Bala, Bāla, Balā, Bālā: 80 definitions


Bala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bla.

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In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

bala (Strength) this is omnipotence; defined as the total absence of fatigue, and the power to manifest and sustain all things.

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Bala (बल) refers to “strength”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] [The demons born of] the aggressive magic of [his] enemies, having failed to take hold of him, frightened will possess the performer [of the ritual], like a river[’s fury] blocked by a mountain. Droughts will end and enemies will run away. In his kingdom there will not be dangers in the form of untimely deaths, wild animals, beasts of prey, thieves, illnesses etc. and strength shall reside in his lineage (balatatkule balam)”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Balā (बला):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Balā (बला):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Balā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Bala (बल) refers to the “force (of the means of valid knowledge)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131:—“[It is] ‘a [purely] arbitrary endeavour,’ i.e. it is not brought about by the force of [necessity inherent in] a means of [valid] knowledge (pramāṇa-bala-upanata)”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bala [बला] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Urena procumbens L. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Urena sinuata, Urena lobata var. sinuata. For the possible medicinal usage of bala, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Bala [बला] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Urena lobata L. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family.

Bala in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Sida acuta Burm. fil. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Sida earpinifolia, Sida lanceolata, Sida frutescens.

Bala in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Sida cordifolia from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Sida herbacea, Sida holosericea.

Bala in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Bala [बला] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Talipariti tiliaceus Hibiscus tiliaceus L. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Hibiscus tiliaceus f. albiflorus, Hibiscus hastatus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Balā (बला) is a Sanskrit word referring Sida cordifolia (flannel weed), a plant species in the Malvaceae family. Certain plant parts of Balā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th century Ayurvedic work), this plant (Balā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.

2) Balā (बाल) is another name for Balāka, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Pavonia odorata (fragement mallow plant), from the Malvaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā.

2) Bala (बल) is another name for Rājamāṣa (Vigna unguiculata “cow-peas”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Bala (बल, “strength”) is the power generated by development of the body. According to degree it is of three types—

  1. Pravara (superior),
  2. Madhya (average)
  3. and Avara (inferior).

It is again of three types according to source—

  1. Sahaja (congenital),
  2. Kālaja (derived from the time-factor) and
  3. Yuktikṛta (produced from application of drugs etc.)
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Bala (बल) refers to “strength”, as mentioned in verse 5.12 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (those) [rivers, viz., nadī] again springing from the Sahya and Vindhya; [produce] leprosy, jaundice, and diseases of the head; (those) coming from the Pāriyātra (are) destructive of the (three) humours (and) promotive of strength and virility [viz., bala-pauruṣa-kārin]”.

2) Balā (बाल) refers to “children”, as mentioned in verse 5.37-39.—Accordingly, “[...] [ghee is] recommended for [...] children [viz., bāla], old people, those desirous of offspring, beauty, great tenderness, and voice, [...]: ghee [viz., ghṛta] (is) possessed of a thousand powers (and), by its (many) ways of application, productive of a thousand effects”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Bāla (बाल) refers to a type of fish whose meat (māṃsa) is classified as “aquatic” (apcara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as aquatic (apcara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The aquatic animals are [viz., bāla].

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Balā (बला) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Sida cordifolia Linn. (“country mellow” or “flannel weed”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.94-95 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Balā is known in the Hindi language as Bariyāra, Barīye or Khareṇṭī; in the Bengali language as Beḍeṭā; in the Marathi language as Cikṇā; in the Gujarati language as Balā or Khareṭī; in the Tamil language as Paniyār-tuthī; in the Telugu language as Tellāntisā; and in the Kannada language as Heṭṭuthī.

Balā is mentioned as having ten synonyms: Samaṅgā, Udakikā, Bhadrā, Bhadrodanī, Kharakāṣṭhikā, Kalyāṇinī, Bhadrabalā, Moṭā, Bāṭī and Balāḍhyā.

Properties and characteristics: “Balā is very bitter but sweet in vipāka (the metabolic end product). It controls pitta and diarrhoea. It is nourishing and gives strength to the body and also considered as aphrodisiac. It is useful in the diseases arising out of the vitiated kapha”.

2) Balā (बला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Nāgabalā, a medicinal plant identified with Grewia tenax Forsk. (“white Crossberry”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.96-97. Together with the names Balā and Nāgabalā, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

1) Bala in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal under-shrub “Sida acuta Burm.f.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Roots”. Instructions for using the under-shrub named Bala: An infusion of 5 g roots mixed with ginger—a teacupful 2 times a day.

2) Bala in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal under-shrub “Sida cordifolia L.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Roots”. Instructions for using the under-shrub named Bala: Decoction of the roots with the rhizome of ginger (Zingiber officinale) 50 ml-relieves shivering in fever.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Balā (बला) refers to the medicinal plant known as Sida cordifolia, Rt., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Balā. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Balā (बला) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Sida rhombifolia Linn. ssp. retusa (Linn.) Borssum” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning balā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Bala (बल):—Energy required to perform daily activities is Strength. – individual strength has been classified in 3 types. Sahaja – Herditary, Yuktija Strength achieved from exercise, food etc. Kalaja – natural strength received during Visarga kala. As long as the patient has good strength he can resist the all sorts of the diseases easily. If this strength or immunity is decreased minor diseases can creat serious symptoms.

2) Bāla (बाल):—Childhood it is determined from birth to 16 years , when dhatus are immature, sexual character are not manifested , the body is delicate with incomplete strength& dominance of kapha dhatu.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Balā (बला) refers to Sida cordifolia Linn., and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Note: Bariyarā and Khareṅtī; synonyms: Bhadraudanī, Vāṭyapuṣpī, Vāṭyāhva, Vāṭyābhidhāna.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 269-270, Singh and Chunekar, 1999);—Sida rhombifolia Linn. ssp. retusa (Linn.) Borssum.—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants, Arya Vaidya Sala 5:135, 1993-96.)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Bala (बल) (lit. “one who has strength”) is a synonym (another name) for the Crow (Kāka), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Source: Research Gate: On Fish in Manasollasa (c. 1131 AD)

Bala (बल) refers to a type of fish identified with Carcharhinus macloti Day, as mentioned in the 12th-century Mānasollāsa or Abhilaṣitārthachintāmaṇi, an ancient Sanskrit text describing thirty-five kinds of marine and fresh water fishes.—Bala is a marine, scaleless, and possibly a large fish. Bala in Sanskrit connotes “powerful” or “to injure”. Hora (1951) has wrongly read bala as baala meaning “ignorant person who does not know, usually translated as fool”. A particular shark, Carcharhinus macloti Day, is called pala sorah, which is a relatively small shark. We, therefore, suggest that bala stands for C. macloti.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Bala (बल) refers to the “forces”, as in, the forces of an army. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Balā (बला) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Balā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bala (बल).—A sacred incantation. (See Atibala).

2) Bala (बल).—(vala) A demon born to Kaśyapa Prajāpati of his wife Danāyu. This demon had three brothers: Vikṣara, Vīra and Vṛtra. It was this Bala who later on became the king of Pāṇḍyadeśa. (Śloka 42, Chapter 67, Śloka 33; Chapter 65, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

2) Chapter 168 of Vana Parva states that this Bala was killed by Indra. (For details see Vala).

3) Bala (बल).—A deva born to Varuṇa of his elder brother’s wife. (Śloka 52, Chapter 66, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Bala (बल).—The son born to Parīkṣit of the Ikṣvāku dynasty of the daughter of Maṇḍūkarāja. This Bala had two wives, Śalā and Dalā. (Śloka 38, Chapter 192, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

5) Bala (बल).—A monkey. In the battle with Kumbhakarṇa this monkey did many brave deeds. (Śloka 6, Chapter 287, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

6) Bala (बल).—One of the two warriors whom Vāyu Bhagavān gave as a gift to Subrahmaṇya. The name of the other was Atibala. (Śloka 44, Chapter 91, Śalya Parva, Mahābhārata).

7) Bala (बल).—A Maharṣi of ancient Bhārata. He was the son of Maharṣi Aṅgiras. (Śloka 27, Chapter 208, Śānti Parva, Mahābhārata).

8) Bala (बल).—A sanātana Viśvadeva. (Śloka 30, Chapter 91, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata).

9) Bala (बल).—A pārṣada of Viṣṇu. When Vāmana trampled over the head of emperor Bali and sent him to the underworld, the followers of Bali ascended the yajña maṇḍala and created a commotion. Bala was one of the pārṣadas who then came to the scene to quell the trouble. (Aṣṭama Skandha, Bhāgavata).

10) Bala (बल).—A son of Māyāsura. He lived in a place in the netherlands called Atala. He created ninetysix different kinds of magic and gave them to the asura magicians who by the use of them gave the devas immense trouble.

Once when Balāsura yawned three bad women, Svairiṇī, Kāminī and Puṃścalī were born. They had with them a potable substance called Hāṭaka which they gave to men whom they liked and after enlivening the sex impulse in them enjoyed a sexual life with them to their heart’s content. (Pañcama Skandha, Bhāgavata). Once during a fight between Indra and Jalandhara Bala defeated Indra in a pathetic way. Indra then sought refuge in him and praised him with songs. Flattered by this Bala asked Indra to ask of him whatever he wanted and the sly Indra requested for the physical body of Bala. Without the least hesitation Bala cut his body into pieces and gave him. Indra threw away the cut pieces to different sides and all the places where these pieces fell were at once transformed into Diamond mines.

