Gati; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Gati (गति).—A daughter of Kardama, married to Pulaha. Had three sons—Karmaśreṣṭa, Varīyas and Sahisṇu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 23: IV. 1. 38.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Gati (गति).—One of the technical terms which have been used in the uṇādi-sūtras;—Gati, “A technical term used by Pāṇini in connection with prefixes and certain indeclinables which are called ‘gati’.” The words called ‘gati’ can be compounded with the words following them, provided the latter are not verbs, the compound being named ‘tatpuruṣa’. In the sūtra mentioned above, the term ‘gati’ denotes all these implications which are characteristic of the term ‘gati’ in the Aṣṭādhyāyī.

(Source): archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

1) Gati (गति).—lit. motion; stretching out, lengthening of a syllable. The word is explained in the Prātiśakhya works which define it as the lengthening of a Stobha vowel with the utterance of the vowel इ (i) or उ (u) after it, e.g. हाइ (hāi) or हायि (hāyi) for हा (); similarly आ-इ (ā-i) or आ -यि (ā -yi) ;

2) Gati.—A technical term used by Pāṇini in connection with prefixes and certain indeclinables which are called गति (gati), cf. P.I.4.60-79. The words called gati can be compounded with the following word provided the latter is not a verb, the compound being named tatpuruṣa e.g, प्रकृतम्, ऊरीकृत्य (prakṛtam, ūrīkṛtya) cf. P.II.2.18; the word गति (gati) is used by Pāṇini in the masculine gender as seen in the Sūtra गतिरनन्तरः (gatiranantaraḥ) P.VI. 2.49 and hence explained as formed by the addition of the affix क्तिच् (ktic) to गम् (gam), the word being used as a technical term by the rule क्तिच्क्तौ च संज्ञायाम् (kticktau ca saṃjñāyām) P.III.3.174;

3) Gati.—Realization, understanding; cf. उभयगतिरिह भवति (ubhayagatiriha bhavati) Par. Śek. Pari.9; सांप्रतिकाभावे भूतपूर्वगतिः (sāṃpratikābhāve bhūtapūrvagatiḥ) Par. Śek. Pari 76; अगत्या हि परिभाषा आश्रीयते (agatyā hi paribhāṣā āśrīyate) Puruṣottamadeva Pari. Pāṭha 119.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Gati (गति) refers to “gait”; it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. These gaits are suitable for different characters in a dramatic play (nāṭya).

2) Gati (गति) or Gata or Prakṛti refers to a set of three rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

The following are the three gatis:

  1. Tattva,
  2. Ghana (=Anugata),
  3. Ogha.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Gati (गति).—Motion, generally used in the sense of daily motion of the planets. Note: Gati is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Gati (गति) or “gait” can be identified in any theatrical perform ance. The gati or the movement starts from sthiti, which is a static position. The basic function of the body of an actor on stage is gait. Only after moving to a particular place, he starts his acting. In present day parlance, the term gati is mostly connected with tāla or rhythmic factors. Thus, gati is based on the action, space and time.

Gati is a very important aspect of nāṭya. Gati, which refers to the gait, comes from the root word gaṃ (gach)–to move or to go. In nāṭya when a person enacts any role, such as man, woman, bird or an animal, he should walk around the stage with a movement to represent that character. Thus, the entry of the characters, their action on stage and their exit, come under the classification of gati.

(Source): Shodhganga: Gati in theory and practice

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

(lit. 'going'): 'course of existence', destiny, destination.

"There are 5 courses of existence: hell, animal kingdom, ghost realm, human world, heavenly world" (D. 33; A. XI, 68).

Of these, the first 3 count as woeful courses (duggati, s. apāya), the latter 2 as happy courses (sugati).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

General definition (in Buddhism)

Gati (गति) is the thirty-eighth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (eg., gati), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Gati (गति, “existences”) refers to a category of dispositions (bhāva) due to the rising of karmas (audayika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.6. What is the meaning of existences /realms (gati)? The existence due to existence of the lifespan-determining karma (āyu) is called realm. How many types of realms are there? There are four types of realm namely heavenly (deva), infernal (naraka), human (manuṣya) and sub human (tiryañca). 

