Svarga, Swarga: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Svarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Svarga (स्वर्ग).—A son of Jāmi and Dharma, father of Nandi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 6.

1b) A son of Bhīma and Diks.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 82; 27. 54.

1c) The heaven;1 seven gates for; tapas, dāna, sāma, dama, hrīḥ, ārjavam, and sympathy for all creatures;2 all these possessed by Śibi;3 reached by Yayāti with his four grandsons;4 for the worship of Agastya.5

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 96; 41. 82; 103. 42; 108. 76 and 84.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 39. 22.
  • 3) Ib. 42. 20.
  • 4) Ib. 42. 28.
  • 5) Ib. 553. 29; 61. 55.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of The Seven Upper Worlds.—Svarga: the Patāka hand twisted upwards is applicable.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Svarga (स्वर्ग) is the name of Śiva’s abode on top of mount Kailāsa that was visited by Sūryaprabha in order to invite Śiva and Ambikā for his coronation, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... and at last he [Sūryaprabha] reached on the top of the mountain [Kailāsa] an eighth door of crystal. Then he praised Śiva, and he was introduced courteously by one of the Rudras, and beheld that abode of Śiva that excelled Svarga, in which blew winds of heavenly fragrance, in which the trees ever bore fruit and flowers, in which the Gandharvas had begun their concert, which was all joyous with the dancing of Apsarases. Then, in one part of it, Sūryaprabha beheld with joy the great god Śiva, seated on a throne of crystal”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Svarga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Hinduism, Svarga (or Swarga) (Sanskrit: स्वर्ग) also known as Swarga Loka is a one of seven loka or planes in Hindu cosmology, which sequentially are Bhu loka (Prithvi Loka, Earth), Bhuvar loka, Swarga loka, Mahar loka, Jana loka, Tapa loka, and the highest Satyaloka (Brahmaloka). It set of heavenly worlds located on and above Mt. Meru. It is a heaven where the righteous live in a paradise before their next reincarnation. During each pralaya or the great dissolution, the first three realms are destroyed that is Bhu loka (Earth), Bhuvar loka, Swarga loka. Below all these upper realms lie seven realms of Patala, the underworld and netherworld.

Svarga is seen as a transitory place for righteous souls who have performed good deeds in their lives but are not yet ready to attain moksha, or elevation to Vaikunta, the abode of Lord Vishnu, considered to be the Supreme Abode (Rig Veda (1.22.20) states,

Oṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramam padam sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ:

"All the suras (i.e. devas- divinities) look towards the feet of Lord Vishnu as the Supreme Abode)".

The capital of Svarga is Amaravati and its entrance is guarded by Airavata. Svarga is presided over by Indra, the chief deva.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Svarga.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twentyone’. Note: svarga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svarga (स्वर्ग).—m (S) The heaven or paradise of Indra. As svarga is the main region in which mortals receive the reward of their virtuous actions, this word, although faulty, is better suited than any of the other existing words (e. g. dēvalōka, ūrdhvalōka, bhuvarlōka, paralōka, ākāśa) to render the Christian term Heaven. Indra will pass away, and Swarg will be purified from its sensuousness. 2 This word, as of the paradise which it signifies the site is in the zenith, is frequently used in the sense of Sky or heavens. mēlyāvāñcūna svarga disata nāhīṃ No good is to be enjoyed or obtained without undergoing some trouble or difficulty. svarga dōna bōṭēṃ uralā with or sa of s. The heavens are distant (from him &c.) by two fingerbreadths. Phrase descriptive of a lofty and lordly person. svargācī vāṭa (Way to heaven.) A polite or soft name for Departure from life. svargāsa hāta pōñcaṇēṃ (The hand to reach unto the skies.) A phrase expressive of the attainment or accomplishment of some superlative good. svargīṃ dhaja lāvaṇēṃ To perform a mighty exploit.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svarga (स्वर्ग).—m The heaven or paradise of Indra. mēlyāvāñcūna svarga disata nāhīṃ No good is to be obtained without undergoing some trouble. svargācī vāṭa A polite name for departure from life. svargī dhvaja lāvaṇēṃ Perform a mighty exploit.

--- OR ---

svarga (स्वर्ग).—a Relating to svarga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svarga (स्वर्ग).—Heaven, Indra's paradise; अहो स्वर्गादधिकतरं निर्वृतिस्थानम् (aho svargādadhikataraṃ nirvṛtisthānam) Ś.7.

Derivable forms: svargaḥ (स्वर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarga (स्वर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) Heaven, Indra'S paradise, and the residence of deified mortals and the inferior gods. E. mu happiness, ṛj to go, or obtain, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarga (स्वर्ग).—[svar-ga], m. Heaven, Indra's paradise, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 85; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 59; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 248.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarga (स्वर्ग).—[adjective] going or leading to light or heaven, heavenly; [masculine] (±loka) the heavenly world, heaven, paradise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svarga (स्वर्ग):—[=svar-ga] a See below.

2) [from svar] b mfn. (or suvarga) going or leading to or being in light or heaven, heavenly, celestial (with loka m. or [plural] = ‘the world of light, heavens’), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. heaven, the abode of light and of the gods, heavenly bliss, ([especially]) Indra’s heaven or paradise (to which the souls of virtuous mortals are transferred until the time comes for their re-entering earthly bodies; this temporary heaven is the only h° of orthodox Brāhmanism; it is supposed to be situated on mount Meru q.v.; [accusative] with √, ā-√sthā, or ā-√pad, ‘to go to heaven’, ‘die’), [Ṛg-veda only x, 95, 18; Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Ekāha, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of the Rudra Bhīma, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) c etc. See p. 1281, col. 2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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