Adhara, Ādhāra: 19 definitions


Adhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Ādhāra (आधार) is a synonym for adhiṣṭhāna (‘platform’), according to the Kāśyapaśilpa 6.1-2. The word adhiṣṭhāna is Sanskrit technical term referring to the “base” or “platform” on which a structure is built.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Adhara (अधर) refers to the “lower lip”. It is one of the six minor limbs (upāṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Adhara (अधर, “lower lip”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes, the eye-brows, pupils, cheeks, nose, jaws, lips [viz., lower lip: Adhara], teeth, tongue, chin, face, and the head.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Ādhāra (आधार) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Ādhāranṛsiṃha or Ādhāranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ādhāra (आधार).—Receptacle or abode of an action;cf.आध्रियन्ते अस्मिन् क्रियाः इत्याधारः (ādhriyante asmin kriyāḥ ityādhāraḥ) Kāś. on P.I.4.45 also M. Bh. on III.3.121; the Prakriyā Kaumudī mentions four kinds of ādhāras: cf. औपश्लेषिकः सामीपिको विषयो व्याप्त इत्याघारश्च-तुर्धा (aupaśleṣikaḥ sāmīpiko viṣayo vyāpta ityāghāraśca-turdhā) Prak. Kau. on II.3.36.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[(A) next»] — Adhara in Shaktism glossary
Source: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Ādhāra (आधार, “support”) is mentioned by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—Ādhāra means literally “support”. The term seems to include certain places in the suṣumṇā (including the energy centres called wheels [cakra] or lotuses); cf. verse 64 and also the sixteen places listed in verses 24–5. Rāghavabhaṭṭa, p. 902, 13 notes that different authorities specify the number of ādhāras as twelve, sixteen or many. His list, quoting an unidentified source, includes the six energy centres (Rāghavabhaṭṭa, pp. 902, 14–903, 16; cf. also Kālīcaraṇa, p. 37, 12–16 on Ṣaṭcakranirūpaṇa, verse 33).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Ādhāra (आधार, “support”).—The sixteen types of “locus,” or “support” (ādhāra) are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. The Netratantra calls them loci because they “support” or “localise” the self.

The tantraprakriyā system is as follows:

  1. big toes (aṅguṣṭha),
  2. ankles (gulpha),
  3. knee (jānu),
  4. genitals (meḍhra),
  5. anus (pāyu),
  6. the bulb (kanda),
  7. the channel (nāḍi),
  8. stomach (jaṭhara),
  9. heart (hṛt),
  10. kūrmanāḍī,
  11. throat (kaṇṭha),
  12. palate (tālu),
  13. between the eyebrows (bhrūmadhya),
  14. forehead (lalāṭa),
  15. cranial apperture (brahmarandhra),
  16. limit of twelve (dvādaśānta).

These ādhāras are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. While sixteen is a common number for the ādhāras there are also some variations.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Ādhāra (आधार) is a Sanskrit word referring to “site” or “foundation” of a house.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhara : (m.) the lip. (adj.), lower. || ādhāra (m.), a container; receptacle; holder; basis; support; stand.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhara, (adj.) (Vedic adhara, compar. of adho) the lower J.III, 26 (adharoṭṭha the l. lip). (Page 27)

— or —

Ādhāra, (ā + dhāra) — 1. a container, receptacle, basin, lit. holder A.III, 27; J.VI, 257. — 2. “holding up”, i. e. support, basis, prop. esp. a (round) stool or stand for the alms-bowl (patta) Vin.II, 113 (an° patto); M.III, 95; S.V, 21; J.V, 202. — fig. S.V, 20 (an° without a support, cittaṃ); Vism.8, 444. — 3. (tt. g.) name for the Loc. case (“resting on”) Sn.211. (Page 100)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhara (अधर).—a (S) Lower, inferior.

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adhara (अधर).—a (For adhīra or a & dharaṇēṃ) Impatient.

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adhara (अधर).—ad adharaadhara ad (a & dhara Hold.) Lightly, loosely &c. Used freely as araḷa ad and in some senses as acānaka, acaḷavī, alāda &c. a0 ṭhēvaṇēṃ or lōmbaviṇēṃ To place or hang in midspace without support from beneath. a0 basaṇēṃ or lōmbaṇēṃ To sit, lie, hang &c. without support.

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adhara (अधर).—m (S) The lower lip: also the lips. 2 or adhara diśā f The nadir. a0 cāvaṇēṃ or cāvūna khāṇēṃ To bite the lip (in rage &c.) Ex. paramasantāpa vāṭalā tēvhāṃ || a0 cāvūna khātasē ||

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ādhāra (आधार).—m S Support, lit. fig., the power of sustaining, or the sustentation afforded. Ex. of comp. ādhāragata, ādhāracalana, ādhāracyuta, ādhāra- bhraṣṭa, ādhārasthāna, ādhārasthita, ādhārabhūta. 2 A support, that which supports, sustains, upholds, protects, lit. fig.; sanction, authority, warrant; patronage, countenance, favor. 3 In grammar. Comprehension or location, the sense of the seventh case. (In, on, at.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhara (अधर).—ad Lightly, in midspace, without any support from beneath.

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adhara (अधर).—m The lower lip.

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ādhāra (आधार).—m Support. Authority. Location.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhara (अधर).—a. [na dhriyate; dhṛ-ac, na. ta.]

