Shuddha, Śuddhā, Śuddha, Suddha, Shuddhaprati: 30 definitions
Shuddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śuddhā and Śuddha can be transliterated into English as Suddha or Shuddha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Shuddh.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Śuddha (शुद्ध):—Son of Anenā (son of Āyu). He had a son called Śuci. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.11)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Śuddha (शुद्ध).—A King of the Bhṛgu dynasty. Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha mentions that he was the son of Anenas and Sūci’s father.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Śuddha (शुद्ध).—A son of Anenas, and father of Śuci.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 11.
1b) A son of Bhautya Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.
1c) A son of Kauśika in previous birth, born as Cakravāha in Mānasa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 18.
1d) A pure man is rid of his bondage by satva; from the state of nirañjana or separation, looks upon all equally.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 66, 80, 118.
1e) A sage of the epoch of the fourteenth Manu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34.
2) Suddha (सुद्ध).—A Janapada of the Bhadrā country.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 19.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Śuddha (शुद्ध) refers to the “pure”, as in, the opposite of impure (aśuddha). It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Śuddhā (शुद्धा) refers to one of the eighteen jātis: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the playing of drums which consists of karaṇas of one or of two syllables, and which is fit to be used in all movements (lit. work), is called Śuddhā. The jāti consisting of kho kho khaṃ khaṃ khaṃ khaṃ is called Śuddhā; it is the jāti for the action of the middling and superior women”.Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Śuddha (शुद्ध) refers to one of the two types of Sandeha (doubt): a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—Śuddha is when the sentence ends with doubt. According to the author of the Sāhityadarpaṇa, when an object, under discussion is poetically suspected to be something else, it is called Sandeha or doubt.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Śuddha (शुद्ध) refers to one of the three types of the “sentiment of disgustful” (bībhatsarasa) as defined by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) and Bharata in his Nāṭyaśāstra.—Though Cirañjīva has not said anything about the varieties of bībhatsa-rasa, Bharata, the author of Nāṭyaśāstra, has mentioned, three kinds of bībhatsa. These are—kṣobhaja, śuddha and udvegī.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Śuddha (शुद्ध).—Pure, unmixed; the term is used (1) in connection with a vowel which is not nasalized (अनुनासिक (anunāsika)); cf. भाव्यमानेन सवर्णानां ग्रहणं नेति शुद्धो-यमुच्चार्यते (bhāvyamānena savarṇānāṃ grahaṇaṃ neti śuddho-yamuccāryate), Kas. on P. VII.1.85; as also, (2) in connection with words which are used in their primary sense and not in any secondary sense: cf. शुद्धानां पठितानां संज्ञा कर्तव्या (śuddhānāṃ paṭhitānāṃ saṃjñā kartavyā) ; संज्ञोपसर्जनीभूतानि न सर्वादीनि (saṃjñopasarjanībhūtāni na sarvādīni) M.Bh. on P.I.1.27 Vart. 3.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Śuddha (शुद्ध) or Śuddhāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Sahasrāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Śuddha Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Sahasra-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.
Śuddha (शुद्ध) or Śuddhāgama also refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vātulāgama.Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Śuddha (शुद्ध) or Śuddhapūjā refers to a classification of pūjā (ritualistic worship) according to the Ajitāgama (20.19).—The Āgamas have several different classifications of nityapūjā (daily worship), based on the number of offerings, frequency, time duration and so on. The nomenclature also varies between Āgamas. The essence however is similar. Ajitāgama has a different nomenclature and classifies pūjā into śuddha, miśra and saṅkīrṇa. That which ends with havis or naivedya is termed śuddha. That which ends with nityotsava is termed miśra. That which ends with śuddhanṛtta is termed saṅkīrṇa.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Śuddha (शुद्ध) refers to the “purification (of gold)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If at rising and setting the sun should be hid by clouds of the shape of implements of war, he will bring on strife; if these clouds should appear like a deer, a buffalo, a bird, an ass or a young camel, mankind will be afflicted with fears. The planets, when subjected to the hot rays of the sun are freed from their impurities just as gold is purified [i.e., śuddha] by the action of the fire”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Śuddhā (शुद्धा) is one of the four daughters of Siṃhahana: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya mentioned in a footnote in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). The Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya attributes four sons and four daughters to Siṃhahana: Śuddhodana, Śuklodana, Droṇodana, Amṛtodana, Śuddhā, Śuklā, Droṇā, Amṛtā.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Suddhā (सुद्धा) refers to one of the five daughters of Sujāta: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu chapter II.32 of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda school).