"taṃ tālumūlam pradahantamagnivad gopālasūnum pitaraṃ jagadguroḥ cacchardda sadyo 'tiruṣākṣatam baka-stuṇḍena hantum punarabhyapadyata tamāpatantam sa nigṛhya tuṇḍayor dorbhyām bakaṃ kaṃsasakhaṃ satām patiḥ paśyatsu bāleṣu dadāra līlayā mudāvaho vīraṇavaddivaukasām." (Chapter II, Daśama Skandha, Bhāgavata). After the death of Balāsura his wife Prabhāvatī went to their preceptor (Kulaguru) Śukrācārya and told him all that took place and requested to bring back to life her lost husband. But Śukrācārya regretted that he could not give life again to her dead husband but could by his powers make her hear his voice again. Prabhāvatī agreed to that and then she heard her husband say "Leave your body and join me". Prabhāvatī immediately courted death and joining Bala became a river. (Padma Purāṇa, Uttara Khaṇḍa, Chapter 6).

11) Bala (बल).—To know what are Daśabalas see under Pattu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bala (बल).—A son of Maya residing in Atala; created 96 magical performances some of which are practised even now; when he yawned, out of his mouth came three groups of women—Svairiṇī, Kāminī, and Puṃścalyā who administered Hāṭakarasa to frequenters of those regions and made them enjoy like Siddhas; resisted Indra in the Devāsura war and was slain.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 16; VIII. 11. 19-21, 28.

1b) A son of Rohiṇī and Vasudeva;1 attacked the Asura followers of Bali;2 see Balarāma.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 171; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 8. 1; 33. 12.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 16.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mādrī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 15.

1d) A son of Anāyuṣa and father of Nikumbha and Cakravarman.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 31.

1e) A son of Śukī and Garuḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 450.

1f) A son of Dala and father of Aunka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 204; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 204.

1g) A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 45.

1h) A Kauśika Brahmiṣṭha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 145. 111.

1i) A son of Nārāyaṇa and Śrī;1 father of Tejas.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 2.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 3.

2a) Balā (बला).—One of the ten wives of Atri.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 75.

2b) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 12.

2c) A medicinal plant;1 used in the first bathing of the deity.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 218. 23.
  • 2) Ib. 267. 14.

3a) Bāla (बाल).—A son of Gargya, put to trouble by Janamejaya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 22.

3b) A son of Viśveśā; a sage.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 50; 200. 14.

3c) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 160.

4) Bālā (बाला).—A daughter of Prajāpati, fell down upon the earth while going across the sky.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 75. 40.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bala (बल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.32, I.65, I.60.50) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Balā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.14).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bāla (बाल) refers to “boys”, whose mask should be represented as having three śikhaṇḍa (tuft of hair at the sides of the head), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Bala (बल) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Bala (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a Krauñca. A viṇā is held with both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Bala) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Bala (बल) refers to the “strength” (of a rāśi—‘zodiac sign’), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “And in horoscopy, the Jyotiṣaka must know such divisions of space as rāśi (a sign of Zodiac or a space of 30°), horā (15° or half a sign), drekkana (10° or one third of a sign), navāṃśaka (3° 20' or one-ninth of a sign), dvādaśāṃśaka (2° 30' or one twelfth of a sign), triṃśāṃśaka (one-thirtieth of a sign), and their strength [i.e., bala] or weakness considered horoscopically; he must know the horoscopic strength of the planets with respect to their Dik (direction), Sthāna (place), Kāla, (time) Ceṭā (motions, conjunctions and the like)”.

2) Bala (बल) refers to an “army”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. [...] If the southern horn should be higher than the other by one half, the appearance of the moon is also said to be plough like but of evil consequences. The ruler of Southern India will die and his army [i.e., bala] will engage in war”.

Source: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Balā (बला) or Balatithi is the name of the third of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to the Gārgīyajyotiṣa while the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna considers Calā or Calatithi as the third. The associated deity for Balā or Calā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Hari. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(15) The third tithi is said to be Balā. One may have an army on this tithi. One should perform the taming of tamable cows, horses, elephant and servants. (16) One should perform all kinds of rites and sow seeds. Or, one should engage in the act of strength. One should know Viṣṇu as the deity”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Bāla (बाल, “infantile”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., bāla—infantile], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bāla (बाल) refers to a “child”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (The four sacred seats) have the aforementioned flames and the hosts of Siddhas. It is part of the (Sequences of) the Child, the Youth, and the Aged [i.e., bāla-kaumāra-vṛddha] which are is located in the three pure (places—triśuddhi—the genitals, heart, and head) and are associated with the Triple Principle (of the Self, Vidyā, and Śiva, respectively)”.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Balā (बला) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Balā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Balā (बला) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Balā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

1) Bāla (बाल) refers to “(one who is) young”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I venerate the young (bāla) elephant-faced master of Śiva’s Gaṇas, the destroyer of obstacles. His lotus-hands are decorated with a noose, goad, fruit, and lotus. [...]

2) Bāla (बाल) refers to “fresh (coral)”, according to the same Kāmasiddhistuti.—Accordingly, “[...] May the goddess Vajreśvarī give me all objects of my desire. She is known to have her abode at the right corner [of the central triangle]. She is resplendent like a thunderbolt, beautiful like fresh coral (bāla-prabāla-rucirā), and has a bow, arrows, a snare, a hook, a shield, and a mātuluṅga fruit attached to her six arms. [...]”.

3) Bālā (बाला) is another name for Goddess Nityā, according to the same Kāmasiddhistuti.—Accordingly, “[...] I uninterruptedly remember [you], the Vidyā leading to the ultimate well-being, embodiment of bliss, the cause of the extension of all prosperities. [You are] the primordial one, the insurpassable Kalā. You are Bālā, the beloved of Kulanātha (namely, Śiva). [Your] glory is incomparable, and you are filled with many felicities”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Bālā (बाला) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as इ.इ.इ.उ] of the Upajāti type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find twenty-three examples of Bālā variety of Upajāti metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse IV.3. [...] The other examples are as follows: IV.12, IV.16, IV.19, IV.24, IV.28, IV.29, IV.42, X.12, X.23, X.36, X.38, XI.19, XI.21, XI.35, XI.36, XIV.4, XIV.26, XIV.27, XIV.50, XIV.51, XIV.57 and XIV.58.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Bāla (बाल) refers to “young (speaking of a stone) § 2.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Balā (बला) is used as an ingredient of a mixture of Vajralepa (“a special kind of hard cement”) which was used in the construction of a Temple and as a binding agent for joining bricks, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, five procedures of preparing the vajralepa are suggested.—In the second variety, the mixture of lākṣā, kunduru, gṛhadhūma the middle portion of kapittha and bilva, nāgaphala, balā, madhuka, kiñjāpa, madana, mañjīṣṭhā, āmalaka and sarja should be taken.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Bala (बल) or Harikeśabala is the name of a monk, previously known as Somadeva, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “After having been the Brahmin Somadeva in Hastināpura, converted by the ascetic Saṃkharāya, a native of Mathurā, the hero is reborn, under the name of Bala, in a family of caṇḍāla, called Harikeśa, ‘with the hair yellow’. He becomes a monk. His virtue earned him the sympathy of the Yakṣa of Tinduka Park. One day when Princess Bhadrā goes to the temple of Yakṣa to honor the idol, she sees the ṛṣi. Her dirt disgusts her. To punish her, the Yakṣa seizes her and says that nothing can heal her unless she marries Bala”.

Cf. Uttarādhyayanasūtra XII v. 1-36: Jacobi 1895 p. 50-54; Uttarādhyayanacūrṇi 201.9-213.2; Uttarādhyayananiryuktittkā a. l-b.7; Uttarādhyayana a. l-a. 14; Trad  : Mette 1991 p. 131-33.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Bāla (बाल) or Bālasūrya refers to the “rising (sun)”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—When we come to the poem’s understanding of the divinity of Rāmānuja we find a wide spectrum of meanings. [...] Verse 28 is particularly eloquent in describing and encapsulating all his nurturing and protecting qualities, which are compared to those present everywhere in nature itself—as the mountain from which originate all the streams of knowledge, the tree under which the weary traveler wandering in saṃsāra takes rest, the rising sun (bāla-sūrya) that keeps the illusionary darkness of those with distorted views at bay and the full moon that brings to high tide the ocean of the Vedas.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Bala (बल) refers to “strength”, according to verse 81ab-82cd of the Dattātreyayogaśāstra.—Accordingly, “Then, from [even] more practice, abundant strength (bala) arises [in the Yogin], because of which [he gains] the Siddhi of moving across the earth, and he is able to conquer those who inhabit the earth”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Bāla (बाल, “strength”):—One of the sons of Varuṇa, who is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bāla (बाल) denotes “boy”, “young child”, in the Upaniṣads. The later definition makes childhood extend to the sixteenth year.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Strength, stability) Immovable stability of dhamma. Unavoidable factor when we practice dhamma.

The five balas
  1. saddha: faith
  2. viriya: effort
  3. sati: attention
  4. samadhi: concentration
  5. panna: wisdom

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines


Among various groups of powers the following five are most frequently met with in the texts:

  • (1) faith (saddhā),
  • (2) energy (viriya),
  • (3) mindfulness (sati),
  • (4) concentration (samādhi),
  • (5) wisdom (paññā).