1) Lower (opp. uttara), (lit. not held up); tending downwards; under, nether, downwards; °वासः (vāsaḥ) under garment; असितमधरवासो विभ्रतः (asitamadharavāso vibhrataḥ) Ki.4.38; cf. अम्बर (ambara); सुवर्णसूत्राकलिताधराम्बराम् (suvarṇasūtrākalitādharāmbarām) Śi.1.6; °ओष्ठ (oṣṭha) lower or nether lip, see below. (In this sense adhara partakes of the character of a pronoun).

2) Low, mean, vile; °उत्तरम् (uttaram) See below; lower in quality, inferior.

3) Silenced, worsted, not able to speak; See हीन, हीनवादिन् (hīna, hīnavādin).

4) Previous, preceding as in अधरेद्युः (adharedyuḥ) q. v.

-raḥ The nether (or sometimes the upper) lip; in general °पत्रम् (patram). प्रवेपमानाधरपत्रशोभिना (pravepamānādharapatraśobhinā) Ku.5.27 leaf-like lower lip; बिम्बाधरालक्तकः (bimbādharālaktakaḥ) M.3.5.; पक्कबिम्बाधरोष्ठी (pakkabimbādharoṣṭhī) Me.84; पिबसि रतिसर्वस्वमधरम् (pibasi ratisarvasvamadharam) Ś.1.21;1.23;3.23; cf. अधरं खलु बिम्बनामकं फलमाभ्यामिति भव्यमन्वयम् । लभतेऽधरबिम्ब इत्यदः पदमस्या रदनच्छदे वदत् (adharaṃ khalu bimbanāmakaṃ phalamābhyāmiti bhavyamanvayam | labhate'dharabimba ityadaḥ padamasyā radanacchade vadat) || N.2.24.

-rā The nadir; (adhodiś) or the southern direction.

-ram The lower part (of the body); पृष्ठवंशाधरे त्रिकम् (pṛṣṭhavaṃśādhare trikam) Ak.

2) Pudendum Muliebre (also m.).

3) Address. speech (opp. uttara); statement, sometimes used for reply also.

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Ādhāra (आधार).—[आ-धृ घञ् (ā-dhṛ ghañ); आध्रियन्तेऽस्मिन्क्रियाः इति (ādhriyante'sminkriyāḥ iti) Kāśi.)

1) Support, prop, stay; इत्याधारानुरोधात्त्रिपुरविजयिनः पातु वो दुःखनृत्तम् (ityādhārānurodhāttripuravijayinaḥ pātu vo duḥkhanṛttam) (Some annotators explain ādhāra as local conditions); Mu.1.2.

2) (Hence) Power of sustaining, aid, patronage, assistance; त्वमेव चातकाधारः (tvameva cātakādhāraḥ) Bh.2.5.

3) A receptacle, reservoir; तिष्ठन्त्याप इवाधारे (tiṣṭhantyāpa ivādhāre) Pt.1.67; चराचराणां भूतानां कुक्षिराधारतां गतः (carācarāṇāṃ bhūtānāṃ kukṣirādhāratāṃ gataḥ) Ku.6.67; अपामिवाधारमनु- त्तरङ्गम् (apāmivādhāramanu- ttaraṅgam) Ku.3.48; तोयाधारपथाश्च वल्कलशिखानिष्यन्दरेखाङ्किताः (toyādhārapathāśca valkalaśikhāniṣyandarekhāṅkitāḥ) Ś.1.14; आधारः क्षमाम्भसाम् (ādhāraḥ kṣamāmbhasām) K.44; Y.3.144,165.

4) That which holds or contains, a vessel, recipient.

5) A part, character (in dramas); भेदैः सूक्ष्मैरभिव्यक्तैः प्रत्याधारं विभज्यते (bhedaiḥ sūkṣmairabhivyaktaiḥ pratyādhāraṃ vibhajyate) Mv.1.3.

6) A basin round the foot of a tree; आधारबन्धप्रमुखैः प्रयत्नैः (ādhārabandhapramukhaiḥ prayatnaiḥ) R.5.6.

7) A dike, dam, embankment.

8) A canal.

9) The sense of the locative case, location, comprehension; आधारोऽधिकरणम् (ādhāro'dhikaraṇam); (ādhāra is of 3 kinds. -aupaśleṣika, vaiṣayika, and abhivyāpaka see Sk. on P.I.4.45).

1) Relation.

11) A ray. cf. आधार आलवालेऽम्बुबन्धे च किरणेऽपि च (ādhāra ālavāle'mbubandhe ca kiraṇe'pi ca) Nm.

Derivable forms: ādhāraḥ (आधारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ādhāra (आधार).—(-ādhāra), see śrutādhāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhara (अधर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Low, inferior, below. 2. Low, vile. 3. Silenced, refuted, overcome in abuse or controversy. f.

(-rā) The lower region. m.

(-raḥ) The lower lip. (dual. rau) The lips. mn.

(-raḥ or raṃ) Pudendum muliebre. E. a neg. dhṛ to have or hold, and ac aff.

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Ādhāra (आधार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Support, prop, stay. 2. Receptacle. 3. Comprehen- sion, location, the sense of the ablative in or on. 4. A dike, a canal. 5. A basin round the foot of a tree. E. āṅ and dhṛ to hold or contain, ghañ aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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