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
Śuddhā (शुद्धा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified. (Supra, s.v. Sarasvatī.)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
suddha : (pp. of sujjhati) become clean or pure.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Suddha, (pp. of sujjhati) 1. clean, pure, Vin. I, 16; II, 152; D. I, 110; Sn. 476.—2. purified, pure of heart M. I, 39; Dh. 125, 412; Sn. 90 — 3. simple, mere, unmixed, nothing but S. I, 135; DhsA. 72; J. II, 252 (°daṇḍaka just the stick).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śuddha (शुद्ध).—p (S) Free from all filth or defilement; clean, pure, holy. 2 That has undergone any ceremony or process of purification; purified, sanctified, cleansed. 3 Freed or free from fault or error; correct, accurate, right, good;--used of persons, writing, speech, conduct, act. 4 Alone, unaccompanied, unconnected, simple. Ex. kāndā bhakṣūṃ nayē asā ēka niṣēdha kēlā asalā mhaṇajē śuddhācā niṣēdha sarva jātīvara jāīla. 5 Mere, pure, only. Ex. hē śuddha vaidika hyāṃsa śāstrārtha kāya kaḷē? 6 Light, bright, white;--used of the waxing half of the month or of any lunar day in it. 7 Right, good, free from any inauspiciousness or evil bodings; also pure, or fit for holy rites and acts;--used of signs, planets, lunar days &c. 8 In the sense of Right or proper it enters freely into comp. as ākāraśuddha Of the proper or suitable form or shape; ācāraśuddha Of correct and becoming conduct or deportment; kaḷapaśuddha, pāyāśuddha, śāḷāśuddha, sampradāyaśuddha. Of these compounds some will be found in order. 9 Sound, healthy, whole, well. Ex. nasatēci caṭakē lāvīta || śuddhāvari mūrkhatvēṃ ||.
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śuddha (शुद्ध).—f Popular contraction of śuddhi.
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suddhā (सुद्धा).—a C (śuddha S) Pure, mere, simple, this only, such and nothing else. Ex. hēṃ tāmbēṃ suddhēṃ sōnēṃ; hēṃ dūdha suddhēṃ pāṇī; hā mulagā suddhā bāpa.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
śuddha (शुद्ध).—a Holy, clean; purified. Correct. Alone.
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suddhā (सुद्धा).—a Pure, simple; this only.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śuddha (शुद्ध).—p. p. [śudh-kta]
1) Pure, clean, purified; अन्तःशुद्धस्त्वमपि भविता वर्णमात्रेण कृष्णः (antaḥśuddhastvamapi bhavitā varṇamātreṇa kṛṣṇaḥ) Me.51.
2) Holy, undefiled, chaste, innocent; अन्वमीयत शुद्धेति शान्तेन वपुषैव सा (anvamīyata śuddheti śāntena vapuṣaiva sā) R. 15.77;14.14.
3) White, bright.
4) Stainless, spotless.
5) Innocent, simple, guileness.
6) (a) Genuine, true. (b) Honest, upright.
7) Correct, faultless, upright.
8) Cleared, acquitted.
9) Mere only; शुद्धं हि दैवमेवेदं हठेनैवास्ति पौरुषम् (śuddhaṃ hi daivamevedaṃ haṭhenaivāsti pauruṣam) Mb.12.177.12.
1) Simple, pure, unmixed (opp. miśra).
13) Whetted, sharpened; जघान शुद्धेषुरमन्दकर्षी (jaghāna śuddheṣuramandakarṣī) Bk.2.31.