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Gati (गति, “motion”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.17.—The functions of the media of motion (dharma) and rest (adharma) are to assist (upagraha) motion (gati) and rest respectively. What is the meaning of the word motion (gati)? Cause of the movement of an object from space point to another is called motion.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Gati (गति, “condition”) refers to “state of existence (realm body-making) karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by state of existence (realm body-making) karma (gati)? The karmas rise of which causes the movement of the living being from present realm to the next realm is called state of existence body-making karma.

Gati (state of existence) is of four types, namely:

  1. infernal state of existence body-making karma (naraka),
  2. sub-human state of existence body-making karma (tiryañc),
  3. human state of existence body-making karma (manuṣya),
  4. celestial state of existence body-making karma (deva).
(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

gati : (f.) going; career; course; passing on to another existence; destiny; behaviour. || ñāti (m.), a kinsman.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gati, (f.) (fr. gacchati; cp. Gr. baζis, Lat. (in-) ventio, Goth. (ga-)qumps)

1. going, going away, (opp. āgati coming) (both gati & āgati usually in pregnant sense of No. 2. See āgati); direction, course, career. Freq. of the two careers of a Mahāpurisa (viz. either a Cakkavatti or a Buddha) D.II, 16=Sn.p. 106; Sn.1001, or of a gihī arahattaṃ patto Miln.264, with ref. to the distinction of the child Gotama J.I, 56.—phassâyatanānaṃ gati (course or direction) A.II, 161; jagato gati (id.) A.II, 15, 17; sakuntānaṃ g. the course, flight of birds Dh.92=Th.1, 92.—Opp. āgati Pv.II, 922.—tassā gatiṃ jānāti “he knows her going away, i.e. where she has gone” PvA.6.

2. going away, passing on (=cuti, opp. upapatti coming into another existence); course, esp after death, destiny, as regards another (future) existence A.I, 112; D.II, 91; M.I, 388 (tassa kā gati ko abhisamparāyo? what is his rebirth and what his destiny?);

3. behaviour, state or condition of life, sphere of existence, element, especially characterized as sugati & duggati, a happy or an unhappy existence.

4. one of the five realms of existence of sentient beings (=loka), divided into the two categories of sugati (=Sagga, realm of bliss) & duggati (=Yamaloka, apāya, realm of misery). These gatis are given in the foll. order:

  1. niraya: purgatory,
  2. tiracchānayoni: the brute oreation,
  3. pittivisaya: the ghost world,
  4. manussā (m-loka): human beings,
  5. devā: gods:

M.I, 73; D.III, 234; A.IV, 459; Nd2 550; cp. S.V, 474—77; Vism.552. They are described in detail in the Pañcagatidīpana (ed. L. Feer, J.P.T.S. 1884, 152 sq.; trsl. by the same in Annales du Musée Guimet V. 514—528) under Naraka-kaṇḍa, Tiracchāna°, Peta°, Manussa°, Deva°. Of these Nos. 1—3 are considered duggatis, whilst Nos. 4 and 5 are sugati.

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

gati (गति).—f (S) Going, moving, motion gen.; passage, progress, progression. 2 Deportment, carriage, procedure. 3 State or condition (esp. in an ill sense). See gata in the first six significations. 4 Access, reach, range. In this sense some useful compounds are kalpanāgati, kauśalyagati, cāturyagati, parākramagati, śauryagati, jñānagati, Reach, range, or stretch of imagination, genius, skill, talent &c. 5 Course of events, fate, fortune. 6 A period of life, as age, manhood, youth. 7 A whole revolution (of a heavenly body). 8 Proceeding, flourishing, going on smoothly or prosperously. 9 The diurnal motion of a planet in its orbit. 10 Used as ad for gatyā q. v. In the way of; after the procedure, course, or bearing of. gatīvara or gatīsa yēṇēṃ To drop the mask; to burst disguise and appear in one's natural disposition. gatīvara ghātalēlā or paḍalēlā One on the point of death.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gati (गति).—f Going, motion, gen. Condition or state. Reach, range, as kalpanāgati. Course of events, fate.

--- OR ---

gatī (गती).—or -gatī f A hopeful, promising state.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gati (गति).—&c. see under गम् (gam).

See also (synonyms): gata.

