Ikshvaku, aka: Ikṣvāku, Īkṣvāku; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ikshvaku means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ikṣvāku and Īkṣvāku can be transliterated into English as Iksvaku or Ikshvaku, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Ikṣvāku (इक्ष्वाकु):—One of the ten sons of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. King Ikṣvāku had one hundred sons, of whom Vikukṣi, Nimi and Daṇḍakā were the most prominent. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.4)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Ikṣvāku (इक्ष्वाकु).—* A son of Vaivasvata Manu. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were descended in the following order—Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Vivasvān -Vaivasvata Manu—Ikṣvāku. (See full article at Story of Ikṣvāku from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Ikṣvāku (इक्ष्वाकु).—One of the ten (nine, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) sons of Vaivasvata Manu. Born of his sneezing.1 Father of a hundred sons—Vikukṣi, Nimi, Daṇḍa and others. 25 of these sons ruled Āryāvarta, 25, the western territory, three, the middle country and the rest all other provinces. Once in connection with an aṣṭaka ritual, Vikukṣi was asked to secure some flesh. Accordingly he did. But feeling hungry he partook a part of hare's flesh. When the remainder was presented, the purohita refused to take it on the ground that it was remainder of that already tasted. Vikukṣi was therefore punished with banishment. It is said that he became a yogin and attained salvation.2 A king known for his exemplary protection of his subjects. Parīkṣit compared to him.3 Prominent kings of his line.4 Knew the power of Hari's yoga, and in his line Hari incarnated.5 Sumitra was the last Kṣatriya king of this line.6 Originator of the solar race; the genealogy given down to Śantāyu of the Bhārata war.7 Heard from Vasiṣṭha of Ila's conversion to the other sex in the Śaravaṇa forest and performed aśvamedha by which Ila was turned into a Kimpuruṣa.8 Was addressed by the Pitṛs in Kalāpa forest on the effect of offering śrāddha at Gayā.9 The line of.10 Had 100 branches.11

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 2; IX. 1. 3 and 12; 2. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 29; 85. 4; 88. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 30; III. 60. 2 and 20; 63. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 30; 11. 41.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 4-10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 15-18.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 19.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 15-56; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 280-290.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 23 and 44; XII. 2. 37;
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 244; Matsya-purāṇa 273. 53; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 266 and 431.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 15-56.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 1-15.
  • 9) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 33; 16. 17-18.
  • 10) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 142; 88. 175-184; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 1-13.
  • 11) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 451.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ikshvaku was one of the kings of the Surya dynasty, and an ancestor of Sri Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana. His father was Manu, the son of Vivasvant, the sun god. Ikshvaku was succeeded by his son Kukshi.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Ikshvaku (इक्ष्वाकु): The word Ikshvaku means "bitter gourd". Ikshvaku was the first king and founder of the Sun Dynasty in Vedic civilization in ancient India. He was the son of Manu (the first man on earth), sired by the Sun God, Surya. Rama, of the epic Ramayana is a descendant of the house of Ikshvaku. So are Bhagiratha, Dasaratha, Luv and Kusa.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Ikṣvāku (इक्ष्वाकु).—The son of Manu who was king of the earth in ancient times and to whom Manu spoke Bhagavad-gītā.

2) Ikṣvāku (इक्ष्वाकु).—The son of the sun-god, Vivasvān, and the first king of the earth planet.
 

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ikṣvāku (इक्ष्वाकु).—

1) Name of the celebrated ancestor of the Solar kings who ruled in Ayodhyā; (he was the first of the Solar kings and was a son of Manu Vaivasvata; (cf. Bhāg. kṣuvatastu manorjajña ikṣvākurghāṇataḥ sutaḥ); इक्ष्वाकुवंशोऽभि- मतः प्रजानाम् (ikṣvākuvaṃśo'bhi- mataḥ prajānām) U.1.44.

2) (pl.) Descendants of Ikṣvāku; गलितवयसामिक्ष्वाकूणामिदं हि कुलव्रतम् (galitavayasāmikṣvākūṇāmidaṃ hi kulavratam) R.3.7.

-kruḥ f. A kind of bitter gourd, Cucurbita Lagenaria (Mar. kaḍū dudhyā).

Derivable forms: ikṣvākuḥ (इक्ष्वाकुः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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