14) Not nasal.
15) Unmitigated (as capital punishment); तडागभेदकं हन्यादप्सु शुद्धवधेन वा (taḍāgabhedakaṃ hanyādapsu śuddhavadhena vā) Ms.9.279.
16) Tried, examined.
-ddhaḥ 1 An epithet of Śiva.
2) The bright fortnight.
-ddham 1 Anything pure.
2) The pure spirit.
4) Black pepper.
5) A house built generally of one material; namely wood, brick or stone etc.; द्रुमेणेष्टकया वापि दृशदाद्यैरथापि वा । एतेन सहितं गेहं शुद्धमित्यभिधीयते (drumeṇeṣṭakayā vāpi dṛśadādyairathāpi vā | etena sahitaṃ gehaṃ śuddhamityabhidhīyate) Kāmikāgama.45.21.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Śuddha (शुद्ध).—(compare Sanskrit Śuddhāḥ, a class of gods, Mbh 13.1372; perhaps a Buddhistic term, compare the adjoining Nirmāṇaratāḥ which recalls [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] Nirmāṇarati, q.v.), probably = next (2) pl.: sg. Śuddha, (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 69.6, probably as representative of the class; in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 71.23 Śuddha and Viśuddha are names of two Śuddhāvāsakāyika gods.
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Śuddhā (शुद्धा).—name of a princess, daughter of Sujāta Ikṣvāku: Mahāvastu i.348.12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Pure, purified, clean, cleansed. 2. Faultless, correct. 3. Alone, only, mere, simple. 4. White. 5. Whetted, sharp, (as an arrow.) 6. Authorised, admitted. 7. Innocent. 8. Acquitted. 9. Bright. 10. Honest, chaste. n.
(-ddhaṃ) 1. Pure spirit. 2. Rock-salt. 3. Black pepper. E. śudh to be or make pure, &c., aff. kta .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śuddha (शुद्ध).—[adjective] pure, clean, stainless, faultless; true, fair, simple; mere, whole, complete; tried, examined. [masculine] = śuddhapakṣa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śuddha (शुद्ध):—[from śundh] mfn. cleansed, cleared, clean, pure, clear, free from (with [instrumental case]), bright, white, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] cleared, acquitted, free from error, faultless, blameless, right, correct, accurate, exact, according to rule, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] upright (See [compound])
4) [v.s. ...] pure id est. simple, mere, genuine, true, unmixed (opp. to miśra), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] pure id est. unmodified (as a vowel not nasalized), [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa; Prātiśākhya]
6) [v.s. ...] complete, entire, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
7) [v.s. ...] unqualified, unmitigated (as capital punishment), [Manu-smṛti ix, 279]
8) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) veritable, unequalled (= dvitīya-rahita), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
9) [v.s. ...] tried, examined, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]
10) [v.s. ...] authorised, admitted, [Horace H. Wilson]
11) [v.s. ...] whetted, sharp (as an arrow), [ib.]
12) [v.s. ...] m. the bright fortnight (in which the moon increases), [Inscriptions]
13) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]
14) [v.s. ...] of one of the seven sages under the 14th Manu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
15) [v.s. ...] of a son of Anenas, [ib.]
16) [v.s. ...] (with bhikṣu) of an author, [Catalogue(s)]
17) [v.s. ...] of a bird, [Harivaṃśa]
18) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a [particular] class of gods, [Mahābhārata]
19) Śuddhā (शुद्धा):—[from śuddha > śundh] f. Name of a daughter of Siṃhahanu, [Buddhist literature]
20) Śuddha (शुद्ध):—[from śundh] n. anything pure etc.
21) [v.s. ...] pure spirit, [Horace H. Wilson]
22) [v.s. ...] rock-salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
23) [v.s. ...] black pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śuddha (शुद्ध):—[(ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) a.] Pure, mere, faultless, white. n. Rock salt.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Śuddha (शुद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suddha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Śuddha (शुद्ध) [Also spelled shuddh]:—(a) pure; unadulterated; sacred; uncorrupt; correct; rectified, amended; clean; natural (note—in music); net (as—[lābha]); ~[gativijñāna] kinematics; ~[mati] honest, scrupulous, straightforward; ~[hṛdaya] clean, clean-hearted; hence ~[hṛdayatā] (nf).
