Adhara, aka: Ādhāra; 12 Definition(s)
Adhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ādhāra (आधार) is a synonym for adhiṣṭhāna (‘platform’), according to the Kāśyapaśilpa 6.1-2. The word adhiṣṭhāna is Sanskrit technical term referring to the “base” or “platform” on which a structure is built.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Adhara (अधर) refers to the “lower lip”. It is one of the six minor limbs (upāṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Ādhāra (आधार) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Ādhāranṛsiṃha or Ādhāranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Ādhāra (आधार).—Receptacle or abode of an action;cf.आध्रियन्ते अस्मिन् क्रियाः इत्याधारः (ādhriyante asmin kriyāḥ ityādhāraḥ) Kāś. on P.I.4.45 also M. Bh. on III.3.121; the Prakriyā Kaumudī mentions four kinds of ādhāras: cf. औपश्लेषिकः सामीपिको विषयो व्याप्त इत्याघारश्च-तुर्धा (aupaśleṣikaḥ sāmīpiko viṣayo vyāpta ityāghāraśca-turdhā) Prak. Kau. on II.3.36.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Ādhāra (आधार, “support”) is mentioned by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—Ādhāra means literally “support”. The term seems to include certain places in the suṣumṇā (including the energy centres called wheels [cakra] or lotuses); cf. verse 64 and also the sixteen places listed in verses 24–5. Rāghavabhaṭṭa, p. 902, 13 notes that different authorities specify the number of ādhāras as twelve, sixteen or many. His list, quoting an unidentified source, includes the six energy centres (Rāghavabhaṭṭa, pp. 902, 14–903, 16; cf. also Kālīcaraṇa, p. 37, 12–16 on Ṣaṭcakranirūpaṇa, verse 33).(Source): academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Ādhāra (आधार, “support”).—The sixteen types of “locus,” or “support” (ādhāra) are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. The Netratantra calls them loci because they “support” or “localise” the self.
The tantraprakriyā system is as follows:
- big toes (aṅguṣṭha),
- ankles (gulpha),
- knee (jānu),
- genitals (meḍhra),
- anus (pāyu),
- the bulb (kanda),
- the channel (nāḍi),
- stomach (jaṭhara),
- heart (hṛt),
- throat (kaṇṭha),
- palate (tālu),
- between the eyebrows (bhrūmadhya),
- forehead (lalāṭa),
- cranial apperture (brahmarandhra),
- limit of twelve (dvādaśānta).
These ādhāras are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. While sixteen is a common number for the ādhāras there are also some variations.(Source): academia.edu: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Ādhāra (आधार) is a Sanskrit word referring to “site” or “foundation” of a house.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
adhara : (m.) the lip. (adj.), lower. || ādhāra (m.), a container; receptacle; holder; basis; support; stand.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Adhara, (adj.) (Vedic adhara, compar. of adho) the lower J.III, 26 (adharoṭṭha the l. lip). (Page 27)
— or —
Ādhāra, (ā + dhāra) — 1. a container, receptacle, basin, lit. holder A.III, 27; J.VI, 257. — 2. “holding up”, i. e. support, basis, prop. esp. a (round) stool or stand for the alms-bowl (patta) Vin.II, 113 (an° patto); M.III, 95; S.V, 21; J.V, 202. — fig. S.V, 20 (an° without a support, cittaṃ); Vism.8, 444. — 3. (tt. g.) name for the Loc. case (“resting on”) Sn.211. (Page 100)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
adhara (अधर).—a (S) Lower, inferior.
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adhara (अधर).—a (For adhīra or a & dharaṇēṃ) Impatient.
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adhara (अधर).—ad adharaadhara ad (a & dhara Hold.) Lightly, loosely &c. Used freely as araḷa ad and in some senses as acānaka, acaḷavī, alāda &c. a0 ṭhēvaṇēṃ or lōmbaviṇēṃ To place or hang in midspace without support from beneath. a0 basaṇēṃ or lōmbaṇēṃ To sit, lie, hang &c. without support.
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adhara (अधर).—m (S) The lower lip: also the lips. 2 or adhara diśā f The nadir. a0 cāvaṇēṃ or cāvūna khāṇēṃ To bite the lip (in rage &c.) Ex. paramasantāpa vāṭalā tēvhāṃ || a0 cāvūna khātasē ||
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ādhāra (आधार).—m S Support, lit. fig., the power of sustaining, or the sustentation afforded. Ex. of comp. ādhāragata, ādhāracalana, ādhāracyuta, ādhāra- bhraṣṭa, ādhārasthāna, ādhārasthita, ādhārabhūta. 2 A support, that which supports, sustains, upholds, protects, lit. fig.; sanction, authority, warrant; patronage, countenance, favor. 3 In grammar. Comprehension or location, the sense of the seventh case. (In, on, at.)(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
adhara (अधर).—ad Lightly, in midspace, without any support from beneath.
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adhara (अधर).—m The lower lip.
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ādhāra (आधार).—m Support. Authority. Location.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Adhara (अधर).—a. [na dhriyate; dhṛ-ac, na. ta.]