Their particular aspect, distinguishing them from the corresponding 5 spiritual faculties (indriya), is that they are unshakable by their opposites:

  • (1) the power of faith is unshakable by faithlessness (unbelief);
  • (2) energy, by laziness;
  • (3) mindfulness, by forgetfulness;
  • (4) concentration, by distractedness;
  • (5) wisdom, by ignorance (see Pts.M., Ñāna Kathā).

They represent, therefore, the aspect of firmness in the spiritual faculties.

According to A.V.15,

  • (1) the power becomes manifest in the 4 qualities of the Stream-winner (sotāpannassa angāni),
  • (2) in the 4 right efforts (s. padhāna),
  • (3) in the 4 foundations of mindfulness (satipatthāna),
  • (4) in the 4 absorptions (jhāna),
  • (5) in the (full comprehension of the) 4 Noble Truths (sacca).

Cf. S.XLVIII.43; S.L. (Bala Samyutta).

In A.VII.3, the powers of moral shame (hiri) and moral dread (ottappa) are added to the aforementioned five Several other groups of 2 (s. patisankhāna-bala), 4, 5 and more powers are mentioned in the texts. -

About the 10 powers of a Buddha, s. dasa-bala.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

the 5 spiritual: s. bala. -

  • For the 6 higher p., s. abhiññna.
  • For the 10 p. of a Buddha, s. dasabala. -
  • For the 4 roads to p., s. iddhipāda.
  • For magical p., s. iddhi.
Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bala (बल, “powers”) or Pañcabala refers to one of the seven classes of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “when a mind of sharp knowledge (tīkṣṇajñāna-citta) is acquired, there is “powers” (bala)”. Note: Śraddhā, vīrya, smṛti and prajñā are called faculties (indriya) when they are weak, called powers or strengths (bala) when they are strong.

Also, “when the five faculties (pañcendriya) have been developed (vṛddha), they are able to intercept the afflictions (kleśa): this is like the power of a big tree (mahāvṛkṣa) that is able to block off water. These five faculties, when they have been developed, are able to gradually penetrate the profound Dharma (gambhīradharma): this is called ‘power’ (bala)”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bala (बल) refers to the “power (of a champion)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to the Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī: “[...] Then at that time, son of good family, there was a universal king called Puṇyālaṃkāra who possessed seven precious jewels. His palace was built in the center of Jambūdvīpa, would be four yojanas to the four cardinal directions, was variegated and beautiful to behold, was made of seven precious jewels, and was well adorned with five hundred gardens; he had eighty-four thousand wives, and all of them were famously beautiful; he had eighty four thousand sons, and all of them were possessed of the power of a champion (mahānagna-bala) and courage. [...]”.

Source: WikiPedia: Mahayana Buddhism

Bala (बल) refers to the “powers” connected with śamatha (“access concentration”), according to Kamalaśīla and the Śrāvakabhūmi section of the Yogācārabhūmi-śāstra.

Six powers (bala, Tibetan: stobs) are also needed for śamatha:

  1. hearing (śruta, thos-pa)
  2. thinking (cintā, bsam-pa)
  3. mindfulness (smṛti, dran-pa)
  4. awareness (samprajaña, shes-bzhin)
  5. effort (vīrya, brtson-’grus)
  6. familiarity (paricaya, yong-su ’dris-pa)
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Bala (बल) refers to the “vigour” (of crops, flowers, fruits, etc.), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “The great sealing of the boundary is present until the stake is drawn out. All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. [...] Even if perished they gain vital power again. They reach vigour (bala), growth and power again [punar api balapuṣṭitejā upasaṃkrāmanti]. The [contents of the] bowl should be sprinkled all around in the four directions in the fields and gardens. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bala (बल) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bala).

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Bāla (बाल) refers to “young”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a cow comes and drops dung, then there is the same amount of gold as the [dung beneath the site]. Alternatively, if a young girl (bāla-kumārikā) [comes and] urinates, then there must be the same amount of silver as [the urine beneath the site]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Bala (बल, “strength”) or balapāramitā represents the ninth of the “ten perferctions” (daśapāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 18). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., daśa-pāramitā and bala). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Bala (बल, “strength”) or Daśabala refers to the “ten strengths of the Bodhisattvas” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 75):

  1. adhimukti-bala (the strength of resolution),
  2. pratisaṃkhyāna-bala (the strength of observation),
  3. bhāva-bala (the strength of behaviour),
  4. kṣānti-bala (the strength of patience),
  5. jñāna-bala (the strength of knowledge),
  6. prahāṇa-bala (the strength of abandoning),
  7. samādhi-bala (the strength of concentration),
  8. pratibhāna-bala (the strength of inspired speech),
  9. puṇya-bala (the strength of merit),
  10. pratipatti-bala (the strength of practice).

3) Bala (बल) or Tribala also refers to “three kinds of strengths” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 113):

  1. karma-vyāvartaka (revolution through deeds),
  2. kleśopakarṣaka (the torment of the defilements),
  3. māna-pramādādi-vyāvartaka (revolution through heedlessness of mind and so on).
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Bala (बल) is the forty-fourth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., bala), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Bala (बल, “strength”) as in bala-mada refers to “pride in one’s strength” and represents one of the eight forms of vainglory (mada), according to Samantabhadra in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra (with commentary of Prabhācandra). These eight madas are included in the twenty-five blemishes (dṛg-doṣas), which are generally held to be the eight madas, the three mūḍhatās, the six anāyatanas, and the eight doṣas.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Bala (बल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Bala] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Balā (बला) (or Acyutā, Vijayā) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Kunthanātha: the seventeenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Jaina tradition as preserved in their literature, has always connected the symbol of a goat with this Tīrthaṃkara. He has as his Yakṣa Gandharva and Yakṣiṇī Balā (Digambara: Vijayā). The contemporary King, who carries his Chowrie-bearer is called Kuṇāla. The tree selected by him to sit under for attaining the Kevala knowledge is Tilaka-taru.

We find her described in the Śvetāmbara books as a Yakṣiṇī riding a peacock and bearing four hands symbolised with a citron, spear, Bhuṣuṇḍī and lotus. Canonically different account is given of Vijayā, the Digambara counterpart of the Yakṣiṇī, in their literature. According to it, she should be represented as riding a black boar and carrying the attributes of a conch, sword, disc and Varada-mudrā. Balā or Acyutā of the Śvetāmbaras from the nature ofher vehicle of a peacock seems to be a form of Sarasvatī. This supposition may be supported by the fact that her consort Gandharva rides on a sun and is a divine musician. Sarasvatī is known to be also presiding over the art of music. The symbolof a citron, indicating the Yakṣa characteristic is borne by boththe husband and the wife. Vijayā of the Digambaras, on the other hand, shown by her boar vehicle, a Yakṣiṇī goddess whose form must have been borrowed from Mārīcī of Buddhism and Vārāhī of Brahmanism. Her other symbols provided by the Digambara books of a disc, sword, conch and Varada speak of her origin from Vārāhī.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1a) Bala (बल) refers to a sub-division of the Kulārya class of Āryas (one of the two types of human beings), taking birth in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—(cf. Commentary to Tattvārthādhigamasūtra 3.15)

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions: kṣetra (country), jāti (caste), kula (family), karma (work), śilpa (craft), and bhāṣā (language). [...] Kulāryas are the Kulakaras, Cakrins, Viṣṇus, and Balas, or those who are born in a pure family from the third, fifth, or seventh generation”.

1b) Bala (बल) is the name of an ancient king of Kauśāmbī, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, “[...] At that time the King of Kauśāmbī, Bala by name, very powerful, sent his daughter, Śrīkāntā, daughter of Queen Śrīmatī, a beautiful young woman, in great style at her choosing of Induṣeṇa, son of Śrīṣeṇa. Induṣeṇa and Binduṣeṇa noticed an extremely beautiful courtesan, Anantamatikā, who had come in attendance on her. Saying, “She is mine,” “She is mine,” angered, they both went to the garden Devaramaṇa. There the two, armed, powerful, fought like untamed bulls, because of the desire to enjoy the peerless beauty”.

1c) Bala (बल) is the name of an ancient king from Vītaśoka, according to chapter 6.6 [śrī-mallinātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“In this same continent, Jambūdvīpa, there is a city Vītaśoka in the province Salilāvatī in the West Videhas. Bala was its king, like a large army in strength, an elephant for rooting up the forest of a hostile army, like a god in appearance. A son, named Mahābala, having complete power, indicated by the dream of a lion, was borne to the king by his wife Dhāriṇī. [...]”.

2) Balā (बला) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī (i.e., Śāsanadevatās, ‘messenger-deities’) associated with Kunthu, according to chapter 6.1 [kunthusvāmi-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Originating in the congregation, the Yakṣa Gandharva, with a haṃsa for a vehicle, dark, with one right arm in the boon-granting position and one holding a noose, with left arms holding a citron and a goad, became the messenger-deity of Śrī Kunthunātha. Originating in that congregation, the goddess Balā, fair-bodied, with a peacock for a vehicle, with right arms holding a citron and a trident, with left arms holding a muṣaṇḍhī and a lotus, always near, became the Lord’s messenger-deity”.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Bala (बल) is the father of Prabhāsa: the twelfth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Prabhāsa) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Bala (बल, “strength”) or Balariddhi refers to “extraordinary strength of mind, body and speech to achieve the desired objectives” and represents one of the eight types of ṛddhi (extraordinary powers), that can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people): one of the two classes of human beings, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46.—Some ascetics attain extraordinary powers to produce worldly miracles. Such attainments are called ṛddhi. There are eight types of such extraordinary powers (e.g., Bala).

