Sthira, Sthirā: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sthira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Sthira (स्थिर, “firm” or “stable”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Sthira is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘firmness’, while its opposing quality, Sara, refers to its ‘mobility’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Sthira, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī).

2) Sthirā (स्थिरा):—Another name for Śālaparṇī (Desmodium gangeticum), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The Sanskrit word Sthirā is derived from Sthira, which meaning can vary from “faithful”, “fixed”, “hard-hearted”, “settled” or “changeless”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Sthira (स्थिर) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Sthira], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sthirā (स्थिरा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sthirā and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Sthirā (स्थिरा) is another name for “Pṛśniparṇī” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning sthirā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Sthira (स्थिर) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Sthira (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a Krauñca. A viṇā is held with both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Sthira) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sthira (स्थिर).—One of the two followers given to Subrahmaṇya by Meru. The followers given to Subrahmaṇya were Sthira and Atisthira. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 48).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sthira (स्थिर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.44) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sthira) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Sthira (स्थिर) or Sthirāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Candrajñānāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Sthira Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Candrajñāna-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Sthira (स्थिर, “firmness”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by firmness (sthira) body-making karma? The rise of which causes firmness (such as of major and minor limbs well knit in a frame) is called firmness body-making karma.

The opposite-pair of sthira (firmness) is asthira (weakness).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sthirā.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, p. 181), a permanent endowment. Note: sthirā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthira (स्थिर).—a (S) Steady, settled, fixed, firm, fast, still, not moving. 2 Permanent, abiding, continuing, enduring, lasting. 3 Constant, faithful, steady, not fluctuating or fickle. 4 Calm, cool, composed, of moderate or orderly affections and passions. 5 Steady, abiding, unchanging &c. In this sense the word is used as an epithet of certain signs of the zodiac, certain nakshatras, and certain days; implying that a work begun under any of these signs, nakshatras &c. will proceed slowly and heavily, and if executed under any of them, will continue or last a long time. See in the opposite sense cara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sthira (स्थिर).—a Steady; permanently cool, constant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthira (स्थिर).—a. [sthā-kirac] (compar. stheyas; superl. stheṣṭha)

1) Firm, steady, fixed; भावस्थिराणि जननान्तरसौहृदानि (bhāvasthirāṇi jananāntarasauhṛdāni) Ś.5.2. स स्थाणुः स्थिरभक्तियोगसुलभो निःश्रेयसायास्तु वः (sa sthāṇuḥ sthirabhaktiyogasulabho niḥśreyasāyāstu vaḥ) V.1.1; Ku.1.3; R.11.19.

2) Immoveable, still, motionless; स्थिरप्रदीप- तामेत्य भुजङ्गाः पर्युपासते (sthirapradīpa- tāmetya bhujaṅgāḥ paryupāsate) Ku.2.38.

3) Immoveably fixed; कालेनावरणात्ययात्परिणते यत्स्नेहसारे स्थितम् (kālenāvaraṇātyayātpariṇate yatsnehasāre sthitam) U.1.39.

4) Permanent, eternal, everlasting; कल्पिष्यन्ते स्थिरगणपदप्राप्तये श्रद्दधानाः (kalpiṣyante sthiragaṇapadaprāptaye śraddadhānāḥ) Me.57; Māl.1.25.

5) Cool, collected, composed, placid, calm.

6) Quiescent, free from passion.

7) Steady in conduct, steadfast.

8) Constant, faithful, determined.

9) Certain, sure.

1) Hard, solid.

11) Strong, intense.

12) Stern, relentless, hard-hearted; अहो स्थिरः कोऽपि तवेप्सितो युवा (aho sthiraḥ ko'pi tavepsito yuvā) Ku.5.47.

-raḥ 1 A god, deity.

2) A tree.

3) A mountain.

4) A bull.

5) Name of Śiva.

6) Name of Kārtikeya.

7) Final beatitude or absolution.

8) The planet Saturn.

9) Name of certain zodiacal signs (Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius).

-rā 1 The earth; पितामहस्तामालोक्य विहस्तामस्थिरां स्थिराम् (pitāmahastāmālokya vihastāmasthirāṃ sthirām) Śiva B.5.47.

