Vidhatri, Vidhātṛ, Vidhātri: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vidhatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vidhātṛ can be transliterated into English as Vidhatr or Vidhatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Vidhātrī (विधात्री):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidhatri in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vidhātri (विधात्रि).—A son of Khyātī and Bhṛgu, married Niyatī, (Āyatī, Vāyu-purāṇa) a daughter of Meru. His place in the Siśumāra; father of Pāṇḍu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 43-4; V. 23. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 37; 11. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 1; 30. 34.

1b) A son of Aditi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39.

1c) A name of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 39. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 193; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 18. 56.

1d) A son of Mṛkaṇḍu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 15; 10. 2, 3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ) (or Vidhātṛka) and Dhātṛ are the two Indras of the Pañcaprajñapti class Vyantaras living in the first 100 yojanas of the Ratnaprabhā-earth in the “lower world” (adhaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In the first 100 yojanas of Ratnaprabhā, with the exception of 10 above and 10 below, i.e., in 80 yojanas, there are 8 classes of Vyantaras: [viz., the Pañcaprajñaptis, ...] The two Indras in these classes are respectively: [viz., Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛka;...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ).—m.

1) A maker, creator; यो विधाता च धाता च (yo vidhātā ca dhātā ca) Rām.7.2.31; प्रसिद्धनेपथ्यविधेर्विधाता (prasiddhanepathyavidhervidhātā) Ku.7.36.

2) The creator, Name of Brahman; विधाता भद्रं नो वितरतु मनोज्ञाय विधये (vidhātā bhadraṃ no vitaratu manojñāya vidhaye) Māl.6.7; R.1.35;6.11;7.25.

3) A granter, giver, bestower; स्वयं विधाता तपसः फलानाम् (svayaṃ vidhātā tapasaḥ phalānām) Ku.1.57.

4) Fate, destiny; तावच्च तत्र च विधातृवशादुपैति (tāvacca tatra ca vidhātṛvaśādupaiti) H.1.4.

5) Name of Viśvakarman.

6) Name of Kāma; the god of love.

7) Spirituous liquor.

8) The illusion, Māyā; त्वं हि धाता विधाता च त्वं विष्णुः सुरसत्तमः (tvaṃ hi dhātā vidhātā ca tvaṃ viṣṇuḥ surasattamaḥ) Mb.1.23.17.

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Vidhātrī (विधात्री).—Long pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ).—m.

(-tā) 1. Brahma. 2. Love or Kama. 3. Fate. E. vi severally, dhā to have or contain, (all things,) aff. tṛc .

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Vidhātrī (विधात्री).—f. (-trī) Long-pepper. E. vi before, dhā to have, tṛc aff., fem. aff. ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ).—[vi-dhā + tṛ], m., properly, Ruler. 1. Fate, [Pañcatantra] 138, 23. 2. Brahman, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 91, 13; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 7, 15 (or fate). 3. Kāma. 4. A maker, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 18, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ).—[masculine] disposer, distributer, arranger, creator, [Name] of a god, often identif. with Brahman or a son of Brahman; also Fate personified, [Epithet] of Viṣṇu, Śiva etc.; [feminine] vidhātrī disposing, arranging, creating.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidhātṛ (विधातृ):—[=vi-dhātṛ] mf(trī)n. distributing. arranging, disposing etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a distributer, disposer, arranger, accomplisher, maker, author, creator, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a granter, giver, bestower, [Kumāra-sambhava]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā (as the creator of the world and disposer of men’s fate, sometimes in [plural] = prajā-pati e.g. [Śakuntalā vii, 30/31]; sometimes Vi-dhātṛ is mentioned together with Dhātṛ e.g. [Mahābhārata iii, 10419 etc.]; both are supposed to be the sons of Brahmā [Mahābhārata] or of Bhṛgu [Purāṇa]; in [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] Vidhātṛ is the regent of the 2nd Tithi, while Brahmā presides over the first), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Fate or Destiny (personified), [Kāvya literature; Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of Kāma (god of love), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of Viśva-karman, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

10) Vidhātrī (विधात्री):—[=vi-dhātrī] [from vi-dhātṛ] a f. See below

11) [=vi-dhātrī] b f. a female creator, mother of ([compound]), [Pañcav.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidhātṛ (विधातृ):—[vi-dhātṛ] (tā) 4. m. Brahmā; Kāma; fate.

2) Vidhātrī (विधात्री):—(trī) 3. f. Long-pepper.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vihāu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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