--- OR ---

Gati (गति).—f. [gam-bhāve ktin]

1) Motion, going, moving, gait; गतिर्विगलिता (gatirvigalitā) Pt.4.78; अभिन्नगतयः (abhinnagatayaḥ) Ś.1.14; (na) भिन्दन्ति मन्दां गतिमश्वमुख्यः (bhindanti mandāṃ gatimaśvamukhyaḥ) Ku.1.11 do not mend their slow gait (do not mend their pace); so गगनगतिः (gaganagatiḥ) Pt.1; लघुगतिः (laghugatiḥ) Me.16; U.6.23.

2) Access, entrance; मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवा- स्ति मे गतिः (maṇau vajrasamutkīrṇe sūtrasyevā- sti me gatiḥ) R.1.4.

3) Scope, room; अस्त्रगतिः (astragatiḥ) Ku.3.19; मनोरथानामगतिर्न विद्यते (manorathānāmagatirna vidyate) Ku.5.64; नास्त्यगतिर्मनोरथानाम् (nāstyagatirmanorathānām) V.2.

4) Turn, course; दैवगतिर्हि चित्रा (daivagatirhi citrā), Mu.7.16.

5) Going to, reaching, obtaining; वैकुण्ठीया गतिः (vaikuṇṭhīyā gatiḥ) Pt.1 obtaining Heaven.

6) Fate, issue; भर्तुर्गतिर्गन्तव्या (bharturgatirgantavyā) Dk.13.

7) State, condition; दानं भोगो नाशस्तिस्रो गतयो भवन्ति वित्तस्य (dānaṃ bhogo nāśastisro gatayo bhavanti vittasya) Bh.2.43; Pt.1.16.

8) Position, station, situation, mode of existence; परार्ध्यगतेः पितुः (parārdhyagateḥ pituḥ) R.8.27; कुसुमस्तबकस्येव द्वे गती स्तो मनस्विनाम् (kusumastabakasyeva dve gatī sto manasvinām) Bh.2.14; Pt.1.41,42.

9) A means, expedient, course, alternative; अनुपेक्षणे द्वयी गतिः (anupekṣaṇe dvayī gatiḥ) Mu.3; का गतिः (kā gatiḥ) what help is there, can't help (often used in dramas) Pt.1.319; अन्या गतिर्नास्ति (anyā gatirnāsti) K.158; cf. also अगतिका हि एषा गतिः यत् कृत्स्नसंयोगे सति विकल्पसमुच्चयौ स्याताम् (agatikā hi eṣā gatiḥ yat kṛtsnasaṃyoge sati vikalpasamuccayau syātām) ŚB. on MS.1.5.47.

1) Recourse, shelter, refuge, asylum, resort; विद्यमानां गतिर्येषाम् (vidyamānāṃ gatiryeṣām) Pt.1.32,322; आसयत् सलिले पृथ्वीं यः स मे श्रीहरिर्गतिः (āsayat salile pṛthvīṃ yaḥ sa me śrīharirgatiḥ) Sk.

11) Source, origin, acquisition; क्रियाविशेषबहुलां भोगैश्वर्यगतिं प्रति (kriyāviśeṣabahulāṃ bhogaiśvaryagatiṃ prati) Bg.2.43; Ms.1.5.

12) a way, path.

13) A march, procession.

14) An event, issue, result.

15) The course of events, fate, fortune.

16) Course of asterisms.

17) The diurnal motion of a planet in its orbit.

18) A running wound or sore, fistula.

19) Knowing; अपेन पूर्वं न मयेति का गतिः (apena pūrvaṃ na mayeti kā gatiḥ) Ki.14.15; knowledge, wisdom.

2) Transmigration, metempsychosis; Ms.6.73;12.3,23,4-45; त्यज बुद्धिमिमां गतिप्रवृत्ताम् (tyaja buddhimimāṃ gatipravṛttām) Bu. Ch.5.36; Bhāg.1.17.1.

21) A stage or period of life, (as śaiśava, yauvana, vārdhaka).

22) (In gram.) A term for preposition and some other adverbial prefixes (such as alam, tiras &c.) when immediately connected with the tenses of a verb or verbal derivatives.

23) Position of a child at birth.

Derivable forms: gatiḥ (गतिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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