masculine] a patron. name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—[from vāruṇa] a f. See below
2) Vāruṇi (वारुणि):—[from vāruṇa] 1. vāruṇi m. ‘son of Varuṇa’ [patronymic] of various persons ([especially] of Bhṛgu, Satya-dhṛti, Vasiṣṭha, Agastya etc.), [Brāhmaṇa; Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā; Mahābhārata]
3) [v.s. ...] 2. vāruṇi f. (mc.) = vāruṇī, spirituous liquor, [Harivaṃśa]
4) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—[from vāruṇa] b f. the western quarter or region (presided over by Varuṇa), the west (with or without diś), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of [particular] serpents, [Gṛhya-sūtra]
6) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of [particular] sacred texts, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]
7) [v.s. ...] Varuṇa’s female Energy (personified either as his wife or as his daughter, produced at the churning of the ocean and regarded as the goddess of spirituous liquor), [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] a [particular] kind of spirit (prepared from hogweed mixed with the juice of the date or palm and distilled), any spirituous liquor, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva’s wife, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] a [particular] fast-day on the thirteenth of the dark half of Caitra, [Colebrooke]
11) [v.s. ...] Dūrvā grass or a similar species, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] colocynth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] the Nakṣatra Śata-bhiṣaj (ruled by Varuṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Rāmāyaṇa]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+49): Varunivallabha, Indravaruni, Madira, Kulakulanakshatra, Nicunkuna, Drakshavaruni, Varunika, Payaka, Varunisha, Amriteshvari, Dhanuhshreni, Brahmaveda, Gauri, Varunyupanishad, Iladevi, Mahamahavaruni, Digangana, Varunitanu, Brihadvaruni, Mahadvaruni.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Varuni, Vāruṇī, Vāruṇi, Vārunī, Varuṇī, Vārūṇī; (plurals include: Varunis, Vāruṇīs, Vāruṇis, Vārunīs, Varuṇīs, Vārūṇīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter IX - Legend of Lakshmi < [Book I]
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 6 - Alcoholic liquors (5): Varuni < [Chapter XXXIII - Spirituous liquors (Sandhana or Samdhana)]
Part 8 - Extraction of oil from seeds of Putranjiba and Agasti < [Chapter XXXII - Extraction of oil from seeds]
Part 5 - Incineration of Yellow Diamonds < [Chapter XIII - Gems (1): Vajra or Hiraka (diamond)]
Taittiriya Upanishad (by A. Mahadeva Sastri)
Introduction < [Book I - Shiksha Valli]
Chapter I - The Peace-chant < [A - Brahmavidyā expounded]
Chapter XI - Annamaya-kośa < [A - Brahmavidyā expounded]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)