Brahmaloka, aka: Brahma-loka, Brahman-loka; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Brahmaloka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Brahmaloka (ब्रह्मलोक).—The abode of Brahmā; the eternal world;1 thirteen crores and fifteen niyuktas of yojanas from the Bhūloka and one crore and 500 niyuktas above the Satyaloka;2 baths in Agastyesvaram and Devatīrtham lead one to;3 Viraja became Ekārṣṭaka here;4 hearing of the legend of Brahmadatta takes one to;5 Yayāti went from Devaloka to;6 the giver of Hiraṇyagarbha enjoys the world of;7 the giver of the brahmavaivarta purāṇa on the Full Moon day of Māgha reaches this;8 residence of the Brahmaṛṣis;9 fire reduced to ashes would not become fire again; so also the person reaching this loka would not have rebirth: advaita mokṣa;10 Brahmā, Purohita at;11 the last place where Vaitātrika Devas went and became one with God during the Pralaya.12

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 86. 6; 178. 76; Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 31. 23; XI. 23. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 27.
  • 2) Ib. 61. 87; 101. 112, 220; 65, 141; 106. 20; 108. 12; 111. 33, 49.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 191. 16, 24.
  • 4) Ib. 15. 24.
  • 5) Ib. 21. 41.
  • 6) Ib. 36. 2.
  • 7) Ib. 194. 28; 205. 8; 275. 26.
  • 8) Ib. 53. 34-6.
  • 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 97; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 87.
  • 10) Ib. 7. 32; 21. 70; 22. 20.
  • 11) Ib. 65. 68 and 77.
  • 12) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5. 110; II. 6. 31.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Sāṃkhya (school of philosophy)

Brahmaloka (ब्रह्मलोक) refers to the world of Brāhma and represents a division of the divine creation (daivasarga or ūrdhvasarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The daivasarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy
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Sāṃkhya (सांख्य, samkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (āstika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Sāṃkhya philosophy accepts three pramāṇas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakṛti (matter) and puruṣa (consciousness).

Vaiṣṇavism (Vaiṣṇava dharma)

Brahmaloka (ब्रह्मलोक).—The spiritual world is a manifestation of spiritual energy and is known as Vaikuṇṭhaloka, “the place where there is no anxiety”. The material world, known as Brahmāṇḍa is the creation of the external energy. Between the two creations-the material creation and the spiritual creation-is a river known as Virajā as well as a place known as Brahmaloka. Virajā-nadī and Brahmaloka are shelters for living entities disgusted with material life and inclined to impersonal existence by way of denying material variegatedness. Since these places are not situated in the Vaikuṇṭḥalokas, or the spiritual world, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu proclaims them to be external.

(Source): Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Vaiṣṇavism book cover
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Vaiṣṇava (वैष्णव, vaishnava) or Vaiṣṇavism (vaishnavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Viṣṇu as the supreme Lord. Similair to the Śāktism and Śaivism traditions, Vaiṣṇavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the daśāvatāra (‘ten avatars of Viṣṇu’).

In Buddhism

Pali

brahmaloka : (m.) the brahma world.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Brahmaloka (ब्रह्मलोक).—According to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV):—The gods of the Brahmaloka have three places of birth (janmasthāna): i) the heaven of the Brahmakāyikas, the birthplace of the lesser Brahmās; ii) the heaven of the Brahmapurohitas, the birthplace of the noble Brahmās; iii) the heaven of the Mahābrahmās, also called the birthplace of intermediate dhyāna (dhyānāntara).

In the world of the Brahmā gods (brahmaloka), the life-span does not surpass a half kalpa; and this brahmadeva [Baka] is alone in having an immense longevity. Thus he conceived a wrong view (mithyādṛṣṭi) and said: “I alone am eternally subsistent (nityastha).”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Brahmaloka (ब्रह्मलोक) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Brahmalokakalpa. In this specific kalpa, instead of bodily coition, a more and more refined sort of sexual satisfaction takes its place. The associated leśyā is lotus-pink. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Brahmaloka-kalpa is a goat (prakrit: chagala, sanskrit: chāgala). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

brahmalōka (ब्रह्मलोक).—m (S) The heaven of Brahma.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brahmaloka (ब्रह्मलोक).—the world of Brahman.

Derivable forms: brahmalokaḥ (ब्रह्मलोकः).

Brahmaloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and loka (लोक).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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