Adhara, aka: Ādhāra; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Adhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Ādhāra (आधार) is a synonym for adhiṣṭhāna (‘platform’), according to the Kāśyapaśilpa 6.1-2. The word adhiṣṭhāna is Sanskrit technical term referring to the “base” or “platform” on which a structure is built.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Adhara (अधर) refers to the “lower lip”. It is one of the six minor limbs (upāṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Ādhāra (आधार) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Ādhāranṛsiṃha or Ādhāranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pāñcarātra book cover
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Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)

Ādhāra (आधार).—Receptacle or abode of an action;cf.आध्रियन्ते अस्मिन् क्रियाः इत्याधारः (ādhriyante asmin kriyāḥ ityādhāraḥ) Kāś. on P.I.4.45 also M. Bh. on III.3.121; the Prakriyā Kaumudī mentions four kinds of ādhāras: cf. औपश्लेषिकः सामीपिको विषयो व्याप्त इत्याघारश्च-तुर्धा (aupaśleṣikaḥ sāmīpiko viṣayo vyāpta ityāghāraśca-turdhā) Prak. Kau. on II.3.36.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ādhāra (आधार) is a Sanskrit word referring to “site” or “foundation” of a house.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

adhara : (m.) the lip. (adj.), lower. || ādhāra (m.), a container; receptacle; holder; basis; support; stand.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Adhara, (adj.) (Vedic adhara, compar. of adho) the lower J.III, 26 (adharoṭṭha the l. lip). (Page 27)

— or —

Ādhāra, (ā + dhāra) — 1. a container, receptacle, basin, lit. holder A.III, 27; J.VI, 257. — 2. “holding up”, i. e. support, basis, prop. esp. a (round) stool or stand for the alms-bowl (patta) Vin.II, 113 (an° patto); M.III, 95; S.V, 21; J.V, 202. — fig. S.V, 20 (an° without a support, cittaṃ); Vism.8, 444. — 3. (tt. g.) name for the Loc. case (“resting on”) Sn.211. (Page 100)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

adhara (अधर).—a (S) Lower, inferior.

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adhara (अधर).—a (For adhīra or a & dharaṇēṃ) Impatient.

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adhara (अधर).—ad adharaadhara ad (a & dhara Hold.) Lightly, loosely &c. Used freely as araḷa ad and in some senses as acānaka, acaḷavī, alāda &c. a0 ṭhēvaṇēṃ or lōmbaviṇēṃ To place or hang in midspace without support from beneath. a0 basaṇēṃ or lōmbaṇēṃ To sit, lie, hang &c. without support.

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adhara (अधर).—m (S) The lower lip: also the lips. 2 or adhara diśā f The nadir. a0 cāvaṇēṃ or cāvūna khāṇēṃ To bite the lip (in rage &c.) Ex. paramasantāpa vāṭalā tēvhāṃ || a0 cāvūna khātasē ||

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ādhāra (आधार).—m S Support, lit. fig., the power of sustaining, or the sustentation afforded. Ex. of comp. ādhāragata, ādhāracalana, ādhāracyuta, ādhāra- bhraṣṭa, ādhārasthāna, ādhārasthita, ādhārabhūta. 2 A support, that which supports, sustains, upholds, protects, lit. fig.; sanction, authority, warrant; patronage, countenance, favor. 3 In grammar. Comprehension or location, the sense of the seventh case. (In, on, at.)

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhara (अधर).—ad Lightly, in midspace, without any support from beneath.

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adhara (अधर).—m The lower lip.

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ādhāra (आधार).—m Support. Authority. Location.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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