Bala-ṛddhi (extraordinary power of strength) is of three types, namely: mind, body and speech.

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

Bala (बल) (or Baladeva, Balabhadra, Balarāma, Rāma) refers to a set of nine “gentle heroes” and half-brothers of Vasudevas (or Viṣṇus, Nārāyaṇas), mentioned in both Śvetāmbara and Digambara literature.—In every half time cycle, there are 9 sets of Balabhadras (gentle heroes), Vasudevas (violent heroes) and Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes). Baladevas, half-brothers of Vasudevas, are described as fair in complexion and wear garments of dark blue and have a banner of palm tree. Their symbols or weapons are: bow, plough, pestle and arrow. The two brothers are inseparable and they jointly rule three continents as half-Chakravarti. Although Narayana is the mightier of the two, Balabhadra is depicted as superior for his non-violent ways and he achieves liberation. According to the Jain puranas, the Balabhadras lead an ideal Jain life.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Bala (बल) refers to “strength”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A line of waves in a river that has gone somewhere also returns but not for men the handsome form, strength, charm [and] gracefulness (balana rūpabalalāvaṇyaṃ saundaryaṃ) that has gone”.

2) Bala (बल) refers to “armies”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Connections with pleasing sense objects, whose impressions are full of deceit like dreams, perish immediately. Families, armies (bala), empires, decorations and wealth are asserted by the great seers as acting like a series of clouds”.

Synonyms: Kaṭaka.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Bala refers to one of the thirty-six Rajput clans, according to various inscriptions and literature. They are possible part Padmanabha list, who compiled the 15th-century Kanhadadeprabandha, a work describing the Muslim invasion of Gujarat of 1298 AD. The kingdom or dynasty of the Balas had their own princes and nobles and were further separated into sub-clans and families. Their name can also be spelled as Balā.

The Rajputs are a Hindu race claiming to be descendants of the ancient Kṣatriya-varṇa (warrior caste). Originally, the Rajputs consisted of two principal branches: the Sūryavaṃśa (solar race) and the Candravaṃśa (lunar race), to which later was added the Agnivaṃśa (fire-born race).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bala.—an escort; cf. pañcāṅga-prasāda. Note: bala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bala in India is the name of a plant defined with Abutilon guineense in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Abutilon indicum var. guineense (Schumach. (among others).

2) Bala is also identified with Amomum subulatum It has the synonym Cardamomum subulatum (Roxb.) Kuntze (etc.).

3) Bala is also identified with Hibiscus vitifolius It has the synonym Kosteletzkya stellata Fernald (etc.).

4) Bala is also identified with Paederia foetida It has the synonym Reussia sarmentosa Dennst. (etc.).

5) Bala is also identified with Pavonia odorata It has the synonym Hibiscus oligosandrus Buch-Ham. (etc.).

6) Bala is also identified with Pavonia zeylanica.

7) Bala is also identified with Talipariti tiliaceum It has the synonym Hibiscus abutiloides Willd. (etc.).

8) Bala is also identified with Valeriana jatamansi It has the synonym Valeriana jatamansi var. frondosa Hand.-Mazz. (etc.).

9) Bala is also identified with Vetiveria zizanioides It has the synonym Andropogon squarrosus L.f. (etc.).

10) Bala in Indonesia is also identified with Carica papaya It has the synonym Vasconcellea peltata A. DC. (etc.).

11) Bala in Latin America is also identified with Gliricidia sepium It has the synonym Millettia luzonensis A. Gray (etc.).

12) Bala in Senegal is also identified with Pterocarpus lucens It has the synonym Dalbergia praecox Hochst. ex A. Rich. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Symbolae Antillarum (1900)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Beskrivelse af Guineeiske planter (1827)
· Descripción de las Plantas (1802)
· Flora of China (1955)
· Flora of the British West Indian Islands (1864)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bala, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bala : (nt.) strength; power; force; an army; military force. || bāla (adj.) young in years; ignorant; foolish. (m.) a child; a fool. bālā (f.) a girl.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bala, 2 (cp. *Sk. bala: Halāyudha 5, 23; & P. balākā) a species of carrion crow J. V, 268; also in cpd. Bal’aṅkapāda having crow’s feet, i.e. spreading feet (perhaps for balāka°?) J. VI, 548 (C. explns by pattharita-pāda, read patthārita°). (Page 483)

2) Bala, 1 (nt.) (Vedic bala, most likely to Lat. de-bilis “without strength” (cp. E. debility, P. dubbala), and Gr. bέltistos (superl.)=Sk. baliṣṭha the strongest. The Dhātupāṭha (273) defines b. with pāṇane. At DhsA. 124 bala is understood as “na kampati”) 1. strength, power, force D. II, 73; A. I, 244; Th. 1, 188; Dh. 109 (one of the 4 blessings, viz. āyu, vaṇṇa, sukha, bala; cp. DhA. II, 239); Pv. I, 512 (=kāya-bala PvA. 30); I, 76; VvA. 4 (iddhi°); PvA. 71 (id.), 82 (kamma°).—Of cases used as adv. balasā (Instr.) is mentioned by Trenckner at Miln. 430 (notes), cp. Prk. balasā (Pischel, Gr. § 364). yathā balaṃ according to one’s power, i.e. as much as possible PvA. 1, 54. The compn form of bala in conn. with kṛ is balī°, e.g. dubbalīkaraṇa making weak M. III, 4; Pug. 59, 68; °karaṇin id. D. III, 183.—adj. bala strong J. V, 268, abala weak Sn. 770, 1120, dubbala id. S. I, 222; J. II, 154; Nd1 12; PvA. 55; compar. °tara M. I, 244, nt. n. abalaṃ weakness S. I, 222.—2. an army, military force Mhvs 25, 57; SnA 357. See cpds. below.—Eight balāni or strong points are 1. of young children (ruṇṇa-balaṃ).—2. of womanhood (kodha°).—3. of robbers (āvudha°).—4. of kings (issariya°), — 5. of fools (ujjhatti°).—6. of wise men (nijjhatti°).—7. of the deeply learned (paṭisaṅkhāna°).—8. of samaṇas & brāhmaṇas (khanti°) A. IV, 223 (where used as adj.—° strong in ... ); cp. Sn. 212, 623.—Five balāni of women are: rūpabalaṃ, bhoga°, ñāti°, putta°, sīla° S. IV, 246—8. The five-fold force (balaṃ pañca-vidhaṃ) of a king J. V, 120, 121 consists of bāhābalaṃ strength of arms, bhoga° of wealth, amacca° of counsellors, abhijacca° of high birth, paññā° the force of wisdom; in the religious sense five balāni or powers are commonly enumd: saddhābalaṃ, viriya°, sati°, samādhi°, paññā° A. III, 12; D. II, 120; M. II, 12, III, 296; S. III, 96, 153; IV, 366, V, 219, 249; Ps. II, 56, 86, 166, 174, 223; II, 84, 133, 168 etc. They correspond to the 5 indriyāni and are developed with them. S. V, 219, 220; Nett 31; they are cultivated to destroy the five uddhambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni S. V, 251. They are frequent referred to in instructions of the Buddha about the constituents of the “Dhamma,” culminating in the eightfold Path, viz. cattāro satipaṭṭhānā, samappadhānā, cattāro iddhipādā, pañcindriyani, p. balāni, sattabojjhaṅgāni, ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo e.g. S. III, 96; Ps. II, 56; Nd1 13=360 =Nd2 420; Nd2 s. v. satipaṭṭhāna; and passim. (Cp. BSk. catvāra ṛddhipādāḥ pañc’endriyāni p. balāni, sapta bodhyaṅgāni etc. Divy 208. ) Two balāni are specially mentioned A. I, 52 (paṭisaṅkhānabalaṃ and bhāvanā°), also D. III, 213, followed here by the other “pair” satibalaṃ and samādhi°. There are four balāni of the ariyasāvaka, by which he overcomes the five fears (pañca bhayāni q. v.); the four are paññābalaṃ, viriya°, anavajja° saṅgāha° A. IV, 363 sq. , as given at A. II, 141, also the foll. 3 groups of cattāri balāni: ‹-› (1) saddhābalaṃ, viriya°, sati°, samādhi°, cp. D. III, 229.—(2) sati° samādhi, anavajja°, saṅgāha°. (3) paṭisaṅkhāna°, bhāvanā°, anavajja°, saṅgāha°.—For 4 balāni see also D. III, 229 note, and for paṭisaṅkhānabala (power of computation) see Dhs. trsl. 1353. The ten balāni of the Tathāgata consist of his perfect comprehension in ten fields of knowledge A. V, 32 sq. ; M. I, 69; Nd2 466; Miln. 105, 285; VbhA. 397.—In a similar setting 10 powers are given as consisting in the knowledge of the Paṭiccasamuppāda at S. II, 27, 28. ‹-› The balāni of the sāvaka are distinct from those of the Tathāgatha: Kvu 228 sq.—There are seven balāni D. III, 253, and seven khīṇāsava-balāni 283 i.e. saddhābalaṃ, viriya°, sati°, samādhi°, paññā°, hiri° and ottappa°. The same group is repeated in the Abhidhamma; Dhs. 58, 95, 102; DhsA. 126. The Ps. also enumerates seven khīṇāsavabalāni I. 35; and sixty-eight balāni II. 168 sq.—agga front of an army, troops in array D. I, 6; Vin. IV, 107, cp. DA. I, 85.—ânīka (adj.) with strong array Sn. 623; Dh. 399 (cp. DhA. IV, 164).—kāya a body of troops, an army cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung p. 52 note; (also in BSk. e.g. Divy 63, 315) A. I, 109; IV, 107, 110; S. I, 58; J. I, 437 (°ṃ saṃharati to draw up troops); II, 76; III, 319; V, 124; VI, 224, 451; DhA. I, 393; PugA 249.—koṭṭhaka fortress, camp J. I, 179; Mhvs 25, 29.—(k)kāra application of force, violence J. I, 476; II, 421; III, 447; Instr. °ena by force PvA. 68, 113.—gumba a serried troop J. II, 406.—cakka wheel of power, of sovereignty Dpvs VI, 2.—ṭṭha a military official, palace guard, royal messenger Miln. 234, 241, 264, 314; Mhvs 34, 17.—da strength-giving S. I, 32; Sn. 297.—dāyin id. A. II, 64.—deva “God of strength” N. of the elder brother of Kaṇha J. IV, 82; Nd1 89, 92 (Vāsudeva+); Vism. 233 (id).—(p)patta grown-strong DhsA. 118 (v. l. phala°).—vāhana troops, an army J. II, 319, IV. 170, 433; VI, 391, 458.—vīra a hero in strength Vv 531, cp. VvA. 231.—sata for palāsata, q. v. (cp. J. P. T. S. 1908, 108 note). (Page 482)

