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Varuni, aka: Varuṇī, Vāruṇī, Vāruṇi; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Varuni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is another name for Indravāruṇī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to the Citrullus colocynthis (wild gourd), from the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 3.69-71), which is a  13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

1) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Diṅmaheśvara (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—Fifth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Khecarī, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Vāruṇī, represent the eight directions of the compass (from east to north-east) and are presided over by the Bhairava Saṃvarta and his consort Rudrāṇī. Khecarī is the first of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the element ether or space.

3) Vāruṇī (वारुणी, “Aquatic”):—Second of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Sukṛtālayā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) water. They (including Vāruṇī) are presided over by the Bhairava Kapālīśa and his consort named Cāmuṇḍā. Sukṛtālayā is the Last of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents water.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantraŚaivism book cover
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Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Purāṇa

Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vāruṇī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—A siddha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. [14].

1b) A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 234.

2a) Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—The region sacred to Varuṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 89. 44.

2b) (also known as Puṣkariṇī) a daughter of Araṇya Prajāpati; a wife of Cakṣuṣa, and mother of Cākṣuṣa Manu; sister of Udaka who attained Varuṇahood.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 102-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 89.

2c) A Varṇa Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.

2d) A mind-born mother; on the fish with the serpent with pāśa or noose.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 10; 286. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—According to the Bhāgavata-purāṇa “When the charming Goddess Lakṣmī disregarded the demons they became dispirited, voluptuous, indolent and devoid of shame. There upon arose the presiding deity of wine, Vāruṇī by name, in the form of a girl with lotus eyes. The demons took hold of her, by the consent of Lord Hari”. (verses 29-30). But in the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Vāruṇī, is mentioned as the daughter of Varuṇa and emerged from the sea, and the gods took possession of her. (Bālakāṃḍa, 45, verses 36-38.) The crescent moon also has emerged from the ocean.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Vāruṇī: A type of wine.

2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—Name of the elder of two wifes of Varuṇa, who is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things. Vāruṇī is known as the Goddess of liquor. She is also known as Gauri.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Varuṇī (वरुणी): The goddess of wine.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The name given to slave women, attendants of Varuna. They live in dread of him. J.vi.500, 501. At J.vi.586 Varuni is explained as yakkhavittha ikkhhanika (fortune tellers possessed by a Yakkha, the Yakkha being perhaps Varuna).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

vāruṇī : (f.) spirituous liquor.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vāruṇī, (f.) (cp. Sk. vāruṇī, with only ref. in BR. : Harivaṃśa 8432) 1. spirituous liquor A. III, 213; J. I, 251 (°vāṇija spirit merchant), 268; VI, 502.—2. an intoxicated woman; term for a female fortune-teller J. VI, 500 (Vāruṇī ‘va pavedhati; C. devatā-bhūta-paviṭṭhā yakkha-dāsī viya gahitā, i.e. possessed), 587 (vāruṇī ‘va pavedhentī; C. yakkh’āviṭṭhā ikkhaṇikā viya). (Page 609)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

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