2) A strong-minded woman.

3) The silkcotton tree.

-ram Steadfastness, stubbornness. (sthirīkṛ means

1) to confirm, strengthen, or to corroborate.

2) to stop, make fast.

3) to cheer up, console, comfort; Ś.4.

4) To steel (the heart); Amaru. स्थिरीभू (sthirībhū) means

1) to become firm or steady.

2) to become calm or tranquil.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sthirā (स्थिरा).—name of a capital city (rājadhānī): Gaṇḍavyūha 170.13; 171.26 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthira (स्थिर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Firm, fixed, steady, immovable. 2. Hard, solid. 3. Permanent, durable, lasting. 4. Firm, steady, (morally,) uninfluenced by pleasure or pain, &c. 5. Cool, collected. 6. Constant, faithful. 7. Sure, certain. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A deity, an immortal. 2. Kartikeya. 3. A mountain. 4. A tree. 5. Final emancipation from existence. 6. The planet Saturn. 7. A bull. 8. Siva. f.

(-rā) 1. The earth. 2. A shrub, (Hedysarum gangeticum.) 3. A medicinal root, commonly Kakoli. 4. Silk-cotton tree. E. ṣṭhā to stay or be, Unadi aff. kirac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthira (स्थिर).—i. e. sthā + ra, I. adj., comparat. stheyaṃs, superl. stheṣṭha. 1. Firm, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 1; fixed, immovable, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 6, 33 (sthirī kṛ, To stop, [Pañcatantra] 258, 20). 2. Permanent, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 109; Chr. 291, 15 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 15; eternal, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 56. 3. Hard, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 30, 2; solid, strong, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 18. 4. Steady, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 175, 6; free from passion, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 44. 5. Cool, collected, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 43, 17. 6. Convinced, sure, Chr. 53, 25. 7. Constant, determined, Chr. 43, 28. 8. Faithful, [Pañcatantra] 107, 11. Ii. m. 1. A deity. 2. Final emancipation. 3. A mountain. 4. A tree. 5. A bull. 6. Kārttikeya, the god of war. 7. Saturn. Iii. f. . 1. The earth. 2. Silk-cotton tree, and two other plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthira (स्थिर).—[adjective] hard, solid, firm, strong, lasting, durable, steadfast, constant, resolute, faithful, sure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthira (स्थिर):—[from sthā] a mf(ā)n. firm, hard, solid, compact, strong, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] fixed, immovable, motionless, still, calm, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] firm, not wavering or tottering, steady, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] unfluctuating, durable, lasting, permanent, changeless, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] stern, relentless, hard-hearted, [Kumāra-sambhava]

6) [v.s. ...] constant, steadfast, resolute, persevering (manas or hṛdayaṃ sthiraṃ-√kṛ, ‘to steel one’s heart, take courage’ [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara])

7) [v.s. ...] kept secret, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

8) [v.s. ...] faithful, trustworthy, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] firmly resolved to ([infinitive mood]), [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] settled, ascertained, undoubted, sure, certain, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] spell recited over weapons, [Rāmāyaṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] of one of Skanda’s attendants, [ib.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] [astrology] Yoga, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

16) [v.s. ...] of certain zodiacal signs (viz. Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, Aquarius; so called because any work done under these signs is supposed to be lasting), [ib.] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘a tree; Grislea Tomentosa; a mountain; a bull; a god; the planet Saturn; final emancipation’)

17) Sthirā (स्थिरा):—[from sthira > sthā] f. a strong-minded woman, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

18) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] Desmodium Gangeticum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] Salmalia Malabarica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] = -kākolī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] Name of the sound j, [Upaniṣad]

23) Sthira (स्थिर):—[from sthā] n. steadfastness, stubbornness, resistance ([accusative] with ava-√tan [Parasmaipada] ‘to loosen the resistance of [gen.]’; [Ātmanepada] ‘to relax one’s own resistance, yield’; with ā-√tan [Ātmanepada] ‘to offer resistance’), [Ṛg-veda]

24) b etc. See p. 1264, col. 3.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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