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Suddha (सुद्ध) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śuddha.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] cleaned; cleansed; washed; clean; pure; clear.
2) [adjective] purified; ceremonially cleansed.
3) [adjective] complete; entire.
4) [adjective] perfect; absolute.
5) [adjective] guiltless; faultless.
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1) [noun] the quality or condition of being clean, spotless; cleanliness; immaculateness.
2) [noun] the quality of being ceremonially pure, holy; holiness.
3) [noun] the state or fact of being entire; wholeness; completeness.
4) [noun] the quality of being right, correct or acceptable.
5) [noun] the first fortnight of any lunar month during which the visible portion of the moon gradually increases.
6) [noun] a man who is ceremonially clean or holy; a holy-man.
7) [noun] (rhet.) a particular kind of play, that has a very simple theme.
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Śuddhaprati (ಶುದ್ಧಪ್ರತಿ):—[noun] a fault-free, incorrupt manuscript (of an old text).
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Suddhā (ಸುದ್ಧಾ):—[adverb] = ಸುದಾ [suda].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+164): Shuddha bhikshu, Shuddhaapurnanka, Shuddhabadha, Shuddhabatuka, Shuddhabha, Shuddhabhairava, Shuddhabhakta, Shuddhabhakti, Shuddhabhatta, Shuddhabhava, Shuddhabhijanakarman, Shuddhabhikshu, Shuddhabindu, Shuddhabodha, Shuddhabuddha, Shuddhacaitanya, Shuddhachaitanya, Shuddhadant, Shuddhadanta, Shuddhadantaka.
Ends with (+56): Acarashuddha, Adhivishuddha, Akarashuddha, Annashuddha, Antahshuddha, Aparishuddha, Ashuddha, Atapashuddha, Atishuddha, Avasashuddha, Avashuddha, Avishuddha, Bandheshuddha, Beshuddha, Bharanashuddha, Bhavashuddha, Brahmashuddha, Buddhishuddha, Candravishuddha, Catura-aghata-vishuddha.
Full-text (+325): Shuddhanumana, Shuddhabadha, Shuddhadat, Shuddhavamshya, Suddhata, Sparshashuddha, Shuddhapahnuti, Suddhabuddhi, Shuddhavasas, Shuddhavallika, Shuddhadhi, Shuddhabhava, Shuddhajangha, Shuddhaksha, Shuddhanta, Shuddhavarna, Shuddhashukra, Svadushuddha, Shuddhamati, Samsuddha.
Search found 70 books and stories containing Shuddha, Śuddhā, Śuddha, Suddha, Suddhā, Shuddhaprati, Śuddhaprati, Suddhaprati; (plurals include: Shuddhas, Śuddhās, Śuddhas, Suddhas, Suddhās, Shuddhapratis, Śuddhapratis, Suddhapratis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.8 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.5.6 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.5.3 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 60 [Ambā reveals Iśvara as knower and the known etc.] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 206 [Dṛk, Smṛti and Āpohana] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 128-129 [Raudryādi Kalā, Śāmbhavya, Samvitkrama] < [Chapter 3 - Third Vimarśa]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 3 - On the glories of the Rudrākṣa beads < [Book 11]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.5.19 < [Chapter 5 - Priya (the beloved devotees)]
Verse 1.4.31 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta (the devotee)]
Verse 2.1.16 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Nayanar 30: Tirumular (Thirumoolar) or Tirumula < [Volume 4.1.1 - A comparative study of the Shaivite saints the Thiruthondathogai]
Chapter 4.3 - (d) Technical terms used by Arurar in relation to Dance and Music < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 2 - The Philosophy of the drama of creation < [Volume 4.2.1 - Philosophy of Nature]