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1) Bāla, 2 (for vāla) the hair of the head PvA. 285 (°koṭimatta not even one tip of the hair; gloss BB vālagga°). (Page 486)

2) Bāla, 1 (adj.) (cp. Sk. bāla (rarely Vedic, more frequent in Ep. & Class. Sk.); its orig. meaning is “young, unable to speak,” cp. Lat. infans, hence “like a child, childish; infantile”) 1. ignorant (often with ref. to ignorance in a moral sense, of the common people, the puthujjana), foolish (as contrasted with paṇḍita cp. the Bālapaṇḍita-sutta M. III, 163 sq. ; D. II, 305 sq. ; Vism. 499, and contrasts at Sn. 578; Dh. 63, 64; Pv IV. 332; Dhs. 1300), lacking in reason, devoid of the power to think & act right. In the latter sense sometimes coupled with andha (spiritually blind), as andhabāla stupid & ignorant, mentally dull, e.g. at DhA. I, 143; II, 89; PvA. 254.—A fanciful etym. of b. at KhA 124 is “balanti ananti ti bālā.” Other refs. : D. I, 59, 108; S. I, 23; A. I, 59, 68, 84; II, 51, 180; Sn. 199, 259, 318, 578, 879; It. 68; Dh. 28, 60 sq. , 71 sq. , 206 sq. , 330; J. I, 124 (lola° greedy-foolish); V, 366 (bālo āmaka-pakkaṃ va); Vv 835; Pv. I, 82; IV, 129; Pug. 33; Nd1 163, 286 sq. , 290; SnA 509 (=aviddasu); PvA. 193. Compar. bālatara J. III, 278, 279; VvA. 326.—2. young, new; newly risen (of the sun): °ātāpa the morning sun DA. I, 287; DhA. I, 164; Mhbv 25; °vasanta “early spring” (=Citramāsa), N. of the first one of the 4 summer months (gimha-māsā) KhA 192;—suriya the newly risen sun J. V, 284; PvA. 137, 211.—3. a child; in wider application meaning a youth under 16 years of age (cp. Abhp 251) DA. I, 134. Cp. bālaka.—nakkhatta N. of a certain “feast of fools,” i.e. carnival DhA. I, 256.—saṅgatacārin one who keeps company with a fool Dh. 207. (Page 485)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bala (बल).—n (S) Strength, force, might, power, ability, lit. fig. Applied with the latitude of these English words. candrabala, tārābala, grahabala, lagnabala, gurubala The benign or favorable influence, the auspiciousness (of moon, stars &c.) dravyabala, vidyā- bala, buddhibala, bāhubala, manuṣyabala, puṇyabala and other useful compounds are common. 2 An army, a force, a power.

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baḷa (बळ).—f (bali S) A religious sacrifice or offering in general; any oblation (whether of life or bloodless). v vāha, lōṭa, arpa.

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baḷa (बळ).—n (bala S) Force, strength, might, power, ability. Used freely as bala q. v. baḷa karaṇēṃ To come to force; to use compulsory or violent measures. 2 To make great exertion; to apply or put out one's strength. baḷa dharaṇēṃ To gather strength; to become vigorous and flourishing. baḷa bāndhaṇēṃ To gather strength or force. 2 To buckle to; to prepare for a contest or an effort. baḷācā Strong. 2 That has the support of another--a piece at chess. baḷāsa yēṇēṃ To come to force; to begin to use compulsion or violence. N. B. For compounds not occurring below see under bala.

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bāla (बाल).—n (S) A child. For compounds with bāla other than these occurring below see in order under bāḷa. 2 m A boy. 3 In comp. Young, immature.

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bāla (बाल).—m ( H) Hair. bāla bāla khūṣa hōṇēṃ To be highly delighted; to be in horripilation or ecstasy. bāla bāla bōlaṇēṃ -sāṅgaṇēṃ To chatter, prate, run on with incessant clack.

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bālā (बाला).—f (S) A female from the age of five to that of sixteen; a girl or young woman. There are three stages,--bālā, mugdhā, prauḍhā.

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bālā (बाला).—m A stamp for coins: also the impression made by it. bālā dēṇēṃ -māraṇēṃ -hākaṇēṃ To cheat and give the slip; to impose upon (i. e. make one's impression) and run off.

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bāḷa (बाळ) [or बाळक, bāḷaka].—n (bāla S) A child. 2 m A boy.

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bāḷa (बाळ).—a (bāla) Young, immature. For compounds with bāḷa other than these occurring below see in order under bāla.

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bāḷā (बाळा).—f (Poetry. bālā S) A young woman. Ex. prasūta jhālī bāḷā || vājavā mhaṇatī thāḷā ||.

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bāḷā (बाळा).—m (bāḷa Child.) A term of endearment or coaxing to a bullock. Hence bāḷyā hākaṇēṃ -māraṇēṃ- dēṇēṃ To run off. Because the mōṭakarī, when his mōṭa (water-bucket) is filled in the well, utters this word bāḷyā to his bullocks as signal for them to move on and draw it up. By some this phrase is affirmed to be but a mistaken form of the phrase bālā dēṇēṃ under bālā. The wise will judge.

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bāḷā (बाळा).—a (Commonly bāhaḷā) Streaked--cattle &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bala (बल).—n Strength. The benign or favour- able influence. An army.

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baḷa (बळ).—f Oblation.

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baḷa (बळ).—n Force. Army. baḷa karaṇēṃ To come to force; to use compulsory or violent measures. To make great exertion. baḷa dharaṇēṃ To gather strength. baḷa bāndhaṇēṃ To gather strength or force. To buckle to. baḷācā Strong. That has the support of another-a piece at chess. baḷāsa yēṇēṃ To come to force.

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bāla (बाल).—n A child. m A boy. Hair. bāla bāla khuṣa hōṇēṃ To be in ecstasy.

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bālā (बाला).—f A girl. m A stamp for coins.

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bāḷa (बाळ).—n A child. m A boy.

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bāḷā (बाळा).—f A young woman.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bala (बल).—[bal-ac]

1) Strength, power, might, vigour; क्षत्त्रियाणां बलं युद्धम् (kṣattriyāṇāṃ balaṃ yuddham) Brav. P.

2) Force, violence; as in बलात् (balāt) q. v.

3) An army, host, forces, troops; भवेदभीष्म- मद्रोणं धृतराष्ट्रबलं कथम् (bhavedabhīṣma- madroṇaṃ dhṛtarāṣṭrabalaṃ katham) Ve.3.24,43; बलं भीष्मा (balaṃ bhīṣmā)(bhīmā)भिरक्षितम् (bhirakṣitam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.1; R.16.37.

4) Bulkiness, stoutness (of the body).

5) Body, figure, shape.

6) Semen virile.

7) Blood,

8) Gum myrrh.

9) A shoot, sprout.

1) Force or power of articulation; वर्णः स्वरः । मात्रा बलम् । साम संतानः । इत्युक्तः शीक्षाध्यायः (varṇaḥ svaraḥ | mātrā balam | sāma saṃtānaḥ | ityuktaḥ śīkṣādhyāyaḥ) T. Up.1.2.1.

11) The deity of power (such as Indra); नमो बलप्रमथनाय (namo balapramathanāya) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.284. 94.

12) The hand; क्रान्ते विष्णुर्बले शक्रः कोष्ठेऽग्निर्भोक्तुमिच्छति (krānte viṣṇurbale śakraḥ koṣṭhe'gnirbhoktumicchati) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.239.8.