1) Lower (opp. uttara), (lit. not held up); tending downwards; under, nether, downwards; °वासः (vāsaḥ) under garment; असितमधरवासो विभ्रतः (asitamadharavāso vibhrataḥ) Ki.4.38; cf. अम्बर (ambara); सुवर्णसूत्राकलिताधराम्बराम् (suvarṇasūtrākalitādharāmbarām) Śi.1.6; °ओष्ठ (oṣṭha) lower or nether lip, see below. (In this sense adhara partakes of the character of a pronoun).
2) Low, mean, vile; °उत्तरम् (uttaram) See below; lower in quality, inferior.
3) Silenced, worsted, not able to speak; See हीन, हीनवादिन् (hīna, hīnavādin).
4) Previous, preceding as in अधरेद्युः (adharedyuḥ) q. v.
-raḥ The nether (or sometimes the upper) lip; in general °पत्रम् (patram). प्रवेपमानाधरपत्रशोभिना (pravepamānādharapatraśobhinā) Ku.5.27 leaf-like lower lip; बिम्बाधरालक्तकः (bimbādharālaktakaḥ) M.3.5.; पक्कबिम्बाधरोष्ठी (pakkabimbādharoṣṭhī) Me.84; पिबसि रतिसर्वस्वमधरम् (pibasi ratisarvasvamadharam) Ś.1.21;1.23;3.23; cf. अधरं खलु बिम्बनामकं फलमाभ्यामिति भव्यमन्वयम् । लभतेऽधरबिम्ब इत्यदः पदमस्या रदनच्छदे वदत् (adharaṃ khalu bimbanāmakaṃ phalamābhyāmiti bhavyamanvayam | labhate'dharabimba ityadaḥ padamasyā radanacchade vadat) || N.2.24.
-rā The nadir; (adhodiś) or the southern direction.
-ram The lower part (of the body); पृष्ठवंशाधरे त्रिकम् (pṛṣṭhavaṃśādhare trikam) Ak.
2) Pudendum Muliebre (also m.).
3) Address. speech (opp. uttara); statement, sometimes used for reply also.
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Ādhāra (आधार).—[आ-धृ घञ् (ā-dhṛ ghañ); आध्रियन्तेऽस्मिन्क्रियाः इति (ādhriyante'sminkriyāḥ iti) Kāśi.)
1) Support, prop, stay; इत्याधारानुरोधात्त्रिपुरविजयिनः पातु वो दुःखनृत्तम् (ityādhārānurodhāttripuravijayinaḥ pātu vo duḥkhanṛttam) (Some annotators explain ādhāra as local conditions); Mu.1.2.
2) (Hence) Power of sustaining, aid, patronage, assistance; त्वमेव चातकाधारः (tvameva cātakādhāraḥ) Bh.2.5.
3) A receptacle, reservoir; तिष्ठन्त्याप इवाधारे (tiṣṭhantyāpa ivādhāre) Pt.1.67; चराचराणां भूतानां कुक्षिराधारतां गतः (carācarāṇāṃ bhūtānāṃ kukṣirādhāratāṃ gataḥ) Ku.6.67; अपामिवाधारमनु- त्तरङ्गम् (apāmivādhāramanu- ttaraṅgam) Ku.3.48; तोयाधारपथाश्च वल्कलशिखानिष्यन्दरेखाङ्किताः (toyādhārapathāśca valkalaśikhāniṣyandarekhāṅkitāḥ) Ś.1.14; आधारः क्षमाम्भसाम् (ādhāraḥ kṣamāmbhasām) K.44; Y.3.144,165.
4) That which holds or contains, a vessel, recipient.
5) A part, character (in dramas); भेदैः सूक्ष्मैरभिव्यक्तैः प्रत्याधारं विभज्यते (bhedaiḥ sūkṣmairabhivyaktaiḥ pratyādhāraṃ vibhajyate) Mv.1.3.
6) A basin round the foot of a tree; आधारबन्धप्रमुखैः प्रयत्नैः (ādhārabandhapramukhaiḥ prayatnaiḥ) R.5.6.
7) A dike, dam, embankment.
8) A canal.
9) The sense of the locative case, location, comprehension; आधारोऽधिकरणम् (ādhāro'dhikaraṇam); (ādhāra is of 3 kinds. -aupaśleṣika, vaiṣayika, and abhivyāpaka see Sk. on P.I.4.45).
11) A ray. cf. आधार आलवालेऽम्बुबन्धे च किरणेऽपि च (ādhāra ālavāle'mbubandhe ca kiraṇe'pi ca) Nm.
Derivable forms: ādhāraḥ (आधारः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 22 books and stories containing Adhara or Ādhāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.7.76-78 < [Chapter 7 - Purna: The Complete Perfection]
Verse 2.2.181 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna: Knowledge]
Verse 2.6.153 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XVIII - Mode of worshipping the death-conquering deity (Mrityunjaya) < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XXV - Sandal-worship (Paduka puja) described < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XXXIX - Description of another form of Sun-worship < [Agastya Samhita]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 7 - The worship of Śiva < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 24 - The ritual of lord Śiva < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
Chapter 28 - The glory of Bhasma < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
Hamsa Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Sarvajñātma Muni (a.d. 900) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 10 - The Circulatory and the Nervous System < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 17 - Application of the Dialectic to the Different Categories and Concepts < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]