Ardraka, aka: Ārdraka; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ardraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ardraka in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Ārdraka (आर्द्रक) refers to “undried ginger”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Ārdraka is mentioned as a spice (verses 494, 760). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Ārdraka (आर्द्रक).—The father of Dhṛti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 124.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Ārdraka (आर्द्रक) is another name for Śṛṅgavera, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Zingiber officinale (fresh ginger). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), Ārdraka is also a synonym for Śuṇṭhī, referring to fresh ginger (the same Zingiber officinale). The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Ayurveda calls ginger 'the universal remedy'. It is from the Zingiberaceae family and its botanical name is Zingiber Officinale. In Sanskrit it is called ardhrakam (Ārdraka, or, Śuṇṭhī) and in Hindi adrakh. It was widely used by ancient Indian and Chinese medicine. Both the Moghul emperor Akbar and Confucius ate fresh ginger with every meal as a digestive and carminative. It contains a volatile oil.

Crushed fresh ginger can be rubbed on the forehead for the relief of headaches. It can be chewed for sore throats and lost voices. Ginger candy is used for throat lozenges. In India, ginger juice is the equivalent to mustard plaster, applied to children's chests when they suffer from colds and bronchitis. Sliced ginger, with the skin removed, in heated milk removes rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, wind, etc. Contemporary medicine considers ginger a potent antidote to motion sickness, as well as being anti-cholesterol and an anti-coagulant.

Source: Yoga Magazine: 2005

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ardraka in Jainism glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Ārdraka (आर्द्रक) in Sanskrit or Adda in Prakrit refers to the plant Zingiber officinale Roscoe. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., ārdraka) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Ardraka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

ārdraka (आर्द्रक).—m S Ginger in the undried state, green ginger.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ārdraka (आर्द्रक).—m Green ginger.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārdraka (आर्द्रक).—a. (- f.) [आर्द्रा-वुन् (ārdrā-vun)] Born under the constellation Ārdrā; cf. P.IV.3.28.

-kam Ginger in its undried state, wet ginger (Mar. āleṃ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārdraka (आर्द्रक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Ginger in the undried state. E. ārdra moist, and vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 8 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vanardraka
Vanārdraka (वनार्द्रक).—the root of wild ginger. -kā wild ginger. Derivable forms: vanārdrakam ...
Dhriti
Dhṛti (धृति).—m. (-tiḥ) Sacrifice, offering, religious rite or ceremony. f. (-tiḥ) 1. Holding, ...
Adda
Aḍḍa.—(CITD), Telugu; a measure of capacity equal to 2 mānikas or one-eighth of a tūm; half, es...
Shunthi
Śuṇṭhi (शुण्ठि) or Śuṇṭhī (शुण्ठी).—f.,-śuṇṭhyam Dry ginger.Derivable forms: śuṇṭhiḥ (शुण्ठिः).
Svedana
Svedana (स्वेदन).—[svid-ṇic-lyuṭ]1) Perspiration, sweat.2) Causing to sweat.3) A diaphoretic.4)...
Shringavera
Śṛṅgavera (शृङ्गवेर).—n. (-raṃ) Ginger. E. śṛṅga a horn, and vera body or shape; also with kan ...
Gaurardraka
Gaurārdraka (गौरार्द्रक).—m. (-kaḥ) A kind of poison. E. gaura white, and ārdraka ginger.
Aranyaja
Araṇyaja (अरण्यज).—a. wild; °आर्द्रका (ārdrakā) wild ginger. Araṇyaja is a Sanskrit compound co...

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