13) Effort (yatna); विधिः शुक्रं बलं चेति त्रय एते गुणाः परे (vidhiḥ śukraṃ balaṃ ceti traya ete guṇāḥ pare) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.32.11 (com. balaṃ vāsanāviṣayaprāptyanu- kūlo yatnaḥ). (balena means 'on the strength of', 'by means or virtue of'; bāhubalena jitaḥ, vīryabalena &c.; balāt 'perforce', 'forcibly', 'violently', 'against one's will'; balānnidrā samāyātā Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; hṛdayamadaye tasminnevaṃ punarvalate balāt Gītagovinda 7.).

-laḥ 1 A crow; Rām.6.54.9.

2) Name of the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa; see बलराम (balarāma) below.

3) Name of a demon killed by Indra.

Derivable forms: balam (बलम्).

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Balā (बला).—

1) Name of a powerful lore or incantation (taught by Viśvāmitra to Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa); तौ बलाति- बलयोः प्रभावतः (tau balāti- balayoḥ prabhāvataḥ) R.11.9. (For some description see the quotation under atibalā).

2) Name of medicinal herbs नागबेल (nāgabela) and जयन्ती (jayantī).

3) The earth; Gīrvāṇa.

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Bāla (बाल).—a.

1) Young, infantine, not full-grown or developed (of persons or things); बालेन स्थविरेण वा (bālena sthavireṇa vā) Ms. 8.7; बालाशोकमुपोढरागसुभगं भेदोन्मुखं तिष्ठति (bālāśokamupoḍharāgasubhagaṃ bhedonmukhaṃ tiṣṭhati) V.2.7; so बालमन्दारवृक्षः (bālamandāravṛkṣaḥ) Meghadūta 77; R.2.45;13.24.

2) Newly risen, young (as the sun or its rays); बालार्कप्रतिमे- वाप्सु वीचिभिन्ना पतिष्यतः (bālārkapratime- vāpsu vīcibhinnā patiṣyataḥ) R.12.1.

3) New, waxing (as the moon); पुपोष वृद्धिं हरिदश्वदीधितेरनुप्रवेशादिव बाल- चन्द्रमाः (pupoṣa vṛddhiṃ haridaśvadīdhiteranupraveśādiva bāla- candramāḥ) R.3.22; Kumārasambhava 3.29.

4) Puerile.

5) Ignorant, unwise; अनर्थकुशला ह्येते बालाः पण्डितमानिनः (anarthakuśalā hyete bālāḥ paṇḍitamāninaḥ) Rām.2.1.38.

6) Pure (as an animal fit for sacrifice).

-laḥ 1 A child, an infant; बालादपि सुभाषितम् (bālādapi subhāṣitam) (grāhyam); Manusmṛti 2.239.

2) A boy, youth, young person.

3) A minor (under 16 years of age); बाल आषोडशाद्वर्षात् (bāla āṣoḍaśādvarṣāt) Nārada.

4) A colt, foal.

5) A fool, simpleton; नीरसायां रसं बालो बालिकायां विकल्पयेत् (nīrasāyāṃ rasaṃ bālo bālikāyāṃ vikalpayet) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.91.

6) (a) A tail. (b) An elephant's or a horse's tail.

7) Hair; तं केशपाशं प्रसमीक्ष्य कुर्युर्बालप्रियत्वं शिथिलं चमर्यः (taṃ keśapāśaṃ prasamīkṣya kuryurbālapriyatvaṃ śithilaṃ camaryaḥ) Kumārasambhava 1.48.

8) An elephant five years old; 'पञ्चवर्षो गजो बालः पोतस्तु दशवार्षिकः (pañcavarṣo gajo bālaḥ potastu daśavārṣikaḥ)' Vaijayantī. According to Mātaṅga L. (5.2.) however it means an elephant in the first year.

9) A kind of perfume.

1) The cocoa-nut.

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Bālā (बाला).—

1) A girl, a female child.

2) A young woman under sixteen years of age.

3) A young woman (in general); जाने तपसो वीर्यं सा बाला परवतीति मे विदितम् (jāne tapaso vīryaṃ sā bālā paravatīti me viditam) Ś.3.2; इयं बालां मां प्रत्यनवरतमिन्दीवरदलप्रभाचोरं चक्षुः क्षिपति (iyaṃ bālāṃ māṃ pratyanavaratamindīvaradalaprabhācoraṃ cakṣuḥ kṣipati) Bhartṛhari 3.67; Meghadūta 85.

4) A variety of jasmine.

5) The cocoanut.

6) The plant घृतकुमारी (ghṛtakumārī).

7) Small cardamoms.

8) Turmeric.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bala (बल).—(1) m., name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 48; (2) m. = Sanskrit (and usual [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]) nt., force, power: balāś ca, n. pl., Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 47.2 (verse); abalo balo Lalitavistara 301.4 (verse), (Māra's) power (force, host) is powerless; daśa-balāṃ = °lān, acc. pl., the ten bala (see 3), Lalitavistara 343.4 (verse); (3) nt., technically, power, especially one of the 10 bala of a Tathāgata: often referred to, e.g. Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 67.14; Lalitavistara 343.4 (above, 2); Mahāvastu iii.64.5; Divyāvadāna 9516; Avadāna-śataka i.7.5; hence daśabala, q.v., means a Buddha; so also in Pali, where the ten bala are listed and elaborately ex- plained Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.69.31 ff.; Aṅguttaranikāya (Pali) v.33.7 ff.; virtually the same list Mahāvyutpatti 119—129 (all but the tenth are various kinds of jñāna, viz., sthānāsthāna-jñānabalaṃ, karmavipāka-, nānādhimukti-, nānādhātu-, indriyavarāvara- [others °parāpara-, probably orig.], sarvatragāmanīpratipaj-, sarva- dhyānavimoksasamādhi-samāpattisaṃkleśavyavadānavy- utthāna-, pūrvaniyāsānusmṛti-, cyutyutpatti-, and as No. 10, āśravakṣaya-, but Dharmasaṃgraha and Bodhisattvabhūmi add jñāna-, balam); Dharmasaṃgraha 76; Bodhisattvabhūmi 384.18 ff.; Mahāvastu i.159.10 ff. (here more variation from the standard; Senart's long note, 502 ff., cites inter alia a list as from Mahāvyutpatti, which differs, notably in the last three items, from our Mahāvyutpatti, which is confirmed by Mironov); see also Burnouf, Lotus, App. XI; no complete list in Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra), but four of the ten (approx- imatelv = Mahāvyutpatti 1, 2, 7, and 5) listed xx-xxi.51 commentary; [Page398-a+ 71] ten wholly different bala of a Bodhisattva are listed Mahāvyutpatti 759-769, and a still different list Dharmasaṃgraha 75; five bala, (moral) powers, corresponding to the five moral faculties identically named (see indriya 1), Mahāvyutpatti 982—7; Divyāvadāna 208.8; Dharmasaṃgraha 48; four bala leading to a bodhisattva's cittotpāda, Bodhisattvabhūmi 13.22, listed 17.8-9 as adhyātma-, para-, hetu-, prayoga-b°; a trividhaṃ balam Dharmasaṃgraha 113, listed (no parallel found); (4) nt., a high number (compare ojas): Mahāvyutpatti 8032.

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Balā (बला).—(1) name of a village chief's daughter: Lalitavistara 265.4; (2) name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 243.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bala (बल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Strong, stout, robust, powerful. m.

(-laḥ) 1. Bala- Deva, the elder brother of Krishna, and the third of the three incarnations termed Ramas. 2. A crow. 3. A demon, slain by In- Dra. 4. The Varuna tree. n.

(-laṃ) 1. Strength, power. 2. Bulkiness. 3. Form, figure. 4. An army, forces. 5. Gum myrrh. 6. Semen virile. 7. The body. 8. The leaf of a tree. 9. Blood. 10. Rigour, severity. f.

(-lā) An aquatic plant, (Sida cordifolia.) E. bal to live, aff. ac; in some of the senses it may be derived from val to go or surround, and may then be written with the semi-vowel; see vala .

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Bāla (बाल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Ignorant, unwise, uninstructed. 2. Young, infantine, a child. mf.

(-laḥ-lā) 1. An infant, a child; it usually means the young child, under five years old, but is equally applicable till sixteen years of age. 2. A colt. 3. An elephant of five years old. 4. An elephant’s tail. 5. A horse’s tail. 6. Any tail. 7. Hair. 8. A sort of fish, (Cyprinus Rohita, Ham.) mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) A perfume perhaps a sort of fragrant grass, (Andropogon schænanthus.) f.

(-lā) 1. Small cardamoms. 2. A woman, a female. 3. Aloes. 4. Another plant, commonly Akanadi. 5. The cocoa-nut. 6. Turmeric. 7. A sort of jasmine. 8. A flower, (Hibiscus tortuosus, Rox.) 9. Pure, (applied specially to a female animal, as a heifer, &c. fit for an oblation.) f. (-lī) A sort of ear-ring. E. bal to live, aff. ghañ, it sometimes occurs, but less accurately perhaps, with a palatial initial.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bala (बल).—I. m. 1. Baladeva. 2. A crow, Chr. 24, 45. 3. A demon. Ii. n. 1. Strength, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 191, M.M.; power, [Pañcatantra] 44, 14. 2. An army, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 32. 3. Bulkiness. 4. The body. 5. Rigour, violence; abl. balāt, Forcibly, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 33, 2 (as if it was your intention); without, or against one’s will, Chr. 77, 11; [Pañcatantra] 27, 10. Iii. f. , A plant, Sida cordifolia.

