Varuni, aka: Vāruṇī, Vāruṇi, Vārunī, Varuṇī, Vārūṇī; 19 Definition(s)


Varuni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Varuni in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vāruṇī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—(Vāruṇibhṛgu). The hermit Bhṛgu having died in the sacrifice of Dakṣa, took birth again from the sacrifice of Varuṇa. At this stage the name of Bhṛgu was Vāruṇibhṛgu. (For further details see under Bhṛgu I).

2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—The daughter of Varuṇa. When the Devas and the Asuras churned the sea of Milk, four damsels were caused to arise by Varuṇa and holy pot of Ambrosia, by Soma. The four damsels were Sulakṣmī, Vāruṇī, Kāmodā and Śreṣṭhā, of whom Vāruṇī was married by Devas. (Padma Purāṇa, Bhūmi Khaṇḍa, Chapter 119).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—A siddha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. [14].

1b) A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 234.

2a) Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—The region sacred to Varuṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 89. 44.

2b) (also known as Puṣkariṇī) a daughter of Araṇya Prajāpati; a wife of Cakṣuṣa, and mother of Cākṣuṣa Manu; sister of Udaka who attained Varuṇahood.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 102-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 89.

2c) A Varṇa Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.

2d) A mind-born mother; on the fish with the serpent with pāśa or noose.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 10; 286. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—According to the Bhāgavata-purāṇa “When the charming Goddess Lakṣmī disregarded the demons they became dispirited, voluptuous, indolent and devoid of shame. There upon arose the presiding deity of wine, Vāruṇī by name, in the form of a girl with lotus eyes. The demons took hold of her, by the consent of Lord Hari”. (verses 29-30). But in the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Vāruṇī, is mentioned as the daughter of Varuṇa and emerged from the sea, and the gods took possession of her. (Bālakāṃḍa, 45, verses 36-38.) The crescent moon also has emerged from the ocean.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Vāruṇi (वारुणि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.39, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāruṇi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

1) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Diṅmaheśvara (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—Fifth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Khecarī, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Vāruṇī, represent the eight directions of the compass (from east to north-east) and are presided over by the Bhairava Saṃvarta and his consort Rudrāṇī. Khecarī is the first of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the element ether or space.

3) Vāruṇī (वारुणी, “Aquatic”):—Second of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Sukṛtālayā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) water. They (including Vāruṇī) are presided over by the Bhairava Kapālīśa and his consort named Cāmuṇḍā. Sukṛtālayā is the Last of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents water.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Vāruṇī (वारुणी) is another name for Indravāruṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus colocynthis (colocynth, bitter apple or desert gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.70-72 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Vāruṇī and Indravāruṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Vāruṇī: A type of wine.

2) Vāruṇī (वारुणी):—Name of the elder of two wifes of Varuṇa, who is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things. Vāruṇī is known as the Goddess of liquor. She is also known as Gauri.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Varuṇī (वरुणी): The goddess of wine.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The name given to slave women, attendants of Varuna. They live in dread of him., 501. At Varuni is explained as yakkhavittha ikkhhanika (fortune tellers possessed by a Yakkha, the Yakkha being perhaps Varuna).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vārūṇī (वारूणी) is the mother of Ārya Vyakta: the fourth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Ārya Vyakta) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Vāruṇī.—cf. mahāmahāvāruṇī, mahāvāruṇī (EI 25); name of a tithi. Note: vāruṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Varuni in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vāruṇī : (f.) spirituous liquor.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vāruṇī, (f.) (cp. Sk. vāruṇī, with only ref. in BR. : Harivaṃśa 8432) 1. spirituous liquor A. III, 213; J. I, 251 (°vāṇija spirit merchant), 268; VI, 502.—2. an intoxicated woman; term for a female fortune-teller J. VI, 500 (Vāruṇī ‘va pavedhati; C. devatā-bhūta-paviṭṭhā yakkha-dāsī viya gahitā, i.e. possessed), 587 (vāruṇī ‘va pavedhentī; C. yakkh’āviṭṭhā ikkhaṇikā viya). (Page 609)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f S The quarter of which the god varuṇa is regent, the west. 2 Spirituous liquor; esp. a liquor distilled from hogweed ground with the exudation from the Date or Palm.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f The west. Spirituous liquor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—

1) Name of Agastya; अद्यापि दक्षिणोद्देशाद्वारुणिर्न निवर्तते (adyāpi dakṣiṇoddeśādvāruṇirna nivartate) Mb.3.14.14.

2) Of Bhṛgu.

Derivable forms: vāruṇiḥ (वारुणिः).

--- OR ---

Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—

1) The west (the quarter presided over by Varuṇa).

2) Any spirituous liquor; पयोऽपि शौण्डिकीहस्ते वारुणीत्यभिधीयते (payo'pi śauṇḍikīhaste vāruṇītyabhidhīyate) H.3.11; करस्पन्दोऽम्बरत्यागस्तेजोहानिः सरागता । वारुणीसंगजावस्था भानुनाप्यनुभूयते (karaspando'mbaratyāgastejohāniḥ sarāgatā | vāruṇīsaṃgajāvasthā bhānunāpyanubhūyate) || Pt.1.178 (where both senses are intended); Ku.4.12; Bhāg.1.65.19.

3) The asterism शतभिषज् (śatabhiṣaj).

4) Dūrvā grass.

5) Name of the wife of Varuṇa.

6) A kind of Dūrvā.

7) A kind of liquor; वारुणीं मदिरां पीत्वा मदोन्मथितचेतसाम् (vāruṇīṃ madirāṃ pītvā madonmathitacetasām) Bhāg.1.15.23.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) The saint Agastya. E. varuṇa Varuna, aff. of descent.

--- OR ---

Vāruṇī (वारुणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. Any spirituous liquor, or more properly, a particular kind prepared from hogweed, ground with the juice of the date or palm, and then distilled. 2. The west, the region of Varuna. 3. The 25th lunar asterism, of which Varuna is the ruling deity. 4. A species of Durba-grass. E. varuṇa the deity, aṇ and ṅīṣ affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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