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Bāla (बाल).—I. adj. 1. Young, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 26. 2. Ignorant, [Pañcatantra] 169, 16. Ii. m., and f. . 1. A child (till sixteen years of age), [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 41; 219, 3; a foolish boy, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 62. 2. A colt. 3. A five years' old elephant. 4. A tail, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 234. 5. An elephant’s or horse’s tail, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 386. 6. Hair. Iii. m. and n. A perfume, Andropogon schoenanthus. Iv. f. . 1. A woman, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 59, 10. 2. Small cardamoms. V. f. , A sort of earring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balā (बला).—[adverb] = baṭ.

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Bala (बल).—1. [neuter] (sgl. & [plural]) might, power, strength, force; forces i.e. troops, army. balena, balāt & balatas by force, forcibly; by the power or by means of, through, by.

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Bala (बल).—2. [masculine] a crow; [Name] of a demon (cf. vala), a brother of Kṛṣṇa, etc.; [feminine] ā a woman’s name; [neuter] bala = vala cave, cavern.

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Bāla (बाल).—1. [adjective] young, not full-grown, newly risen (sun), waxing (moon); childish, ignorant. [masculine] child, boy, fool, [Name] of a Rakṣas etc.; [feminine] ā girl, young woman, a cow of one year.

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Bāla (बाल).—2. v. vāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balā (बला):—or baḍā ind. = baṭ, [Ṛg-veda viii, 69, 1.]

2) Bala (बल):—[from bal] n. (or m. [gana] ardharcādi) power, strength, might, vigour, force, validity, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (balāt, ‘forcibly, against one’s will, without being able to help it’; also = bala [in the beginning of a compound], or balena, bala-tas, with [genitive case] or ifc., ‘by force, by the power or on the strength or in virtue or by means of, by’)

3) [v.s. ...] force or power of articulation, [Taittirīya-upaniṣad]

4) [v.s. ...] force considered as a sixth organ of action (cf. karmendriya), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] (the Buddhists reckon 10 forces, the ascetic Śaivas four, which according to [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Rāmāyaṇa] [B.] are sāman, dāna, bheda, and nigraha)

6) [v.s. ...] Force personified as one of the Viśve-Devāḥ, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] power of, expertness in ([locative case]), [Nalopākhyāna]

8) [v.s. ...] stoutness, bulkiness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] (also [plural]; ifc. f(ā). ) military force, troops, an army, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also shape; body; semen virile; gum; blood; a young shoot; bone)

11) [v.s. ...] m. a crow, [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] Crataeva Roxburghii, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] half-ripe barley, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a demon conquered by Indra (the brother of Vṛtra, in older texts vala), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

15) [v.s. ...] of an elder brother of Kṛṣṇa (also called Bala-deva, Balabhadra, Bala-rāma etc.), [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 332 etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) a white Bala or elder brother of Vāsudeva (9 in number, viz. Acala, Vijaya, Bhadra, Su-prabha, Su-darśana, Ānanda, Nandana, Padma, and Rāma)

18) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Varuṇa and brother of Surā, [Mahābhārata]

19) [v.s. ...] of an attendant on Skanda, [ib.]

20) [v.s. ...] of a son of Aṅgiras, [ib.]

21) [v.s. ...] of a son of Parikṣit, [ib.]

22) [v.s. ...] of a son of Parijātra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

23) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [ib.]

24) [v.s. ...] of a lexicographer (also written vala), [Naiṣadha-carita [Scholiast or Commentator]]

25) [v.s. ...] of a horse of the Moon, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

26) Balā (बला):—[from bala > bal] f. Sida Cordifolia, [Suśruta] ([dual number] the plants Balā and Ati-balā, [ib.])

27) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] charm, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] (cf. ati-b)

28) [v.s. ...] the youngest sister in a drama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Dakṣa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

30) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Raudrāśva, [Harivaṃśa]

31) [v.s. ...] of a female divinity who executes the orders of the 17th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

32) [v.s. ...] of a peasant girl, [Lalita-vistara]

33) Bala (बल):—[from bal] n. = vala, a cavern, [Atharva-veda]

34) [v.s. ...] mfn. strong, robust, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; sick (= amin), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

35) [v.s. ...] cf. [Latin] valere, valor etc.

36) Bāla (बाल):—mf(ā)n. (cf. vāla) young, childish, infantine, not full-grown or developed (of per. sons and things), [Gṛhya-sūtra; Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

37) newly risen, early (as the sun or its rays), [Raghuvaṃśa]

38) new or waxing (as the moon), [ib.; Kumāra-sambhava]

39) puerile, ignorant, simple, foolish, [Manu-smṛti; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature]

40) pure (as an animal fit for sacrifice), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

41) m. a child, boy ([especially] one under 5 years), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

42) (in law) a minor (minors are classified as kunāra, or boys under 5 years of age, śiśu under 8, pogaṇḍa from the 5th to the end of the 9th or till the 16th year, and kiśora from the 10th to the 16th year)

43) a fool, simpleton, [Manu-smṛti; Pañcatantra]

44) any young animal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

45) a colt, foal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

46) a five years old elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

47) Cyprinus Denticulatus or Rohita, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

48) Name of a Rakṣas, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

49) of a prince, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

50) Bālā (बाला):—[from bāla] f. a female child, girl, young woman ([especially] one under 16 years), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

51) [v.s. ...] a one year new cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

52) [v.s. ...] small cardamoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

53) [v.s. ...] Aloe Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

54) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

55) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mystical prayer, [Catalogue(s)]

56) [v.s. ...] Name of the mother of Vālin and Su-grīva (said to have been formed by Prajā-pati out of some dust which had fallen into his eyes), [Rāmāyaṇa]

57) Bāla (बाल):—n. Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

58) heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bala (बल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Baladeva; a crow; a demon; a tree. n. Strength, force; form; rigour; body; blood. f. Sida cordifolia. a. Strong, stout.

2) Bāla (बाल):—[(laḥ-lā)] 1. m. f. An infant; a colt; a tail; hair. m. n. A perfume. f. () Youth; cardamoms; aloes; cocoanut; jasmin. f. () An ear-ring. a. Young, ignorant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bala (बल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bala, Balā, Bāla, Bālā, Bbala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of bala in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bala (बल) [Also spelled bal]:—(nm) strength, power; force; army; potency; vigour, vitality; emphasis; stress; kink; twist, contortion; ~[kara/kāraka] nutritious, vitalising, restorative, potency-raising; ~[gati-vijñāna] kinetics; ~[darpa] pride of one’s strength; -[prayoga] exercise of force, coercion; -[būtā] strength and vigour, strength; ~[mukhya] an army commander; ~[vardhana/vardhaka] imparting vitality, nutritious, potency-raising; ~[vāna] powerful, strong, possessing vigour and vitality; ~[vijñāna] mechanics; ~[śālī] powerful, strong, possessing vigour and vitality; ~[hīna] weak, powerless, having no strength; impotent; —[ānā] to be twisted, to be kinked; —[khānā] to frown, to get angry; to be twisted; to suffer a loss; to undergo twist, to be bent, to move to and fro flexibly; —[khātī huī ] coiled; in a zigzag fashion; twisted; —[khulanā] to be straightened; to be set right; twists/curls to be removed; —[denā] to reinforce/emphasise; to twist; —[nikalanā] see —[khulanā; —paḍanā] to curl, to be twisted, to be kinked; to suffer a loss; —[para kudanā, kisī ke] to be proud on somebody else’s strength, to draw one’s strength from some extraneous source; to have no inherent strength

2) Balā (बला) [Also spelled bla]:—(nf) a calamity, an affliction; misfortune; an evil spirit; -[e-jāna] an affliction, a trouble that goes on pestering; —[utaranā] to be rid of an evil spirit; —[utaranā, kisī para] to be hit by superhuman wrath; —[kare/karane jāye, merī] my foot ! why on earth shall I do that !; —[] of the highest order, of miraculous proportions; extremely; —[jāne, merī] why on earth shall I know this !; —[ṭalanā] to get rid of an affliction, a grave trouble to be avoided; —[pīche laganā] to be pestered by an undesirable element, to fall into a trouble; —[mola lenā] to deliberately subject oneself to an affiction, to own up a trouble; —[sira] ([para]) [lenā] to involve oneself in trouble, to ask for affliction; —[se, merī] my foot cares !, I damn care !, damn it !; [balāyeṃ lenā] to own up somebody else’s affliction, to sacrifice oneself on another; to pray for somebody’s safe journey in life.

3) Bāla (बाल) [Also spelled baal]:—(nm) a hair; young one, a child; boy; a crack (in glass etc.); (nf) an ear of corn; ~[kamānī] spring (in a watch); -[kāla] childhood (days); -[keli/krīḍā] infantile fun, childly/childish, frolics; ~[gopāla] the children; ~[caṃdra] the crescent; ~[cara] a boyscout; •[saṃgha] a boyscouts, association; ~[carita] the fun and frolic of a child or children; infantile/childish/childly gambols; ~[toḍa] see [balatoḍa; -dhana] a minor’s property; -[pakṣāghāta] infantile paralysis; ~[pana] childhood; -[bacce] children; family; -[buddhi] puerility; childishness; boyishness; puerile, childish; boyish; -[brahmacārī] a celibate all one’s life; -[bhāva] child-like; childhood; boyishness; ~[mati] see ~[buddhi; ~ravi] the early morning sun; ~[roga] infantile/children’s disease; -[vadha] infanticide; -[vidhavā] childhood widow; -[vivāha] early marriage, boyhood marriage; ~[sūrya] hair-removing; ~[saphā] see ~[ravi; ~haṭha] childish insistence; -[ānā/paḍanā] to develop a crack; to have a fine crack; to have a hairy growth; -[uganā] hair to grow; -[kā kaṃbala banānā, -kī bheḍa banānā] to exaggerate, to make a mountain out of a mole-hill; -[kī khāla khīṃcanā/nikālanā] to split hairs; to indulge in hair-splitting; to be too carping; -[khiṃcaḍī honā] to have an abundant sprinkling of grey hair amongst black; -[pakānā, dhūpa meṃ] to age without experience;—[pakānā, kisī kāma meṃ] to age with constant experience (in a particular occupation); -[barābara] hair-breadth, very narrow; -[bāṃkā na honā] to remain unscathed; to emerge from an ordeal without so much as a scratch; -[bāla] the whole being; from head to foot; hair-breadth, very narrow; -[bāla gajamotī pironā] to be adorned all over, to over-ornate oneself; -[bāla gunahagāra honā] to be a sinner through and through; to be every inch a sinner; -[bāla baṃdhā honā] the whole being to be under a debt; to be thoroughly bound by obligation; -[bāla bacanā] to have a hair-breadth escape, to have a very narrow escape; -[sana honā/sapheda honā] the hair to turn grey, to become/get old.

4) Bālā (बाला):—(nm) an ear-ornament; (nf) an adolescent girl; young woman; (a) puerile; childly; high, aloft; excellent, best; -[e-tāka] set apart, discarded; ~[kuppī] a crane; ~[khānā] an attic; -[jobana] emerging/blooming youth; ~[naśīna] the best, the finest; ~[pana] childhood, boyhood/girlhood; -[bālā] superficially, outwardly.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bala (बल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jvala.

2) Bala (बल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bal.

3) Bala (बल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Grah.

4) Bala (बल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bala.

5) Balā (बला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Balāt.

6) Balā (बला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Balā.

7) Bāla (बाल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bāla.

8) Bāla (बाल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bālya.

9) Bālā (बाला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bālā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of bala in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bala (ಬಲ):—

1) [adjective] of, pertaining to or located toward south of a person who is turned toward the rising sun; right.

2) [adjective] opposing change in a liberal direction and usu. advocating maintenance of the established social, political or economic order, sometimes by authoritarian means; right.

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Bala (ಬಲ):—

1) [noun] the right side or portion.

2) [noun] something that is on the right side.

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Bala (ಬಲ):—[noun] a prefix denoting connection between members of a family by the remarriage of a parent.

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Bala (ಬಲ):—

1) [noun] the quality or state of being strong; bodily or muscular power; strength; vigour.

2) [noun] the military force of a nation that includes land army, air force and naval force.

3) [noun] power to influence, affect or control; efficacious power.

4) [noun] the act of helping or an aid or assistance provided; help.

5) [noun] Křṣṇa’s elder brother (fully, Balarāma).

6) [noun] the physical form of anything.

7) [noun] the viscid, whitish fluid produced in the male reproductive organs, containing spermatozoa; the semen.

8) [noun] the crow (a bird of Corvidae family).

9) [noun] the quality of being firm or tight; firmness or tightness.

10) [noun] anything that is strong.

11) [noun] a conflict between two opposing military forces.

12) [noun] an offering made to a deity as in a sacrifice.

13) [noun] the sky.

14) [noun] water.

15) [noun] the black colour.

16) [noun] (astrol.) the favourable aspect of an astrological planet.

17) [noun] (Viśiṣṭadvaita phil.) one of the six attributes or qualities of the Supreme Being.

18) [noun] (Dvaita phil.) one of the forty qualities.

19) [noun] (phys.) the force used on an object in effecting some change.

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Baḷa (ಬಳ):—

1) [noun] a unit of measure (varying from two to twelve seers).

2) [noun] the container used for this.

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Baḷa (ಬಳ):—

1) [noun] the quality or state of being strong; bodily or muscular power; strength; vigour.

2) [noun] the military force of a nation that includes land army, air force and naval force.

3) [noun] power to influence, affect or control; efficacious power.

4) [noun] the act of helping or an aid or assistance provided; help.

5) [noun] Křṣṇa’s elder brother (fully, Balarāma).

6) [noun] the physical form of anything.

7) [noun] the viscid, whitish fluid produced in the male reproductive organs, containing spermatozoa; the semen.

8) [noun] the crow (a bird of Corvidae family).

9) [noun] the quality of being firm or tight; firmness or tightness.

10) [noun] anything that is strong.

11) [noun] a conflict between two opposing military forces.

12) [noun] an offering made to a deity in a sacrifice.

13) [noun] the sky.

14) [noun] water.

15) [noun] the black colour.

16) [noun] (astrol.) the favourable aspect of an astrological planet.

17) [noun] (Viśiṣṭadvaita phil.) one of the six attributes or qualities of the Supreme Being.

18) [noun] (Dvaita phil.) one of the forty qualities.

19) [noun] (phys.) the force used on an object in effecting some change.

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Bāla (ಬಾಲ):—

1) [noun] the flexible appendage to the trunk of some animal (as a cow, dog, lion, etc.); a tail.

2) [noun] a long braid or tress of hair.

3) [noun] the rear part of a bird which helps the bird in maintaining stability while flying; a tail.

4) [noun] ಬಾಲ ಅಲ್ಲಾಡಿಸು [bala alladisu] bāla allāḍisu (said esp. of a dog) to wag the tail; 2. (fig.) to behave in a servile or menial manner for a favour; ಬಾಲ ಕತ್ತರಿಸು [bala kattarisu] bāla kattarisu to restrict or reduce another’s importance, freedom or power to act; to clip the wings of (an arrogant, self-willed person); ಬಾಲ ಹಿಡಿ [bala hidi] bāla hiḍi (fig.) to follow another in a servile or menial manner for a favour; ಬಾಲದ ಹುಳು [balada hulu] bālada huḷu a kind of slender worms, having a tail, that live in stagnated water, drainage, etc.; a tailed worm; ಬಾಲ ಬಡಿ [bala badi] bāla baḍi (fig.) to behave in a servile or menial manner for a favour; ಬಾಲ ಬಡುಕ [bala baduka] bāla baḍuka = ಬಾಲ ಬಡಿಕ [bala badika]; ಬಾಲ ಮುದುರಿಕೊಳ್ಳು [bala mudurikollu] bāla mudurikoḷḷu to become humble as a result of being utterly humiliated, defeated or cowed; to have one’s tail between one’s legs; ಬಾಲ ಬಡಿಕ [bala badika] bāla baḍika one who follows another in a servile or menial manner for a favour; ಬಾಲ ಬಡಿಕತನ [bala badikatana] bāla baḍikatana the quality or fact of being a servile or menial follower of another for a favour; ಬಾಲ ಬಿಚ್ಚು [bala biccu] bāla biccu to behave in an intentionally mischievous, arrogant or harmful manne.

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Bāla (ಬಾಲ):—

1) [adjective] in a very early stage.

2) [adjective] or for infants or infancy; characteristic of a child; infant.

3) [adjective] not fit for an adult; lacking maturity and wisdom; immature; silly; childish.

--- OR ---

Bāla (ಬಾಲ):—

1) [noun] that which is very young or not yet attained maturity.

2) [noun] a child; an infant.

3) [noun] a boy; a lad.

4) [noun] a young of an animal.

5) [noun] an imatured, stupid fellow.

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Bāḷa (ಬಾಳ):—[noun] = ಬಾಳು [balu]3.

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Bāḷa (ಬಾಳ):—

1) [noun] the grass Vetiveria zizanioides ( = Andropogon muricatus) of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] its fragrant root.

3) [noun] another grass Arund donax of the same family.

4) [noun] ಬಾಳದ ಕಡ್ಡಿ [balada kaddi] bāḷada kaḍḍi = ಬಾಳ [bala]2 - 3; ಬಾಳದ ಬೇರು [balada beru] bāḷada bēru = ಬಾಳ [bala]2 - 1 & 2.

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Bāḷa (ಬಾಳ):—[noun] the part of the face above the eyebrows; the forehead.

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Bāḷa (ಬಾಳ):—

1) [noun] the flexible appendage to the trunk of some animal (as a cow, dog, lion, etc.); a tail.

2) [noun] a long braid or tress of hair.

3) [noun] the rear part of a bird which helps the bird in maintaiing stability while flying; a tail.

--- OR ---

Bāḷa (ಬಾಳ):—

1) [adjective] in a very early stage.

2) [adjective] or for infants or infancy; characteristic of a child; infant.

3) [adjective] not fit for an adult; lacking maturity and wisdom; immature; silly; childish.

--- OR ---

Bāḷa (ಬಾಳ):—

1) [noun] that which is very young or not yet attained maturity.

2) [noun] a child; an infant.

3) [noun] a boy; a lad.

4) [noun] a young of an animal.

5) [noun] an imatured, stupid fellow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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